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George sprowl best phd thesis award

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George sprowl best phd thesis award

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antigone essay ideas · To evaluate whether a character meets the criteria of a tragic figure . · To evaluate the sprowl best award, relevancy of thesis, a literary work’s themes to everyday life. · To write a multi-paragraph literary response. Sprowl Best Award! · To correctly use MLA citations. Directions: Choose one of the dissertation intelligence, topics below and write a polished, well-organized analytical essay of at least 5 paragraphs (introduction, 3 body paragraphs, and conclusion). This essay is worth 100 points and will be scored using the phd thesis, attached rubric. ___ Prewriting sheets Outline ( due Monday, Feb. 17) ___ Typed Rough draft ( due Tuesday, Feb. 18 ) ___ Conference/Peer Edit/Adult Edit/Revision time ( Feb. 19-20 ) ___ Final draft due (End of book, class on Thursday, Feb. 20 ) Write a well-organized, unified essay in which you perform the george, following tasks: · Identify one of the play’s main characters (Antigone or Creon) as a tragic figure. (This will be your thesis statement.) · Discuss why he/she meets the criteria for a tragic figure. (This will be the body of essays on importance in student, your paper.) o Body Paragraph 1: § Identify the character’s tragic flaw . (Topic Sentence-TS) § Provide examples from the text of best phd thesis, things the character said or did that reveal this flaw. (Concrete Details-CDs) § Explain why the quality displayed by these words/actions is a flaw . (Commentary-CMs) o Body Paragraph 2: § Identify the character’s tragic fate . (TS) § Provide examples from the text in which the character’s tragic flaw dooms the character to his/her tragic fate. (CDs) § Explain how the tragic flaw doomed the in student, character to his/her fate. Sprowl! (CMs) o Body Paragraph 3: § Identify whether the character faces and accepts fate with honor or realizes he/she made an rhetorical essay rubric, irreversible mistake. (TS) § Provide examples from the text that reveal the character’s attitude toward his/her fate. (CDs) § Explain how this evokes pity, fear, or another emotion from the audience. (CMs) II. Ancient Play; Modern Theme. After more than two thousand years, Antigone continues to impart relevant themes upon modern audiences.

In a well-organized, unified essay, identify a theme from the play and george, analyze its relevance to honors thesis rubric, today’s readers. · Identify a theme that is relevant to today’s readers. Consider the george award, play’s messages about pride, civil disobedience (breaking the law to listen to your conscience), family loyalty, etc. (This will be your thesis statement.) · Discuss the international law essays, theme and sprowl phd thesis, its relevance to to writing middle, modern readers. (This will be the george sprowl best phd thesis, body of your paper). o Body Paragraph 1: § Provide events from the text that demonstrate the theme you have identified. Public! (Concrete Details-CDs) § Discuss how the theme is george sprowl best phd thesis developed throughout the play. (Commentary-CMs) o Body Paragraph 2: § Draw connections between events in the play and events in essays of sports in student modern life. (CDs) § Explain how the theme relates to award, events in public law essays modern life. (CMs) o Body Paragraph 3: § Identify events in the play (related to your theme) that contain lessons for modern society. (CDs) § Explain what modern society can learn from these moments in the play. (CMs) · 10 points Prewriting/Outline. · 10 points Introduction/Title: Catches the reader’s attention with ideas that are relevant to george best award, the topic of the essay; follows the funnel method; thesis is part of the book, introduction but not the only thing in it; interesting. · 5 points Thesis: clearly written statement that explains the purpose of the george best phd thesis, essay; last sentence in the introduction. · 5 points Organization: follows the directions set by essay rubric, the thesis statement and the directions given for the assignment; seems logical; major points clearly signaled; does not wander from the main idea. · 30 points Support/Concrete Details : ideas are backed up with examples from the work being referenced (either direct quotes or paraphrased information—you must also cite paraphrased information!) that clearly relate to the student’s opinions; examples are specific but are no longer than necessary; · 30 points Commentary: the george sprowl best award, student’s own words and essay on a book, ideas used to explain the george sprowl award, main point in each body paragraph; student’s ideas make up more of the paper than do direct quotes/examples from the analysis essay rubric, text; ideas are adequately developed and are relevant to the thesis found in the introduction. · 15 points Integration/transition: transitions connect ideas and examples; transitions used to connect ideas within each paragraph and to sprowl best award, connect one paragraph to the next; create a smooth flow throughout essay; quotes are formatted correctly and integrated smoothly into the essay; · 10 points Conclusion: does not introduce new ideas; summarizes the importance of the main idea of the analysis essay rubric, essay (the “So what?”); restates title and author; leaves reader with a final, memorable point. · 15 points MLA In-text Citations Works Cited Page: formatted; works cited used a page break to place on last page of essay; give credit where credit is due. · 20 points Mechanics/sentence structure/spelling/etc: Proofread! Get others to george best phd thesis, edit. · 10 points Peer/Adult Edit: signed by editors; errors are fixed. Sample Thesis Statements: “In the Greek play, Antigone , Sophocles portrays the consequences of weak leadership by using Creon’s disrespect for the gods, his failure to listen to dissertation, other people, and his self-serving personality and values.” “In the phd thesis award, play Antigone , through portraying the follies of the dependent Eurydice, the overly-cautious Ismene, and the headstrong Antigone, Sophocles illustrates the secondary place of women in Greek society.” Note the theme and the specific points in each . Sample Topic Sentences: “Sophocles portrays Antigone as the atypical woman who defies authority, subsequently leading to her death.” “Teiresias, a blind prophet whom King Creon trusts, foreshadows the outcome of the thesis rubric, play through his position as a powerful messenger of the gods.” “Sophocles uses Creon, the george best award, epitome of an inferior king, to exemplify that monarchs must accept their secondary status to the Greek divine powers.” Note the point and the link back to a main idea in each . Sample Concluding Sentence: “As a result of Creon’s obsessive grip on personal power and essays on importance life, ruthless disregard for george sprowl, human worth, he forgets his conscience as a moral human and thus fails as a ruler.” Note that the CS summarizes the point for the paragraph and links back to steps to writing an essay middle school, the theme. Sample Topic Sentence and Chunk: “King Creon’s character and best, actions show to be full of hubris, a trait vehemently scorned by Greek culture. During his first address to the public, Creon boldly states, ‘I am determined that never, if I can help it, / Shall evil triumph over good’ (1.1.69-70). Greek society believed in fate being chosen by the gods, and those who tried changing their destiny would be severely punished.

To knowingly make such an audacious statement that he is more influential than fate alone reveals Creon’s conceit in himself and to writing school, disrespect for the gods.” Citation Guide for Antigone Compare/Contrast Essay. Author’s Name. Title of Work. Title of Anthology. Editors/Translators. City: Publishing House, Year.

Page Numbers. Print. Sophocles. Antigone. Ed. George Sprowl Best! Babusci, Roger . Prentice Hall Literature: Platinum . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1991. 308-41. Print.

Shown above his how your Works Cited page should look for your Antigone essay. Honors Thesis! Remember that a Works Cited page is the last page of your essay. This is the best award, only information that should be on reflection essay on a this page. George Best Phd Thesis! Internal Documentation and Blending Quotes. You should be using at least 3 quotes per character in this essay (6 quotes total).

It will be very important that you blend these quotes and that you cite them. Examples of essays of sports, Blended Quotes: Make sure that you are using short phrases and that you are incorporating the quote into your own sentence. Sprowl Phd Thesis Award! Creon greatly fears anarchy and the chaos that would occur if people broke the law. He even commands his guards to “give no support to whoever breaks this law” (I.i.76). J. Creon greatly fears anarchy and the chaos that would occur if people broke the law. Essay On A! “You will give no support to george best award, whoever breaks this law” (I.i.76). L. Antigone clearly reveals that she shows more reverence for the gods’ laws than the Creon’s laws.

While she does admit that Creon has power as king, she firmly believes that “The immortal unrecorded law of God. / They are not merely now; they were, and shall be” (I.ii.61-62). Honors Thesis! J. Antigone clearly reveals that she shows more reverence for george sprowl best phd thesis, the gods’ laws than the Creon’s laws. “The immortal unrecorded law of God. / They are not merely now; they were, and shall be” (I.ii.61-62). L. Reminders about Internal Documentation: 1. In a play, you identify the act, scene, and line number. Essay! The acts are indicated with upper case Roman numerals (I) ; the scenes are indicated with lower case Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, iv, v) ; the line numbers use regular numbers. If you are using prologue or exodus, then you write prologue or exodus.

The citation goes at the end of the sentence and the punctuation is on the outside of the parenthesis.

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George sprowl best phd thesis award

2300-320-7 - Intramural Research Training Award (IRTA) Program Automated Fellowship Payment System. Remove: NIH Manual 2300-320-7 dated 8/1/03. Insert: NIH Manual 2300-320-7 dated 2/24/09. PLEASE NOTE: For information on: For information on content of this chapter, contact the issuing office listed above. George Sprowl? NIH Manual System, contact the Division of Management Support, OMA on 301-496-4606, or enter this url: http://oma.od.nih.gov/public/MS/manualchapters/Pages/default.aspx.

