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Thesis Topics Of Sociology In Pakistan
biblical essays Every particular of the Tabernacle was divinely designated. Bezaleel and Aholiab led the thesis sociology pakistan construction using materials provided by free-will offerings of the of yeast coursework people. It was a movable sanctuary, occupying a central position in the encampment of the Israelites. It was a large tent thirty cubits long, ten cubits wide, with sides ten cubits high. The court in thesis sociology which it stood was one hundred cubits in length, fifty in width, and enclosed by a fence five cubits high. As we will see below, the book of Exodus minutely explains the construction. It was made of acacia wood, the timber of the region. The hair of goats and skins of rams were used. The people contributed gold, silver and brass. Over the covering of goats’ hair were placed red-dyed rams’ skins.
Curtains of writing rubric, rare beauty and value were specified. The Tabernacle was called “the dwelling” and sociology pakistan “the tent of meeting.” Unger points out that the “term tabernacle is transferred to heaven, as the true dwelling place of God (Heb. 9:11; Rev. 13:6); used figuratively for the human body in which the 6th grade soul dwells as in a tent, and which is taken down at death (2 Cor. 5:4).” 1 Its great object was to represent God’s dwelling in the midst of His people, the visible symbol of thesis, Jehovah’s presence, placed in the center of the encampment.
Its supreme sacredness was greatly emphasized. It was kept by the priests who alone officiated at the altar and entered the Holy Place. Only the high priest could enter the Holy of Holies once a year, on the Day of Atonement. Everything done was designed to indicate and safeguard its sacred significance. It was the central part of the coursework religious life of the nation. While in Egypt, the people saw the great stone temples and in contrast with these elaborate structures the sociology pakistan Tabernacle would appear very simple. But simplicity and spirituality, essential qualities in the worship of God, were to be conveyed to the mind of the Israelite. The Altar of Burnt Offering stood in uspto patent the outer court, directly in front of the Tabernacle.
It was five cubits square and three cubits high. About half-way up was a platform on which the priests stood. Sociology? Standing before this altar, representing the presence of God, sacrifices were offered. It emphatically taught that man could not approach Jehovah except as a sinner and atoned for by blood (Ex. 27:1-8).
The altar stood between the Tabernacle and creative writing rubric the sinner the outstanding truth of the necessity of atonement for sin. The two apartments or sections were separated by four pillars sunk in silver sockets, supporting a curtain. As the priest entered the Tabernacle the first of these rooms was the Holy Place, called the pakistan Sanctuary. It was twenty cubits long, ten cubits broad and ten high. There were two veils, one at the entrance and the other that separated the Sanctuary from the Holy of uspto patent, Holies. On the latter were figures of cherubim. In the Holy Place was the Altar of Incense. It was a cubit square and two cubits high, made of acacia wood overlaid with gold. Incense was offered on it morning and evening. It symbolized the worship and adoration of the people.
On the south side of the Sanctuary stood the Golden Candlestick, consisting of a base and shaft having six branches and seven lamps. Pure olive oil was used. According to Josephus three of these burned throughout the day. Sociology? “It was a fit symbol of the continued existence, the uninterrupted worship, and the unceasing emission of light by the people of God.” The Table of Shewbread stood on the other side. The table, two cubits long, one wide and one and a half high made of acacia wood and overlaid with gold.
On it were twelve unleavened cakes in two rows. This was called the Shewbread, or Bread of the Presence, which symbolized the communion of God’s people with Him in the service. Every Sabbath the loaves were eaten by the priests and new loaves placed on the table. The innermost section was the Holy of Holies. Its central feature was the Ark of the Covenant. The chest was two and a half cubits long, one and a half in width and height. It was made of acacia wood, overlaid within and without with gold and covered by a lid of solid gold which was called the mercy-seat. On this were two cherubim of gold, one at each end. They faced each other, looking down toward the mercy-seat, covering it by spreading wings denoting that Jehovah dwelt between the cherubim in the midst of coursework, His people, meeting them there in thesis the person of the high priest.
The ark contained the tables of the law, a pot of manna and Aaron’s rod that budded. The high priest entered the Holy of Holies alone once a year, on the Day of Atonement. He sprinkled the blood of the essay offering on sociology the mercy-seat. It was a solemn occasion when the priest offered the respiration of yeast yearly sacrifice for the sins of the nation. Thesis Sociology Pakistan? As the people’s representative, he alone was allowed to enter this inner Sanctuary. It was the essay veil between the two sections in the Temple that was rent asunder on the day of the crucifixion, signifying free access to God through the atoning work of Christ. We encourage a reading of this chapter before proceeding further. This chapter forms the commencement of one of the richest veins in Inspiration’s exhaustless mine a vein in which every stroke of the mattock brings to light untold wealth.
The mattock in such a mine must be the holy Word of God. Nature can do nothing here. Reason is blind and imagination is utterly vain. The most gigantic intellect appears like a bat in the sunshine, blindly dashing itself against objects it is utterly unable to discern. Thesis? We must compel reason and imagination to define, stand aside, while, with chastened heart, single eye, and spiritual mind, we enter the hallowed precincts and gaze on the deeply significant furniture. God the Holy Spirit is the only One who can conduct us through the courts of the Lord’s house, expounding to our souls the true meaning of all we view. Thesis Sociology? To attempt the exposition through our unsanctified powers of intellect would be infinitely more absurd than trying to repair a watch with a blacksmith's tongs and hammer. “The patterns of things in respiration the heavens” cannot be interpreted by the natural mind even in its most cultivated form. They must be read in thesis sociology the light of heaven.
Earth has no light that can reveal their beauties. Respiration Of Yeast Coursework? Only the sociology pakistan One who furnished the patterns can explain their meanings; only the One who furnished the beauteous symbols can interpret them. To the human eye, it seems there is desultoriness in the mode in which the 6th grade creative writing rubric Holy Spirit presents the furniture of the tabernacle. Thesis Pakistan? However, there is, in of yeast fact, a most perfect order, a most remarkable precision, a most studious accuracy. Chapters 25-30, represent a distinct section of the Book of Exodus. This section is divided into two parts, the first terminating at Exodus 27:19; the second as Exodus 30 closes. The former begins with the sociology Ark of the Covenant, inside the veil, ending with the Brazen Altar and the court in which that altar stood.
In other words, it gives us Jehovah’s throne of judgment, on which He sat as Lord of all the earth; and it conducts us to that place where, in the credit and virtue of marks, accomplished atonement, He met the sociology sinner. Then, in the latter, we have the mode of man’s approach to God. The arrangement is perfect and beautiful. How could it be otherwise? The Ark and 6th grade creative writing rubric Brazen Altar present two extremes. The former was the throne of God established in “justice and thesis judgment” (Ps. 89:19); the latter was the place of approach for the sinner where “mercy and truth” went before Jehovah’s face. Man, in uspto patent himself, dared not approach the Ark to meet God, for “the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest” (Heb. 9:8). But God could approach the Altar of Brass, to meet man as a sinner. “Justice and judgment” could not admit the sinner in; but “mercy and truth” could bring God out; not in the overwhelming brightness and thesis majesty He wanted to shine forth from creative between those mystic supporters of His throne “the cherubim of glory” but in the gracious ministry that is symbolically presented to us in thesis sociology pakistan the furniture and ordinances of the Tabernacle.
All this reminds us of the path trodden by that blessed One the antitype of all these types; the substance of all these shadows. He traveled from the eternal throne of God in heaven to explanatory, the depths of Calvary’s cross. Thesis Pakistan? He came from the glory of heaven to the shame of the cross, in creative order that He might bring His forgiven redeemed and accepted people back, presenting them faultless before the very throne He had left on their account. In His own person and work, the Lord Jesus cleared the thesis sociology pakistan way between God’s throne and the dust of death, and between the dust of death and the throne of God. In Jesus Christ, God has, in perfect grace, come down to the sinner; in Him the sinner, in perfect righteousness, is brought up to God. 6th Grade Creative Writing? The way from the Ark to the Brazen Altar was marked with footprints of love; and the way from the thesis Brazen Altar to the Ark of God was sprinkled with the blood of atonement. As ransomed worshippers, we pass along that wondrous path, beholding the name of Jesus Christ stamped on everything we view. May that name be dearer to our hearts. Let us now examine the chapters consecutively. It is interesting to note here, that the first thing the respiration Lord communicates to Moses is thesis sociology pakistan, His gracious purpose to have a sanctuary or holy dwelling place in the midst of His people a sanctuary composed of materials, directly pointing to the Person and work of Christ, and the precious fruit of that work, as seen in the light, power, and varied graces of the Holy Spirit.
Also, these materials were the fragrant fruit of the grace of God the voluntary offerings of devoted hearts. Jehovah, whose majesty “the heaven of heavens could not contain,” was graciously pleased to dwell in a boarded and curtained tent, erected for Him by those who cherished His presence. Respiration Of Yeast Coursework? The Tabernacle may be viewed in two ways: first, as furnishing “a pattern of things in the heavens;” and second as presenting a deeply significant type of the body of Christ. The various materials composing the thesis sociology pakistan tabernacle now come before us, as we consider the three comprehensive subjects in this chapter: the Ark; the Table; and the Candlestick. The Ark of the Covenant occupies the leading place its position in respiration the Tabernacle clearly marked.
Shut in within the veil, in the holiest of all, it formed the base of Jehovah’s throne. Its very name conveys its import. By definition, an ark is designed to preserve intact whatever is put therein. An ark carried Noah and his family, together with the species of thesis sociology, creation, in safety over the billows of judgment covering the earth. At the opening of essay gender, Exodus, an ark was faith's vessel, preserving “a proper child” from the pakistan waters of death.
When we read of “the ark of the covenant,” we are led to believe that it was designed by God to preserve His covenant unbroken, in the midst of an erring people. As we know, the second set of tables were placed in it, because the first set was broken in pieces beneath the mount, showing that man’s covenant was wholly abolished that his work could never, by any possibility, form the about issues basis of Jehovah’s throne of government. Thesis Sociology Pakistan? “Justice and uspto assignment judgment are the habitation of that throne,” whether in its earthly or heavenly aspect. The Ark could not contain broken tables within its hallowed enclosure. Man might fail to fulfill his self-chosen vow; but God’s law must be preserved in its divine integrity and perfectness. God had to be worthy of Himself that was the only way He could set up His throne in the midst of a sinful people. His standard of judgment and government must be perfect. “And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold. And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them.” The Ark of the Covenant accompanied the people in thesis sociology pakistan all their wanderings. It never rested while they were a traveling or conflicting host. It moved from place to place in the wilderness.
It went before them into the midst of Jordan; it was their grand rallying point in all the wars of Canaan a sure and certain earnest of power wherever it went. No power of an enemy could stand before this well-known expression of divine presence and power. The Ark was Israel’s companion in travel “the staves” and “the rings” an appropriate expression of its traveling character. However, it was not always to be a traveler. “The afflictions of David,” as well as the wars of Israel, were to end. The prayer was yet to be breathed and answered, “Arise, O Lord, into thy rest: thou and the Ark of thy strength” (Ps. 132:8). This most sublime petition had its partial accomplishment in the palmy days of Solomon, when “The priests brought in essay the ark of the covenant of the sociology Lord unto his place, into the oracle of the writing rubric house, to the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubims. For the cherubims spread forth their two wings over the place of the ark, and sociology the cherubims covered the ark, and the staves thereof above. And they drew out the exemplification nervosa staves, that the ends of the staves were seen out in thesis pakistan the holy place before the oracle, and they were not seen without: and exemplification nervosa there they are unto this day” (1 Kings 8:6-8).
The desert sand was to be exchanged for the Temple’s golden floor (1 Kings 6:30). The wanderings of the Ark were to have an end; there was “neither enemy nor evil occurrent” and therefore “the staves were drawn out.” There was a difference between the Ark in the Tabernacle and in the Temple. The writer of Hebrews, speaking of the Ark in its wilderness habitation, describes it as “the ark of the covenant, overlaid round about thesis pakistan with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant” (9:4). Such were the contents of the Ark in its wilderness journeying the pot of manna, expressing Jehovah’s faithfulness in providing for His redeemed in the desert, and Aaron’s rod, “a token against the rebels,” to “take away their murmurings” (compare Ex. 16:32-39; and Num. 17:10). But when the moment arrived “the staves” were to be “drawn out.” When the wanderings and wars of Israel ended; and the “exceeding magnifical” house completed; when the sun of exemplification anorexia nervosa, Israel’s glory, in thesis sociology pakistan type, reached its meridian (as marked by the wealth and splendor of Solomon’s reign), then the record of uspto assignment, wilderness need and thesis failure were unnoticed, and nothing remained except that which constituted the eternal foundation of the throne of the God of Israel, and of all the uspto assignment earth. “There was nothing in the ark, save the two tables of stone, which Moses put there at Horeb” (1 Kings 8:9). But, this brightness was soon to be overcast by the heavy clouds of human failure and divine displeasure.
The rude foot of the uncircumcised would walk across the ruins of thesis pakistan, that beautiful house, and faded light and departed glory would elicit the contemptuous “hiss” of strangers. This is not the place to consider these things in detail. Instead, we refer you to the last notice the Word of nervosa, God affords us of “the ark of the covenant” a notice that carries us forward to sociology, a time when human folly and sin no longer disturb the resting-place of that ark, and when neither a curtained tent, or a temple made with hands, shall contain it. “And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ: and he shall reign for 6th grade writing ever and ever. And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God, saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou has taken to thee thy great power and hast reigned. And the sociology nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and marks them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldst destroy them which destroy the earth. And the sociology temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of His covenant: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail” (Rev. 11:15-19). The mercy-seat comes next in order. Essay About Gender? “And thou shalt make a mercy-seat of pure gold; two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and thesis sociology pakistan a half the breadth thereof. And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy-seat. And make one cherub on the one end, and essay the other cherub on the other end; even of the mercy-seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof. And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the sociology pakistan mercy-seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the patent mercy-seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.
And thou shalt put the pakistan mercy seat above upon the ark; and in 6th grade creative rubric the ark shalt thou put the thesis sociology testimony that I shall give thee. And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy-seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.” Here Jehovah makes known His gracious intention of coming down from the fiery mount to take His place on the mercy seat. Here the glory of the God of Israel shone forth. From this place He issued His commands, softened and sweetened, so that we can enjoy their genial and enlivening influence without being dazzled by their brightness. Like the beams of the mid-day sun passing through a cloud, “His commandments are not grievous” when received from the mercy-seat, because they come to us connected to grace, giving us the ears to hear and the power to obey. Looking at the Ark and assignment mercy-seat together, we see a striking figure of the Person and work of Christ. In His life, Jesus Christ magnified the Law, making it honorable. Through death, He became a propitiation or mercy-seat for every true believeth.
God’s mercy could only repose on a pedestal of perfect righteousness. “Grace reigns through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord” (Rom. 5:21). The only thesis sociology pakistan, proper meeting place between God and man is the of yeast point where grace and righteousness meet and perfectly harmonize. Nothing but perfect righteousness could suit God; and nothing but perfect grace could suit the sinner. Thesis? But where could these attributes meet? Only in the cross. At the cross, “mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and 6th grade writing rubric peace have kissed each other” (Ps. 85:10).
Here the soul of the truly believing sinner finds peace. In other words, God’s righteousness and our justification rest precisely on the same basis Christ’s accomplished work. When, under the powerful action of the pakistan truth of God, man takes his place as a sinner, God can, in the exercise of grace, take His place as Savior. At this point, every question is settled. In other words, the cross answers all claims of divine justice, allowing mercy’s copious streams to flow unhindered. Patent? When a righteous God and a ruined sinner meet, on a blood-sprinkled platform, all is settled forever. It is settled in a way that perfectly glorifies God, eternally saving the sociology pakistan sinner. God must be true, though every man be proved a liar. When we are thoroughly brought down to the lowest point of uspto, our moral condition, and, before God, we are willing to take the place that God’s truth assigns us; only at that point do we learn that God has revealed Himself as our righteous Justifier.
This provides a settling peace to thesis, the conscience, imparting a capacity to commune with God, hearkening to gender, His holy precepts. Yes, “the holiest of all” unfolds a truly wondrous scene the thesis Ark, the mercy-seat, the Cherubim, the glory. What a sight for the high-priest of Israel to behold as, once a year, he went within the veil. May the Spirit of God open the eyes of our understanding, that we may know and understand more fully the deep meaning of explanatory, these precious types. Moses is now instructed about “the table of showbread,” or Bread of Presentation. On this table was the food of God’s priests. For seven days those twelve loaves of “fine flour with frankincense” were presented before the Lord.
Then, after being replaced, they became the food of the priests who fed on them in the holy place (see Lev. 24:5-9). Needless to thesis sociology, say, those twelve loaves typify “the man Christ Jesus.” The “fine flour,” of which they were composed, marks His perfect manhood, while the “frankincense” points out the entire devotion of that manhood to God. If God has His priests ministering in the holy place, He will certainly have not only a table for them, but a well-furnished table. Christ is the Table and Christ is the Bread thereon. The pure table and the twelve loaves are a shadow of Christ, presented before God unceasingly, in respiration of yeast the excellency of thesis pakistan, His spotless humanity, and administered as food to the priestly family. The “seven days” set forth the perfection of the divine enjoyment of Christ; and the “twelve loaves” the administration of assignment, that enjoyment in and by man. We also suggest for your further study, the idea of Christ’s connection with the thesis sociology pakistan twelve tribes of Israel and the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
The Candlestick of pure gold now comes into view, because God’s priests need light as well as food both found in exemplification essay anorexia Christ. In this Candlestick there is no mention of anything but pure gold. “All of it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.” “The seven lamps” which “gave light over against the candlestick,” express the perfection of the thesis pakistan light and energy of the Spirit, founded on essay and connected with the perfect efficacy of the work of Christ. The work of the Holy Spirit can never be separated from the work of Christ. This is set forth, in a double way, in thesis sociology pakistan this beautiful figure of the explanatory Golden Candlestick. “The seven lamps” being connected with “the shaft” of “beaten gold,” points us to Christ’s finished work as the sole basis of the manifestation of the Spirit in sociology the Church. The Holy Spirit was not given until Jesus was glorified (comp. John 7:39 with Acts 19:2-6). In Revelation 3, Christ is presented to the Church of Sardis as “having the seven spirits.” It was as “exalted to the right hand of God” that the Lord Jesus “shed forth” the Holy Spirit on His church, in order that she might shine according to the power and perfection of her position, in the Holy Place her proper sphere of being, of action, and of worship. Also, we find it was one of Aaron’s specific functions to light and 6th grade trim those seven lamps. “And the sociology pakistan Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Command the children of respiration coursework, Israel that they bring unto thee pure oil olive, beaten for the light, to cause the lamps to burn continually.
Without the veil of the testimony, in sociology the tabernacle of the congregation, shall Aaron order it, from the evening unto the morning, before the Lord continually: it shall be a statute for ever in your generations. He shall order the lamps upon the pure candlestick before the Lord continually” (Lev. 24:1-4). In this we see how the work of the Holy Spirit in the Church is linked with Christ’s work on earth and His work in heaven. “The seven lamps” needed priestly energy and diligence to about, keep them trimmed and lighted. The priest would continually need “the tongs and snuff-dishes” for thesis sociology pakistan the purpose of removing anything unfit for 6th grade creative writing rubric the “pure beaten oil.” Those tongs and snuff-dishes were also “beaten gold,” because the whole matter was the direct result of divine operation. If the sociology pakistan Church shines, it is only by the energy of the Spirit, and that energy is founded on Christ, Who, in writing pursuance of God’s eternal counsel, became in pakistan His sacrifice and Priesthood, the spring and power of everything to His Church. Everything is of God. Whether we look within that mysterious veil, beholding the Ark with its cover, and the two significant figures attached thereto; or gaze outside the veil, on the pure Table and the pure Candlestick, with their distinctive vessels and of yeast coursework instruments they all speak of God, revealed to us in connection with the Son or the Holy Spirit. Our high calling, as true believers, places us in the midst of all these precious realities. Our place is not merely amid “the patterns of things in the heavens,” but amid “the heavenly things themselves.” We have “boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus.” We are a priest to God. “The showbread” is ours. Our place is at sociology pakistan, “the pure table,” to feed on the priestly food, in about gender issues the light of the Holy Spirit.
Nothing can ever deprive us of those divine privileges. Pakistan? They are ours forever. We must constantly watch for anything that might rob our enjoyment of respiration, them; being aware of all unhallowed tempers, lusts, feelings, and imaginations; keeping nature down; the world out; and Satan away. May the Holy Spirit fill our souls with Christ. Then, and pakistan only then, will we be practically holy and define essay abidingly happy; bearing fruit, glorifying the Father, and full of joy. We encourage a reading of sociology, this chapter before proceeding further.
The section which now opens before us contains instructive descriptions of the curtains and coverings of the Tabernacle, in which spiritual eyes discern shadows of the various features and phases of italics marks, Christ’s manifested character. “Moreover, thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them.” Here we have the different aspects of “the man Christ Jesus.” The “fine twined linen” prefigures the thesis pakistan spotless purity of the Lord’s walk and exemplification essay character; while the “blue, the pakistan purple, and rubric the scarlet” present Him to us as “the Lord from heaven,” reigning according to the divine counsels, but whose royalty is the result of His sufferings. Thus, we have a spotless man, a heavenly man, a royal man, a suffering man. These materials were not confined to the “curtains” of the Tabernacle, but were also used in making “the veil” (v. 31), “the hanging for the door of the pakistan tent” (v. 36), “the hanging for the gate of the court” (Ex. 27:16), “the cloths of service and about the holy garments of Aaron” (Ex.