This chapter transmits the NIH policy on the use of the analysis rubric, NIH Intramural Research Training Award (IRTA) Program. IRTA Traineeships are established for the principal benefit of the participant and to provide opportunities for developmental training and sprowl best phd thesis practical research experience in a variety of disciplines related to biomedical research, medical library research and related fields. Traineeships are designed to rhetorical analysis rubric, provide research training “for which fellowship support is not provided under Section 487 of the sprowl phd thesis, Public Health Services (PHS) Act, and which is not residency training of physicians or other health professionals.” Training must be carried out at a facility of the NIH, but may be supplemented by international law essays, additional training acquired at another institution which is george sprowl best, found by the Director to be directly related to the purpose of the traineeship and necessary to its successful completion. Dissertation? Training outside of sprowl best NIH must not comprise a majority of the training. The IRTA Program encourages the participation of individuals from reflection book groups who are underrepresented in biomedical research: women, persons with disabilities, and individuals of diverse ethnic and racial backgrounds. Service is a by-product of the IRTA Program unlike Research and Clinical Fellowships where service is a dominant part of the training objective. NOTE: Trainees may not independently engage in patient care activities (any clinically-related activity MUST explicitly be under the direct supervision and control of an NIH employee), be assigned official supervisory responsibilities, or sign documents on best phd thesis, behalf of the Government (e.g., requisitions). (1) The Director, NIH, may conduct and support research training for which fellowship support is not provided under Section 487 of the PHS Act and which is not residency training of essays on importance life physicians or other health professionals [42 U.S.C. 282(b)(13)]; (2) the Directors of the national research institutes may conduct and support research training for which fellowship support is best, not provided under Section 487, and which is not residency training of physicians or other health professionals [42 U.S.C. 284(b)(1)(C)]; (3) the honors rubric, National Center for Complementary and sprowl best phd thesis Alternative Medicine, OD, NIH, may conduct research training as described in honors rubric 42 U.S.C.

287c-21(a); (4) the george best phd thesis, National Library of Medicine (NLM) may conduct research training as described in international law essays 42 U.S.C. 286b-3 (NLM Traineeships limited to Post-baccalaureate students only); (5) the National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities, OD, NIH, may conduct research training as described in 42 U.S.C. 287c-31. (6) 42 CFR Part 63, Public Health Service Regulations re: Traineeships. See Appendix 10 (Delegations of Authority) Approval by the Deputy Director Intramural Research ( DDIR) is best, required for all exceptions to program provisions. Requests for essay rubric exceptions to program provisions must be fully justified in writing, describing the nature and basis for best phd thesis award the exception. Trainees are not Federal employees, are subject to the availability of space, funds, and preceptors’ time, and are limited by the number of training assignments available within participating Institutes or Centers (IC). Traineeships are contingent upon submission of acceptable proof of U.S. citizenship or resident alien status, and a medical evaluation if applicable.

In addition, trainees must meet the requirements of one of the categories specified below: G. Duration of Program Traineeship Programs. Time spent on a Traineeship program within any IC counts toward the total Traineeship duration, regardless of the number of Traineeships granted by middle school, different ICs. The duration of the award period and the original termination date will be extended due to periods (4-12 months) of sprowl best phd thesis award excused absence without stipend. All renewals must be in writing and include beginning and rhetorical analysis essay rubric termination dates. 1 to 3 year (2-3 year Traineeships must be processed in 1 year increments.)

1 month to 2 years (2 year Traineeships must be processed in 1 year increments.) 2 years (2 year Traineeships must be processed in 1 year increments.) 1 month to 1 year. Traineeships of less than 1 month or greater than 1 year may not be authorized. 1 or 2-year increments. 1-month to 1-year increments. 1-month to george sprowl best phd thesis award, 1-year increments. May return for summer and law essays other traineeship periods for as long as trainee remains a student in good standing. A terminal Traineeship period not to exceed 3 months is permitted. Trainees do not incur a service payback obligation.

Provided they meet eligibility requirements, trainees may be considered for, but are not entitled to, employment or other training appointments at the NIH. The automated Fellowship Payment System (FPS) is programmed for full-time schedules. George Sprowl Best Phd Thesis Award? For full-time schedules less than one year in duration, the system will calculate the correct amount of dissertation intelligence pro-rated funds to obligate. However, for part-time schedules, ICs must compute the sprowl best phd thesis, percent of time and enter the annual prorated stipend in the Fellowship Payment stipend screen. Scheduling policy for the different Traineeship programs is as follows: NOTE: Part-time schedules of less than 32 hours per public international, week may affect eligibility for health insurance offered by george award, the Foundation for Advanced Education in the Sciences (FAES) or other health plans. NOTE: Part-time schedules of less than 32 hours per week may affect eligibility for health insurance offered by rhetorical analysis essay, the Foundation for Advanced Education in the Sciences (FAES) or other health plans.

Stipends are established based on relevant research experience or completed education level. Stipend ranges and/or fixed stipend levels are periodically reviewed by the Office of Intramural Research (OIR) in best consultation with the NIH Board of Scientific Directors. See appendices for detailed information. Stipends are established based on 5 or fewer years of relevant postdoctoralresearch experience and public international law essays up to 2 additional years of george experience not oriented towards research (i.e., clinical training for physicians). NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on training schedule. Stipends are established based on the number of years of postbaccalaureate education completed upon honors thesis activation of george best phd thesis Traineeship. NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on on importance life, training schedule. Postbaccalaureate education completed upon activation of Traineeship can only include postbaccalaureate training in best phd thesis award an NIH laboratory or relevant professional medical or graduate school enrollment. NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on training schedule. Stipends are established based on the degree and amount of relevant experience at activation of Traineeship.

NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on training schedule. Stipends are established based on public international, the amount of education completed upon activation of phd thesis award Traineeship. NOTE: Stipend level must be prorated based on training schedule. A stipend increase of up to $2,000 per annum may be granted based on growth, development, and accomplishments, but where warranted, increments can be larger, provided they do not exceed the appropriate stipend range (Appendix 1). ICs may approve a one-time merit-based exceptional stipend increase of one stipend step level at the time of renewal for 10 percent of honors rubric its trainees, e.g., a trainee with one year of postdoctoral experience could be paid a stipend within the range for the two-year experience level. A stipend increase to the next higher level in Appendix 2 may be granted per annum, based on progress in academic studies and/or the training assignment, for each year the trainee remains in the program . A stipend increase to the next higher level in Appendix 3 may be granted, if the george award, award is renewed for second (and final) year in the program. A stipend increase to analysis essay, the next higher level in Appendix 4 may be granted per annum based on progress in academic studies and/or training assignment, for each year the trainee remains in the program. Eligible for the next higher stipend increase (Appendix 5) based on the amount of education completed. An additional allowance of up to $10,000 may be added to the initial stipend level of postdoctoral trainees for previous training or equivalent experience in george best award one of the following specialty categories: Engineer (electrical, chemical, mechanical, biomedical);

Computational Biologist: (informatics, information technology); Chemist (analytical, physical, organic, and inorganic); IC Competitive Fellowship, e.g., Kety Fellowship in NIMH; or. Fellow entering the fifth year, for whom the IC wishes to provide a merit-based stipend higher than the steps to writing an essay school, top of the range for the fifth year. Stipends are paid in george phd thesis arrears on a 30-day monthly basis. All trainees are strongly encouraged to immediately establish (or correct) an electronic file transfer in the NIH Administrative Database (ADB) via the Automated Clearinghouse (ACH) Vendor miscellaneous payment enrollment form in rhetorical essay rubric the ADB vendor database. An automatic $2,000 advance will be provided for trainees after activation. An amount less than $2,000 may be provided after activation, based on hardship as determined and approved by the IC Scientific Director prior to the award start date that is entered into the FPS. Any advance payment will reduce the annual stipend payment.

The remainder of the stipend balance will be paid in arrears in 12 equal monthly amounts. Subsequent monthly stipend payments, for those that have ACH, are direct-deposited, usually within the first 5 business days of each month. Trainees who do not have established electronic file transfers to best, their bank accounts will receive stipend payments by check on or about the 10th business day of each month. If the trainee leaves within 12 months of the initiation of the award, the dissertation on artificial intelligence, final check may NOT be for the 1/12th amount because it will have been offset by george award, the balance of the advance. The trainee may owe money to NIH if the time served does not offset the balance of the advance. A personal check covering a stipend overpayment must be hand-carried to the Office of Financial Management “Fellowship Payment Office” with a copy of the FPS-generated termination notice. Reflection? Any un-recovered overpayment will be treated as a debt owed to the U.S.

Government. Stipends will be made in equal monthly payments. Stipend payments will be certified monthly and authorized in the FPS by the IC Designated Program officials between the 20th - 25th of the month so the Office of sprowl Financial Management (OFM) may authorize payments each month. If the IC does not certify and authorize payment for a trainee, no stipend payment will be issued for essays in student that month until certification is received. Supplemental funding should be granted to Trainees who wish to come to NIH for a period of george research training under the auspices of traineeships or grants awarded by intelligence, outside (non-Federal) organizations or institutions, when the funding provided is george phd thesis, insufficient to support the Trainees during research training in reflection essay on a book NIH laboratories. Supplemental Funding should be granted: ONLY to Trainees who have already been approved for or currently receive outside (non-Federal) support; ONLY to george best award, Trainees NOT receiving support under the National Research Service Award (NRSA) Program; ONLY to Trainees that have NO employment relationship with the outside (non-Federal) sponsor: other issues, e.g., potential conflict of interest, intellectual property, etc., must also be addressed. The amount of the NIH IRTA supplement will be determined on a case-by-case basis and will vary depending on the level of support provided by to writing middle school, the outside (non-Federal) sponsor. The supplement will be fixed at such a rate that the combined level of support will match the sprowl phd thesis, stipend rate for a similarly qualified Trainee.

Supplemental funding that would result in a combined amount from NIH and the outside (non-Federal) sponsor that is either less than or in excess of the authorized stipend rate for the relevant trainee level and analysis Traineeship program may not be approved. Sprowl Phd Thesis Award? Supplemental funding must be terminated when outside (non-Federal) support ceases. An IC cannot provide a supplement solely to law essays, provide health insurance coverage – a stipend of at sprowl phd thesis, least $1 per year must also be authorized. Applicants may apply directly to a specific Principal Investigator or may apply online at the NIH Office of Intramural Training and reflection book Education (OITE) website. Designated IC Program Administrative Officials receiving application documents should determine candidate's eligibility.

Traineeship preceptors and Laboratory/Branch Chiefs will review applications, evaluate and sprowl best recommend candidates, and develop individualized training plans for approval by an essay middle, the IC Scientific Director or delegated approving official. Sprowl? Candidates may not be excluded from consideration or evaluation on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, disability, age, national origin, political affiliation or any other non-merit factor. Appropriate documentation should be routed through the designated IC Program Administrative Officials. Curriculum Vitae (CV), bibliography (if applicable), 3 letters of reference, applicant's statement of research goals, official copy of transcript. In addition, applicant must provide official copy of doctoral degree and on a book brief summary of doctoral dissertation (if applicable). CV, bibliography (if applicable), 3 letters of sprowl phd thesis reference emphasizing research potential, applicant's statement of research goals, official copy of on importance of sports life undergraduate, graduate, and/or medical school transcript.

Verification from the university that the applicant is in good academic standing; is enrolled in a doctoral degree program; and sprowl phd thesis that the school is agreeable to public law essays, the student's participation is required. CV, bibliography (if applicable), 3 letters of reference emphasizing potential, applicant's statement of research goals, and official copy of undergraduate school transcript. Applications must be made online at http://www.training.nih.gov/student/pre-irta/previewpostbac.asp. Resume or CV, 2 letters of reference, statement of career goals, and official copy of undergraduate transcript. Applications must be made online at http://www.training.nih.gov/student/pre-irta/previewtechnical.asp. Resume or CV, 2 letters of award reference, official copy of school transcript, letter from to writing school verifying academic standing, information on honors and achievements, and statement of interest in george best biomedical research. Applications must be made online at http://www.training.nih.gov/student/sip/ The principal responsibility rests with training preceptor; other assistance is available from IC Lab/Branch Chiefs and Scientific Director. The NIH Office of Intramural Training and Education Career Services Center and NIH Work/Life Center staff are available for career counseling. All trainees may receive training or tuition assistance to the extent that it is directly related to the NIH research experience.

Individual Development Plans (IDPs) are required for all trainees and on artificial they must complete all NIH mandatory training. When Trainees will be working with animals, exposed to hazardous situations, or in contact with patients, ICs are responsible for assuring that Trainees receive instruction, as appropriate, including but not limited to, safety, use of george sprowl best award equipment, handling hazardous materials, patient privacy, human subject protections and proper animal care and treatment. Trainees may not engage independently in any patient care activities. Any clinically related activities MUST be explicitly under the direct supervision and control of an NIH employee. A rotation in a science policy office, generally only one rotation of three months or less, is permitted when such activity can be justified as an integral part of the NIH research experience. All training, regardless of duration or type, must be documented in the training plan and/or other appropriate administrative training databases and analysis should be offered to all similarly situated trainees, regardless of whether they receive supplemental or sole NIH funding. In addition to sprowl best, the above: ICs are expected to fund training directly related to the purpose of the Traineeship, generally consisting of two courses per year at an accredited academic institution. In addition, trainees are expected to attend one FAES BIO-TRAC course or equivalent per each 6-month period and other seminar series designated by the IC.

Travel cost to NIH for trainee, dependents, movement of household goods, and public law essays temporary storage of household goods not to exceed (NTE) $3,000 is phd thesis, permitted at the discretion of the IC; no allowance for return travel is authorized. Payment of travel to reflection on a book, scientific meetings or training at a remote site is at george best phd thesis award, the discretion of the IC and is subject to availability of funds. IRTA trainees may accept payment only on an “In Kind” basis to cover travel and per diem expenses from an outside entity while attending an “official duty” type event for book the purpose of teaching, speaking or writing (such as presenting a paper at a scientific meeting), provided there is no conflict of interest in phd thesis award the source of the funds. Dissertation On Artificial? No honorarium, or compensation for sprowl phd thesis services rendered, may be accepted. Dissertation On Artificial? Reimbursement must be from nonfederal funds. IRTA trainees must request, and receive, advance approval, in writing, from the IC Scientific Director in sprowl best phd thesis award order to accept outside travel reimbursement. The HHS Form 348 is not to be used since Postdoctoral Trainees are not Government employees. However, IC administrative staff, on reflection, behalf of an IRTA Trainee, must complete an Acceptance Letter and a Certification Checklist indicating that the funding source is non-federal.

For additional information, see NIH Manual 1500, Chapter 08-00(F)(3)). When a separate travel allowance is available through an outside sponsor, at sprowl phd thesis, its discretion, an IC will supplement that allowance only to the extent that outside funding is intelligence, insufficient to pay authorized travel costs. A personal check covering a travel advance overpayment must be hand-carried to the Cashier’s Office attached to a copy of the travel voucher. Any un-recovered overpayment will be treated as a debt owed the sprowl award, U.S. Government. Use the FPS to process terminations of all trainees immediately. Termination of the traineeship may be made prior to specific expiration date for law essays scientific or other forms of misconduct or failure to comply with terms of the traineeship or to best phd thesis, carry out or satisfy the reflection, purpose for which it was made. All termination proposals for cause must be in writing and george phd thesis award provide the trainee with an opportunity to make a reply before a decision is rendered. In the case of personal incompatibility or any unforeseen programmatic circumstances, and absent any conduct issues, the IC should arrange for transfer of the trainee to another laboratory.

Fiscal considerations should not be the basis for book early termination within the NIH Intramural Research Program. Trainees must reimburse Office of Financial Management (OFM), NIH for any and all stipend overpayments prior to OFM clearance. A personal check must be hand-carried to the OFM “Fellowship Payment Office” with a copy of the FPS-generated termination notice. George Phd Thesis? Any un-recovered overpayment will be treated as a debt owed the U.S. Government. In addition, if the on importance of sports in student life, Foundation for sprowl phd thesis Advanced Education in the Sciences (FAES) (301-496-8063) is handling the on a book, trainee’s health insurance, it must be provided a “Notification of Termination” form, obtained from the IC’s Administrative Officer.

The FPS-generated “Notification of george best Termination” form must be hand-carried to FAES, which will provide advice and thesis answer questions on Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (C.O.B.R.A.) benefits. The form must be signed by sprowl phd thesis award, an FAES representative before the end of the month in which the fellowship is public, terminated to sprowl best, avoid overpayment. If a trainee is transferring to another IC within NIH, the losing IC must indicate this in the FPS module and notify the to writing middle school, gaining IC. The gaining IC must accept and sprowl phd thesis award retrieve the trainee’s record. The effective date of analysis rubric transfer must be the first day after the original award has ended or the first day of the subsequent month.

Trainees, because they are not employees, do not earn annual or sick leave. However, they may be excused for: 1) Federal holidays, 2) illness, 3) personal emergencies, and george sprowl award 4) vacations when awards are for more than 90 days. To Writing School? For vacations, trainees receive a minimum of best award two weeks excused absence per year and the number of days should be prorated for Traineeships of 90 days or less. Preceptors may exercise discretion in dissertation on artificial granting additional short absences (less than a week per year) as they deem appropriate. More extended absences must be approved by the IC Scientific Director. Eight weeks of excused absence will be granted for the birth or adoption of a child or other family health care.

In addition, ICs must excuse absences to accommodate a trainee’s military obligations, e.g. active duty, active duty training, and george phd thesis award inactive duty training Not to Exceed (NTE) six weeks per year. Z. Dissertation? Excused Absence without Stipend. Absence without stipend may be approved by the preceptor with concurrence from the respective IC Scientific Director and OIR. Through the FPS, the IC must enter the effective date to temporarily stop payment and must reactivate the award in the FPS to george sprowl best phd thesis, resume payment. For absences of 4-12 months, the appointment clock will be extended to reflect the period of the absence without stipend. Absence without stipend for greater than 12 months will require a new appointment upon return. FAES Elected Health Insurance: Should a trainee with FAES health insurance plan to be absent without stipend for less than 3 months, FAES requires the trainee to essays life, maintain continuous health insurance coverage. Specifically, trainees must personally complete a Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (C.O.B.R.A.) Application through FAES and begin to pay health insurance coverage premiums on the 1st day of the month following the start date of the unpaid absence and george best phd thesis continue to pay for school any month when trainee is not in a pay status on the first day of the month.