39:1). In a word, it was Christ everywhere, Christ in all, and Christ alone. 2. “The fine twined linen,” expressed Christ’s spotless manhood, opening to the spiritual mind precious and copious springs of thought; furnishing a theme on which we cannot meditate too profoundly. Thesis Sociology? The truth regarding Christ’s humanity must be received with Scriptural accuracy, held with spiritual energy, guarded with holy jealousy, and confessed with heavenly power. If we are wrong regarding this, then we cannot be right about anything. It is a grand, vital, fundamental truth, and if not received, held, guarded, and essay confessed, exactly as God has revealed it in His holy Word, then the entire superstructure becomes unsound. Nothing is more deplorable than the looseness of pakistan, thought and expression pertaining to this all-important doctrine, which seems to prevail today. If there was more reverence for the Word of God, there would be more accurate acquaintance with it, thus avoiding erroneous teachings and unguarded statements which certainly grieves the Holy Spirit of God, whose province is to testify of Jesus. When the angel announced to define essay, Mary the glad tidings of the Savior’s birth, she responded, “How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?” Her feeble mind was utterly unable to accept, much less fathom, the stupendous mystery of thesis, “God manifest in the flesh.” But carefully consider the angelic reply, “The Holy Ghost shall come upon 6th grade writing rubric thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee; wherefore, also, that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God” (Luke 1:39, 35). No doubt Mary imagined this birth to be according to the principles of ordinary generation. But, by enunciating one of the thesis pakistan grandest truths of revelation, the angel corrects her mistake; declaring that divine power was about to form a real man, “the second man the Lord from define heaven” One whose nature was divinely pure.
This Holy One was made “in, the likeness of sinful flesh,” without sin in the flesh. He partook of real bona fide flesh and thesis sociology pakistan blood without a particle or shadow of evil. This is a cardinal truth that cannot be too accurately accepted or too tenaciously held. The incarnation of the gender issues Son His mysterious entrance into pure and spotless flesh; formed by the power of the sociology pakistan Highest, in a virgin’s womb. This is the creative rubric foundation of the “great mystery of godliness” of which the top-stone is thesis sociology, a glorified God-man in italics quotation heaven, the Head, Representative, and Model of the redeemed Church of sociology pakistan, our Lord. The essential purity of His manhood perfectly met the explanatory essay claims of sociology, God; the reality meeting all the necessities of man.
He was a man, because to meet man’s ruin, nothing else would do. But He was a man who could also satisfy all the claims of the throne of God. He was a spotless, real man, in whom God could perfectly delight, and on essay whom man could unreservedly lean. We need not remind enlightened students that all of this depends on Christ’s death and resurrection. Apart from thesis sociology His death and resurrection, it is totally unavailable to us. God needed not only an incarnate, but a crucified and risen Christ. True, He should be incarnate to be crucified; but it is death and resurrection which render incarnation available to us. It is nothing short of a deadly error to suppose that in 6th grade writing rubric incarnation, Christ was taking man into thesis pakistan union with Himself.
This could not be. He Himself expressly teaches the contrary. “Verily, verily, I say unto you, except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit” (John 12:24). There could be no union between sinful and holy flesh, pure and impure, corruptible and incorruptible, mortal and immortal. Writing Rubric? Death is the only bases of a unity between Christ and His followers. It is beautifully connected with the words, “Rise, let us go hence,” that He says, “I am the vine, ye are the branches.” “We have been planted together in the likeness of his death.” “Our old man is crucified with him, that the thesis sociology body of sin might be destroyed.” “In whom also are ye circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the about issues sins of the thesis sociology flesh, by the circumcision of Christ; buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the explanatory essay operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.” We refer you to Romans 6 and Colossians 2 for a full and comprehensive statement of truth on this important subject. It was only as dead and risen that Christ and thesis sociology pakistan His people could become one. Define Explanatory Essay? The true corn of wheat had to fall into the ground and die in order that a full ear could spring up and be gathered into pakistan the heavenly garner. But while this is a plainly revealed truth of Scripture, it is coursework, equally plain that incarnation formed, as it were, the first layer of the glorious superstructure the curtains of sociology, “fine twined Linen” prefigure the moral purity of “the man Christ Jesus.” We have seen the manner of His conception.
His life offers us instance after instance of the same spotless purity. He was forty days in the wilderness, tempted of the devil, but in His pure nature there was no response to the tempter’s foul suggestions. Creative Writing Rubric? He could touch the leper and not be tainted. He could touch the bier and not contract the smell of death. He could pass unscathed through the most polluted atmosphere. Thesis Sociology Pakistan? His manhood was like a sunbeam emanating from the fountain of light, passing through the most defiling medium without soiling.
He was perfectly unique in nature, constitution, and character. Only He could say, “Thou wilt not suffer thine holy One to see corruption.” This was in reference to His humanity, which, as being perfectly holy and italics marks perfectly pure, was capable of being a sin-bearer. “His own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree.” Not to thesis pakistan, the tree, as some would teach us; but “on the tree.” It was only on the cross that Christ was our sin-bearer. “He hath made him to respiration, be sin for us who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him” (2 Cor. Thesis Sociology Pakistan? 5:21). “Blue” is the ethereal color, marking the heavenly character of Christ. Though He had come down into all the circumstances of actual and true humanity sin excepted yet He was “the Lord from heaven.” Though He was “very man,” yet He ever walked in nervosa the uninterrupted consciousness of His proper dignity, as a heavenly stranger. He never once forgot where He came from, where He was, or where He was going. The spring of all His joys was on high. Earth could not make Him richer or poorer. He found this world to be “a dry and thesis pakistan thirsty land, where no water is;” and, hence, His spirit could only find its refreshment above. It was entirely heavenly. Of Yeast? “No man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the son of sociology pakistan, man who is in about gender heaven” (John 3:13). “Purple” denotes royalty, and points us to Him who “Was born King of the Jews;” who offered Himself as such to the Jewish nation, and was rejected; who before Pontius Pilate witnessed His good confession, avowing Himself a king, when to sociology, human vision there appeared not one single trace of royalty. “Thou sayest that I am a king.” And “hereafter ye shall see the Son of man sitting at dissertation marks, the right hand of power, and thesis pakistan coming in the clouds of anorexia, heaven.” And, finally, the inscription on His cross, “in letters of Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin” the sociology language of religion, science, and government declared Him, to the whole known world, to exemplification essay anorexia, be “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” Earth disowned His claims, but not so heaven there His claim was fully recognized.
In the eternal mansions of light, He was received as a conqueror, crowned with glory and honor; seated amid the acclamations of angelic hosts, on the throne of the majesty in the heavens, there to wait until His enemies be made His footstool. “Why do the heathen rage, and thesis sociology pakistan the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh; the Lord shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. Essay Anorexia Nervosa? Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thesis sociology pakistan thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel.
Be wise, now, therefore, O ye kings; be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the Lord with fear, and respiration rejoice with trembling. Kiss the thesis pakistan Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in Him” (Ps. 2). “Scarlet,” when genuine, is produced by death; thus making its application to a suffering Christ appropriate. “Christ hath suffered for uspto assignment us in the flesh.” Without death, all would have been unavailing. We can admire “the blue” and “the purple” but without “the scarlet” the tabernacle would have lacked a most important feature.
It was by death that Christ destroyed him that had the power of death. The Holy Spirit, in setting before us the true Tabernacle a striking figure of Christ that could not possibly omit the thesis pakistan phase of His character which constituted the groundwork of His connection with His body the Church; His claim to the throne of David, and of yeast headship of all creation. In a word, the sociology Holy Spirit not only unfolds to our view in these significant curtains the Lord Jesus as a spotless man, a royal man, but also as a suffering man; One who, by death, make good His claims to everything that, as man, He was entitled, in the divine counsels. But there is much more in about gender issues the curtains of the Tabernacle than the varied and perfect phases of the character of thesis pakistan, Christ. We also have the unity and consistency of that character. Each phase is displayed in its own proper perfectness; and one never interferes with, or mars the exquisite beauty of, another. Beneath the eye of God everything was in perfect harmony, and was displayed in “the pattern which was showed to Moses on the mount.” “Every one of the curtains shall have one measure. The five curtains shall be coupled together one to uspto, another; and sociology other five curtains shall be coupled one to another.” This represents the dissertation italics marks fair proportion and consistency in all the ways of Christ, walking on the earth as a perfect man, in every aspect or relationship. Throughout His earthly life, we never find Him inconsistent with divine integrity.
He was, at all times, in all places, under all circumstances, the perfect man. Thesis Sociology Pakistan? In all His ways, this fair and lovely proportion belonged to Him. Explanatory? “Every one of the curtains shall have one measure.” The two sets of thesis, five curtains symbolize the two grand aspects of Christ’s character toward God and man. We have the same two aspects in the law: what was due God and what was due man. Respiration Of Yeast? If we look into Christ, we find “thy law is within my heart;” and if we look at His outward character and walk, we see those two elements adjusted with perfect accuracy inseparably linked together by the heavenly grace and divine energy which dwelt in His most glorious Person. “And thou shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain, from the selvedge in the coupling; and likewise. Sociology Pakistan? Shalt thou make in essay issues the uttermost edge of another curtain, in the coupling of the second. And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold, and couple the curtains together with the taches; and thesis sociology pakistan it shall be one tabernacle.” We now consider the heavenly grace and divine energy in Christ, as displayed in the “loops of blue,” and “taches of creative rubric, gold,” 3 enabling Him to combine and perfectly adjust the claims of God and man; so that in responding to both, He never for a moment marred the thesis sociology unity of His character.
When crafty and hypocritical men tempted Jesus with the respiration enquiry, “Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar or not?” His wise reply was, “Render to Caesar the thesis sociology things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” The curtains in the Tabernacle were covered with other “curtains of goats’ hair” (vv. 7-14). Their beauty was hidden from essay gender issues those without by sociology pakistan what appeared to be roughness and of yeast coursework severity. But this was not the thesis sociology view of those within. To all who were privileged to enter the hallowed enclosure only “the blue, the purple, the define explanatory essay scarlet, and thesis pakistan fine twined linen” was visible the varied yet combined exhibition of the virtues and excellencies of that divine Tabernacle where God dwelt. It was the antitype of Christ, through whose flesh the beams of the divine nature shone so delicately so much so that the explanatory essay sinner can look upon thesis sociology pakistan it without being overwhelmed by their dazzling brightness. While the Lord Jesus walked on this earth, few really knew Him.
Few had eyes anointed with heavenly eye salve allowing them to penetrate and appreciate the deep mystery of exemplification anorexia, His character. How few saw “the blue, the purple, the scarlet, and the twined linen!” It was only when faith brought man into His presence that He allowed the brightness of what He would soon become shine forth allowing the pakistan glory to break through the cloud. Of Yeast? To the natural eye there appeared to be a reserve and severity about Him, aptly prefigured by the “covering of goats’ hair.” This was the thesis pakistan result of His profound separation and estrangement, not from sinners personally, but from the thoughts and essay nervosa maxims of men. Thesis Sociology Pakistan? Jesus had nothing in common with man as such, nor was it within the compass of mere nature to comprehend or enjoy Him. He said, “No man can come to explanatory essay, me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him;” and when one of those “drawn” ones confessed His name, He declared that “flesh and pakistan blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in define explanatory essay heaven” (comp. John 6:44; Matt. Thesis? 6:17).
He was “a root out of a dry ground,” having neither “form nor comeliness” to attract the essay about gender issues eye or gratify the heart of man. Thesis? Popular current could never flow in about issues the direction of One who passed so rapidly across the stage of this vain world, while wrapping Himself in a “covering of goats’ hair.” Jesus was not popular. The multitude followed Him for a while, because they judged His ministry by connecting with “the loaves and fishes.” While this met their need at the time, they were just as ready to sociology pakistan, cry, “Away with him!” as “Hosanna to the Son of David!” Oh, how we need to remember this. Let the servants of Christ remember it. Let preachers of the Gospel remember it. Let us all remember the “covering of goats’ hair!” But if the goats’ skins expressed the severity of Christ’s separation from earth, “the rams’ skins dyed red” exhibit His intense consecration and devotedness to God, which was carried out even unto death. He was the only perfect Servant that ever stood in about gender issues God’s vineyard.
From the sociology pakistan manger to the cross, with an undeviating course, Jesus pursued only one object, glorifying the Father and finishing His work. Dissertation Quotation Marks? “Wist ye not that I must be about my Father’s business” was the language of His youth, and the accomplishment of that “business” was the design of His life. “His meat was to do the will of him that sent him and to finish his work.” “The rams’ skins dyed red” formed as distinct a part of His ordinary habit as the “goats’ hair.” His perfect devotion to God separated Him from the habits of men. “The badgers’ skins” exhibit the holy vigilance with which the Lord Jesus guarded against even the approach of anything hostile to the purpose that engrossed His whole soul. He took up His position for thesis pakistan God, holding it with a tenacity that no influence of men or devils, earth or hell, could overcome. Essay About Gender Issues? The covering of badgers’ skins was “above” (v. 14), teaching us that the most prominent feature in the character of pakistan, “the man Christ Jesus” was an invincible determination to stand as a witness for God on earth. He was the true Naboth giving up His life rather than surrendering the dissertation italics quotation marks truth of God, or giving up the place He had taken in thesis this world. The goat, ram, and badger, must be regarded as exhibiting certain natural features, symbolizing certain moral qualities. 6th Grade Writing? We must take both into account when applying these figures to the character of sociology, Christ. The human eye could only discern natural features, seeing none of the essay moral grace, beauty, and dignity, which lay beneath the outward form of the despised and pakistan humble Jesus of define explanatory, Nazareth.
When treasures of heavenly wisdom flowed from His lips, the inquiry was, “Is not this the carpenter?” or “How knoweth this man letters, having never learned?” When He asserted His eternal Sonship and Godhead, the word was, “Thou art not yet fifty years old,” or “They took up stones to thesis, cast at dissertation quotation marks, him.” In short, the acknowledgement of the Pharisees, in John 9, was true of men in general: “as for this fellow, we know not from whence he is.” It is not possible in this brief study, to trace the thesis unfolding of those precious features of Christ’s character through the Gospel narratives. Hopefully, enough has been presented to open springs of spiritual thought in your heart; perhaps furnishing some faint idea of the rich treasures wrapped up in the curtains and coverings of the Tabernacle. Christ’s hidden being, secret springs and patent assignment inherent excellencies; His outward and thesis sociology pakistan unattractive form; what He was in Himself; what He was to His Father in heaven; what He was to humankind; and what He was in the judgment of faith and patent nature all is sweetly and impressively revealed to the circumcised ear, in the “curtains of blue, purple, scarlet, and thesis the twined “linen:” and the “coverings of skins.” “The boards for the tabernacle” were made of the same wood used in constructing “the ark of the covenant.” They were upheld by sockets of silver formed out of the atonement; their hooks and chapiters being of the creative writing rubric same (compare attentively Ex. 30:11-16 with 38:25-28). The whole framework of the tent of the Tabernacle was based on that which spoke of atonement or ransom, while the “hooks and chapiters” at the top set forth the thesis sociology pakistan same. The sockets were buried in the sand the hooks and chapiters above.
It matters not how deep you penetrate, or how high you rise, this glorious and eternal truth is emblazoned before you, “I have found a ransom.” Blessed be God, “we are not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and exemplification essay gold. But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot.” The Tabernacle was divided into three distinct parts: “the holy of holies,” “the holy place,” and the Court of the Tabernacle. The entrance into each of sociology pakistan, these was of the same materials, “blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen” (compare Ex. 24:31, 36 with 27:16). The interpretation is this: Christ forms the only doorway into the varied fields of glory which are yet to be displayed, whether on earth, in heaven, or in the heaven of heavens. “Every family, in heaven and earth,” will be gathered under His headship brought into everlasting felicity and define explanatory essay glory on the ground of His accomplished atonement. This is sociology, plain enough, needing no stretch of the imagination to grasp. Essay Gender? When we know the truth, the shadow is thesis, easily understood. If our hearts are truly filled with Christ, we shall not go far astray in our interpretations of the tabernacle and its furniture. It is not a head full of learned criticism that will avail us, but a heart full of affection for 6th grade creative rubric Jesus, and a conscience at rest in the blood of His cross.
May the Spirit of God enable us to study and sociology pakistan think on these things with more interest and intelligence. May He “open our eyes that we may behold wondrous things out of his law.” We encourage a reading of this chapter before proceeding further. We have now arrived at the Brazen Altar which stood at the door of the Tabernacle; and call your particular attention to the order used by the Holy Spirit in of yeast this portion of Holy Scripture. As already considered, Exodus 25 to sociology pakistan, 27:19 forms a distinct division, one in which we are provided with a description of the 6th grade Ark and mercy-seat, the sociology pakistan Table and Candlestick, the curtains and the veil; and, lastly, the Brazen Altar and the court in which that altar stood. In Exodus 35:15; 37:25; and 40:26, between the Candlestick and Brazen Altar, the Golden Altar of Incense is noticed. When Jehovah gave directions to Moses, the Brazen Altar is introduced immediately after the Candlestick and the curtains of the Tabernacle. Since there must be a divine reason for essay issues this difference, it is the privilege of every diligent and serious student of the Word of God to inquire what that reason is. So, when giving directions about the furniture of the thesis “holy place,” why does the Lord omit the Altar of Incense, going instead to the Brazen Altar which stood at the door of the 6th grade Tabernacle?
We offer the following suggestion. God first describes the mode in which He would manifest Himself to man; then He describes the mode of man’s approach to Him. He took His seat on the throne, as “the Lord of all the earth.” The beams of His glory were hidden behind the veil a type of Christ’s flesh (Heb. Sociology? 10:20); but there was the manifestation of Himself, in connection with man, in nervosa “the pure table,” by the light and power of the Holy Spirit, as in the Candlestick. Then we have the manifested character of Christ as an earthly man, as seen in the curtains and coverings of the Tabernacle.
Finally, we have the Brazen Altar as the grand exhibition of the meeting-place between the holy God and sinners. Now, with Aaron and sociology pakistan his sons we return to the Holy Place, to the ordinary priestly position, where the respiration of yeast Golden Altar of sociology pakistan, Incense stood. The order is strikingly beautiful. 6th Grade Creative Writing Rubric? The Golden Altar is not spoken of until there is a priest to burn incense on it. In other words, Jehovah showed Moses the patterns of sociology, things in creative rubric the heavens according to the order in which they were to be apprehended by faith. On the other hand, when Moses gives directions to the congregations (Ex. 35); when he records the labors of sociology, “Bezaleel and Aholiab” (Ex.
37 and 38), and sets up the Tabernacle (Ex. 40), he follows the uspto simple order in which the furniture was placed. The prayerful investigation of this interesting subject and a comparison of the passages referred to above will amply reward your further study. Thesis Sociology? We shall now examine the Brazen Altar. Dissertation Quotation Marks? This altar was the place where the thesis sociology sinner approached God, in the power and efficacy of the blood of atonement. It stood “at the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation,” and on it all the blood was shed.
It was composed of “shittim wood and brass.” The wood was the same as that of the Golden Altar of incense; but the metal was different, and the reason for this difference seems obvious. The Altar of essay anorexia, Brass was the place where sin was dealt with according to the divine judgment concerning it. The Altar of Gold was the place from whence the precious fragrance of Christ’s acceptableness ascended to the throne of thesis sociology pakistan, God. “Shittim wood,” the figure of Christ’s humanity, must be the same in each case; but in the Brazen Altar we see Christ meeting the fire of divine justice; in the Golden Altar, we see Him feeding the divine affections. At the former, the fire of divine wrath was quenched; at the latter, the fire of priestly worship is kindled. The soul delights to find Christ in both; but the Altar of Brass is what meets the essay about gender need of a guilty conscience. It’s the very first thing for a poor, helpless, needy, convicted sinner. Regarding sin, there cannot be settled peace until the eye of faith rests on Christ as the antitype of the thesis pakistan Brazen Altar.
We must see our sins reduced to ashes in the pan of the altar, or we cannot enjoy rest of dissertation italics quotation marks, conscience in sociology the presence of define explanatory, God. It is when, by true faith we know and sociology trust in exemplification essay the record of God, that He Himself dealt with sin in the Person of Christ, at the Brazen Altar, satisfying His own righteous claims, putting away our sins from His holy presence, so that they can never again come back then, and only then, can we enjoy divine and everlasting peace. Regarding the real meaning of “gold” and “brass” in the furniture of the Tabernacle: “Gold” is the symbol of divine righteousness, the divine nature in “the man Christ Jesus;” “Brass” is the symbol of righteousness, demanding judgment of sin, as in the Brazen Altar; or judgment of uncleanness, as in the Brazen Laver. This accounts for the fact that inside the tent of the thesis sociology pakistan Tabernacle, all was gold the Ark, the mercy-seat, the Table, the Candlestick, the Altar of Incense. All these were symbols of the divine nature the inherent personal excellence of the Lord Jesus Christ. On the other hand, outside the tent of the Tabernacle all was brass the Brazen Altar and its vessels, the Laver and its foot. As to sin and uncleanness, the 6th grade rubric claims of righteousness must be divinely met if there is to be any enjoyment or understanding of the precious mysteries of sociology pakistan, Christ’s Person, as unfolded in exemplification essay anorexia the inner Sanctuary of God. It is when we see all sin and uncleanness perfectly judged and washed away, that we can, as priests, draw close and worship in the Holy Place, enjoying the full display of all the beauty and excellency of the God-man, Christ Jesus. It will be profitable for you to trace the application of this thought in more detail, not merely in the study of the Tabernacle and Temple, but also in various passages of the Word of God; for pakistan example, in the first chapter of uspto, Revelation, Christ is seen “girt about the paps with a golden girdle,” and having “his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace.” “The golden girdle” is the symbol of His intrinsic righteousness. “Feet like unto the brass,” expresses the thesis sociology unmitigated judgment of patent assignment, evil He cannot tolerate evil, crushing it beneath His feet. Such is the Christ.
He judges sin, but saves the sinner. Sociology Pakistan? Faith sees sin reduced to ashes at the Brazen Altar; it sees all uncleanness washed away at the Brazen Laver: and, finally, it enjoys Christ, as He is unfolded, in the secret of divine presence, by the light and define explanatory essay power of the Holy Spirit. Faith finds Him at the Golden Altar, in all the value of His intercession. It feeds on sociology Him at explanatory, the pure Table. It recognizes Him in the Ark and pakistan mercy-seat as the One who answers the claims of justice meeting all human need. It beholds Him in the veil, with all its mystic figures. Anorexia Nervosa? It reads His precious name on everything.
Oh, for a heart to thesis sociology, prize and praise this matchless, glorious Christ. Nothing is of more vital importance than a clear understanding of the doctrine of the Brazen Altar. It is a lack of understanding this that keeps so many souls mourning never having a clean, thorough settlement of uspto, their guilt at the Brazen Altar; never beholding, by faith, God Himself settling on the cross. Many seek peace for their uneasy consciences in regeneration and sociology its evidences, i.e., the fruits of the Spirit, frames, feelings, experiences things valuable in themselves, but which are not the ground of writing rubric, peace. Sociology Pakistan? What fills the soul with perfect peace is the knowledge of what God did at the Brazen Altar. The ashes in that pan tell the peace-giving story that all is done. The believer’s sins were put away by God’s own hand of redeeming love. “He hath made Christ to be sin for us, who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in respiration him” (2 Cor. 5). All sin must be judged: but the true believer’s sins have already been judged in the cross perfectly justified. To suppose that there could be anything against even the feeblest true believer is to deny the entire work of the cross.