For example, if the trainee is absent without stipend effective June 15th through August 15th, the trainee must pay health insurance premiums beginning July 1st (1st day of the george sprowl award, month following the to writing middle, start date of unpaid absence) and pay the premium for the month of August (any month when trainee is not in a pay status on the first day of the month) Should the trainee plan to be absent without stipend for more than 3 months, the george sprowl phd thesis award, trainee may choose to stop coverage and not pay the premium. Upon return to NIH, the trainee may then re-enroll as a new subscriber. Essays Of Sports Life? Should the trainee prefer to george sprowl best phd thesis, continue health insurance coverage during this period of absence, the analysis essay, trainee must complete a C.O.B.R.A. application through FAES. George Best Phd Thesis Award? Generally, C.O.B.R.A. coverage is limited to 18 months. Regardless of total time spent in unpaid absence, respective ICs must provide to FAES written notification generated from the FPS to include start and to writing middle school end date of unpaid absence. In addition, upon trainee’s return, ICs must provide a written notification generated from the FPS to FAES and OFM. All trainees may use the Occupational Medical Service for best phd thesis injuries sustained and emergency care on the training assignment. Workers' compensation and benefits under the Federal Employees Compensation Act, 5 U.S.C. Public Law Essays? 8101(1)(B) may be applicable in the event of best award a work-related injury.

All trainees must have adequate health insurance coverage to receive training in NIH facilities. Steps An Essay Middle? This requirement may be satisfied by a policy held either in the Trainee's name or in another's name with the Trainee identified as a family member. Verification of health insurance enrollment is required. An approved plan of health insurance is available through the Foundation for Advanced Education in the Sciences (FAES). FAES coverage requires that Trainees be on a training schedule of at least 32 hours per phd thesis award, week and a minimum duration of essays 90 days. Should trainees elect FAES health insurance, they are responsible for enrolling in george award FAES health insurance within the thesis, first 30 days of the award. Health insurance enrollment will be effective the date the trainee meets with FAES and sprowl phd thesis all required forms are signed. Enrollment data that reflects the FAES effective date must be entered into to writing an essay school, the FPS . Sprowl? Trainees must maintain an existing policy or purchase a personal policy until they have met with FAES and elected health insurance. Funds for individual or family FAES' fee-for-service Preferred Provider Option health insurance are provided to FAES by the sponsoring IC at the direction of the trainee. For a non-FAES policy, NIH will pay or reimburse for a policy issued in rhetorical analysis essay rubric the Trainee's name in an amount not to exceed that of the FAES' fee-for-service Preferred Provider Option, individual or family coverage, as appropriate.

Alternatively, NIH will reimburse for george sprowl award any additional health insurance cost, if incurred, as a result of being covered under a spouse's plan and steps school identified as a family member in an amount not to exceed the cost of the FAES' fee-for-service Preferred Provider Option. Sufficient documentation verifying health insurance coverage and documenting health insurance costs are required when using a non-FAES policy. When the outside sponsor provides insufficient funding for the purchase of health insurance coverage, the IC may provide supplemental funding to permit the sprowl best award, purchase of a policy equivalent in cost to rubric, the FAES' fee-for-service Preferred Provider Option, individual or family coverage, as appropriate. An IC cannot provide a supplement solely to provide health insurance coverage – a stipend of at least $1 per year must also be authorized, even when the outside funding is greater than the applicable stipend. See Section Z, “Excused Absence without Stipend” if applicable. In cases where: 1) the duration of the Traineeship is less than 90 days and; 2) the personal purchase of a Health Insurance Policy would result in undue financial hardship for the student, the IC may pay the total associated cost. Trainees are not employees and therefore not eligible for Federal retirement benefits. Stipends are subject to Federal, state, and local income taxes; however, NIH does not withhold taxes from the Trainees' stipends.

The OFM annually prepares and sends appropriate income information to the IRS and to Trainees. Trainees may be required to file quarterly estimated Federal and sprowl award State income tax returns. Since interpretation and implementation of the analysis, tax laws are the responsibility of the Internal Revenue Services (IRS) and courts, Trainees should consult their local IRS office and/or tax advisor if they have questions about the applicability of the current tax code to the taxability of sprowl phd thesis award Traineeships, the proper steps to be taken regarding tax obligations, and concerns regarding their own situations. Trainees are likely to analysis essay, be eligible for george phd thesis award coverage under the international, Federal Tort Claims Act (28 U.S.C. 2671 et seq.) for damages or injuries that arise from actions occurring within the sprowl best phd thesis, scope of their assignment and while under the direct control and public supervision of best award a Federal employee. However, the ultimate decision on issues of liability is made on a case-by-case basis by the courts. Essays? Should claims arise from the actions of Trainees acting within the scope of their assignments under the direct control and supervision of a federal employee, NIH would ask that they be defended by the Department of Justice as if they were Federal employees. Outside employment for Trainees must be approved in accordance with NIH Ethics Office policies http://ethics.od.nih.gov/. The NIH Office of Intramural Training and Education will periodically evaluate the IRTA Program for representation of women, minorities, and disabled persons; to assess its relationship with other NIH Traineeship Programs; and to determine whether it is functioning effectively and accomplishing the purpose for which it was designed.

The results of these evaluations and any recommendations for best changes to the Program will be presented to the Office of Intramural Research (OIR), NIH, and the NIH Board of reflection on a Scientific Directors (SD) for consideration. OIR will periodically review stipend ranges and/or schedules in consultation with the george sprowl best, NIH Board of Scientific Directors. Book? Recommended adjustments by OIR and the SD subcommittee on trainee stipends will be submitted to the Scientific Directors for george best review and of sports concurrence and then to the Director, NIH for final approval. The publication and presentation of sprowl best award scientific research by Trainees are governed by the same policies as applied to other scientists, either employed by or in steps to writing an essay middle training at NIH, as described in NIH Manual 1183 “NIH Publications and george sprowl Audiovisuals: Preparation, Review, Approval, and Distribution.” Trainees, like employees and others working at rubric, NIH, are bound by george sprowl award, all provisions of Executive Order 10096, as amended, 45 C.F.R. Part 7 and any orders, rules, regulations or policies issued thereunder for steps to writing school inventions conceived or first actually reduced to practice while at the NIH, as well as by HHS Technology Transfer Procedure Manual, Chapter 203.1, NIH Procedures Related to Disposition of Rights in Inventions by Non-Employees Working at NIH, Receiving NIH Intramural Training Support or Working On-Site under Research Collaborationshttp://ottintranet.od.nih.gov/Policy/203-1-Procedure.pdf (NIH-Access only). Trainees will disclose promptly, to the appropriate NIH officials, all inventions which they conceive or first actually reduce to practice during their assignment, and will sign and execute all papers necessary for conveying to the government the rights to which it is entitled by george sprowl, virtue of essay Executive Order 10096, as amended. Records must be maintained in accordance with Privacy Act System Notice: 09-25-0158, Administration: Records of Applicants and Awardees of the NIH IRTA Program, HHS/NIH/OD/OIR/OITE (Office of Intramural Training Education) for 5 years. AK.

Retention and Disposal of Records. Records Retention and Disposal: All records (e-mail and phd thesis non-e-mail) pertaining to this chapter must be retained and steps an essay disposed of under the authority of the NIH Manual Chapter 1743, Keeping and Destroying Records, Appendix 1, NIH Records Control Schedule, Section 2300 Personnel, 320 Staff Fellowship Programs (all items that apply). NIH e-mail messages: NIH e-mail messages (messages, including attachments, that are created on george sprowl award, the NIH computer systems or transmitted over the NIH networks) that are evidence of the activities of the agency or have informational value are considered Federal records. These records must be maintained in accordance with current NIH Records Management guidelines. Contact your IC Records Officer for additional information. All e-mail messages are considered Government property, and if requested for a legitimate Government purpose, must be provided to the requester.

Employees' supervisors, the NIH staff conducting official reviews or investigations, and the Office of essay on a book Inspector General may request access to or copies of the e-mail messages. E-mail messages must also be provided to best phd thesis award, the Congressional Oversight Committees, if requested, and are subject to the Freedom of Information Act requests. Since most e-mail systems have back-up files that are retained for to writing an essay middle significant periods of time, e-mail messages and george sprowl best award attachments are likely to be retrievable from an essay a back-up file after they have been deleted from an individual's computer. The back-up files are subject to the same requests as the original messages. The purpose of this manual issuance is to provide policies and procedures for the implementation of the george best award, NIH Intramural Research Training Program. The Office responsible for internal controls relative to this manual issuance is the Office of Intramural Research (OIR).

Through this issuance the OIR is accountable for the method used to ensure that internal controls are implemented and working. Frequency of Review: Periodic review of the fellowship process will be completed to determine if ICs are in compliance with policy. Essay On A Book? Reviews will be conducted every 3-5 years. Method of Review: The OIR will initiate and lead reviews consisting of a random sampling of fellowship files/documentation using a checklist that will monitor the ICs’ compliance with various important aspects of the policy. Review reports are sent to the Deputy Director for phd thesis Intramural Research and to the Deputy Director for book Management, NIH. George Best? Reports should indicate that controls are in place and working well or indicate any internal internal control issues that should be brought to the attention of the report recipient (s). Questions on how to obtain these forms should be directed to the designated IC Program Administrative Officials. Fellowship Request (FPS-generated) Fellowship Activation (FPS-generated) Election of Health Insurance Choice 1, 2, or 3 (FPS-generated) Absence without stipend and reactivation (FPS-generated) These documents (or copies) (in printed paper version) should be retained by the ICs as official system records for the IRTA Program.

Fellowship Termination Notice (FPS-generated) Since all IRTA Traineeships are considered awards for training and not wages for service or employment, neither Social Security nor Medicare is dissertation on artificial, deducted from stipends. Although definitive determinations regarding Social Security obligations and coverage must be made by the Internal Revenue Service and the courts, it is the opinion of the NIH Legal Advisor that Trainees are not self-employed but in training for purposes of coverage under the Social Security Act and therefore, can not make Social Security or Medicare payments on their own behalf. Trainees are encouraged to discuss this with their tax advisors. * If you require a 508 compliant PDF version of phd thesis award a chapter please contact manuals@od.nih.gov.

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peter stearns essay An Introduction to European Studies. Why Study History by Peter N. Stearns. The author definitely convinced me of history's importance as a discipline. I completely agree with all of the authors points.

History is so important because it helps us to understand society, human behavior, how to prepare for things such as war. History gives us answers that we need. George Sprowl Phd Thesis! Before reading this article I didn't think about history in rubric, this way. I knew it was important to george sprowl know and dissertation on artificial intelligence understand, but I didn't think that it would help determine certain ways and george best changes in society or human behavior, so I found that very interesting. I absolutely think we should study history. Public International Law Essays! If we didn't then we wouldn't know our family's history, we wouldn't know how certain things were invented or why certain societies are the way they are. The author also described important skills that can be acquired by studying history, so that is another reason why studying history is extremely important. In his article, “Why Study History?” Stearns presents various examples that support history’s significance in society. Sprowl Best Phd Thesis Award! I agree with Stearns and international law essays believe studying history is essential to society’s success. There are countless reasons as to why one should study history. For example, history serves as evidence and tells us why certain things happened.

This can educate people about how society was formed, and why it functions in its present manner. After studying history, students will become knowledgeable and gain important skills that will benefit them in george sprowl best phd thesis, the future. Even though many students will not work directly in the field of history, the reflection essay on a book, skills gained from george award, studying the subject can lead to rhetorical analysis essay potential job opportunities. Peter N. Stearns presents a compelling argument for george sprowl best award why people should study history. Stearns states that history is necessary to study because it is essential to individuals and to society, and because it harbors beauty. Dissertation Intelligence! While I trusted Stearns' declaration that history is important for individuals and society, I was skeptical about history's importance to harbor beauty; could he really convince me that history is important because of george best award such a statement?

Once I continued reading, I realized that I could trust Stearns' stress on the importance of history in that it harbors beauty. History is everywhere in rubric, our lives - we are compelled by george sprowl best award historical fiction; we find nostalgia in history paintings; and we are amazed by even our own families' stories from the analysis essay rubric, past. In reality, we not only need history to help us understand societies and cultures, but we rely on sprowl phd thesis award, history for entertainment and discovery. Life! Stearns also informs his audience that the discipline of history gives a student necessary skills for success, informs our morality, and award helps us figure out how we got where we are and where we might be going. I believe that history is crucial to learn because it helps us draw conclusions about how our societies came to be, and thus helps us understand why we function the international, way we do and how we might change. At one point or another I’m sure most, if not all of sprowl phd thesis award us have sat in history class wondering why should we care about people and reflection essay events from hundreds or even thousands of years ago. What exactly is the point of best studying history in such depths that America’s current education system demands? In the article, “Why Study History?” Peter N. Stearns approaches the study of history from many different angles, continually providing evidence and reassuring readers the study of history is necessary in society.

I had always known the analysis rubric, study of george award history was somewhat important, but after reading this article I have realized that history is truly what makes our society what it is today. Public! Without it, where would we be? It would be as if every morning when we woke up it was fresh start; no memories of the past, who we are, what we have done. It would as if everyone had amnesia. Award! Society would not be able to function.

The study of history provides us with the understanding of the world around us. It is the rhetorical rubric, basis of our morals, ethics, and laws. Knowing our history, whether personal, familial, or societal grants our identity. We are able to realize our distinguishing characteristics and associations. The study of history may be dull at phd thesis, times, and seem unimportant, but Stearn reveals the study of dissertation intelligence history is essential for our identity, as well as our understanding of the world. In Peter N. Stearns article “Why Study History?” he provides a persuasive argument that definitely convinced me of the importance to study history as a discipline and showed me how much history plays a part in our everyday lives. I was convinced because Stearns makes many points of why history should be studied, the main ones being: it helps us understand society by looking at past societies, it helps us grasp how things change and how we can continue to change in our present society, it gives us an identity of where and who we came from, and george best award it gives us many skills that make us well-rounded workers and thinkers.

All of these reasons that Stearns gives illustrate how much history affects us as citizens and intelligent people. In order to have appreciation for the present, we must also have appreciation for the past and that is what gives us a sound path to to writing school the future. Without history, we wouldn’t be able to solve problems of the present because it is best phd thesis, through the study of history that we are able to pinpoint exactly what is going wrong now due to the wrong that went on in the past. Knowing what happened in the past allows us to steps to writing middle grow more in our own morality and mindfulness, for we are able to have a full basis of knowledge from past to present. Best Award! I think that we should study history because overall, it is truly ignorant not to. I feel this way because when a person is analysis essay, fully consumed with themselves in this moment, he or she fails to sprowl award recognize the past trends and rhetorical traits of the sprowl award, past. If that is the case, how is one able to rhetorical essay rubric understand his or her society without the extensive evidential basis of the best phd thesis, past? We need to be well-rounded humans and honors this can only sprowl best phd thesis come from studying history and having a full contemplation of the past and how it affects our present reality and analysis essay rubric the future events to best award come. Author Peter N. Stearns makes a strong case for the study of history as a vital inclusion in high school and rhetorical analysis rubric college curricula, citing its important effects upon the moral, societal, and best phd thesis individual education of the average student. Essay! His argument successfully attempts to convince the reader of this necessity by demonstrating not only alternative methods of george teaching history, but also the many positive results that can arise from these methods. Particularly effective is the stress on the interdisciplinary advantages of studying history; in today’s increasingly competitive job market, educating across all disciplines is necessary for any applicant who wishes to emerge at the top of the heap.

Another sound point of Stearns’s article separate from the reporting of fact is the use of rhetoric. Reflection Book! However, the repetitious mention of the george sprowl, “laboratory of human experience” as an attempt to compare the study of history to honors that of biology or chemistry quickly grew tiresome, and rather redundant. Regardless, the article effortlessly demonstrates the importance of history’s inclusion in curricula worldwide. Peter N. Stearns convinced me of history’s importance as a discipline. Stearns states that “history should be studied because it is essential to individuals and to society, and because it harbors beauty.” Without history, we won’t be able to george sprowl best phd thesis award figure out why we do certain things and society won’t be able to figure out how and why society functions the way it does. Intelligence! Stearns also points out that history is not only needed to become a professional historian. History helps you “develop research skills,” gives you the “ability to find and evaluate sources of information,” and so on. For example, Global warming is a very important topic for environmentalist today. And without history, they wouldn’t be able to figure out george sprowl best phd thesis award why these changes occur and what caused the world to be what it is today. Dissertation On Artificial Intelligence! To understand changes within the world and ourselves we have to phd thesis award look at history.

Up until about to writing an essay a year ago I would have disagreed with a lot of the examples given in george sprowl best phd thesis award, this text, primarly due to ignorance. I would just mainly sited that getting a job as a history major is not an easy thing to do. However, my best friend convinced me of the main points of the analysis essay, article, after he himself switched to this field of study. We learn from the george sprowl phd thesis, past, all of public international us. Sprowl Award! Whether it be a great mistake, or incredible accomplishment, events in history are there to teach us lessons.

Histroy if reorded correctly might even be the only thing we truly know. With its tendency to repeat itself, it can not be ignored. What we learn in a history class may not be in fact tangible, but it can greatly affect the way we approach, react and look at some of the most important things in ones life. The author does make a convincing argument about the importance of studying history. His points about rubric how history can help teach people morals, and how history can be used to help explain certain problems we face today, were both things I found interesting. Sprowl Phd Thesis Award! I also liked his point about how learning the history of the essays on importance of sports, nation you are from is important because it teaches you how that nation got to where it is today. I was not convinced on hi argument about sprowl best award how it is rubric, useful to obtain a job. He mentioned several times that there are many careers that a history degree makes possible, but he did not mention many areas.

However, he did say that the skills gained from studying history are very valuable in life, and I did agree with his examples. Because of that I do think it is sprowl phd thesis award, necessary to study history. Sterns provides many convincing and practical arguments for the study of on importance in student history. Beginning with the now antiquated idea that if someone can rattle off dates and names they are therefore well-educated, Sterns moves on to show that the study of history just makes you a well-rounded person. This well-roundedness extends into the workplace, as Sterns points out, with the subject of history being able to george phd thesis award pervade many different professions and skill sets, with employers looking for an individual who takes into account all perspectives given, something that Sterns points out is quite desirable in any employee. Rhetorical Essay! Along with being a good employee, Sterns points out george sprowl best phd thesis award that the study of history is useful in understanding societal trends, such as alcoholism rates, suicide rates, and political interests. This is essay, speaking to the human nature within society, the behavior and norms that have developed over time. In order to continue on, we must understand our past, whether it be collective or individual. George Sprowl Best Award! The past is something that obviously sticks with us, and it is to be learned from and used in steps to writing middle school, any way possible to george phd thesis award better ourselves. Steps Middle School! Sterns also expresses this idea when when he mentions the inherent value of studying history in anything that anyone does.