The sins and iniquities of a true believer sins have been put away by God Himself perfectly put away, with the pakistan outpoured life of the Lamb of define explanatory essay, God. The two preceding chapters revealed the priesthood being instituted. Now, we are introduced to the position of true priestly worship and communion. The order precisely corresponds with the pakistan order of the explanatory believer’s experience at the Brazen Altar. Sociology Pakistan? Seeing the ashes of his sins, he then sees himself linked with One Who, though personally pure and spotless, associated us with Himself in life, righteousness, and favor. Finally, in the Golden Altar, the true believer beholds the preciousness of Christ, on uspto patent which the divine affections feed. Therefore, before there can be a golden altar and incense, there must be a Brazen Altar and a priest. Many children of God have never passed the Brazen Altar. They have never, in spirit, entered into pakistan the power and reality of true priestly worship. They do not rejoice in a full, clear, divine sense of pardon and righteousness; they have never reached the Golden Altar.
They hope to reach it when they die; but it is their privilege to be there now. The work of the cross has removed everything that could act as a barrier to their free and intelligent worship. Respiration? The present position of all true believers is at the Golden Altar of Incense. This altar typifies a position of wondrous blessedness. There we enjoy the reality and efficacy of Christ’s intercession. We are to thesis pakistan, forever be done with self and occupied only exemplification essay anorexia nervosa, with what Jesus Christ is before God. All we find in self is defilement.
Every single exhibition of self is defiling; it has been condemned and set aside in the judgment of God, and not a shred or particle of it is to be found in the pure incense and thesis pakistan pure fire, on the altar of pure gold: it could not be. We have been introduced, “by the blood of Jesus,” into the Sanctuary a sanctuary of essay anorexia nervosa, priestly service and worship, in which there is not even a trace of sin. We see the pure Table, the pure Candlestick, and the pure Altar; but there is nothing to remind us of self and its wretchedness. Thesis Sociology? If self takes over, it will be the death knell of our worship; it will mar our priestly food and dim our light. Nature can have no place in the Sanctuary of God. It, together with all its belongings, has been consumed to ashes; and of yeast we are now to have before our souls the fragrant odor of Christ, ascending in grateful incense to God, delighting Him. Everything that presents Christ in His proper excellence is sweet and acceptable to God. Even the feeblest expression or exhibition of pakistan, Him, in the life or worship of a saint is a sweet smelling odor, in which God is well pleased.
Too often, we are occupied with failures and infirmities. If the explanatory workings of indwelling sin rise to sociology pakistan, the surface, we must immediately deal with our God about them, because He cannot go on with sin. He can forgive it, and cleanse us from it; He can restore our souls by the gracious ministry of our great High Priest; but He cannot go on with or be in company with a single sinful thought. A foolish thought, like an unclean or covetous one, is amply sufficient to mar a Christian’s communion, interrupting his worship. Should any such thought spring up, it must be judged and respiration coursework confessed, so the elevated joys of the Sanctuary can be known afresh. A heart, in which lust is sociology pakistan, working, is not enjoying the proper occupations of the Sanctuary. When nature has no existence; when we are in our proper priestly condition, then we can feed on Christ then we can taste the divine luxury of being wholly at leisure from ourselves, and wholly engrossed with Christ. All this can only be produced by the power of the Spirit. There is essay nervosa, no need of seeking to work up nature’s devotional feelings, by various appliances of sociology, systematic religion. There must be pure fire as well as pure incense (compare Lev.
10:1 with Lev. 16:12). All efforts at worshipping God, by the unhallowed powers of nature, come under the head of “strange fire.” God is the object of worship; Christ the ground and material of writing, worship; and pakistan the Holy Spirit the power of worship. So, in the Brazen Altar, we have Christ in the value of His sacrifice; in the Golden Altar, we have Christ in dissertation the value of sociology, His intercession. Hopefully, this will help to furnish a clearer sense of the reason why the priestly office is introduced between the two altars. As might be expected, there is an intimate connection between the two, for Christ’s intercession is founded on His sacrifice. “And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it, once in a year, with the blood of the sin-offering of atonement: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the exemplification essay Lord.” All rests on the immovable foundation of sociology pakistan, shed blood. Respiration Of Yeast Coursework? “Almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and thesis sociology without shedding of blood is no remission. It was therefore necessary that the pattern of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. Of Yeast? For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the thesis sociology pakistan true; but into heaven itself, now to patent assignment, appear in the presence of God for us” (Heb. 9:22-24). From verse 11 to 16 we have the atonement money for the congregation.
All were to pay alike. “The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto the Lord, to make an atonement for your souls.” In the matter of atonement, all must stand on one common platform. There may be a vast difference in knowledge, experience, capacity, attainment, zeal, and devotedness, but the ground of atonement is alike to thesis sociology pakistan, all. Regarding atonement, the great apostle of the Gentiles stands on the same level as the feeblest lamb in the flock of Christ. This is a simple, but blessed truth. All may not be alike in devotion and fruitfulness; but “the precious blood of Christ,” not devotion or fruitfulness, is the solid and everlasting ground of the true believer’s rest. Dissertation Italics Quotation? The more we enter into pakistan this truth and power, the more fruitful we will be. In Leviticus 27, we find another kind of valuation. When any one made “a singular vow,” Moses valued him according to his age. In other words, when any one ventured to assume the ground of capacity, Moses, as the representative of the claims of God, estimated him “after the shekel of the sanctuary.” If he was “poorer” than Moses’ estimation, then he was to “present himself before the priest,” the representative of the grace of God, who was to value him “according to his ability that vowed.” Blessed be God, we know that all His claims have been answered, and all our vows discharged by One Who was at dissertation italics quotation marks, once the Representative of His claims and the Exponent of His grace, Who finished the work of atonement on thesis sociology pakistan the cross, and is now at the right hand of God.
Here is sweet rest for the heart and conscience. Atonement is the first thing we get hold of, and we should never lose sight of it. No matter if our range of intelligence be wide, our fund of experience rich, our tone of devotion elevated we shall always have to fall back on the one simple, divine, unalterable, soul-sustaining doctrine of the blood. It has been so throughout the history of uspto assignment, God’s people; so it is, and thesis sociology so it will ever be. The most deeply-taught and gifted servants of Christ have always rejoiced to come back to “that one well-spring of uspto, delight,” at which their thirsty spirits drank when first they knew the Lord; and the eternal song of the Church in sociology pakistan glory will be, “Unto Him that; loved us and quotation washed us from our sins in His own blood.” The courts of heaven will forever resound with the glorious doctrine of the sociology blood.
From verses 17 to 21 we are presented with “the brazen laver and its foot” the vessel of washing and the basis thereof. These two are always presented together (see Ex. 30:28; 38:8; and 40:11). In this laver the priests washed their hands and feet, and thus maintained that purity so essential to the proper discharge of their priestly functions. It was not, by any means, a question of a fresh presentation of blood; but simply that action by which they were preserved in marks fitness for priestly service and worship. Thesis? “When they go into coursework the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the thesis pakistan Lord: so they shall wash their hands and their feet that they die not.” There can be no true communion with God, without diligently maintaining personal holiness. “If we say that we have fellowship with Him and respiration coursework walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth” (1 John 1:6). Thesis? This personal holiness can only flow from the action of the essay about issues Word of God on our works and ways. “By the words of thy lips I have kept me from the paths of the destroyer.” Our failure in thesis pakistan priestly ministry may be because we have neglected the due use of the Laver. If our ways are not submitted to the purgative action of the Word of writing rubric, God if we continue in the pursuit or practice of that which God’s Word distinctly condemns, the energy of sociology pakistan, our priestly character will certainly be lacking. Deliberate continuance in evil and essay about issues true priestly worship, are totally incompatible. “Sanctify them through thy truth, thy word is truth.” If we have any uncleanness on us, we cannot enjoy the presence of thesis sociology pakistan, God.
The effect of His presence would then be to convict us by its holy light. But when we are enabled, through grace, to cleanse our way by taking heed thereto according to God’s Word, we are then morally capacitated for the enjoyment of nervosa, His presence. The serious Bible student will at once perceive what a vast field of practical truth is here laid open, and also how largely the doctrine of the Brazen Laver is brought out in the New Testament. Oh, that all those who are privileged to tread the courts of the Sanctuary, in priestly robes, and to approach the Altar of God, in priestly worship, may keep their hands and feet clean by the use of the true Laver. It may be interesting to note that the Laver, with its foot, was made “of the looking-glasses of the women assembling, which assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation” (see Ex. Thesis Sociology Pakistan? 38:8).
This fact is full of meaning. We are ever prone to be “like a man beholding his natural face in a glass; for he beholdeth himself and goeth away, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was.” Nature’s looking-glass can never furnish a clear and permanent view of our true condition. “But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer but a doer of the word, this man shall be blessed in his deed” (James 1:23-25). The man who has constant recourse to the Word of God, allowing that Word to tug on his heart and 6th grade rubric conscience, will be maintained in thesis the holy activities of divine life. Intimately connected with the searching and cleaning action of the Word is the efficacy of the priestly ministry of Christ. “For the word of God is quick and powerful, (i.e., living and energetic,) and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the define thoughts and intents of the heart; neither is there any creature that is not manifest in thesis sociology his sight; but all things are naked and 6th grade creative writing rubric open to the eyes of sociology, him with whom we have to do.” Then the inspired apostle immediately adds, “Seeing then that we have a great High Priest, that is passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession. For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with a feeling of creative rubric, our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
Let us therefore come boldly unto the thesis pakistan throne of dissertation quotation, grace, that we may obtain mercy and pakistan find Grace to help in time of respiration of yeast, need” (Heb. 4:12-16). The more keenly we feel the edge of God’s Word, the more we shall prize the merciful and gracious ministry of our High Priest. The two things go together. They are the inseparable companions of the Christian’s path. The High Priest sympathizes with the infirmities which the Word detects and exposes. He is sociology pakistan, “a faithful” as well as “a merciful High Priest.” Hence, it is only as we are making use of the Laver that we can approach the exemplification nervosa Altar. Worship must ever be presented in thesis pakistan the power of holiness. We must lose sight of nature, as reflected in a looking-glass, and be wholly occupied with Christ, as presented in the Word. Only in this way shall the “hands and exemplification anorexia nervosa feet,” the works and ways be cleansed, according to the purification of the sanctuary.
From verses 22 and thesis sociology pakistan 23 we have the “holy anointing oil,” with which the priests, as well as the furniture of the Tabernacle, were anointed. In this we see a type of the varied graces of the Holy Spirit all their divine fullness found in Christ. “All thy garments smell of myrrh, and respiration of yeast aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad” (Ps. 45:8). “God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power” (Acts 10:38). All the graces of the Spirit, in their perfect fragrance, center in Christ from thesis sociology Him alone they flow. His humanity was conceived of the Holy Spirit; and, before entering public ministry, He was anointed with the Holy Spirit; and, finally, when He had taken His seat on high, in define essay token of an accomplished redemption, He shed forth on His body, the Church, the precious gift of the Holy Spirit 4 . As true believers, we are associated with this blessed and highly-exalted Christ, and sociology pakistan are partakers of the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit. Further, as we walk in habitual nearness to Him, we either enjoy or emit the fragrance thereof. The unrenewed man knows nothing of this: “Upon man’s flesh it shall not be poured.” The graces of the Spirit can never be connected with man’s flesh, because the Holy Spirit is respiration, not of sociology, nature. Not one of the fruits of the Spirit was ever produced “in nature’s barren soil.” “We must, be born again.” It is only in connection with the new man, being part of “the new creation,” that we can know anything of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. Imitating those fruits and graces is define explanatory essay, of no value at thesis, all.
The fairest fruits that ever grew in nature’s fields, in their highest state of essay, cultivation the most amiable traits nature can exhibit, must be utterly disowned in pakistan the Sanctuary of God. Explanatory? “Upon man’s flesh shall it not be poured; neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is thesis sociology pakistan, holy, and it shall be holy unto you. Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.” There must be no counterfeit of the Spirit’s work; all must be wholly of the Spirit. Further, that which is of the Spirit must not be attributed to man. “The natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of uspto assignment, God; for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned” (1 Cor. 2:14). There is a beautiful allusion to this “holy anointing oil” in one of the “songs of degrees.” The Psalmist says, “Behold, how good and sociology pakistan how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!
It is quotation, like the thesis pakistan precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron’s beard; that went down to the skirts of his garments” (133:1, 2). The head of the priestly house was anointed with holy oil which ran down to the very “skirts of his garments,” exhibiting the precious effects. We pray you experience the power of this anointing. We pray that you come to know the uspto patent value of having “an unction from the Holy One” being “sealed with that Holy Spirit of sociology, promise!” In the respiration of yeast divine estimation, only that which connects itself with Christ is of any value, and whatever is so connected can receive the thesis sociology holy anointing. In the 6th grade creative writing rubric concluding paragraph of this most comprehensive chapter, we have the “sweet spices tempered together, pure and holy.” This surpassingly precious perfume presents to thesis, us the unmeasured and immeasurable perfections of Christ. There was no special quantity of each ingredient prescribed, because the graces, the beauties, and excellencies that dwell in Christ are concentrated in His adorable Person without limit. Nothing but the infinite mind of Deity could scan the infinite perfections of Him in whom all the 6th grade creative writing fullness of thesis pakistan, Deity dwells; and coursework as eternity rolls along its course of everlasting ages, those glorious perfections will ever be unfolding in the view of worshipping saints and angels. Throughout eternity, as some fresh beam of light shall burst forth from that central Sun of divine glory, the courts of heaven will resound with thrilling Alleluias to Him Who was, Who is, and Who ever shall be the thesis pakistan object of praise to uspto, all created intelligence.
But not only was there no prescribed quantity of the ingredients; we also read, “of each there shall be a like weight.” Every feature of moral excellence found its due place and proper proportion in Christ. No one quality ever displaced or interfered with another; all was “tempered together, pure and holy,” and sociology pakistan emitted an respiration coursework odor so fragrant that only God could appreciate it. “And thou shalt beat some of it very small, and put of it before the testimony in the tabernacle of the pakistan congregation, where I will meet with thee: it shall be unto you most holy.” There is uncommon depth and power in uspto assignment the expression “very small.” It teaches us that every little movement in the life of Christ, every minute circumstance, every act, every word, every look, every feature, every trait, every lineament, emits an odor produced by an equal proportion “a like weight” of all the divine graces that compose His character. The smaller the perfume was beaten, the more its rare and exquisite temper was manifested. “And as for the perfume which thou shalt make, ye shall not make to yourselves according to the composition thereof: it shall be unto thee holy for the Lord. Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from pakistan his people.” This fragrant perfume was exclusively designed for Jehovah. Its place was “before the testimony.” There is in Jesus that which only God can appreciate. True, every believing heart can draw close to His matchless Person, more than satisfying our deepest and most intense longings. Still, after all God’s redeemed have drunk to the utmost of their capacity; after angels have gazed to the best of their vision on the peerless glories of the man Christ Jesus; there will still be in Him that which only God can fathom and enjoy. No human or angelic eye can ever trace the exquisitely minute parts of that holy perfume “beaten very small.” Nor could earth afford a proper sphere in which to emit its divine and issues heavenly odor. In our rapid sketch, we began at “the ark of the covenant,” and traveled out to pakistan, “the altar of brass;” we then returned from “the altar or brass,” coming to the “holy perfume.” What a journey. Praise God, we do not travel by the false and flickering light of human imagination, but by the infallible lamp of the Holy Spirit.
What a journey. Praise God, we do not travel amid the shadows of a bygone dispensation, but amid the respiration coursework personal glories and powerful attractions of the Son, which are there portrayed. By traveling in this way, we will find our affections drawn to Christ more than ever; we will have a loftier conception of His glory, His beauty, His preciousness, His excellency, His ability to heal a wounded conscience, and satisfy a longing heart. Our eyes will close to earth’s attractions, and our ears will close to earth’s pretensions and pakistan promises. In a word, we will be prepared to utter a deeper and more fervent amen to respiration of yeast coursework, the words of the inspired apostle, when he says, “If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him: be anathema, maranatha” 5 (1 Cor. 16:22). We encourage a reading of this chapter before proceeding further. The opening of this chapter records the divine call and qualification of “Bezaleel and Aholiab” to do the work of the tabernacle of the congregation. “And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, See, I have called by pakistan name Bezaleel the son of uspto assignment, Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah: and I have filled him with the sociology Spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship. And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab the son of dissertation marks, Ahisamach, of the tribe of pakistan, Dan: and in the hearts of all that are wise-hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded.” Whether for “the work of the tabernacle” of old or “the work of the ministry” now, there should be divine selection, divine call, divine qualification, divine appointment; and all must be done according to divine commandment. Respiration Coursework? Man could not select, call, qualify, or appoint to do the work of the Tabernacle; neither can he do so for the work of the ministry.
It was, it is, it must be, wholly and absolutely divine. A man may run as sent by others, or he may run for himself; but remember that all who run, without being sent by God, shall, one day be covered with shame and face confusion. Such is the plain and wholesome doctrine suggested by the words, “I have called” “I have filled,” “I have given,” “I have put,” “I have commanded.” The words of the Baptist must ever hold good: “a man can receive nothing except it be given him from heaven” (John 3:27). Therefore, he has little room to boast of himself; and just as little to thesis sociology, be jealous of others. There is a profitable lesson to be learned from a comparison of this chapter with Genesis 6. “Tubal-cain was an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron.” The descendants of Cain were endowed with unhallowed skill to make a cursed and essay groaning earth a delectable spot, without the presence of God. “Bezaleel and sociology Aholiab,” on the contrary, were endowed with divine skill to beautify a Sanctuary which was to exemplification, be hallowed and blessed by the presence and glory of the God of Israel. We encourage a reading of thesis sociology pakistan, this chapter before proceeding further.
The second set of tables is given, not to be broken like the first, but to be hidden in quotation the Ark, above which, as already noticed, Jehovah was to take His place, in moral government as the Lord of all the earth. “And he hewed two tables of stone, like unto the first: and sociology Moses rose up early in the morning and went up unto Mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of essay, stone. And the Lord descended in the cloud, and stood with them there, and thesis proclaimed the name of the Lord. And the of yeast Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed the Lord, the Lord God, merciful and sociology gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity, and transgression, and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the essay iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third, and to the fourth generation.” Keep in mind that this is God, as seen in His moral government of the world, not as He is seen in the cross; not as He shines in the face of Jesus Christ not as He is proclaimed in the Gospel of His grace. The following is an exhibition of God in the Gospel: “And all things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself, by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of sociology, reconciliation; to wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto Himself; not imputing their trespasses unto them, and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation” (2 Cor. 5:18, 19). “Not clearing” and “not imputing” present two totally different ideas of italics quotation marks, God. “Visiting iniquities” and canceling them is not the pakistan same thing. The former is God in government; the latter is God in essay about gender the Gospel. In 2 Corinthians 3 the apostle contrasts the “ministration” recorded in thesis sociology pakistan Exodus 34 with “the ministration” of the essay about gender issues Gospel. We would all do well to carefully study that chapter. Thesis Pakistan? From it we learn that anyone who regards the view of God’s character given to Moses on essay nervosa Mount Horeb, as unfolding the sociology Gospel, obviously has a defective apprehension of the Gospel.
Neither in creation or yet in 6th grade creative writing rubric moral government, do we, or can we, read the deep secrets of the Father's bosom. Could the prodigal have found his place in the arms of the One revealed on Mount Sinai? Could John have leaned his head on the bosom of that One? Certainly not, but God has revealed Himself in the face of thesis sociology pakistan, Jesus Christ. In divine harmony, God has expressed all His attributes in the work of the cross. There “mercy and truth have met together, righteousness and peace have kissed each other.” Sin is perfectly put away, and respiration the true believing sinner perfectly justified “by the blood of the cross.” When we get a view of God, unfolded in this way, then, like Moses, we need to thesis sociology pakistan, bow our head “toward the essay earth and worship” the proper attitude for a pardoned and accepted sinner in the presence of thesis sociology pakistan, God. As before, we encourage a reading of define explanatory, these chapters before proceeding further. These chapters contain a recapitulation of the various parts of the Tabernacle and its furniture; and inasmuch as we have already given what we believe to be the pakistan import of the more prominent parts, it seems needless to add more. There are, however, two things in this section from which we may deduce profitable instruction: first, the voluntary devotedness; and second, the implicit obedience of the people with respect to exemplification anorexia, the work of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Regarding their voluntary devotedness, we read, “And all the consecration of the thesis sociology children of dissertation italics quotation, Israel departed from the presence of Moses. And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought the Lord’s offering to sociology, the work of the dissertation italics quotation marks tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments. And they came, both men and thesis sociology women, as many as were willing-hearted, and brought bracelets and earrings, and uspto assignment rings, and tablets, all jewels of gold: and every man that offered an offering of gold unto the Lord. Thesis Sociology Pakistan? And every man with whom was found blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats’ hair, and red skins of explanatory essay, rams, and sociology pakistan badgers’ skins, brought them. Every one that did offer an offering of silver and brass brought the Lord’s offering: and of yeast every man with whom was found shittim wood? for any work of the service, brought it. And all the women that were wise-hearted did spin with their hands, and brought that which they had spun, both of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and pakistan of fine linen. And all the women whose heart stirred them up in wisdom spun goats’ hair. And the rulers brought onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod, and for the breastplate: and spice and oil for the light, and for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense.
The children of Israel brought a willing offering unto the Lord every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring, for all manner of work which the Lord had commanded to be made by quotation the hand of Moses” (Ex. 35:20-29). And, again, we read, “And all the wise men that; wrought all the work of the sanctuary, came every man from his work which they made; and they spake unto Moses, saying, The people bring much more than enough for sociology pakistan the service of the 6th grade rubric work, which the Lord commanded to make. for the stuff they had was sufficient for all the work to make it, and too much” (vv. Thesis? 4-7). Assignment? This is thesis pakistan, a lovely picture of devotedness to the work of the Sanctuary.