Peter N. George Phd Thesis Award! Stearns definitely convinced me that history as a discipline is extremely important. He shed light on the many uses and advantages knowing history can play in a variety of of sports professions, not just the george best phd thesis award, professions that commonly come to mind. I found that point extremely convincing. Additionally, what I think is commonly overlooked is the important role history plays in understanding current society. We could never know if things have changed or to on importance life what extent things have changed if we do not know what came before.I agree, history is so much more than memorizing and reiterating dates, names, places and facts as the author had clearly stated and advocated. One aspect of studying and subsequently knowing history is the implementation of history as a weapon. Sprowl Best Award! With this idea presented, I realized the power history holds.

I had never before though of history as a powerful weapon, but Stearns reasoning had convinced me of its potent potential. Stearns discusses the importance of studying history to better understand how our society functions today - in terms of thesis human behavior as well as mechanisms of social change. Stearns' approach is interesting and important because it addresses history as a process in which we can, do, and must participate, rather than as a static field of study that is immutable and always referred to as past. Best Award! With such an approach, Stearns highlights the international law essays, role of agency and emphasizes the importance of george phd thesis contextualizing the present so as to steps to writing an essay school be more effective and aware in all the decisions we make - both individually and as a society. Best Award! Stearns refers to this critical engagement of history as we create it as the process of international fostering informed citizenship. He also notes the need for skillful storytelling - a need I could not agree with more. George! Addressing this also raises questions of power and narrative authority and voice.

In Why Study History, Kearns does a fairly decent job of describing history as a discipline and why we as a people should study it. Analysis Essay Rubric! However, his arguments have several shortcomings, and sometimes fall flat. My first issue with Kearns' arguments was that he often acknowledges opposing arguments to his thesis, yet never truly disproves those opposing arguments. For example, on sprowl phd thesis, the first page he states that history can determine human behavior on a large scale. He then states that science does this as well through experimentation, but simply says as a fact that experiments do not work as well (para 6). Kearns does not cite any sources or evidence to back up this claim, and to me, it was a surprising way to start his first argument for the study of history. Reflection On A! Later on in the essay, he admits that studying history does not guarantee a specific job opportunity like a technical degree would, but assures the reader that a study in history applies directly to many careers and george phd thesis can clearly help us in our working lives (para 21). However, his so-called evidence are opinions at best, and he yet again provides no sources to back himself up. Personally, I agree with Kearns and do believe history needs to be studied as a discipline. If one studies history, there are clear examples of generals, presidents, or even whole governments making mistakes that have historical precedents, simply because these people did not study their history.

For example, if Adolf Hitler knew that Napoleon failed to invade Russia due to the harshness of the Russian winter, the events of World War II might have unfolded differently. In general, History helps give the world we live in context, and helps us to better approach the situations of the future by seeing how our ancestors handled similar situations in on importance of sports in student life, the past. I was already convinced that we should study history before I read this article. The author makes good points and provides statistics and evidences. I agree with him that we should indeed study history since that we can only sprowl best phd thesis award develop the future by studying the rhetorical essay, past or history. By studying history, we will be able to know ourselves better and will not make the same mistakes again. George! Each individual has his own past experiences or history; it is the unique history that we possess distinguish us from others. The article “Why Study History?” by Peter N. Stearns definitely convinced me that the study of history is essential. The article first brings up the point that studying history can give people insight on the cause of to writing school different events and the effects these events can have. This type of knowledge can be useful because it helps you understand other people, yourself, and the world around you. Secondly the article highlights the award, fact that studying history can help can develop skills that are essential to almost any type of career, even those that seem completely unrelated to history.

I believe that Stearns is on importance of sports in student life, right, after reading the article I realized that the studying history has improved my research skills and my ability to analyze different events, both of which are helpful tools to have in virtually any field of work. Without the study of history I may not have developed these important skills, which makes me absolutely certain that the george best, study of history is necessary. History is far more valuable then most people care to realize. By looking at history one is able to predict the future outcomes of business cycles as well as sales. If a company sells 500 units of X, it should sell at least 500 units of X once again in the same amount of time. This information will help a company to produce the necessary amount of goods. Also, history can set an example of us. It shows us what works and what does not, what is right and what is on a, wrong, and what is morally acceptable. It is able to show us what is going to be accepted by the general population.

By studying History, it is able give one a sense of best phd thesis pride in where they come from as well. In all honesty, I used to question why I have continuously studied history for nearly 10 years of my life. I used to think it was arbitrary and pointless to be able to recall the rhetorical analysis essay, dates of specific battles that occurred during the Civil War, or who our 24th Vice President was. But after reading Stearn’s convincing article, I am admittedly swayed in my opinion on the study of best award history. Essays Of Sports Life! I’ve learned that the central focus in history is not on the memorization of phd thesis award dates and names, but rather the influence it has on human behavior and societies. Without it, we would not be able to pinpoint the causes of societal change, or anticipate political polls. History gives us an identity and helps shape who we are based on facts about genealogy as well as providing a basis for understanding how our ancestors handled and managed previous historical changes. History provides us with the knowledge necessary to understand the reflection essay, emergence of national institutions, problems and george sprowl phd thesis values. It encourages us to become more aware of our pasts so that we can gain a better understanding of our present, and consequently, our futures.

I do believe that the study of steps to writing an essay middle history is essential to the progress of our society, our nation, and our world. Without it, we are simply ignorant human beings disregarding the sprowl award, successes and failures of past societies and peoples, which could evidently aid in the advancement of our present. This course considers European history since the Enlightenment. Primary themes include: liberalism; national identity and its construction; race; ethnicity; genders and sexualities; (post)colonialism; and the relation between history and everyday life.

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George sprowl best phd thesis award

an essay about tv DISADVANTAGES OF TELEVISION. In today modern world television is the most popular and recognized from of media and most homes in the western and developed worlds own one. Sprowl. That small (in some cases rather large) box sitting in your lounge is your connection to the outside world. It is an indispensable item and many of us cannot imagine life without it. As with everything there are advantages and disadvantages with the to writing middle, television. The main advantage is televisions ability to bring you news as it happens.

A second advantage is the fact we are using more than one sense when viewing. The final advantage in this essay is the vast amount of information and documentaries available for viewing. However the first disadvantage is the amount of time spent watching television is often considered a waste of time. The second disadvantage is the fact that families may be in the same room but with the george sprowl best, television on may not even acknowledge each other. The final disadvantage illustrated in this essay is reflection on a book that young children are often being exposed to sex scenes and scenes of sprowl, violence. Firstly, for many of us the television is our first or only source of news and current events. International Law Essays. Most channels have news updates up to four times a day and current affairs programmes which take a deeper look at the news that has affected the world that day or week. Theses programmes are often family friendly and are sometimes the only form of media available or easy to understand for children or non-speakers of george award, English. These news shows keep people up to date on the outside world it is possible to know everything that happened in a day without even going outside. However these news shows can try and international law essays monopolize people's opinions and be a bias to one political party or one side of george sprowl phd thesis, a war.

Secondly, what many of us do not realise is that we use at least two senses to enjoy television. We use our eyes to law essays watch the television screen and the visual on the screen. Best Award. We also use our ears or hearing to listen to the dialogue and noises on public law essays, the screen. Compared to other forms of media which usually involve only one sense e.g. the radio only requires the hearing sense and a book only requires sight. Even though the television lets us see and hear things it can cause eyesight problems and many people turn there televisions up which can cause hearing problems. The final advantage is the vast amount of educational programming available for viewing particularly on channels like the george best phd thesis award, discovery channel and national geographic which can educate and public law essays stimulate people and george sprowl best wet every audience member's appetite. It is also the fastest way to of sports improve your knowledge and help you learn something completely new. Sprowl Best. Where else can you learn about honors thesis rubric Marylyn Monroe and Winston Churchill in the same afternoon?

Many people who cannot afford university or night courses or simply just want a basic knowledge of one particular subject or event. Award. Use documentaries to quench their thirst for steps an essay middle, learning. Sprowl Best Phd Thesis. The first disadvantage is that many people do not realise how much time they spend watching television if you spend one hour a day watching television. That is 365 hours a year and 3607 hours in ten years. You can only imagine what you could do with that time, it is possible to learn a language or do a university course. Many value their television shows over exercise or physical activity which can lead to obesity and 'couch potato'. Many people also feel the desire to watch a favourite television show every day or every week and neglect social commitments and therefore becoming anti-social. A second disadvantage is that many people neglect their families so they can watch television. On Artificial Intelligence. A family may be in the same room but would not say a word to best award each other or acknowledge each other. Many families now also eat dinner in essays on importance of sports in student life, front of the george sprowl best, television which means normal dinner table conversation is lost. Most large families also have multiple televisions so that each member can watch the programme they would like to watch this means that some families may spend less than an hour in each others company before going to on importance of sports bed.

A final disadvantage of watching television is the george sprowl best award, violence and honors thesis rubric sex scenes that young children are often exposed too. George. Many of us find shows with crime or violence entertaining but these are not suitable for children of young ages. These scenes are practically common on crime dramas. Children may not intentionally be being exposed but by steps to writing an essay middle school simply being in or near the same room as an older child or adult watching the programme. With children being exposed to these scenes it can corrupt there innocent minds leading them in some extreme cases become violent to other children. It can also lead to sprowl best phd thesis award more permanent problems such as violence or evil thoughts well into adulthood. Fortunately this can be easily avoided or reversed by not allowing young children to view these programmes by rhetorical analysis essay rubric placing them in a different room from the television or sending them to bed. In conclusion television is sprowl phd thesis award perhaps the world's greatest invention though it is possible it will one day be replaced by something resembling a computer it is still indispensable in todays modern world. Television however has advantages and disadvantages as illustrated in this essay.

It can be an educational, multi-sensory communication devise that takes up our time to exercise or our family time it can also have scenes that corrupt young minds. As Winston Churchill once said 'the best things are either immoral or bad for you' television is best in moderation. Essays In Student Life. So next time you're bored don't turn on best phd thesis, the television go out and play some sport.

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Considerations: Alpacas as a Business. Congratulations on beginning your journey toward potentially adding alpacas to your world! Being an alpaca owner provides unique and wonderful life experiences. People in many countries call alpacas “the world’s finest livestock.” Valuable business assets of any kind possess qualities that make them desirable: gold is scarce, real estate provides shelter, oil produces energy, bonds earn interest, stocks may increase in value, and phd thesis diamonds symbolize love. Alpacas share some of these same attributes. Alpacas are scarce and unique, and the textiles produced from their fleeces are in demand at fashion centers in New York, Paris, Milan, and Tokyo.

There are excellent profit opportunities and tax advantages available to public alpaca breeders. George. Historically, alpacas sustained ancient cultures, including the Incas of Peru. Today, alpacas still represent the primary source of income for rhetorical analysis essay rubric thousands of South Americans. History has validated the value of the alpaca. Long before stocks were sold on the New York Stock Exchange, livestock was a traditional form of wealth for many cultures. Sprowl. The richest families of ancient times counted their wealth by on importance of sports the size of their herds. Today wealth as a result of livestock ownership is not as common, but opportunities do exist for profitable farms and george sprowl phd thesis ranches. Reflection On A. Tending to a herd of graceful alpacas can be an sprowl best exciting source of revenue, and rubric a rewarding lifestyle.

A key question to answer before starting a new venture is, WHY? Why are you considering becoming an alpaca owner? Development of breeding stock? Producing alpaca fiber for the commercial or cottage industry? AOA Show System participation? Augmenting an existing fiber production business? The farming lifestyle? The potential tax benefits of owning your own livestock business?

Alpacas offer an outstanding choice for livestock ownership. Alpacas have a charismatic manner, they do very well on small farms, and they produce a luxury product which is continually increasing in demand. In researching the opportunities and gathering information to help with your decision making, it is phd thesis recommended you visit as many farms in your local area as possible. An Essay Middle School. Review the farm environment and operation of george sprowl best phd thesis, each, and ask the owners about their views of the alpaca industry. Public Law Essays. The AOA website, www.alpacainfo.com, and AOA's Alpaca Owners Guide are great tools to help you locate farms near you. In addition to researching the alpaca industry and george sprowl best phd thesis award relevant statistics, it is strongly recommended that you spend time with a business consultant or tax advisor to rhetorical analysis rubric discuss your interest in starting an alpaca business. Many breeders will work with you to develop a plan designed for your particular situation; however, you are encouraged to george sprowl best phd thesis award independently develop your own financial analysis utilizing professional support if necessary. As a buyer you need to rhetorical rubric be certain that starting an alpaca business is an appropriate use of both your time and financial resources. Analyzing the feasibility of alpaca ownership requires making a set of assumptions. Determining the costs associated with raising the animals and george phd thesis award how much revenue they might generate in the future are the basic elements used in projecting a return on the investment.

The assumptions found here are based on many breeders’ experiences. The hands-on method of raising alpacas, as either a part- or full-time business, requires that the alpaca breeder own a small ranch or acreage, properly fenced with a small barn or shelter. Many farms already have outbuildings suitable for alpacas. The alpaca owner is on artificial intelligence presumed to supply the day-to-day labor. A second approach is to purchase the animals and sprowl phd thesis place them in the care of an established breeder. Rhetorical Analysis Essay Rubric. This arrangement for care and boarding of an sprowl best animal on behalf of another is known as “agistment.” Under this method you, as owner, typically make the important decisions about essays on importance of sports, care, breeding, sales, etc. You may have an existing farm to use for your alpacas, or you may be starting new. If you are starting new, please check your local and county ordinances to ensure that starting a farming operation on your selected property is allowed, and whether there are any constraints you need to george award keep in mind as you develop your business plan. The organization of international, your farm will impact the george phd thesis award efficiency of your day-to-day operations. As you are visiting other farms, take pictures of their set ups and ask questions about what they like about their setup, and on artificial what would they love to change. Here are some considerations when planning your farm.

Will you have a centralized barn or will you have multiple portable style shelters? Will you have grazing areas or will you feed hay every day? What is the sprowl best award maximum number of alpacas you will have on your farm? Will fencing be portable or fixed, or a combination of the two? No one enjoys carrying water when they don’t have to; how will you deliver water to honors thesis rubric your alpacas? If you have pasture available for sprowl award the alpacas, you will want to public plan on proper irrigation, fertilizing and potentially over sprowl phd thesis award, seeding to keep the rhetorical analysis essay rubric grasses growing as well as possible, and have a plan for keeping weeds under control. Think about putting electrical outlets close to your water tanks if you have freezing winters (unless you enjoy breaking ice), and close to your shelters in case you have very warm days and need to plug in a fan to help keep the alpacas cool. Hay Storage will be driven by george phd thesis the form of hay available to law essays you and the type of equipment you have available for moving the hay—small square bales (55–100#); large square bales (3’x3’x8’); or round bales. It is important to ensure hay does not mold due to exposure to moisture, so proper storage is sprowl phd thesis award essential. Have a plan for international the disposal of your manure.

It may be a stock pile you spread on your pastures and fields, or selling it to george phd thesis award gardeners or nurseries. New manure will be created daily by the alpacas, and should be removed from their living area on a regular basis to minimize the risk of parasites. Alpacas need to be shorn yearly for their health, and the collection of your annual fiber harvest. International. The shearing event is something you may hold on your farm, or you may take your animals to george sprowl best another location for shearing. In addition to pasture and hay, alpacas require supplements to steps guarantee they get essential vitamins and sprowl best award minerals. International Law Essays. Some owners also provide extra supplements in the form of grain or pellets. Some farms will purchase pellet supplements in 50# bags, while others will buy in bulk and george best phd thesis store the feed in large bins. Alpacas need to honors rubric have their toenails cut on george award, a regular basis. In some areas they will need routine immunizations. Teeth trimming may be required.

Assistance with birthing may be necessary. Honors Thesis Rubric. The ability to weigh alpacas is important in managing their health. Having an area where a scale and restraining chute can be set up is sprowl phd thesis important. Do you have a local vet to call on when required? Are you willing to administer injections or draw blood yourself? Every farm should be prepared for essay the need to george best phd thesis get an alpaca from the farm to a veterinary office or local animal hospital for treatment.

If you plan to participate in the AOA show system, the style and size of public international, trailer maybe oriented to the number of animals you plan to sprowl award show and the distance you are willing to travel to show them. Consider the use of tractors, UTVs, hay elevators, manure spreaders or brush hogs as tools for helping to manage the farm environment. Will you have a farm store where you can sell your fiber and on importance of sports in student life fiber products? Will local zoning regulations allow retail sales from best award your location? Do you have a building that could be renovated to a store, or will you need a new structure? If you are thinking of processing some or all of your own fiber, do you have space for washing, drying, dying or other value-added activities you may perform?

Prices for honors thesis shelter, fencing, equipment, and labor vary widely based on geographic location, as well as individual needs and george phd thesis award tastes. For example, some alpaca breeders will opt for a $500 carport structure as a shelter for reflection essay on a book their animals, whereas others might spend upwards of $100,000 or more for a state-of-the-art breeding facility and showplace. Additionally, fencing could add several thousand dollars to your budget. If you manage the herd yourself, you’ll require an inventory of halters, shears, toenail clippers, lead ropes, and george sprowl best phd thesis award other miscellaneous gear. These items could add $500 – $1000 to your initial costs. A great advantage of the alpaca business is there are multiple opportunities for generating revenue. As you visit other alpaca owners, be sure to ask them about their revenue generation activities. Are they selling breeding stock to other farms or new alpaca owners?

Are they utilizing a direct sales approach with farm visits and online marketing? Are they selling their alpacas at auctions throughout the year and across the U.S.? Are they selling fiber animals to fiber enthusiasts or as pets? Are they selling raw fiber and fiber products? If so: Are they using the cottage industry approach, putting personal time and essay on a book energy into transforming raw fiber into george, sellable products? Are they using a more commercial approach by sending raw fiber to on a book the national collection process or one of the fiber co-ops across the USA? Are they selling manure or manure products to garden enthusiasts? Are they selling the meat and hides of alpacas they have culled from their fiber producing herd? Are they caring for (agisting) alpacas owned by someone else? Do they have herdsires others use for a stud service fee? Are they helping others to george sell their alpacas for a small percentage of the sale?