It needed no effort to uspto patent, move the hearts of the people to give, no earnest appeals, no impressive arguments their “hearts stirred them up.” This was the true way. The streams of voluntary devotedness flowed from within. “Rulers,” “men,” “women” all felt it was their sweet privilege to give to the Lord, not with a narrow heart, but in thesis sociology pakistan such a princely fashion that they had “enough and too much.” Then, as to their implicit obedience, we read, “According to creative rubric, all that the Lord commanded Moses, so the thesis children of Israel made all the work. And Moses did look upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as the Lord had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them” (Ex. 39:42, 43). Creative Writing Rubric? The Lord gave very minute instructions concerning the entire work of the Tabernacle.
Every pin, every socket, every loop, every tach, was accurately set forth. There was no room left for man’s expediency, reason, or common sense. Jehovah did not give a great outline and leave man to thesis, fill it up. He left no margin whatever for man’s regulations. “See, saith he, that thou make all things according to 6th grade creative rubric, the pattern showed to thee in the mount” (Ex. 25:40 and 26:30; Heb.
8:5). This left no room for human device. If man had been allowed to make a single pin, that pin would, most assuredly, have been out of place in the judgment of God. We can see what man’s “graving tool” produces in Exodus 32. Thank God, it had no place in the Tabernacle. They did just what they were told, nothing more, and nothing less.
This is a salutary lesson for the professing Church. There are many things in the history of Israel that we should earnestly seek to avoid, such as their impatient murmurings, legal vows, and idolatry. However, in devotedness and obedience we need to imitate them. May our devotedness be more whole hearted; our obedience more implicit. We may safely assert, that if all had not been done “according to thesis pakistan, the pattern showed in the mount,” we would not read, “Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle.
And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the uspto patent assignment cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle” (Ex. Thesis? 40:34, 35). The Tabernacle was, in all respects, according to about gender, the divine pattern, and, therefore, it could be filled with divine glory. There is sociology, a volume of creative, instruction in this. We are too prone to look on sociology the Word of God as insufficient regarding the minute details connected with His worship and about gender service.
This is a great mistake, one which has proved to be a fruitful source of evil and error in the professing Church. The Word of God is amply sufficient for everything, whether it be personal salvation and sociology walk, or the order and of yeast rule of the assembly. “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works” (2 Tim. 3:16, 17). This should settle the question once and for all. If the thesis Word of God furnishes a man thoroughly unto “all good works,” it follows, as a necessary consequence, that whatever we do not find in its pages, cannot possibly be a good work. Further, we must always remember, that divine glory cannot connect itself with anything that is dissertation italics quotation marks, not according to divine pattern. (Unless noted, King James Version translation used in this study) 1 Unger, Merrill F., Unger’s Bible Dictionary, “Tabernacle”, pgs 1059-1066, Moody Press, Chicago, 1960.
2 The expression, “white and clean,” gives peculiar force and beauty to the type which the Holy Spirit has presented in the “fine twined linen.” Indeed, there could not be a more appropriate emblem of spotless manhood. Sociology? 3 Exodus 26:4. In contemplating the structure of the Tabernacle in the wilderness, we observe the important place assigned to the “loops of blue.” Along with the “taches of gold,” the curtains were joined together by them, thus preserving the whole structure. A causal look might determine these loops and taches to be insignificant and unimportant. However, without them there would have been no unity. No matter how beautiful in and of coursework, themselves, the curtains would have hung apart from thesis sociology pakistan each other, causing the loss of one of the grand features of the manifestation. Viewing the tabernacle as a figure of Christ, we can easily trace the beauty and significance of the “loops of exemplification essay nervosa, blue and taches of gold.” They typified that perfect unity and consistency in the character and ways of “the Man Christ Jesus” the result of His heavenly grace and divine energy.
In all the scenes and circumstances of the life of sociology, our blessed Lord Jesus, by the power of that which was heavenly and divine in Him, we see a perfect combination of each phase and explanatory essay feature. The curtains of the true Tabernacle are not only sociology pakistan, beautiful in and of themselves, but beautifully combined exquisitely linked together by means of the “loops of blue and taches of gold,” discerned and appreciated only by respiration coursework those of us who, in some measure, understand the holy mysteries of the Sanctuary. What is true of the divine Living Word is equally true of the divine written Word. Spiritual students of Holy Scripture will readily discern the “loops of blue and taches of sociology, gold.” The Living Word is the divine embodiment of the written Word, and the written Word is the divine transcript of the Living Word. As a result, we can expect to see the same heavenly unity, the same divine consistency, the same rare and exquisite combination in both. While tracing the exemplification nervosa various illustrations of the loops and taches through the Word of God would certainly be pleasant and profitable, we here offer only an example or two, hopefully inspiring you to study the thesis sociology pakistan subject further. 1 Corinthians 16 offers a lovely and about practical illustration.
Verse 13 says, “Quit you like men, be strong.” Here we have a desirable feature of the Christian character manly strength. But taken by itself, this could easily degenerate into a rough, rude, high-handed way of dealing with others, the opposite of what we find in Jesus Christ, our divine Exemplar. Therefore, the Spirit in the apostle forms a loop of pakistan, blue; by patent assignment means of a golden tach linking manly strength to sociology pakistan, another needed feature love. “Let all your things be done with love.” What a precious combination strength and love; love and strength. If we untie this heavenly loop we have either a high, haughty, inconsiderate style, or a soft, pliable, enfeebled mode of acting that will sacrifice anything and everything for peace and quietness. Next, consider that noble definition of pure religion given at the close of James 2, where the apostle uses the loop and dissertation italics quotation tach to connect together the two phases of divine religion. “To visit the fatherless and the widow in their affliction” is looped with unspotted separation from the world. In other words, active benevolence and personal holiness are inseparably linked together. Untie the loop and you are left with either a sort of benevolence that goes hand-in-hand with the most intense spirit of worldliness, or a rigid pharisaic separation without a single generous emotion. Sociology? It is only the presence of that which is essay about, heavenly and divine that secures true unity and consistency of character. Let us never forget that true Christianity is sociology, simply Christ reproduced by the Holy Spirit in the life of the Christian.
4 Matthew 1:20; Matthew 3:16, 17; Luke 4:18, 19; Acts 2:33; Acts 10:45, 46; Ephesians 4:8-13) 5 It is interesting to marks, note the position of this most solemn and startling denunciation. It occurs at thesis sociology pakistan, the close of a long epistle, in the progress of which the apostle had to rebuke some of the grossest practical evils and doctrinal errors. How solemn, therefore, how full of meaning the fact, that when he comes to pronounce his anathema, it is not hurled at those who had introduced those errors and evils, but at the man who loves not the Lord Jesus Christ. Why is of yeast coursework, this? Is it because the Spirit of God makes little of errors and sociology evils? Certainly not; the entire epistle unfolds His thoughts regarding them. But truth is, when the italics quotation heart is filled with love for the Lord Jesus Christ, there is an effectual safeguard against all manner of false doctrine and sociology malpractice.
If a man does not love Christ, there is no accounting for 6th grade rubric the notions he may adopt, or the thesis sociology pakistan course he may pursue, hence the about issues form and position of the apostolic anathema.
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Sociology thesis topics in pakistan
Jack Lessenberry Essays and Interviews. There’s a romantic tradition about home schooling. Those who support it like to rhapsodize that George Washington was home schooled, for example. Well, yes, he was. However, he also didn’t need to be computer-literate, owned slaves to do his heavy lifting for him, and died from sociology a throat abscess that one shot of simple antibiotics probably could have cured today. We live in an increasingly diverse society with an ever-more technologically complex civilization. Hillsdale College is about as conservative a liberal arts school as exists on the planet.
But Hillsdale’s honors program director recently told the italics quotation marks, Detroit Free Press that the home schooled children he sees are typically badly deficient in science education. [ See Administrator Note Below ] That should be enough to tell you that something is sociology, wrong with this picture. Home schooling is a growing fad. Exemplification Essay Anorexia! If the national average holds for thesis pakistan this state, as many as 68,000 Michigan kids may be being home schooled. There is now a bill before the legislature that would require people home schooling their kids to report this fact to their local school system. Frankly, I thought that was required already. It certainly should be. Yet the home schoolers are screaming that this would violate their rights.
That’s nuts. This bill is necessary, and they should know better. For one thing, if we don’t know who is home schooling their kids, how can we know who is teaching their kids at home – and quotation, who are simply letting their kids run wild? Actually, this bill doesn’t go far enough. We need a strong package of bills firmly regulating home schooling. Thesis Sociology Pakistan! They should prescribe a curriculum and require home schoolers to prove they are qualified to teach. We owe it to our kids and marks, ourselves. We need to accept the thesis, fact that this is respiration of yeast coursework, no longer the wild frontier, and our kids need higher learning to pakistan, survive. If I announced I was going to “home doctor” my family and take my son’s appendix out on uspto assignment the kitchen table, the cops would be there pretty fast.
Educational malpractice should be illegal as well. Schools have facilities and laboratories nearly impossible to duplicate at home. Education also involves hard-to-quantify things like social interaction. You learn from each other, not just from thesis facts and exercises. Now, there may be rare cases where homeschooling makes sense and dissertation italics quotation marks, a parent is fully qualified. It also has to thesis pakistan, be said the failures of dissertation italics many of our public schools has made homeschooling much more attractive. But the solution for sociology pakistan bad public schools is to 6th grade rubric, fix them. And yes, homeschooling is necessary. But as a supplement, not a substitute.
Mom and thesis sociology pakistan, Dad need to take part in homeschooling every night. They need to take a vigorous part in their kids’ homework. They should also get involved with their school. More and more, we are evolving into a place where two kids the same age have wildly different educational experiences. That’s a prescription for respiration of yeast coursework eventually losing our identity as a people and a nation. And if that doesn’t scare you more than internet porn, you clearly need more education. ADMINISTRATOR NOTE: After the publication of this essay, Mr.
Lessenberry posted a clarification stating the thesis pakistan, following: First of all, there WAS something I said in my essay that I would like to amend. I quoted a recent Free Press story as saying that Hillsdale College’s honors program director recently told the dissertation quotation marks, Detroit Free Press that the home schooled children he sees are deficient in science education. In fact the man who said that, David Stewart, actually said it in thesis sociology pakistan 2002. I do not think that is ancient history, nor do I think the situation is likely to have radically changed since then. But I would not have used the word “recent” if I had to do it over. Exemplification Anorexia Nervosa! Mr. Stewart is also no longer the honors director, and I apologize for that error. What I actually did was take that statement from sociology pakistan another article. Here is what that article said. “David Stewart, director of dissertation italics quotation Hillsdale College’s honors program, told the Detroit Free Press that home schooled children are typically deficient in science education: ’I can generally count on them for having almost no science and thesis, virtually no lab science.” Posted on April 22, 2008 at dissertation italics, 01:59 PM | Permalink.
You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post. Mr. Lessenberry: As one of the pakistan, first generations to experience contemporary homeschooling, (my parents took me out of grade school in explanatory essay 1984) I am disturbed by the singular categorization you seem to thesis, create for homeschoolers. Many homeschool families are involved in homeschooling groups (which provide social interaction for writing the children) and demonstrate the diverse collection of educational and thesis, religious philosophies that influence parents' choice to homeschool. About Gender! Yes, there are those who unschool (no set curriculum or academic goals), and parents who teach without appropriate educations, but the variety of reasons that influence why parents choose to sociology pakistan, homeschool also contributes to the diversity of about experiences different students have while learning at home. I agree that local schools should know which children are being homeschooled in their district. But it's too simplistic to say that one solution is for parents to get involved in the local school system. The reason my parents looked into homeschooling in the first place was because the local school system would not let either of them, professional educators, have a voice in my educational experience.
I challenge you to find ten different homeschooling families. Thesis! Talk to the children and parents. Essay About Issues! Then tell us if you still think it's more socially deconstructive than internet porn. Okay Mr. Thesis Pakistan! Lessenberry, I tend to agree with you on assignment most issues.
But not this time. Based upon your essay, I'm thinking that that you have had personal experience with public schools, and none with homeschooling. I'd suggest that you investigate homeschooling a bit more, instead of simply imagining what goes on in the homes of homeschoolers. (For instance, we are not all a bunch of right-wing wingnuts). I think you'd discover that many homeschooled children are deeply engaged socially, and not simply with their peer groups, which is thesis, what public school socialization tends to emphasize. My children and I spend time with their peers, but on a weekly basis, they also spend time with the elderly, with toddlers, and with older children. We get out in the world--we aren't holed up at home! In my book, this is a much better model for socialization than public school. Gender Issues! How many of us move in the exclusive society of same-age peers, once we've left school? Our family tried public schools, and found they didn't work for us. I don't think that the problems with public schools are fixable, given Michigan's economy and our current definition of public education.
In my opinion, we need smaller class sizes, more personalized attention for the students, and less attention to thesis sociology, standarized tests. And how about some more infusion of the exemplification anorexia nervosa, joy of learning in the classroom? If that's asking a lot of the public schools, well, maybe more of thesis sociology pakistan our children should be homeschooled. Define! Because that's easily possible at home. Even in sociology our well-funded, middle-class rural public school, it was all drill, drill, drill, crowd-management, group discipline, homework, homework, homework. Define Essay! It's no wonder that few--if any--publicly schooled children are enthusiastic about school. My children, on the other hand, are not prejudiced against learning, and they LOVE it. I know (because I've had them tested, by a public school teacher) that my children perform well above grade level in reading, science, and social studies, and a bit about grade level in mathematics.
I don't know if you have children yourself, but I can promise you that the homeschooling parents I know are NOT lazy nor are we shirking our civic responsibilities. Pakistan! If we wanted the easy way out, we would send them to public school for the free childcare. It would be refreshing if you, and our state government, supported those of us parents who are engaged with our children's learning experiences, and embraced a diversity of learning models for quotation Michigan's youth, instead of trying to impose some nineteenth-century, proto-militaristic model of thesis public school learning on every last one of dissertation quotation us. Wow. just. wow. Thesis Sociology! That was probably the most uninformed, one-sided, hack job that I've ever heard on home education. I'd love to hear some of Jack's ideas for firmly regulating home schooling.
Prescibing a curriculum? That would sort of exemplification essay anorexia nervosa defeat the thesis pakistan, purpose, wouldn't it? Let me guess, if the state comes up with a curriculum for me to teach to my children, it's probably going to patent, bear some resemblance to the same curriculum taught in the local public school, right? Why endure the thesis pakistan, tremendous stress and financial hardship of home schooling if I wanted to feed them the explanatory, same old stuff that they can get for free at thesis sociology pakistan, school? And Jack, good luck fixing our broken public schools. I'd argue that they are functioning exactly as designed, as a reaction to the industrial revolution.
The demand for exemplification essay human resources is what gave rise to thesis pakistan, the factory model of education, and comments like yours just betray the fact that you've swallowed that philosophy hook, line, and sinker. About Issues! Common sense tells us that the tutorial model of education is vastly more effective than the factory model. Even when being taught by thesis sociology pakistan, an uncertified teacher. (Hard to imagine, I know. teacher certification has led to patent, such spectacular results thus far.) More and more, we are evolving into a place where two kids the same age have wildly different educational experiences. Imagine that! Two kids, the same age, being taught different things! Having different educational experiences.
Someone call social services. But seriously, did you read that back to see how it sounded? Maybe, in a follow up essay, you can describe the thesis sociology pakistan, one right education experience. I'll admit, when I started home schooling my kids, I was just hoping that I wouldn't screw up; that they'd turn out define normal, just like other kids. But, the more I learn about home schooling, the more I see that normal is the last thing I want for my kids. Normal is so lame. We can do so much better. I've written too much already, because I know this is thesis, falling on deaf ears, but the scary thing is of yeast coursework, that you will be taken seriously by the majority of pakistan your listeners. Dissertation! My advice is to leave home schoolers alone. Pakistan! after all, we'll need creative, independent, morally upstanding leaders to solve the dissertation quotation, educational crisis in this state/country. I agree with the thoughtful and well phrased responses to your essay so far. My contemporaries have said much of thesis sociology what I wanted to say.
So instead I pose this question: Why am I considered unqualified? I attended public elementary and high school. Coursework! I then attended a public state university where I was awarded a bachelor's degree. Sociology! The state's institutions saw fit to decree me educated. Why now am I underqualified to teach my own children?
Your analogy of home doctoring falls short, since I have not been educated in about issues medicine. Thesis! But I received 16 years of what the state had to essay anorexia nervosa, offer in Science, Literature, Grammar, Mathematics and sociology pakistan, so forth. Was my education not complete enough to then, in turn, pass on my knowledge? If indeed I am unqualified, why would I send my children to the same failing institution? Of course, we both know none of define explanatory those things are true. What really is at stake here is conformity vs individuality. I think Mr. Washington would shudder if he knew you have envoked his name to sociology pakistan, support your arguement. An arguement that claims only well regulated, strictly controlled masses are to 6th grade rubric, be tolerated. Ms Kelle, I did not say you are unqualified. however, you spelled both invoked and thesis sociology pakistan, argument wrong, and define explanatory, have inadvertently helped prove my point. May I ask, to which point do you refer ? While I believe my public education was adequate perhaps my dependence on thesis sociology a computer literate society has weakened my ability to use type pad without spell-check.
I would argue that the only point your criticism reveals is essay about gender, that your prefer not to address the content of the question I posed. What I do appreciate that you have called my attention the tone of this debate. May my humble mistakes remind me, that the well intended have often made mistakes when criticizing something unfamiliar. In so many cases I completely agree with your thoughts, but I must echo the statements of those above when I say that today's essay was completely one sided and unjust. Have you considered the following: Many people homeschool in order to allow a religious aspect in thesis their education, something which is prohibited in the constitution. Do you wish to stomp on the right of freedom of religion for those who choose this option?
Most private religious schools are very expensive, homeschooling is an creative rubric excellent alternative. Second, a student to teach ratio of 1:1 or maybe 1:4 beats public school any day. We home schooled our children until their freshman year of thesis highschool, and italics quotation marks, surpased all public school benchmarks with only 3 hours of lessons each day. Also, as stated above, socialization is much more rounded out side of school, where interactions include more than just the 25 agemates in your home room. As an example of the pakistan, many ways that the vast majority of hometeachers teach, when our oldest reached a point where we were unable to teach science to the appropriate level, we inlisted the help of respiration of yeast a college professor, who then tought my 12 year old and a few others using a freshman (college freshman) biology text. My children are now in an excellent public school and get strait A's. Further, they are leaders in their classes, well liked by fellow students and teachers alike. Further, their educational background upon entering public school was commended by their teachers.
While my spelling may not be perfect (as a product of the public school system and 4 years of college), I at least know enough to do my background research. I do not see the thesis sociology, harm in knowing where the children are. Our local school knew about our kids the whole time. 6th Grade Creative Writing Rubric! They were, in fact, entitled to take courses and play sports in our local school. However, when has the state done anything better than an individual, unless it concerns the masses? Jack, you should have at least spoken to some public school teachers, or met some homeschooled kids, before penning your article. I understand you are a commentator, not a reporter, but sloppy work is thesis sociology, sloppy work. I sleep with a public school teacher, every night, and have for 31 years. I remain convinced that, if anything, I was too kind to the homeschoolers. I went to dissertation quotation marks, public schools. However, I think homeschooling would definitely be a more efficient use of a student's time.
If a person were to break down how much of thesis pakistan a day at public school actually involves learning, the material learned could be done much faster at home. Plus, take out summer vacations, and a student could get the learning done YEARS sooner. I would have rather spent my adolescence traveling or starting college earlier. Bottom line: If you have parents competent to teach and children who are very bright, independent learners, this could be a very viable solution. Public schools bored me. The pace was too slow. There wasn't enough variety of creative writing rubric information taught either. I would have rather studied the basic material 3 hours or so a day and read classic novels the rest of the day. Your wife is a teacher. Well, if you haven't just admitted to sociology pakistan, a complete and one sided bias, than I guess I've never seen one.
It's a shame when a person you previously believed to be well informed, experienced and wise turns out to be a narrow minded, uninformed public radio version of Rush Linbaugh. Find an example Jack, one homeschooled child who failed in life or didn't impress others. Now, find examples of failed public schoolers. Let's look at the leaders of Enron, of issues corrupt politicians, and on and on. Hold your breath and stomp your feet if you like Jack. In this case, you are wrong. [I had a big long post with a point-by-point rebuttal ready to go on this essay on homeschooling by Jack Lessenberry. Thesis Sociology! ] P.S. Italics Marks! When making spelling mistakes a focus of a comment it's best to make sure your punctuation and capitalization is pakistan, correct. For once Jack and I agree. Define Explanatory Essay! homeschoolers are a bunch of myopic self centered types more often they exhibit a hate for pakistan diversity and anything that does not reflect thier conservative propaganda.
Most of them are isolationist folks with some religious agenda. Thier kids suffer from thier propaganda. They often remind of people who were against the civil rights laws of our country, yet they are now screaming for thier rights. Many supported Prop 2 in 6th grade creative writing rubric our state as with most hypocrites now they want rights.. I have zero faith in thesis sociology pakistan the quality of this backward approach to education . I have little regard for the the values of those who engaged in this dumbing down of America.
In every study I have read about the profile of home school types they are against respiration coursework progressive social ideas and many are down right nuts and I do not mean peanuts.. a bunch of myopic self centered types more often they exhibit a hate for diversity and sociology, anything that does not reflect thier conservative propaganda. they exhibit a hate for diversity Er, you actually don't agree with Jack. See, one of his claims is that homeschooling is, a prescription for eventually losing our identity as a people and a nation. 6th Grade! He's after a population that's not fundamentally diverse. If by agreement with Jack you mean unfounded assertions though. Thesis Pakistan! Then I think you may have a point. I agree with pretty much everything the other commenters have said, but I'll add this: You wrote, More and more, we are evolving into a place where two kids the same age have wildly different educational experiences. How is this not true already?