Are they hosting and providing education on alpaca industry-related topics? Are they providing transport services to move alpacas from one farm to another? Are they providing shearing services to other alpaca owners? Any of these methods can work to generate income with alpacas. The key to success is finding the method(s) that work best for you.

Every business owner has operational expenses necessary to honors run their business. Sprowl Best Phd Thesis. These are areas of expenses that should be considered as you research the alpaca industry . Alpacas are grazing animals, and the environment they live in will dictate the reflection amount of hay they require. As an sprowl best phd thesis award estimate, one ton of to writing an essay middle school, hay should be sufficient to feed two alpacas for a year, assuming there are no pasture areas to graze in. Pellet supplements are often provided to ensure alpacas are getting vitamins and minerals necessary for a healthy lifestyle. Mineral supplements made available for george sprowl best phd thesis award alpacas to consume when they choose are provided by most alpaca owners. Every alpaca needs to be sheared once a year. Rubric. It is for their health as well as for the annual fiber harvest. Ask alpaca owners in george sprowl best phd thesis your area about the cost of shearing and for suggestions on credible shearers. While the need for veterinary support will vary from farm to farm, it is safe to say that every farm needs to be prepared for emergency care.

Depending on your comfort level, you may be able to save some veterinary costs by administering your own vaccinations, and doing your own toenail or teeth trimming as required. If you participate in the show system, plan on the need for a certificate of veterinary inspection for the animals traveling to the show. The cost of insurance needs to be considered to ensure your farm is covered from a liability exposure standpoint. Alpacas are also fully insurable against international, theft and mortality. Sprowl Best Phd Thesis. Insurance can be purchased for steps school your stock. Average insurance rates are 4.25% of the value of the animal, or $425 for every $10,000 of insurance for one year. All businesses face the need to pay taxes. Will you use a professional to do your tax preparation or will you do it yourself?

Proper accounting is something the IRS is keen on, and is a best practice for george best phd thesis any business venture. Will you hire an accountant/bookkeeper or use a product like Quickbooks, WAVE accounting, Freshbooks, etc? It is strongly recommended that you become a member of Alpaca Owners Association, Inc. (AOA) and also join a regional affiliate of AOA. The registration of your alpacas allows the industry to know that your alpacas exist and to writing an essay school can be included in the national statistics. There is a fee to register alpacas. As a new business owner, be sure you understand any licensing requirements (e.g., tax licenses, federal and state business identifiers, seller’s license or permit, etc) Be aware of your local zoning regulations regarding a livestock business or opening a farm store for george phd thesis award your fiber products. If you are viewing this new relationship with alpacas as a business, it is essential to treat it as a business. Other business considerations include. Will you be doing all of the to writing manual labor, or will you be hiring individuals to help you, either occasionally or on a daily basis?

Plan on the need to repair equipment, fencing, water lines, or other items you and the alpacas regularly depend on. The AOA show system is a great way to sprowl phd thesis award market your alpacas and your farm. As a participant, you will have show entry fees, stall fees, and travel costs to on artificial intelligence plan for. The alpaca fiber is your annual harvest and you should have plans for how the fiber will be utilized. How you have it processed is george sprowl phd thesis a personal preference, but everyone should consider having it processed in some manner. If you plan to use a mill, there will be the cost of dissertation on artificial intelligence, getting the fiber to george award the mill (e.g., shipping or personal drop off).

The cost of processing into batts, roving, or yarns will vary from processor to processor, so discuss processing costs with the on importance of sports life mill owner you select. Sprowl Best Phd Thesis Award. On average, this will be $25–$50 per pound, depending on the type of product created for you by the mill. You may plan to process your fleece yourself. If you do, you may have costs associated with washing, carding, dyeing, spinning or felting of the fiber. You may decide to sell your entire fleece harvest through the National Alpaca Fiber collection process or co-operatives that collect and process the alpaca fiber.

Every business needs to market themselves and their products to attract new customers. There are the traditional methods of marketing such as placing ads in magazines and steps to writing an essay school local newspapers. There are social media channels that allow you to connect with potential customers. You can present your business through the use of websites and search engines. Becoming involved with the local 4-H and school programs is a method of marketing to george award your local community. Participating in local farmers markets, county fairs, craft shows, etc., are methods of presenting your alpaca business to new customers. The major tax advantages of alpaca ownership include depreciation, capital gains treatment, and, if you are an active hands-on owner, the benefit of offsetting ordinary income from international other sources with expenses from your ranching business. It is important to make a purchase decision using assumptions that reflect your personal tax and george sprowl best financial situation, as well as your own assessment of the alpaca industry. Financing terms are available from some breeders, and dissertation intelligence range from george best a few months to two years or more. It is always wise to consider both the upside and the downside of any potential purchase. It is important to steps middle feel comfortable with a range of possible financial returns, in george sprowl best phd thesis award case your actual experience differs from your assumptions.

Quality, color, gender of steps to writing, alpaca offspring, and strength of the overall industry could influence income results positively or negatively. Tax Consequences of Owning Alpacas. Those considering entering the alpaca industry should engage an accountant for advice in setting up bookkeeping and determining the best proper use of the concepts discussed in this brochure. A very helpful IRS publication, #225, “The Farmer’s Tax Guide,” can be obtained from your local IRS office. Raising alpacas at your own ranch in the hands-on fashion can offer the active owner some very attractive tax advantages. If alpacas are actively raised for profit, all the of sports in student expenses attributable to the endeavor can be written off against your income. These expenses can also help shelter current cash flow from taxes. The less active owner using the agisted ownership approach may not enjoy all of the tax benefits, but many of the advantages apply. For instance, the passive alpaca owner can depreciate breeding stock and expense the george sprowl award direct cost of maintaining the animals. The main difference between a hands-on, or active, rancher and a passive owner involves deducting losses against other income.

The passive investor may only be able to deduct losses from investment against gain from the sale of animals and fleece. The active rancher can take the losses against other income. Alpaca breeding allows for tax-deferred wealth building. An owner can purchase several alpacas and public law essays then allow the herd to grow over time without paying income tax on its increased size and value, until he or she decides to sell an sprowl award animal or sell the entire herd. To qualify for thesis rubric the most favorable tax treatment as a rancher, you must establish that you are in business to sprowl award make a profit and public international are actively involved in your business. You cannot raise alpacas as a hobby rancher or passive investor and george receive the same tax benefits as an active, hands-on, for-profit rancher. Once you’ve established that you are raising alpacas with the intent to make a profit, you can deduct all qualifying expenses from your gross income. It is strongly recommended that you spend time with a tax and accounting specialist to rhetorical analysis essay understand the current IRS regulations and their applicability to an alpaca business. Can Alpaca Ownership be Profitable?

Every startup business wants to know if they can be profitable and alpaca ownership is no different. The answer to the question is the same for any business: IT DEPENDS. Can you keep the cost of ownership low and george best phd thesis the revenue high? Reducing the cost of owning and raising alpacas is a key element for essay generating profits. As for revenue, there are many potential methods of george best award, creating revenue and alpaca owners will choose the ones that they are most comfortable with. Middle. Generating revenue will require marketing and george best award effort in order to acquire customers. The cost of marketing can be reduced by reflection essay book partnering with other farms. With focused effort and the willingness to learn new skills, alpaca ownership can be profitable. Many alpaca owners have found the alpaca lifestyle both personally and george financially rewarding.

As is true of any business start-up, owning alpacas involves a willingness to work and take financial risks. Your ultimate success will be determined by your ability to market your animals, fiber and finished goods, as well as your available resources, your communication skills, and your ability and willingness to provide top-notch customer service that results in a good reputation. Work with your family, selected mentors and honors professional business advisers to develop an alpaca ownership plan that is best for you based on your current situation and goals. Although this article discusses different considerations for alpaca ownership, it is, of course, impossible to guarantee the ultimate success of any business. AOA is george award dedicated to providing information and analysis essay rubric resources to help with research and decision making. Sprowl Best. AOA's website is a valuable tool in researching the in student industry. Learn about alpacas through online articles and george sprowl award education. Find an alpaca farm or business in your area to visit.

Contact a regional alpaca organization to connect with alpaca owners in your area. Search for and attend a regional alpaca show. Search for honors thesis rubric upcoming events in your area. Search registered alpacas that are available for sale or stud. Read stories from successful business owners who have experience in the alpaca industry. Phd Thesis Award. Read the latest news from the national alpaca organization. Small Business Administration — visit your local chapter for information on classes and steps to writing middle possible mentors. Your local county or university Extension Service office. Preparing for the IRS and Lessons Learned.

Disputes Over Alpaca Ownership: An Ounce of best phd thesis, Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure. Inside A Farmers’ Cooperative: How the Alpaca Fiber Cooperative of North America, Inc. Works. You’re Not the Only One Asking — Alpaca Business FAQs. With Apologies to Paul Simon: There Must Be Fifty Ways to rhetorical analysis Sell Your Fiber! Planning For Success — Developing a Business Plan. Building Your Alpaca Store—Beginning Steps for Retailers. Improve Your Bottom Line: Diversify! Change Your Life With Alpacas!

Play by the “Rules of the Rich” for Financial Independence. The Alpaca Spirit Win-Win Purchase Agreements. Alpaca Owners Association, Inc. 8300 Cody Dr, Ste A. Lincoln, NE 68512. phone: (402) 437 8484. fax: (402) 437 8488. © 2017 Alpaca Owners Association, Inc.

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