Do you really believe that the dissertation marks, kid who goes to an overcrowded inner city public school is thesis sociology pakistan, getting the essay, same education as the kid who went to 12-student-per-class private Montessori school? Even in among middle class, suburban public schools, states have such divergent certification requirements for thesis sociology pakistan their teachers that it's completely ridiculous to make any kind of claim about some perceived standard of education that you think we're moving away from. In your argument against homeschool science you also wrote, Schools have facilities and laboratories nearly impossible to duplicate at home. No. My high school, which was pretty decent, didn't have the uspto assignment, budget for a lot of science equipment. With the exception of the school-provided ancient microscopes (not that expensive on eBay or wherever), we brought all the materials we needed for pakistan labs: glassware, chemicals from the hardware and italics quotation, drug stores, random groceries, rubber gloves, etc. All of the experiments we did in school could have been replicated at home with minimal cost or effort. You're obviously looking at the issue from a very narrow and privileged perspective. As I said, many of the public schools need a lot of sociology pakistan help, and money, and italics quotation, we should do so.
I went to thesis sociology pakistan, a rather inferior public school. My parents were poorly educated, and did not have money. Shame on you Jack!! I was very disappointed when I listened to your essay. May I suggest you read John Holt and John Taylor Gatto to gain some insight about education and children. There are many reasons why a family decides to home school. I think the main reason is because they feel it is the best thing for their family to do. Everyone should have the right to make their own decision about what is right for anorexia nervosa their own family without the thesis, state breathing down their necks and making them jump through hoops. We do live in America, the home of the respiration of yeast coursework, free.
Looking at the state of pakistan affairs our state and country are in, I really do not trust their judgment to tell me what I should and dissertation marks, should not be teaching my children. Before you judge all home schoolers about how and why they home school it might be a good idea to thesis sociology pakistan, interview some people who home school and ask them some questions. Gain some knowlwge about a subject that you really know nothing about. I am a liberal, open minded and secular person. I teach my children not to judge others because they are different.
It is people's differences that make this world so interesting. We socialize with many people of all ages. My kids have never been to patent assignment, school yet can read and write. Thesis Pakistan! They can tell you where all of the United States are and probably teach you a lot about animals that you did not know. They still have a lot of things to writing rubric, learn but then again don't we all? Learning is life long and hopefully never ending.
Yes Mr Lessenberry, sometimes they do run around wild but isn't that is what a child is supposed to sociology pakistan, do? I would suggest Jack actually, I don't, research a topic before writing about it. But then, I guess he's merely doing what he was taught to do in 6th grade school. Thanks for being a shining example of why I will home school my sons. Sociology Pakistan! I intend them to dissertation italics quotation marks, be able to look at thesis pakistan, all the facts, research what they are learning about, and make an educated decision within reality. Nervosa! Clearly something poor Jack is not able to do.
Perhaps you should read just how ignorant you actually sound. http://docsdomain.net/blog/?p=756. Jack, I'm paying property taxes to pay for public schools. I'm supporting them in exactly the thesis pakistan, same amounts as my neighbors who send their children to public school, and my neighbors who don't have children. I pay for my children's education in addition to supporting the public school - what more do you want? Should I write them a check too? Be reasonable. Public schools are not designed or managed in such a way as to uspto, have a legion of parents in the classroom helping - so money is the alternative.
Better yet, please give me a logical explanation of how I'm supposed to thesis sociology, support my local school district, which by the way, is currently housed in portable trailers with no extra curricular or supplemental classes (including computers) because the buildings themselves were destroyed in a recent flood and there's no money to replace them. Are you convinced that my local schools can or do provide a better education than I do/did at creative, home? Please outline all the ways you support your local school as an example. Thesis Sociology Pakistan! As for essay about gender issues technology and sociology, lab supplies, I can give you a list of several suppliers of home lab equipment that would put any classroom to shame. As long as I'm paying for it, my children's education is none of exemplification nervosa your concern. The public school system is thesis pakistan, accountable to the PUBLIC for its dismal performance - it isn't the other way around. Throwing more money at about gender, a broken system isn't going to fix it. You're sleeping with a public school teacher? Big deal. I used to sleep with an investment broker - it doesn't make me qualified to thesis sociology, manage your 401K. Read my blog entry, Jack, since I did the research you failed to do.
Homeschooled students out of yeast perform their public school counterparts in every single subject, at every single assessment age, and it doesn't matter if those students are in a state with a ton of regulations or in a state like Michigan, that has none. Google, Jack, it's part of the 21st century - just like diversity. I am a former teacher, and thesis pakistan, a home-schooler. Exemplification! You're assessment of homeschooling is uninformed. In Michigan, Home-Schooled children typically out thesis sociology pakistan perform public school pupils in most subject areas.
My home schooled son is more adept at using 21st Century Technology than his public school peers. he built his computers. He plays the guitar. he assists in teaching an after school martial arts class at the local middle school. At twelve years old he is reading at a college level and is engaged a wider variety of educational activities than any of his public school peers. Uspto Patent! Socially he is able to relate with the same ease and comfort with adults as he does those closer to thesis, his own age. He has had much wider exposure to different social groups and more diverse ideas and uspto, ideologies than his friends who attend public school. What he is being deprived of is the herd mentality of the public school peer group culture. A culture that penalizes independent thought, and sociology, creates an expectation of conformity to arbitrary and often pathological behavioral patterns. I respect public school teachers, but from respiration my own observations and experience I know that teachers and administrators have little influence on peer groups in the modern public school environment. If the goal of thesis sociology education is to create an educated population then home-schooling is proven to be a better option. Not based anecdotal quotes from school administrators and coursework, teachers. but from testing data compiled from around the country. Thesis Sociology! If, on define the other hand if you believe the goal of education is to manufacture a trained and compliant workforce, who will do what they are told without question, then your criticisms of sociology home-schooling are indeed valid.
784 Michigan Street. Eaton Rapids, Mi 48827. Homeschool types are like a cult, they have little capacity to respect the opinons of others. They are on a mission to indoctrinate minors who lacked the protection of the state to secure thier rights.. Homeschoolers are a lethal aggregate of about gender myopic people who according to the data and research reject social and progressive ideas. They remind me of rednecks during our country's aparthied era/jim crow era they fled from public schools when thier fellow americans of a darker hue sought entry. The truth about these backward people is that they harm thier children and they create a entire aggregate of more ignorant people that must be reeducated for our country to reach it's ideals.. Please pretend to hide your cowardice by thesis pakistan, posting your name or credentials.
As a homeschool father, I would be willing to engage you in a discourse. I doubt, however, that you can muster the courage. I need not respond to Mr. Lessenberry. His poor work speaks for itself, but he is respiration coursework, willing to engage in a critical dialogue (or rather read and belittle critical communication while refusing to address the deficiencies in his work- maybe just a little tired- sort of like dialogue). Daniel Segura, Michigan (there's only one so you can google it for more info). Wow. Must be very freeing to be able to express your opinion without letting those pesky facts get in the way. Sorry, but you don't know jack about homeschooling, and should really have done your homework. Sociology Pakistan! Oh, that's right! You were publicly schooled.
No wonder. These are just a few people that have been homeschooled throughout history: * Frank Vandiver, retired president of Texas AM University. * Thomas Edison, United States, scientist and uspto, inventor. * Andrew Wyeth, United States, Artist. * Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, France, physicist. * Charles Evans Hughes, United States, Governor of thesis sociology pakistan New York, United States Secretary of State, and Chief Justice of the United States. * Chad Kennedy, United States, publisher and editor-in-chief of Teen Scene Magazine. * Ruth Lawrence, Israel/United Kingdom/United States, mathematician.
* Bode Miller, United States, champion skier. * Evelyn De Morgan, United Kingdom, artist. * Clara Muhammad, United States, Nation of Islam leader. * Frankie Muniz, United States, Actor. * Chauntelle, Sherri, Weston, Stacy and Garron DuPree, United States, musicians. * Christopher Paolini, United States, author- And he was only 15 when his first book was written. * Rosa Parks, United States, civil rights activist. * Susan La Flesche Picotte, United States, first American Indian woman physician.
* John T. Plecnik, United States, syndicated columnist. * Emerson Spartz, United States, internet entrepreneur. * Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russia, rocket scientist and pioneer of cosmonautics. * Roman Vishniac, Russia/United States, photographer, biologist, and polyglot. * Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz, Poland, author and artist. * Sho Yano, United States, child prodigy. * Woodrow Wilson, United States, the only United States President to hold a Ph.D. * Albert Einsein, scientist. So if homeschoolers are such a backwards, redneck cult what about these people? Were they backwards?
Were they redneck? And if what you are saying, is that all of uspto patent assignment our children should be put into an institutionalized school setting so that the thesis sociology, government can produce a superior, more educated race, then why hasn't it happened? There have been many many years of opportunity to fix the marks, system. Sociology! It just seems to get worst. In all of the budget cuts, what comes first. EDUCATION. So while I do pay taxes that go to my local public school I will carry the extra financial burden to educate my children at home. Quotation! I know where they are and who they are with. I don't have the concern of them being bullied,molested, abused or plotting to blow up a school. I don't have to worry about them being a victim of a shooting or stabbing because of a classmate.
I know that my children know appropriate behavior in public and sociology pakistan, with other people, because they were taught by responsible adults, not children their age that have just as much clue as they do about dissertation italics marks socialization. You see, homeschooling isn't just about education, it is about life lessons, it is about dealing and adapting to the ever changing world. Pakistan! Most homeschoolers spend hours upon anorexia, hours making sure that their child is well rounded in all areas. Not to mention, many of us give our children opportunities that most public school children will never have. My children are able to thesis, touch history, they have been to NASA and actually sat in a space shuttle, they have touched history at essay nervosa, Williamsburg, they have been to the Smithsonian, the White House,the National Archives and the Library of Congress. They have been to the Aerospace Museum. They have been able to travel along the sociology pakistan, Trail of Tears that our ancestors had to endure.
They have been able see and experience many other great things in this country. All because of the quotation, fact that we homeschool. That is just when we travel, that isn't including what they do and thesis, are involved with locally here at home. We are able to essay, study different cultures and thesis sociology, religions without the essay nervosa, worry about pakistan someone else getting offended. If my children were to go to public school, they would not have these chances.
They would be locked in a classroom for 7-8 hours a day learning out of books. There would be no chance for them to be a part of the world. You're post illustrates my point. Creating mindless stereotypic caricatures of those you don't understand is the fruit of being formed by a mob mentality. Of Yeast Coursework! A peer group. My son is thesis sociology pakistan, biracial and I pulled him out of Public School because he was being stereotyped and pigeonholed by folks just like you. He was adopted out of an abusive home so I've been vetted by coursework, the State pretty heavily. Thesis Pakistan! I run from no one. I hide from no one. What is the data and research to which you refer? They certainly missed me and most of the writing rubric, home school parents I know.
Lot's of pakistan hyperbole and essay about, no real facts. Not so respectfully, 784 Michigan Street. Eaton Rapids, MI 48827. It's funny that you say that parents should take a more active role in their kids education.
The break down in communication between myself and the school is exactly what drove me to my decision to home school my kids over 3 years ago. I cried and thesis, agonized over the decision for several months before finally saying enough is enough. I was scared out of my wits and worried beyond comfort about things such as if I could actually do it and marks, the socialization thing. Why? Because like you I went to public school and the only thing I knew of home schooling was the stereotypes. Here I am over 3 years later and know without a doubt in pakistan my mind that I made the right decision. Patent Assignment! That socialization worry is completely absurd and thesis sociology, if I think to hard about anorexia nervosa how much I worried about it I go into thesis sociology pakistan, fits of explanatory laughter.
I could sit here all day and thesis sociology, give you example after example of things my kids do and define essay, how advanced they are in comparison to their peers. But why? You would not understand it because you have never held the sole responsibility of raising a future adult in your hands and so you would never understand. Even public school teachers with the best intentions can not say this since each year they wash their hands clean of the less than apt students and thesis pakistan, the burden then passes to another teacher. The American Heritage Dictionary defines the word socialize as this: 1. Explanatory Essay! To place under government or group ownership or control.
2. To make fit for companionship with others; make sociable. 3. To convert or adapt to the needs of society. Please let me clarify. Sociology! Though I want my kids to be able to get along with people and essay, respect people, I NEVER want my kids to do ANY of these things. I want them to thesis sociology, grow into essay about gender, themselves free from fads and peer pressure and with a mind set that who they are is sociology pakistan, ok and they don't have to adapt for creative writing ANYONE. When my kids adapt to something or someone it will be because it feels to them like a good thing and not because society, a husband, a wife, etc. makes them feel they have to do it. Do I expect you to understand this? No.
And I am ok with that. I just want you to understand that I know where you are because I was there just over 3 years ago. I wish though that you would just try to think outside your box. It really is beautiful out here. You may want to peruse these statistics from a compilation of pakistan different studies: tinyurl.com/2e4oje. Here's an excerpt: In 1997, a study of 5,402 homeschool students from writing 1,657 families was released. The study demonstrated that homeschoolers, on the average, out-performed their counterparts in thesis pakistan the public schools by 30 to dissertation italics, 37 percentile points in all subjects.
Also at this page, you will read that the gender- and race-based achievement gaps existing in public schools are almost nonexistent among homeschoolers. You will find that homeschoolers' achievement is unrelated to the amount of sociology money spent on education yearly, whether either parent has a teaching certificate, and define explanatory essay, the degree of state regulation of homeschooling. (Note this last bit.) Among homeschoolers, test scores are not even much related to the parents' level of education, as this page illustrates: tinyurl.com/mgavd (pdf). The maximum difference in test scores between kids from less-educated and thesis pakistan, highly educated parents is only 8 percentile points. You will also find, at this page: tinyurl.com/3m8jws, that homeschooled students fare better after graduation. They attain higher levels of education, are more likely to vote, and participate more in their communities. Of course, the charitable foundations which now fund much of public radio are run by the same aristocratic families who designed the essay gender issues, public schools, particularly from thesis pakistan 1890-1920 or thereabouts. I speak of Rockefeller, Carnegie, and quotation, Ford, among others. These coal, oil, and industry men wanted passive and obedient factory workers who did not think for themselves. Lest you doubt their enormous influence, Rockefeller and sociology pakistan, Carnegie alone contributed more money to public schooling in the US than the US government did, for a period of about 20 years near the turn of the century. 6th Grade Rubric! Schools as we know them today are the product of thesis sociology a rather fascist industrial mindset (inspired, originally, by the Prussians).
Dedicated teachers do, to varying degrees and always in dissertation spite of the system, manage to educate students. But the tide is very much against them, and the teacher to student ratio is absolutely absurd in the elementary grades. Sociology Pakistan! Your wife may fight in the trenches, but many an quotation marks excellent teacher-- John Taylor Gatto has been mentioned here before-- feel they do more good questioning this system from the outside. By the thesis pakistan, way, and quite ironically, one of the major reasons I homeschool my 7-year-old daughter is because her interest in dissertation italics quotation science is insatiable, while science is essentially ignored for the early years of public schooling. Too bad you couldn't hear her talking about molecules or fish evolution prior to writing your piece. Sociology! One anecdote (courtesy the Hillsdale guy) deserves another, no?
My response can be found here. I agree wholeheartedly with your statement: But the solution for respiration of yeast bad public schools is to fix them. Yes, but that would take money. And brains. And my daughters shouldn't have to attend bad schools while the education professionals are figuring out how to fix them. In fact, the thesis sociology pakistan, most recent fixes seem to have made matters worse.
Much, much worse. Have you seen the sort of pointless drill that now passes for mathematics education? My son is a junior in public high school. The student handbook detailing rules of conduct is fully a quarter of an inch thick, thicker than the pamphlet of course offerings. The administration seems quite concerned because his hair is a fraction of an inch too long for the dress code, which dictates that his eyebrows must be visible. The fact that any kid can buy pot on the school grounds seems to have escaped their attention.
Mom and Dad need to essay gender, take part in homeschooling every night. They need to take a vigorous part in their kids’ homework. You mean, they need to force the children to do more of what they were supposedly doing all day? Are public schools so inefficient that the kids haven't been sufficiently educated unless their evenings are also devoted to formal education? (Under the supervision of thesis sociology people who aren't certified teachers, too. Respiration! Oh, dear.) When ARE the kids going to be socialized, then? Or are we leaving that job to their pot-selling peers in public school?
One final (ironic) howler from thesis pakistan one of uspto patent assignment your supporters: The truth about these backward people is that they harm thier children and they create a entire aggregate of more ignorant people that must be reeducated for our country to reach it's ideals.. Let's see: their misspelled, a entire rather than an entire, it's (the contraction for it is) in sociology pakistan place of its. and this person presumes to tell me that my kids are going to dissertation italics marks, have to be reeducated? These errors bolster my argument that I shouldn't have to send my kids to pakistan, bad public schools. We'll join the aggregate (or perhaps accretion) of ignoramuses, thank you. You're not big on exemplification anorexia nervosa critical thinking, eh thrasher? Daniel Segura Michael Lott, I fear no man and thesis, I hide from no one.. I am the most published activist in this region in the past 25 years. My name is Greg Thrasher and you can google me and read some of my body of work. My commentary is based upon emperical data and dissertation quotation marks, my life experiences including working in the public and thesis sociology, private educational systems and districts in the state.
I remain unimpressed with the educational representations of those who promote homeschooling. I will always combat myopic , groups of patent people who reject inclusion and equality in our country. The profile of homeschoolers is thesis pakistan, not a group of people who affirm my principles and ideals. Please feel free to contact me anytime c/o email@example.com for define more of the same.. Yes I am big on a number of sociology pakistan issues and uspto, concerns. I am amused when people seek to defeat my logic by attacking my spelling in a chat forum as if that denotes anything. I take the posture that people who are obessed with form over substance are indeed shallow thinkers. Thesis! I do not operate in those margins on the sidelines. I never concerning myself with trival matters like syntax, grammar, spelling in explanatory a chat /blog forum. I am a macro thinker who is concerned with substantive matters and policy issues. I have the thesis sociology, capacity to patent assignment, communicate with the ignorant to thesis sociology, the genius . I leave the immaterial nonsense to the immaterial people who toil in that field..BTW how is my spelling. lol,lol,lol.
I have a question for you: Why is dissertation, it that with all the comments left here, the sociology, responses you've given relate to typos and to your own credentials to dissertation quotation marks, speak to the issue (which quite frankly aren't all that impressive)? Why have you not dealt with the substance of the comments posted here? You see, throwing more money at a broken school system isn't going to fix it. The schools in our state get well over $6000 per student per year, and still can't educate their kids; I spend about $1000 per year for two students, and my kids are far ahead of most public schooled students both academically and sociology, socially. And that's the norm for about gender homeschooled kids - they are far better off than most public-schooled kids in all areas, including academic, social, and emotional. So some homeschooled kids might need some make-up work in science. They can take some classes or do some reading and take care of that kind of deficiency.
At least my kids can read well, write well, and do math; they can find Alaska on a map (even though they've never been there); they can identify the Vice-President of the pakistan, United States; they have a solid understanding of anorexia nervosa history, including not only what happened but why; they know how to learn and sociology, actually WANT to continue doing it; they can relate well to other people who don't live in dissertation the same neighborhood with them, as well as to older people and to children. I don't mean to say that science deficiencies are OK - science is a critically important part of our homeschool curriculum, and my own kids will not get to college deficient in science education; but there's more to life than any one academic subject, and my kids' ability and desire to learn mean that if they should have any academic deficiencies, they will be able to make those up fairly easily. So where's your answer to thesis sociology, the substance of these comments? How do you justify advocating that the current education system, which even you admit doesn't do a very good job of educating the define explanatory essay, children it does have, should regulate and control and sociology pakistan, prescribe the education of define essay homeschooled kids? The fact that you call yourself a macro thinker is hilarious!
Seriously, step outside your micro box and take a good hard look at the judgements you are passing over a VERY broad group of people. Thesis Sociology Pakistan! You are the one who is exemplification essay anorexia nervosa, appearing shallow and thesis pakistan, myopic. Uspto! But, it's nice to thesis, see the only person who actually agrees with this nonsense has your mentality. Dissertation Italics! I will fear the wrath of closed minds when those minds actually come up with something of substance. until then, thanks for thesis sociology the laugh. Daniel Michael and any other proud homeschoolers please fell free to patent, contact me anytime. I am the most published social essayist in this region for the past 2o years.
I am listed in the phone book and pakistan, I fear no man, creature, or cult or any underdeveloped educational propaganda. I live in one of the whitest cities in our state and I am the explanatory, only Black family in my neighborhood so no I have no problem with expressing my opinions. My knowledge of homeschoolers is based upon my work in both private and public educational sectors. My views are based upon emperical knowledge and thesis sociology pakistan, real life experiences with both students and parents invloved in homeschools. I remain unimpressed and with the academic outcomes and exemplification essay, the social demeanor of both the students and thesis, parents of homeschooling. I will always reject myopic backward cultural paradigms than have contempt for me as a person of color. I will always reject ideas which seek to take funds away from the public education. I reject all forms of 'faith base' partnerships between religions and our goverment except when such funding deflects funds that would go to our defense department.. My email is uspto patent assignment, firstname.lastname@example.org if any of you have the courage to make a difference..I do..
It is no great surprise that when Mr. Lessenberry perceives a problem, he calls for increased government regulation as the solution. Thesis Sociology! At Hillsdale College, we refuse all federal and state government support, and annually produce hundreds of high-quality graduates, approximately ten percent of of yeast whom were homeschooled prior to matriculating. The Detroit Free Press article (which Mr. Lessenberry calls “recent”) quoting our honors program director was published over six years ago. It substantively misrepresented his sentiments then, and today, two of this gentleman’s children are being home-schooled. Mr. Lessenberry doesn’t mention that the article also quoted this professor as saying that homeschoolers have “typically done a lot more in thesis sociology English and history than other students come in with.
They tend to be better writers.” Rather than relying on one anecdotal comment quoted out of italics marks context over thesis pakistan, six years ago, I asked our admissions office to compare last year’s ACT science scores of issues homeschooled students with their conventionally-educated counterparts. The homeschoolers averaged in sociology pakistan the 85th percentile on 6th grade writing the science portion of the test, scoring one point below the average of all admitted students. Thesis Pakistan! Their scores in non-science areas were generally superior to the conventionally schooled students, and by a much greater margin than the alleged “deficiency” that Mr. Essay Anorexia! Lessenberry suggests would warrant an enormous intrusion into thesis pakistan, the lives of homeschooling families.
All in all, our experience is that homeschooling is not only more cost effective but can produce results comparable to or better than private, parochial or public schools. For those interested in academic studies, there is a vast amount of literature available to the public supporting this conclusion. Associate Vice President. Funny. The only thing I come up with when I googled the name Greg Thrasher is a kid who plays football. Dissertation Italics Quotation Marks! Maybe you're not as recognized as you think you are. Thesis Pakistan! Besides, anybody can write. Even Miley Cyrus is essay anorexia, writing a memoir so being published means exactly what? That you are 1 in millions? lol lol. Ohhh, I just remembered.
I am published as well. Poetry when I was in 5th grade. Do I win a prize and should that make me as arrogant as you? *snicker* I see you equate home schooling with racism. You assume that only pakistan white people homeschool? lol lol. Italics! I live in Atlanta, GA and can assure you that this is NOT one of the whitest cities in thesis sociology pakistan the COUNTRY. Perhaps your contempt of where you live has left you a bit myopic and 6th grade writing, clouded your ability to sociology pakistan, see the world in anything other than black and white? I see people from respiration all races and religions that home school their children seeing as I do happen to sociology pakistan, live in explanatory a very diverse city. Thesis Pakistan! I respect them each and writing, every single one.
Exactly what is this courage you keep claiming to have? Forming opinions and writing about them does not make you courageous. Opinionated? Yes. But then we all know what opinions can be compared to. Thesis Sociology Pakistan! after all, we all have them. Perhaps I will store your information though. Define Explanatory Essay! If the thesis sociology pakistan, need ever arises and I need someone to instruct my kids in cynacism, racism, arrogance, and bitterness. Exemplification Essay Anorexia Nervosa! you would be PERFECT to thesis, do the job. Concerning Mr Lessenberry's statement that Hillsdale’s honors program director recently told the Detroit Free Press that the home schooled children he sees are typically badly deficient in science education -- I am the Director of Hillsdale's Honors Program and have served in that capacity for five years now. Never have I spoken to Mr Lessenberry nor to the Free Press about any topic. The comments attributed to respiration of yeast, my position do not represent my observations of home schooled students, whose performance in thesis pakistan the Hillsdale College Honors Program is in my experience regularly excellent. I doubt that the remarks to gender, which Mr Lessenberry refers can be attributed to thesis sociology pakistan, any predecessor of mine in this position without distortion either.
But at the very least I can attest to the utter inaccuracy of about their referring to anything recently told to this columnist. In my own view, home schooled students are welcome and typically very well prepared for pakistan the rigors of Hillsdale College’s education. /Professor Donald Westblade. Director, Hillsdale College Honors Program. For the record I had an dissertation quotation opportunity to listen and learn from the pakistan, vantage point of a homeschooler Daniel Segura..
I respect his opinion and dissertation italics quotation marks, his dedication and reasons for homeschooling. I also respect my own views with regard to the social and racial aspect of those in homeschooling.. I will of course keep an open mind and if data supports the premise that academic outcomes of homeschoolers have merit and sociology, substance then they will have a new advocate. I will not endorse any movement that at it's core is adverse to people of color. Patent! that is sociology pakistan, one area where homeschoolers really need to define, evolve.. Again I am the most published social essayist in this region the sociology, past 25 years before the google ever existed and even with the google many publications and writings are deleted as a matter of course.. Please feel free and have the courage to contact me and I will of course provide you some of 6th grade creative rubric my body of work. Pakistan! BTW I would love to define explanatory essay, be a mentor to thesis sociology, you and your kids.. I operate out of passion not anger, bitterness, arrogance, all of those states of being are not a part of my cultural or personal DNA.. Dear, if I wanted someone like you as a mentor to my children then they would be enrolled in public school. And no, I won't be courageous (*snicker*) and italics quotation, contact you. If your writing is anything like I have seen here. Thesis Pakistan! arrogance, blah, blah, blah, racist, blah, blah, blah, close minded, blah, blah, blah, judgemental drival then really I don't see what you have to offer me.
Passion comes from loving something. I have seen a lot of passion in these comments. The only thing I have seen in exemplification anorexia yours is weakness. Jack, I am a public school teacher and have been for thesis sociology pakistan the last thirteen years. I've taught in diverse areas of the country and in schools ranging from an inner-city, low-income school to a thriving and uspto assignment, successful magnet. You could say that I've slept with a public school teacher for years -- not quite as long as your 31 years of (presumably) connubial bliss, but decently long all the same.
I'm also a homeschooler. My years of teaching did little to prepare me for homeschooling -- just as my years of preparation in pakistan my university's education program did little to prepare me for teaching school. Far too often, teachers are woefully un- or under-prepared to essay, educate children effectively, and my experience in education has confirmed this time and again. The 1983 report A Nation at thesis, Risk, whose results have changed little since its publication, pointed out dissertation quotation that a substantial number of pakistan teachers score in the lowest quartile on measurements such as the Praxis and SAT tests. Essay! Adding insult to thesis sociology, injury, most teachers do not major in coursework a content-area subject such as English, history, science, or math. Instead, they major in education. We are educating our child at home because we make little money (teacher's salary, you know. ) and are zoned for a school whose academics are, to thesis, say the least, quite poor.
The school is so focused on attaining AYP goals that the essay anorexia nervosa, curriculum of most classes consists of test preparation almost exclusively -- certainly at the expense of both history and science. Ultimately, we felt (and now have evidence to believe) that we could simply do a better job of educating our child. At home, our child can go at her own pace; all subjects are taught to mastery; review is pakistan, minimal unless needed, and it's hard to exemplification essay anorexia, beat the teacher/pupil ratio. I regret that you evidently disagree, but thankfully enough, homeschooling is legal and will probably remain so as long as its results demonstrate, as they consistently have, that homeschooling works. I think the ad hominem attacks are quite inappropriate. They have been used on both sides of sociology this argument, illustrating that most of these comments do not deal with facts, even when complaining about the exemplification essay nervosa, lack of sociology fact-checking. I would like to see people cite some actual studies about home-schooling, from peer-reviewed journals. It is not enough to say I read a study once. I am not saying I completely agree with everything Mr.
Lessenberry has said, but your attacks regarding fact-checking are inappropriate if you only explanatory essay provide anecdotal information about your own stellar children. Most of the comments have probably come from parents who have done an excellent job teaching their children. Thesis! The bad examples to which Mr. Lessenberry refers probably have not bothered to comment. Former public school teacher here - high school physics, biology, marine science, environmental science. I value public education. I believe it's necessary in a civilized society to give opportunities for all children to acquire an education.
However, it was the very experiences in the realm of public education as a credentialed master's level teacher that led me to assignment, the decision to homeschool my own children. I grow weary of the uninformed casting stereotypes of sociology pakistan homeschoolers as unqualified, ignorant, and dissertation quotation, bigoted. I know that there's nothing I can say to convince you. Perhaps, one day, you'll gain some firsthand experience with homeschoolers to give you a more robust picture. I have firsthand experience in both arenas, and pakistan, I speak with whatever level of dissertation quotation authority that affords me. Sociology Pakistan! Homeschooling works! You're right. 6th Grade Creative Writing Rubric! The attacks on character are inappropriate. I apologize.
In my defense though I must say that Mr. Thesis Pakistan! Thrasher left me little to go on and angered me greatly with his stereotypes. Bottom line is, home schooling my children just feels right to me. I know all to 6th grade, well that to some people that one thing alone makes me a terrible person in their eyes. It hurts me greatly to have people judge me based on the fact that I love my children so much that I am willing to sociology pakistan, give up many things for essay about gender myself, my husband, and thesis, them in order to follow my heart to what my husband and I honestly feel is the right thing to do. It is not enjoyable to have to be on the defensive everytime I utter the words We home school to some random person because I have to feel out their reaction thanks to the ignorant stereotypes and stigmatisms placed on 6th grade writing it by people.
Such as those that are fueled by the writer of this essay as well as Mr. Thrasher. I am so very proud of my children and like I said before I could quote all day their accomplishments. Their test scores make me proud and assure me that all is well on thesis the education side. But the respiration of yeast coursework, most important thing is that they are happy and healthy and well rounded. They respect all people of all ages, all religions, all races, and all classes. They know they can choose to sociology pakistan, live a life of any choosing they wish and if that doesn't include college their dad and I will love them no less. John Lennon said it so eloquently A working class hero is essay gender, something to be. As I have posted my mind remains open yet I will object, reject, defeat all paradigms that are racist 24/7.. Thrasher, my greatest homeschooling mentors are an African-American homeschooling family who have just graduated their youngest daughter. I find it personally offensive that you equate homeschooling with racism, and I would wager that my African-American homeschooling friends would find it offensive as well.
I searched the Free Press website and thesis sociology pakistan, couldn't find anything about Hillsdale and a science deficiency among students. Marks! I really wish Mr. Lessenberry would address this for those of us who look up to him as a journalist and are perplexed about his journalistic integrity being questioned. @ Sharon since it is sociology pakistan, obvious you are not Black please refrain from speaking on our behalf this includes even your greatest homeschool mentors!! Since I am Black there is no question that many Black homeschoolers would not only agree with me about my profile of the racism in the homeschool movement but many no doubt would provide me with more information to of yeast coursework, butress my premise. It is obvious my comments are on sociology the money given the defensive and emotional reactions by many on this site, of course as a Black activist it is never a surpise when I get attacks by whites becuase I offer no apologies when I confront, reject and defeat white racism. Truth is at essay, the end of the day the homeschool movement profile is sociology pakistan, full of exemplification essay nervosa myopic insular racism it is a natural result of white people who isolate themselves from the mainstream. The people of color who homeschool understand this truth . Thesis Sociology! The objectives of people of gender color who homeschool( Rosa Parks) are often not the same as the thesis sociology, whites who homeschool especially wih regard to exemplification essay nervosa, the religious and social objectives.
I have no reservations about calling out the racism in home schooling . I hope more whites and people of color join me in this regard.. The only thing obvious about you, Mr. Thrasher, is that you are the one who is racist. I also have no reservations about thesis sociology pakistan calling out racism when I see it. Yours is dissertation italics marks, seething and disgusting.
I see now that your arguement really has little to do with homeschooling. Your hatred goes far beyond that. I wash my hands of this and this will be my last post. I pray that perhaps one day you find the courage to embrace people as a whole and then perhaps you will find true passion for your own race. Pakistan! I leave you with a quote. It is never too late to respiration of yeast coursework, give up our prejudices.-Thoreau. Clarification: The comments Jack Lessenberry makes about the Honors Program Director at Hillsdale College. are inaccurate.
I just spoke with Professor Don Westblade, the sociology, current Honors Program Director at Hillsdale. College, and he said that he did not make these statements. In addition, he said that the creative writing rubric, statements. referred to by the author of the WKAR homeschool essay, regarding a Detroit Free Press article were. completely inaccurate, and taken out of context from an interview by the DFP with the former Honors Program Director 6 years ago. If you wish to see the correct and accurate comments and further clarification, please contact the.
Hillsdale College public relations office, or go to thesis sociology pakistan, their website. Professor Westblade told me that there are many homeschooled students in his. honors program at Hillsdale, and that those students are excellent. He also said that. he is exemplification essay anorexia, very chagrined that this author obviously misused comments and took positive. comments that Hillsdale made 6 years ago about home schooled students, and turned. them around so as to make them look like Hillsdale does not support home schooling. In fact, Professor Westdale said, Hillsdale does greatly support homeschooling. (Celebrating Home Under Rome-Catholic Home schooling) @Mtn Mama, I am sadden that you would take a chat discussion on a provactive issue and make it personal by calling me a racist. I have no hatred for human beings but I do have a great disregard for racism and bigotry of pakistan institutions and cultural conventions.
As a person of color I understand why whites and others who are a part of of yeast coursework a movement would get bent out of shape over critical objections about one's industry, professional etc yet for you to wage this personal attack on me for thesis daring to have a factual base on my views is uspto, again disheartening. Your notice to me that you cannot measure up to sociology pakistan, my objective remarks and of yeast coursework, you are going to move on but you will call me a name before you retire from thesis pakistan this discussion simply confirms my premise.. I will pray for you of dissertation quotation marks course but please do not expect to see me at the next Homeschool Convention.. I will always reject myopic backward cultural paradigms than have contempt for me as a person of color. Can you please tell me what backward cultural paradigms homeschoolers are teaching that have contempt for people of color? Apparently I am hanging out with the sociology pakistan, wrong homeschoolers.
Can you tell me where you're getting this empirical data from? I'm sorry, Thrasher, but I just don't see it. In my experience, yes anecdotal, homeschoolers are accepting of other homeschoolers. That's it. Dissertation Quotation! They don't care what color you are. All that matters is the desire to educate our children to their fullest abilities. Granted, there are SOME homeschoolers who are not open minded.
But, oh my gosh, there are public school and private school families that are not open minded. I know. I was raised in one. But, that, contrary to your opinion, does not tipify homeschool attitude. I will always reject ideas which seek to take funds away from the sociology pakistan, public education. So, taking my children out of a school that refuses to provide them with the education they need takes away funds from the public education.
Since my children would not fit into a regular classroom and would need special considerations to educate them well, I think I'm actually saving the school money. Uspto! Oh, sure, they don't get my kids' test scores, but they can focus on the other kids left there. I had 2 public school teachers tell me I needed to thesis, homeschool my children. Define Essay! Then, when she found out thesis sociology pakistan I had made the decision to do so, my oldest's private school teacher was ecstatic. She said he was wasting his time in school. It was not an italics easy decision.
Who wants to be completely responsible for their child's education? It is thesis sociology, so much easier to send them to school and then blame the schools. Don't give me that. I have to do what is best for MY children. While I would love to send them to a public school and gender, not have to worry about their education, I can say unequivically that that cannot happen. I can't wait for the school to change to give my children the eduaction they need. They have to have it now.
In the meantime, I'll continue paying my taxes and buying stuff from the thesis sociology pakistan, fundraisers going around the neighborhood. I made it personal? Oh no, no, no. YOU made it personal when you decided to lump every single person who homeschools into a catagory of a myopic backward cultural. Then you sealed your contempt for white people with this: The objectives of people of color who homeschool( Rosa Parks) are often not the explanatory essay, same as the whites who homeschool especially wih regard to the religious and social objectives. -Mr.
Greg Thrasher. Are you saying that only black people can homeschool for thesis sociology pakistan the proper religious and social objectives? Because lets face it, ALL people homeschool for various reasons. You, however, are the first I have ever seen put a boundary on the reasons based on explanatory essay race. It is ridiculous and you have NO facts to thesis sociology pakistan, back up such ignorant statements. Not a single one. This so called empirical data exists only in your own myopic mind. I stick by my assertion that you are indeed a racist and I am also beginning to assert that you are a classist as well.
What is really sad is you naively confuse ignorance and delusion for passion. You are a hinderance to the race you claim to love so much. By all means, continue to prove me right with another post of mindless, racist drivil. Anorexia Nervosa! Continue to thesis sociology pakistan, embarass yourself. Seeing as the article in essay gender question regarding Hillsdale was written in 2002, it is hardly recent. And David Steward hasn't been the honors program director for years. He actually hoemschools his own children and what didn't make it into your essay here is thesis sociology pakistan, that he also said that homeschoolers are generally more prepared in math, English, history, et., than other students.
When pressed, he said that if they had a weakness, it was in science. Hardly a ridicule of homeschoolers or a call for greater control. I will continue to reject your personal attacks on me in a chat forum for daring to respiration coursework, have a discussion about pakistan racism in the homeschool movement. Yes I will continue to object to myopic white people like you who told many other Black people inclduing MLK, Rosa Parks how they were a hinderance to our race becuase they dared to coursework, speak out and act out.. The sole reason for the creation of HBCU was the racist and segregated behavior of whites which created the need for my people to create HBCU's. Sorry to disappoint you but the opinions of Blacks on a number of fronts including our opinions on homeschooling is not high on sociology the list of the essay about gender, white dominated MSM outlets..BTW the absence of a fortune 500 office tower does not mean our country's orginial people were here after the country's original illegal aliens( pilgrims puritans)from europe.. But more importantly your need to sociology pakistan, attack me on a personal level is anorexia, not going to stop me for relating my truths about the profile of the thesis, home school movement sorry but I am (pick one)one negro/colored/afro/boy/african american that does not bend over or genuflect to the personal attacks of those who cannot measure up..Again my cultural DNA does not allow that. May God grace you one day with the ability to respiration, see beyond black and white as He did Rosa Parks and MLK. Would it ease your fears to know that both my children are very aware of thesis sociology what the Civil Rights Movement is as well as the great people you speak of and their roles in it? I doubt it. after all, it is all to clear that you see me as a myopic white person. Exemplification Essay Nervosa! To you, all white people are just that.
To me, your just an uniformed, racist bigot. Thesis Pakistan! Nothing more, nothing less. Essay! If you feel the need to justify my assertion by injecting one of the names YOU used then know it is YOUR words. and NEVER mine. Here is how deeply my children feel and how much learning about pakistan such issues has affected them. 6th Grade Creative! I am a huge Bob Dylan fan and thesis pakistan, one day while listening to the song Hurricane (a protest song written for Hurricane Carter) my 9 yo says to me, Mom, I don't like this song. I asked her why. She says to 6th grade rubric, me, It speaks badly about black people. (Hence, it uses the n word in it) I asked her if she remembered us talking about Civil Rights. Pakistan! She aknowledged she did and I went on creative writing to explain the meaning of the sociology pakistan, song and that it was not being mean to black people, but in fact it was a protest to the injustices aimed at them. Italics! That eased her little burdened mind from fear she was listening to a song demeaning people. A mind that I intend to build with a strong foundation of knowledge before she one day has the thesis sociology, burden of crossing paths with racist white people as well as racist black people(as yourself). And this is one small fraction of hundreds of examples I could give.
I could also tell you about the first time my daughter heard the n word. From a black girl in her pre-k class(oh yes, they learned many, many things in the public school system. this being just one of them). If I am lieing then may God strike me dead as I type. I will continue to reject your attacks on the homeschool movement as racist. I will continue to reject your ignorant opinions. You have no merit or facts to back up anything you say. For that matter, you can't even find a single quote I have given to label me racist. and you never will. Please spare me the cum ba ya tales and stop using your children to butress your weak and shallow arguments..You are truly pathetic offering up your kids to make point.
The reason why you are obessed with my posts is because I nailed the racism in essay about the homeschool movement..deal with it and please do not tell another good cum ba ya story what's next a post that 'some of sociology pakistan your best friends are coloreds.. Step up or get stepped on..again I have no problem dealing with ignorant white folks in denial and making excuses about thier racial pathlogies.. BTW you also speak with a forked tongue I thought you were never going to uspto patent, post about me..so much for thesis sociology pakistan your promises..get over me cause I am not leaving..your obession is making me blush.. This is dissertation italics marks, my last comment with you I do not want to be a part of sociology a discourse with you that involves you having kids fight your battles.. My cultural DNA does not approve of respiration coursework that. At least I have talking points. What do you have but your desperate pride that has you blind to a world of colors?
Ha! Just as I predicted. you could never and sociology pakistan, would never understand anybody who embraces diversity. Patent Assignment! It crushes this thread of woe is me you cling so desperately to. Get over pakistan, yourself. Get over your sickness of explanatory racist hatred for white people. It's sick and you are a disease on the plight of the people you claim to respect so much. BTW, I did finally find something pertaining to a Greg Thrasher that is presumably this HUGE alter ego you have for yourself. but it came from thesis sociology pakistan this very website. How pathetic. About Gender Issues! Newsflash, commenting on blogs does not equate published.
Lol. that is so funny I about spewed my coffee. I quote a Mr. Thesis Pakistan! Jose Santiago who seems to have pegged you very well: Greg Thrasher has been a tiresome presence on this and other sites. He is a Birmingham resident but would have you believe that his roots are in the black community but alas he hides in of yeast a lily white upper middle class community. He likes it that way because he is a bully. Thesis Sociology! Very scanty resume-no real challenging preparation. What is it Greg a BA in Communications from MSU. Anorexia! Think tank-please.
This guy is a legend in his own mind. Brings no real insight or intellectual capability to sociology pakistan, the affairs of essay about issues state. A very real race baiter, racial arsonist and real life scumbag. Ignore him-all talk and no action except countersigning that public sector paycheck. Wow. lol. Right on, Mr.
Santiago. You wish I had never posted back. You should have left well enough alone. But then that is a fools pride for you. What's that swooshing sound? Must be the sound of the thesis, winds being taken out of your sails. Oh, I believe you will stick around.
While you do. please read and re-read every word I have written. Perhaps it will begin to sink in just how utterly ridiculous you are and exemplification, make you dig deep to change your sick sick mind. And for the record. I don't have to tell a story about pakistan having colored friends (your words, not mine). I don't have to uspto, look beyond the walls of my own house to see a very diverse set of people. I myself am German/Italian and I am married to a man who has a mixture of Irish/Native American Indian/Portuguese decent (most mistake him for a hispanic man though).
One daughter clearly got the Irish decent in looks as she is pale skinned with freckles and my other daughter got the Portuguese look with dark hair and dark skin. Ignorant people such as yourself assume them to have different fathers. but nope. one dad, one mom and a mutt mixture of DNA. In your essay you stated, Educational malpractice should be illegal as well. To understand your perspective more clearly, could you please define your term educational malpractice? And for thesis sociology the sake of argument, let's assume that the Michigan legislature adopts your definition of educational malpractice, what would be a suitable penalty for those that are guilty of such an act? And once educational malpractice becomes illegal in our state, it will become insufficent to say that we must fix the public schools. Exemplification Essay Anorexia Nervosa! If educational malpractice is truly illegal, we must apply the standard across the board, and prosecute ALL who are guilty of such malpractice. Your essay asserts that the parents' role is to supplement the school so they are, at best, an accomplice to the alleged malpractice. Consequently, this leaves the teachers and the admininistrators primarily culpable in thesis the alleged educational malpractice currently occuring in our Detroit public schools. Further, considering that your wife is an educator, would you accept that she could be prosecuted for exemplification anorexia educational malpractice because a child who sat in her classroom and sociology pakistan, under her teaching every day for 180 days, failed to marks, meet the thesis sociology pakistan, educational standards set by dissertation quotation marks, the state?
Also, assuming your wife has done all within her power to teach her pupils, but the parent fails to homeschool him after school hours and the student flounders and thesis sociology pakistan, fails the MEAP, would your wife be required to file a charge of educational malpractice against the parents so that she is not liable in the child's academic failure and thus guilty of educational malpractice as his teacher? Lastly, your analogy between medicine and assignment, education is an interesting one if you consider, that as a parent, you are not required to report to the local health officials every year, because you MIGHT do something as stupid as take out his appendix on the kitchen table. Thesis Sociology Pakistan! No, the state assumes that you are diligently applying proper medical treatement to the various maladies your son acquires; that which require home treatment you provide, that which provide more knowledge you solicit outside help. But in Michgan, we are not required to report that as parents we are doing the right thing regarding our child's health in the state approved way. The state does not require you to exemplification essay nervosa, report annually to them, because they assume that your are doing the sociology pakistan, right thing until it is alleged that your are not. That's traditionally been considered innocent until proven guilty.
As a parent, would you accept a law that requires you to report your to your local health offical and follow their prescribed nutrition and medical procedures and if not be considered guilty of define explanatory medical malpratice? Perhaps so. However, I suspect many parents would find it outrageous to annually report to the state and submit to the their prescribed regiments for thesis pakistan our children's health. Explanatory! To say that every child requires the same diet and the same care denies the sociology, basic fact that children are unique and cannot be treated equally for all diseases and that certain diets are better for certain children. The state recognizes and accepts this truth and acknoweldges that the parent will do the right thing in respiration most cases, thus no state mandated annual reporting is required. The state affords complete freedom to the parent. Thesis Sociology Pakistan! They provide nutrition and exemplification essay, health guidelines, but do not require that they be strictly followed under penalty of thesis presecution for medical malpractice. For many parents, we believe the same is true in our child's education. There isn't a one size fits all standard that can be applied to ALL children. Therefore, just as in respiration of yeast coursework medicine the state must assume that we are acting appropriately until it is shown that we are not.
If the state is willing to thesis pakistan, risk the fact that we won't do an appendectomy on our children (or any other life threatening procedure) without yearly reporting, then it becomes easy to see why allowing them the freedom to teach them their ABC's and times tables without reporting to their local public school. Lastly, any reporting requirement is absurd because the parents are NOT under the explanatory essay, authority of the thesis, local school system. Define Explanatory! The schools are a service that the state provides because the people of this state gave their consent. The parents are (in theory anyway) the sociology pakistan, boss and the school personnel the employee. The employee can ask the boss to do something, but they do not have the authority to quotation marks, require the thesis sociology pakistan, boss do anything. This is supported by uspto patent assignment, our state law which says, Section 380.10: It is the natural, fundamental right of parents and legal guardians to determine and direct the care, teaching, and education of their children.
The public schools of this state serve the needs of the pupils by cooperating with the pupil's parents and legal guardians to thesis pakistan, develop the pupil's intellectual capabilities and vocational skills in a safe and positive manner. State law rightly recognizes that the parent has the uspto assignment, natural and fundamental right to direct their child's care. The state's role is to cooperate with the parents, not the thesis, other way around. This means that unless they state can demonstrate probable cause that criminal activity has already taken place in the home, they do not have the authority to intervene or put upon the parents any further requirements that would include mandatory annual reporting to the local schools. I would really, REALLY like to see Mr.
Lessenberry respond to those from creative writing rubric Hillsdale who have refuted the out-of-context and out-of-date quote used to 'support' this essay. It would also be refreshing to see any kind of support for his assertions that home educators aren't competitive in a diverse and technologically complex society. In spite of the fact that public education is the thesis, new kid on the block, those who believe that homeschooling is a fad that just popped out of nowhere and require data to prove that parents really do honestly care about providing their children with a well-rounded education and social life can check out the study done by Dr. Lawrence Rudner or check out the National Home Education Research Institute website. Five minutes with Google- is that too much to dissertation italics quotation, ask? I have heard the analogies tossed around for the 13+ years that I have home educated my kids- the idea being that only 'professional educators' are 'qualified to teach'. Licensing may be required for thesis sociology those who provide a public service, such as household repairs, medical treatment, beauty treatments, nutrition, child care etc. but one does not require a license or advanced training to perform the basics of these in one's own home. I don't consult with a doctor every time my child has an ache, fever, or injury.
I make that call as the parent. Ditto haircuts, manicures, and meal planning and potty training. Those who have been thoroughly institutionalized can't imagine how a parent could be so arrogant as to creative rubric, think they are able to determine and direct their childrens' educations, in thesis sociology spite of the fact that most parents have spent at least 12 years being taught by professional educators. But those same people don't even think about clipping their kids toenails or giving first aid without training in cosmetology or going to medical school. The home education movement is evidence of what is great about America- people are free to find solutions to the problems they face, express their individuality and creativity, and discover-often through trial and error- what path is best for them to take. Of course, this means people are free to define, be ignorant, bigoted, delusional, or greatly mistaken. But we can't outlaw making mistakes, or being clueless. The universe couldn't contain the legislation needed to control every aspect of human behavior, nor do we desire such controls if we really think about it. Why are only 26 of the pakistan, 63 comments listed?
oops i just found the essay anorexia nervosa, arrows. If you're doing your job, you shouldn't have anything to hide. The legislation is non-invasive and for the welfare of children. Methinks all these homeschooling parents should get back to raising and teaching their children. Rebecca said, f you're doing your job, you shouldn't have anything to thesis pakistan, hide. Thankfully, That isn't the way our country is set up. In America, we are innocent until proven guilty.
Therefore, it is the responsibility of the state to demonstrate probable cause that a specific parent is doing something criminally wrong in order for them to intervene. It is NOT the responsibility of the parent to report to 6th grade creative writing, the state and assure them that they are doing things correctly. In a free society we are not required to report to thesis sociology pakistan, the court house if we are not accused of a crime. We do not report to the Department of Health and Human Services if we are not on welfare. Likewise, we do not report to the Department of Education if we don't use the public schools. The state of Michigan recognizes that the PARENTS not the state has the natural and fundamental right to determine and direct the patent assignment, care and education of their children. The parent is not in partnership with the state nor does the state rule over the parent in this regard. Therefore, it is not because homeschoolers have anything to thesis sociology, hide that we refuse to of yeast, report to the state, but because we have the natural and fundamental right to do so. This isn't fascism.
It's common sense. Your obstinence is frightening and shows your delusional grasp on the law and American history. So glad you're teaching young minds of tomorrow to be as closeminded and sanctimonious as you. Praise Jesus! If you would be so kind as to thesis sociology pakistan, point out the inaccuracies of Karen's post, it would help others understand your position. You're delusional doesn't really address the issues at hand. I have not stated or implied that this is 6th grade writing, facism nor have I stated or implied that the state is attempting to deny ALL individual rights. But I have said that the requirement of thesis sociology pakistan parents to submit to essay, the state in the education of their children violates their natural and fundamental right as a parent. A right which is recognized by sociology pakistan, Michigan law (see citation in 6th grade creative my first comment.)
I am not closed to thesis sociology, opposing viewpoints. If you would like to tell me where I am wrong or delusional in my thinking or my knowledge of history that would be helpful and welcome. But making such assertions without any further information to support them is not. Frankly it isn't any of your concern, nor the concern of the government, who is simply letting their kids run wild. Too many of 6th grade creative writing our liberties are being stripped away by people like you. who should be minding your own business. Prescribe a curriculum? I think it is YOU who are nuts. Big box, cookie cutter education is failing our society and our children.
Parents who create their own curriculum and encourage children to develop their strengths and not focus entirely on their weaknesses, as public schols do, should be commended. Praise to them for thesis pakistan not raising mindless, brainless drones. And the social interaction you mention is a joke. Homeschool kids get heir interaction from REAL life. And why should parents send their children to school for 6-8 hours a day to be educated properly and then be required to essay nervosa, homeschool in the evenings. Either the thesis, schools are doing their job or they are not.
You can't have it both ways. Italics Marks! Homework and parental involvement is so important in public schools because they are NOT doing a good job educating our children. I would rather homeschool my children, give them one on one attention, and make learning a fun experience for them. Since our country is filled with morons and sociology, lead by dissertation italics quotation, elected morons I think some fresh perspective from kids who are not conditioned by thesis, government schools is a GOOD thing. I have had the mispleasure of acessing a number of homeschool sites and it is truly an excercise in fiction, disinformation, deflection, right wing religious propaganda and devoid of anything of explanatory essay value and significance regarding diversity and a honest discussion of racism in thesis pakistan the homeschool arena..
I remain amazed at the depth and degree of white racism in our country and how it is so pervasive and lethal in every manner and aspect of patent life here in America.. Given our country's continued legacy of contempt for people of color I will do my best to thesis pakistan, deter parents and others from homeschooling. The staggering failures of our public education still do not warrant children of color to engaged in the insular, myopic, unproven academic venues of homeschooling ..It is the most uneducated position and posture any family of color should pursue.. First of all, there WAS something I said in my essay that I would like to define essay, amend. I quoted a recent Free Press story as saying that Hillsdale College’s honors program director recently told the pakistan, Detroit Free Press that the home schooled children he sees are deficient in essay gender issues science education. In fact the man who said that, David Stewart, actually said it in thesis pakistan 2002. I do not think that is ancient history, nor do I think the situation is likely to have radically changed since then. But I would not have used the word “recent” if I had to do it over. Mr. Uspto Assignment! Stewart is also no longer the honors director, and I apologize for that error. What I actually did was take that statement from sociology another article.
Here is creative writing, what that article said. “David Stewart, director of sociology Hillsdale College’s honors program, told the Detroit Free Press that home schooled children are typically deficient in science education: ’I can generally count on them for having almost no science and virtually no lab science.” Incidentally -- there is nothing wrong with totally disagreeing with me on this topic. Many of the postings, however, seem to be from people who did not do a very good job of exemplification essay anorexia reading my essay. I did in fact say that there were cases where home schooling makes sense. It is sociology, clear that many of the people posting here have done an excellent job home schooling their children, or at about gender issues, least are convinced that they have, though the thesis sociology pakistan, defensiveness of some of the comments makes me wonder. However, I have seen examples of home “schooling” failures as well; students whose home schooling included no biology and lots of religious fanaticism. Students who are insufficiently socialized. Hats off to uspto assignment, those parents who do in fact home school their children and somehow give them a well-rounded educational and social experience. But very few parents can do that in thesis pakistan today’s economy, where two-earner families are the norm, and exemplification nervosa, everything that weakens the public schools financially weakens our democracy.
But I have no sympathy for home schoolers who oppose even letting the authorities know that they are home schooling their children; that makes no sense in today’s world. And I remain unalterably opposed to allowing uneducated and unqualified to home school their children, for the same reason I should not be allowed to practice medicine. And I think the state SHOULD prescribe some basic curriculum, and require home schooled children to thesis sociology pakistan, take tests to assignment, demonstrate they are performing up to capacity. Thesis! All of the people who have posted here that their home schooled children are performing far ahead of grade level should scarcely fear this. Pennsylvania prescribes a strict curriculum for home schoolers, by the way, and education policy experts tell me it works very well. And no, I am not talking about italics quotation filling their little heads with liberal orthodoxy. I am talking about competence in most basic subjects, without which no child in Michigan stands a chance of thesis sociology pakistan survival. Again you display your very poor research skills. 6th Grade Creative! You said, Pennsylvania prescribes a strict curriculum for home schoolers, by the way, and education policy experts tell me it works very well. Tell me, did you bother to compare that to students test scores from states that do not impose such laws?
Obviously not or you would learn that laws have little to sociology pakistan, no influence on the performance of homeschool students. I could provide you a link if I had the time or patience to search for essay it for sociology you But you are the 6th grade creative, so called journalist so do yourself and thesis sociology, all of us here a favor a show some competance and pride in your job. Though I wasn't homeschooled myself, I must say that the most important life lessons I learned were through my parents and thankfully they taught me that if I wasn't going to give something worth doing 100% then not to bother doing it at all. Something that you neither learned at home or in school. Thrasher, Thrasher, Thrasher. I have had the mispleasure of acessing a number of homeschool sites Oh, so you indeed were blowing smoke about this empirical data after all. (Not that we didn't know that already *wink*)
You admit that you just now, after days of comments against exemplification anorexia homeschooling, decided to take a peek at what it actually is? *shakes head and sighs deeply* Seriously, if this is the best you and Jack can do then I am shaking. with laughter that is. Thanks Mr. Lessenberry for the clarification. I didn't really expect you to give one, considering all the negativity defensiveness surrounding this discussion. Mtn.
Mama, why don't you take your hysterics and go back to thesis, the other barefoot rubes in the mountains? And quit antagonizing Thrasher. Everybody around here knows he's crazy, yet he always posts. Patent! Just ignore him like we do. I have no sympathy for home schoolers who oppose even letting the authorities know that they are home schooling their children; that makes no sense in today’s world. everything that weakens the sociology, public schools financially weakens our democracy.
Michigan law recognize the gender issues, right of the PARENT to determine and direct the care and education of their offspring. Our democracy is weakened when the state mandates that parents must comply with their determination and sociology pakistan, direction as to what would comprise a suitable education for essay about gender issues children in violation of the natural and fundamental rights of the parents. Without freedom to exercise our natural and thesis sociology, fundamental rights, our country doesn't stand a chance of survival. (If possible, I would like to know your definition of educational malpractice and the penalty for such a wrong and patent, how it would apply to our Detroit Public schools.) I love a bunch of thesis illiterate Jesus freaks criticizing one of the respiration of yeast coursework, top journalists in the state for his poor research skills. I wouldn't let any of you ignoramuses near my kids with a ten foot pole.
Best get back to teaching your kids dinosaurs walked the earth with people. We need the next generation to be as close-minded and ill-informed as you. So get offline and do your duty for thesis sociology Jesus. We need the next generation to about issues, be as close-minded and ill-informed as you. Ummmm. you do realize that we, you and I, got our educations in the same place, right?
So one can say that perhaps the indoctrination of the public school system worked better on some than others? In that case, praise Jesus I fell through the cracks. Will Mr. Lessenberry respond to Prof. Donald Westblade and Chris Bachelder, the Associate Vice President of Hillsdale College?
Prof. Westblade's quote provided the spine of part of Mr. Lessenberry's argument. Now it seems it was an out-context remark from 6 years ago. Whoops, just saw the thesis sociology pakistan, clarification. Janet - A lot of the people commenting here have blogs. Define! One click on sociology our names and you could have learned that a lot of us are anything but Jesus Freaks.
Research skills. And I remain unalterably opposed to coursework, allowing uneducated and unqualified to home school their children. What would be the qualifications you'd imagine would be needed to homeschool? If you have a sense that qualifications are needed you must have some idea of what skills and knowledge a homeschooling parent needs. The other things is that I can't find any evidence that homeschooling parents without qualifications, or who may seem uneducated, are failing their kids.
Studies, though there aren't too many, don't seem to even hint at a problem in thesis sociology this regard. Essay Anorexia! Are you proposing a solution to thesis sociology, a that really exists? But very few parents can do that in today’s economy, where two-earner families are the anorexia nervosa, norm, and everything that weakens the public schools financially weakens our democracy. If (and that's a big if) homeschooling weakens public schools financially then why not look at how we fund public schools? As for weakening democracy, that's a non-sequitur, at least as you stated it. Thesis Sociology Pakistan! Make that case. And I think the state SHOULD prescribe some basic curriculum, and require home schooled children to take tests to demonstrate they are performing up to capacity. What would the basic curriculum be?
What kind of choice will that remove from a homeschooling family? And do you mean curriculum or, as I suspect, scope and sequence? The problem is that you, and other critics, say it lightly, as if there could be no problem with this but we look at schools where curriculums are often bloated, subject to politics and completely removed from community or student interest. Maybe you mean just basic things, reading and math? And yet this would still pose problems. Uspto Patent! Many homeschoolers delay formal academics until 8 or 9 (there's some evidence in favour of this), many use very different curriculums where different concepts and skills may be learned at different ages (sometimes this happens within a family. It will in mine where I have two very different learners). Thesis! How will testing account for this? If it doesn't, is it really not about respiration being concerned about homeschooling kids' education and simply about standardizing them? This makes me wonder about the critics. Why are the thesis sociology pakistan, solutions to your worries so. Dissertation! bland?
Why are they simply the same uninspired and barely useful tools we saddle schools with? The problem with Mr. Lessenberry's essay, is that he articlates a problem, educational malpractice, but he has yet to thesis pakistan, define educational malpractice. And yet he purports to know the solution to this undefined problem. Italics Quotation Marks! We must fix the thesis sociology pakistan, public schools (our democracy depends on it) and severely regulate the homeschoolers where only the most qualified are allowed to participate and the rest of the dolts should send them off to school and homeschool them in the evening. However, until we can adequately define exactly what constitutes educational neglect and conversely educational success we'll be like Michgan construction workers filling pot holes on patent assignment I-75. We'll spend a whole lot of money and a whole lot of time doing what we always do, but we haven't fixed a thing. Interestingly, during a symposium unveling the new graduation requirements in thesis Michgan a few years ago, I asked the Michigan Superintendant of Public Instruction Mike Flannagan for his definition of a well-educated child.
He stammered and sweated on the podium for a few minutes and uspto, then said that no one had ever asked him that before and he really hadn't considered the question! The audience gasped and so did I. How can an educator (and father) create goals and requirements for thesis sociology our state's children and not know what he's even aiming for? He eventually stammered out of yeast coursework something, but it had little resemblence to the graduation requirements he just layed out. Thesis! (The only thing I remember from his answer is that a well educated child should visit the Detroit Institute of define explanatory essay Arts and thesis sociology, read the explanatory, classics!) Similar to Mr. Flannagan, how can Mr. Thesis Sociology! Lessenberry articulate a solution for educational malpractice when he has yet to adequately define the problem? Do ANY of you regularly read Lessenberry's column, or do you all just Google Homschooling to find your soapbox du jour to spout your fanatical views.
One thing I have noticed in the comments is respiration of yeast coursework, that the sociology, homeschoolers are discussing the issues while the detractors just call them names. Curious. I am a Detroit resident and have always been. I am familiar with Mr. Lessenberry mostly through his editorial work at the Detroit News which I delivered and read growing up. I have occassionally read his column at anorexia nervosa, the Metro Times. I first read about this particular essay on another blog and clicked over to see if it was the same Jack Lessenberry. I read his bio and pakistan, found that it was. In his concluding paragraph of that bio he said,
Jack has always said that the thing he loves about journalism is the fact that it's all about exemplification anorexia nervosa people-about connecting with and thesis, learning from them. I want to create intelligent dialogue about the problems we face. I think we need to think about and talk about who we are as a country and people, and explore those things. As a writer for a large homeschool magazine, The Old Schoolhouse, I share Mr. Lessenberry's desire for connecting with people and intelligent dialogue on 6th grade creative writing the problems we face. So, I took him at his word and decided to connect and offer a comment. I am an sociology pakistan educator interested in education. I look for define essay articles and blogs that reflect on thesis or discuss my interests. I comment on the articles and uspto patent assignment, blogs that discuss the sociology pakistan, issues I think are important. Dissertation Quotation Marks! What is strange about that? Are folks seriously suggesting that conversations about home education should not be commented on pakistan by those closest to of yeast, the subject?
How can you have an intelligent discussion about thesis pakistan homeschooling without the participation of homeschoolers? There is dissertation, a difference between defending one's choices and being defensive. It would still be interesting to see some actual discussion of some actual educational issues instead of name-calling and off topic rants. BTW, I am currently reading the thesis, Final Report of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel (122 page .pdf file at essay about gender issues, www.ed.gov) which states something very interesting on pages 65-66: Overall, findings about the relationship between teacher certification (i.e., licensure) and thesis pakistan, student achievement in explanatory mathematics have been mixed, even among the most rigorous and pakistan, highest-quality studies. Research in 6th grade creative this area has not provided. consistent or convincing evidence that students of teachers who are certified to teach mathematics gain more than those whose teachers are not. Sociology Pakistan! The relationship between teacher certification status, the most inexact proxy for teachers’ content knowledge, and students’ mathematics achievement remains ambiguous. There has yet to be a proven correlation between teacher certification and student success in any area of education. Most studies seem to of yeast coursework, indicate that verbal ability is the most important factor in teaching, but even that element can't be quantified. Assuming that an sociology uncertified parent is nervosa, unqualified to teach is inaccurate, because even the NMAP can't pinpoint the factors that make the most effective teachers. Parents certainly can't do much worse than the current system however, and sociology, the available research into home education supports the fact that parents do BETTER.
Which is why the home education option is patent, so valuable for parents. We are free to find the resources that are most effective in educating our kids- whether it be curriculum or online instruction or a mentor. We aren't 'stuck' with whatever teacher the school assigns, regardless of their actual teaching ability. Thanks for sociology the clarification, Lessenberry. Patent! But it still doesn't address the fact that the Detroit Free Press apparently originally quoted Mr. Stewart out of context. That wouldn't be your fault since you are just relying on second-hand information. But since Hillsdale's student body consists of a lot of thesis sociology homeschooled and private schooled students, and they see no need for this regulation, I think it should be taken seriously.
This is what Mr. Stewart said to me in an email: Yes, there was more to my conversation with the respiration, Free Press than the thesis sociology pakistan, single-sentence quotation. I am generally favorably-disposed towards home-schooling (indeed, two of my own children are currently home-schooled), and my 2002 comments to the reporter were positive. He was looking for balance, so I said something to the effect that if homeschoolers have a consistent weakness, it’s laboratory sciences: students are typically better prepared in math, history, English, etc. than in laboratory sciences. I also said that many parents recognize that deficiency and enroll their children in a local community college during the senior year of of yeast high school (which would be the short version of thesis sociology my advice to you as your children grow. The same solution also helps some parents with advanced foreign language studies.) So, I asserted in anorexia 2002 that the Free Press reporter mis-quoted me and, more significantly, took my comments out of context.
I also believe Lessenberry mis-represented his facts by stating I “recently” commented to the Free Press and thesis, failing to respiration coursework, note that I have not been the Honors Program Director for several years. He homeschools his own children. I don't know why Lessenberry would do a hot button discussion like this. Thesis Sociology! I've never seen so many people come out of the woodwork. It wouldn't matter even if he quoted Stewart perfectly. If he said anything less than homeschooling is essay gender issues, a perfectly viable solution, the Homeschool Moms would throw out all kinds of research to refute it. Because these people are dealing with double the insecurities. Nobody wants to feel they are being called bad parents AND bad teachers. or that their kids are inferior or stupid because of thesis it. Writing Rubric! Total hot button discussion.
If he said anything less than homeschooling is sociology, a perfectly viable solution, the uspto, Homeschool Moms would throw out all kinds of research to thesis, refute it. Yup. Because we've generally done a lot of work before coming to our decisions and we know the research. I've been thinking about this lately because the homeschooling crowd is getting to be known as quick to creative rubric, pounce on critics. It could and likely at times is defensiveness. A lot of us simply keep up on discussion surrounding the topic and are eager to engage in discussion. We're an active and thesis pakistan, engaged crowd. I don't think that's something to avoid. In fact, I'm beginning to find it weird that people don't expect this response on more topics.
That they don't expect or even want challenges and reasoned defenses when talking about other issues and don't find the lack of a passionate reponse in essay about other subjects a little appalling. Mr. Thesis Sociology! Lessenberry's essay is exemplification nervosa, based on a single anecdote from one liberal arts college. It may be enough for him but should not be enough for anyone willing to reflect on the nature of a public institution that shuts children up from the outside world for years and years, forcing them to pursue one abstraction after another. Even if the observation of a single educator in one corner of the state could stand in for hard scientific data about the preparedness of home school students for college science, it doesn’t follow that the whole enterprise is questionable. Of course older kids need to pakistan, learn science in laboratories and most parents can’t teach it well. Why should Mr. Lessenberry’s wife and her cohorts need my child eight hours a day from birth on in order to accomplish that? Since sweeping conclusions based on a single anecdote are standard in this forum I’ll make one myself. As I write, ninety-three people have commented on this essay, many to creative, say how out of touch with reality the author happens to be. Generally, Mr.
Lessenberry’s pieces elicit a comment or two. Let that be warning to his friends in the managerial class. If they try to meddle with our right to make our children into pakistan, serious adults by keeping them free of their mind-numbing education system with its insane tests and benchmarks, they will have a revolution on their hands. People who’ve been let out of cages don’t go back quietly. It wouldn't matter even if he quoted Stewart perfectly. If he said anything less than homeschooling is a perfectly viable solution, the dissertation, Homeschool Moms would throw out all kinds of research to thesis, refute it. Because these people are dealing with double the insecurities. Nobody wants to feel they are being called bad parents AND bad teachers. or that their kids are inferior or stupid because of it.
I'm fine if Mr. Lessenberry or anyone else feels that that homeschoolers are inferior, bad parents, or bad teachers. It's just an opinion. That's all. But when opinion is used to enact policy that violates the rights of parents it's a whole different matter all together.
At the heart of the matter it is not the dissertation marks, insecurities of homeschool parents, but of the established educational beauracracy that thrives on the notion that only those with a teaching credential are capable of teaching a child to read and write the thesis pakistan, same way as only a person who's an MD can practice medicine. Think about it, if a parent without a credential is doing as well, or better, than a credentialed professional the unions and teacher's colleges then become suspect. That's why the NEA has a homeschooling reolution every year. Define! Here's the resolution for 2007-2008. B-75.
Home Schooling. The National Education Association believes that home schooling programs based on pakistan parental choice. cannot provide the student with a comprehensive education experience. Instruction should be by persons who are licensed by the appropriate state education licensure agency, and a curriculum approved by the state department of education should be used. So while it's easy to say that a group of dedicated parents are insecure when someone speaks poorly against them, the exemplification essay anorexia nervosa, reality tells us that it is likely the other way around. Thesis Sociology! The established education beauracracy becomes insecure when what they perceive as their domain is being threatened. Homeschoolers with thier fictional data and exemplification essay anorexia nervosa, anecdotal proofs at the end of the day remain in denial.. the facts about thesis student academic outcomes and italics marks, the facts about the thesis sociology, inherent insular underdeveloped social aspect of anorexia home schools will not be changed by the nasty emotional rants from the sociology, home school apologists in here.. On a separate note people who are intellectual cowards and hide behind keyboards and post under anonymous will always be dismissed by me.. I have zero respect for people who hide behind sheets and children.. At the end of the day not one homeschooler apologist on quotation marks this thread has provided any demonstrative data , study, proofs that reject my premise about the myopic and segregated nature of homeschoolers the bulk of which are white and thesis sociology, have contempt for racial diversity and inclusion..
The fact is like many whites after the Brown v Board of Ed case and the integration of our public schools whites have always ran away and exemplification, hid thier kids in private and religious schools, the homeschool movement is just another version of white flight .. That is the most hypocritical piece of writing I have seen in a while. I asked you for evidence of your opinion. Pakistan! You gave none. Yet, you talk about us not giving evidence. Well, I can't speak to any research, because I'm not that kind of define explanatory essay writer-I DO deal in opinion. However, I CAN speak to the homeschoolers I know. In my homeschool group, we have Hindus, atheists, Pagans, Christians, and I am in the process of converting to Judaism. We have liberals and conservatives. We have dads and moms. Pakistan! We have unschoolers and classical homeschoolers.
We have single moms, traditional families, and about gender, not so traditional families. I don't THINK we have any black families. That is not because they are not welcome, but rather because there are not as many black homeschoolers as there are white homeschoolers. But, hello!, there aren't as many black people in America as there are white! I don't know how you can say that something that is thesis sociology pakistan, open to anyone, is so individual, and is a way of life that allows you to define explanatory, be what you want is racist. Thesis Sociology Pakistan! IF you can explain that, PLEASE do. Otherwise, I'm getting a bit tired of your rants about respiration of yeast something you obviously know nothing about. I'm a bit confused about sociology your assertion that George Washington had slaves to do his 'heavy lifting' for him. My confusion rests in the question of whether you meant this physically or mentally.
If you meant physically, then I cannot see how this has relevance to homeschooling. 6th Grade Writing Rubric! I also don't see where how he died has any relevance. We are indeed a diverse society. Fortunately, homeschoolers have the sociology, ability to be out in that diverse society and 6th grade rubric, meet people across all spectrums, not just the ones that go to the school where they live. Others have spoken to why the bill is pakistan, not necessary. 6th Grade Creative Writing Rubric! I'll let you answer THEM.
People have repeatedly asked what curriculum you believe should be prescribed. The idea that one curriculum would fit all students is amazing. Once the schools have figured out which curriculum that is, maybe our children (in a very mobile society) will be able to move from one school to another (in the same county) and still be learning the thesis, same things at the same time! You speak about a situation where two kids the same age have wildly different educational experiences. Uspto Patent Assignment! My family has lived in thesis sociology pakistan 4 different states since my oldest started school 6 years ago, thanks to dissertation italics quotation, my husband's job. I can guarantee you that there is no continuity in education in this country. One of the BEST things about homeschooling is the pakistan, ability to tailor the education to a student's abilities. You would have us ruin OUR children so that they can be like everyone elses'?
That is one of the reasons homeschoolers don't like testing. We don't teach our students at the same pace as public schools. Sometimes we go faster. Sometimes we go slower. It all depends on what that particular child needs at that time.
Besides, most teachers will tell you that testing does not accurately measure a child's learning. They hate testing. They don't like the fact that funding is tied into testing. They think that it is wrong to have as much riding on define testing as they do. Really, the testing is not for the teacher. It is for the parent to be able to see how the student is doing. Sociology Pakistan! It is also for government oversight to know where tax dollars are going. I can guarantee you I don't get any of define those tax dollars. And don't get me wrong. I have my children tested.
They just don't take the normal tests that students their age take. It would, quite frankly, be a waste of thesis pakistan their time. I have teachers in my family. All of coursework them feel that testing is a waste of their time, and their students' time. Well, homeschooling families feel that way, too. You are right that social interation is important. However, putting children in a group of age peers is not the solution to this problem.
How many teachers do you know will search throughtout the country to find like minded friends for a 'quirky' student? They don't have the time. Do you really think the thesis, cliques present in school are teaching students anything about anything other than hatred and prejudice? As to science, my sister was homeschooled from 6th grade on. She told me that the most important thing homeschooling taught her was how to learn. Essay Anorexia Nervosa! She felt she had some deficincies in thesis sociology pakistan her learning. However, she says that within the first semester of exemplification essay nervosa college, she was able to make up those deficiencies because she knew how to thesis, learn. About Issues! She was a straight A honor student in college. Pakistan! So, I guess those deficiencies didn't come back to bite her. As for homeschooling be necessary as a supplement, why should I teach my children after they've already spent 8 hours in school?
Why can't the school accomplish in 8 hours what it takes most homeschoolers 3 or 4 hours to accomplish? After that 8 hours, my son has to of yeast coursework, come home and thesis sociology, do 2 hours of homework? Homework that is just busy work for the sake of having homework? People wonder why their children are so tired, have little focus, and are overweight. Sure, watching TV and eating unhealthy has something to do with it. But, so does the inability to PLAY. As for essay losing our identity as a people and a nation, it sounds like you're asking for conformity rather than diversity.
If you want people to conform, then I can see why you want us all doing the same thing. But, please don't make a case for diversity while making a case for conformity. I am tired on thesis sociology white folks like you in assignment denial and making apologies for a racist movement. I do not need to seek your approval nor validation to have an opinion about racism in this country. It is very apparent and thesis pakistan, obvious that my comments have hit a embrassing aspect of the essay about gender issues, homeschool movement..you and thesis sociology, others who have wage personal atacks on me is not new for Black activists of note like me in reality it is an occupational hazard. I will not be silenced.. At the end of the day the home school movement has a deliberate blind spot about the about, issue of inclusion,diversity and racism in pakistan the home school movement..
I am so happy I have posted on exemplification anorexia nervosa this issue and sociology, I encourage others inside and outside this movement to discuss the issues of social isolation in this movement especially with regard to race and racism.. Ah, Thrasher. Still, you bring no proof. I can't see where I attacked you! Of course you don't need approval for respiration of yeast coursework opinions, so long as you understand they are opinions and not empirical data.
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0156309203 - Film Form: Essays in Film Theory by Sergei Eisenstein. Show results for. All Locations Select a Country Select a Country AustraliaCanadaItaly U.S.A.United Kingdom. Published by Harcourt (1969) Quantity Available: 1. Item Description: Harcourt, 1969. Book Condition: GOOD. book was well loved but cared for. Possible ex-library copy with all the usual markings and stickers. Some light textual notes, highlighting and thesis pakistan, underling. Exemplification? Bookseller Inventory # 2816862849.
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Twelve essays written between 1928 and 1945 that demonstrate key points in the development of Eisenstein s film theory and in particular his analysis of the sound-film medium. Edited, translated, and with an Introduction by thesis sociology pakistan Jay Leyda; Index; photographs and diagrams. 6th Grade Writing? Bookseller Inventory # AAS9780156309202. Published by Mariner Books, United Kingdom (1969) Quantity Available: 10. Item Description: Mariner Books, United Kingdom, 1969. Paperback.
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Greek Sentence Structure: Loose and Periodic Style. I offer this essay in thesis draft (or “beta”) form with the hope that it will provoke discussion. Corrections and criticisms are welcome. Just e-mail me by clicking here. Graphic images of the Greek texts discussed are provided. Essay Anorexia? When transliterating Greek in the body of the essay, I use a simple, easy-to-read system whose only sociology pakistan, real disadvantage is that epsilon and eta, and omicron and italics marks, omega are not distinguished. With the Greek text at hand, this should cause no problem. Technical Terms: What Are They For? veni, vidi, vici . These words, which Suetonius tells us were carried on a banner in thesis sociology pakistan a triumphal procession of Julius Caesar ( Divus Iulius 37), can serve as a starting-point for an analysis of rhetorical figures and sentence-construction. “I came, I saw, I conquered.” Nothing could be simpler or more direct; nothing could be easier to translate.
I was surprised, then, on walking into of yeast, a classroom once, all prepared to analyze a complex piece of Isokratean rhetoric, to find this saying on the blackboard with a full rhetorical analysis appended. It turns out that we have before us examples of: alliteration ( v eni, v idi, v ici ), homoioteleuton ( ven i , vid i , vic i ), asyndeton ( veni et vidi et vici ?), trikolon (how about veni, vici ?), isokolon (try adding a syllable: veni, vidi, victi sunt ), composition in short kommata instead of longer kola (compare: ad hostes adveni et, postquam illorum copias vidi, cunctos facile vici ), spondaic rhythm, paromoiosis (similar structure of kola or kommata), parechesis (similarity of sounds, especially between vidi and thesis sociology pakistan, vici ), and perhaps paronomasia (a play on words involving, again, vidi and vici ), to say nothing of the overall brevity achieved by the ellipsis of patent, words easily supplied from the sociology pakistan, (very crowded) context. To this list of eleven rhetorical devices others could doubtless be added. This analysis is a joke, of course. It pokes fun at pedantry. But it is also perfectly valid and makes a serious point. The words on Caesar’s placard are rhetorically brilliant and instantly clear, but we can fully understand their brilliance only by taking them apart, seeing how they are composed, and–most important–comparing other, inferior ways of saying the same thing. The goal is not an arid list of creative, tropes with arrows pointing to the text but a better feeling for how the words before us work, for what makes them forceful and thesis sociology pakistan, effective.
How big an armory of rhetorical terms does a student of Greek prose need? Smyth’s Greek Grammar has a convenient list of forty, with examples; a similar list of forty five, with examples from Greek, Latin and English literature, is available at creative writing the Web site of the Classics Department of the University of Kentucky; a compendious, clear, sensible, and often amusing handbook is Richard A. Lanham‘s A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms . Very few people can define as many as forty terms off the top of their head, nor need one do so, much less acquire the 200 or so which students had to memorize in Shakespeare’s time. Pakistan? Rhetorical descriptions, after all, are only guides to help us understand and experience a text; students often learn more by making their own observations without resorting to technical vocabulary. Then, if there is a handy label for essay about gender what they have observed, they can learn it and use it. No student who describes accurately and insightfully how an author’s words work should worry about, or be penalized for, not knowing a technical term. In fact, a fixation on rhetorical flourishes will hinder, not help, our understanding of style. Consider again Caesar’s placard. One advantage of starting with veni, vidi, vici is that while cataloging the trees one can always see the forest: the structure of this sentence is clear and one can concentrate on details. Pakistan? When analyzing complex sentences, however, it is dissertation quotation marks easy to forget that the goal of arranging words “rhetorically” is to shape a sentence which develops clearly as it is heard or read, not to distract the audience with pointless ornamentation. To learn about an author’s style is to learn how that author organizes his or her thoughts.
Analysis and labeling and thesis, note-taking is useless if it merely dissects an author’s words. The goal is to go back and read those words, in order, as they were intended to be read, letting the define explanatory, many “signposts” along the way guide us by thesis, shaping our expectations of what is to come. This point cannot be emphasized enough. Students struggling to make sense of an author’s words may think of stylistic analysis as something more advanced than mere translation, more arcane and 6th grade creative writing rubric, mysterious, with its own recondite vocabulary. Ironically, they get this impression from the emphasis which most of us place on thesis pakistan the most obvious marks of style–rhetorical figures such as chiasmus, alliteration, homoioteleuton–as the key to everything: these strike our ears and eyes as we read, so naturally we begin our analysis by scanning the text, collecting as many tropes as we can, and labeling them like specimens found on a nature hike. Uspto Assignment? We pay great attention to classification, which can become quite complex: is that an example of thesis sociology pakistan, synecdoche or of metonymy? Are we dealing with paronomasia or only parechesis? I plead guilty to having encouraged on occasion such “surface scans” of classical texts. The problem with them is exemplification that they don’t necessarily lead students to understand how Gorgias or Demosthenes or Isokrates has structured and expressed his thoughts, the “character” or “cast of thought” each presents to us.
To grasp this we must understand how an author has organized each sentence, how he has set up signposts to guide us as his thought unfolds. This means, first, seeing how each new phrase or clause relates to what has gone before and understanding how “rhetorical devices”, in a well-turned sentence, mark the progression and structure of the thought. The real rhetoric is in the unfolding of the thesis pakistan, ideas in the order in which the author wants us to hear or read them; rhetorical tropes are markers along the anorexia nervosa, way. To learn about an author’s style is to learn to sociology pakistan read that author’s words, in order, as they were written–not to disarrange the words but to quotation hear what the ancient audience heard. In his admirable essay on thesis pakistan the style of Cicero W. Ralph Johnson puts it succinctly: ” . . . Exemplification Essay Nervosa? Good style, whether exuberant or restrained, is good thinking (and good feeling).
It is for this reason that what we want to pay most attention to in style is the structuring of sentences, how they succeed, and how they fail.” [ Luxuriance and Economy: Cicero and the Alien Style , p. 7] He quotes Virginia Woolf’s description of “the rhythm of a book that, by thesis sociology, running in the head, winds one into a ball”, and he rescues from obscurity a book by Edith Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , which asserts the importance for style of the length of whole sentences and of their parts. [Chapter IV, “Thought Patterns”, has much that is 6th grade writing rubric interesting on the structure and relationship of sociology pakistan, sentences as a guide to style. Creative Writing? As Rickert remarks (p. 111), “The study of the sentence is one of the most fundamental and certain means of eventually getting at the secret of style.” She offers a system for pakistan analyzing sentences which is thought-provoking, even if one chooses not to adopt it.] [General note: In this essay I use the gender, word “sentence” as a matter of convenience. There is no exactly corresponding Greek term or concept. Dianoia , “thought,” is closest, but a dianoia need not correspond to what a modern editor marks off with a period, colon, or question-mark. Indeed, editors sometimes disagree on whether to punctuate with a full stop rather than a comma. See now Dover, The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2.] What is it, after all, which stays with you when you’ve been reading Isokrates or Demosthenes for hours? Not a collection of tropes but something more fundamental and harder to express in a phrase.
Why did reading Isokrates for hours on end once make me physically ill? Why, after the excitement of the speech On the Crown , does an thesis pakistan, early speech of Demosthenes seem flat? Because a real stylist “gets in among” you. The “rhythm” of the writer’s thought is what does this. The Architecture of Greek Sentences: Loose and Periodic Style.
This essay, then, with profuse thanks to Ralph Johnson, will focus on italics quotation the structure or “architecture” of a Greek sentence. A formidable phrase, perhaps, but less so if one bears in mind two fundamental points: 1. Greek sentences can on occasion be very long, but the units of which they are composed are almost always short. “The edifice, lofty though it may be, is built of bricks, not of huge blocks of Cyclopean masonry.” [J. D. Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. 61] 2. Greek is unusually rich in particles and conjunctions which serve as signposts. These helpful qualities of the language, however, carry a danger for students. One can often get sense out of the various separate parts of a complex sentence–enough sense to have a fair idea of sociology, what the entire thing means–without really understanding the development of the whole. And the reason for this is define essay often the very profusion of “marker-words” or “signposts” in Greek: because they are omnipresent, students tend to ignore them or at least to pakistan forget earlier signposts when later ones, in corresponsion with them, appear. One area, then, where one must be a pedant is in accounting for exemplification anorexia nervosa every single connective word in a sentence. One can then turn pedantry to sociology profit by (re-)reading the assignment, author’s words and thesis, letting the sentence unfold as the original audience experienced it.
Before we turn to the analysis of sample passages from Greek authors, let us consider the two main types of sentence structure which ancient critics recognized: the loose style (lexis eiromene) and the periodic style (lexis katestrammene). Respiration? The first phrase means literally “speech strung together” (from eiro, “to string or thread together”, like beads in a necklace); the second, “speech turned or guided toward an end”; the word “period” (periodos, “way around”) refers metaphorically to a racecourse, where the starting and finish lines were the thesis sociology, same: contestants went out and around the turning-post, then retraced their path. The loose style is often called the “running style”, a term which can be confusing in view of the race-course metaphor of the term “periodic”. [Dover points out the difficulty of uspto assignment, interpreting the terms lexis katestrammene and periodos ( The Evolution of Greek Prose Style , chapter 2, Appendix: Period and Kolon). He thinks that the word periodos , rather than referring to a race-course, describes “a unit of utterance which begins from major pause and sociology, ‘returns’ to a state of rest by leading to a second pause” (p. 39).] These two styles represent two ways of developing and structuring sentences.
In the loose style one statement is 6th grade creative writing rubric simply followed by another with no indication that another statement is coming. The sentence ends with the final statement, without giving the reader or hearer any idea that it is about to end. Thesis? It could just as easily have ended one clause (or several) earlier or later. Here is a banal example in English: “Bill went to the store and bought some milk and decided to get some cheese; he came home and saw that the cat had gotten out; he looked for writing it and couldn’t find it; his TV suddenly went blank.” No statement looks ahead to what follows; the series could stop at any point or go on indefinitely. There is no “race-course” with a beginning, a turning point, and an end. The virtue of this style is that it produces an impression of plain speaking.
In a court case, for example, if one is sociology trying to set out the facts and convince the jury of one’s honesty and straightforwardness (no matter how one has actually slanted the creative, “facts”), this is the style to use. Of course, the loose style, when handled well, is every bit as “rhetorical” as the periodic style–but its art is less apparent. In the periodic style, by thesis sociology pakistan, contrast, markers of various sorts, often introducing phrases or clauses subordinate to the main idea, indicate the path ahead. The reader sees signs of things to essay anorexia come and is prepared for them when they appear. The art of composing and of reading this sort of Greek involves setting up and then fulfilling (often with variations along the way) assumptions about how the sentence will develop.
At the finish, the audience should feel that an appropriate end has been reached, a clearly defined course completed. All periodic composition involves, in one way or another, suspension of sense: the arrangement of pakistan, one or more elements of the sentence so that the thought is not felt to define be complete until something else has been added. Let us rewrite the sentence above in periodic style: “After his trip to the store, where he bought milk and (on a sudden whim) cheese, Bill’s arrival at home was marred, first by his cat, who had gotten away and couldn’t be found, then by his TV, which suddenly went blank.” Bill’s shopping expedition has become a noun phrase introduced by the preposition “after”. His purchases are subordinated in a clause introduced by the conjunction “where”. A parenthesis characterizes his acquisition of cheese. The center of the sentence makes the main point: coming home was no fun. The two reasons for this are appended in two parallel expressions consisting of an adverb (“first”, “then”), a prepositional phrase (“by his cat”, “by his TV”), and a relative clause (“who. . .”, “which. . .”).
As silly as these sentences are, they illustrate an important point: unlike a simple narration in the running style, a periodic sentence will highlight the main point(s) the writer is trying to put across and will require the thesis sociology, writer to decide how various events or ideas are related. This need not mean, and in Greek usually does not mean, that the sentence is left grammatically incomplete until the very end. More often, as above, the essay, main clause is in the middle or even at the beginning, with subordinate elements appended. Pakistan? Many other arrangements are of course possible and none is “objectively” better than another. What is important, in reading as well as in composing such sentences, is to understand the thought which drives the structure. Loose Style and Periodic Style: Examples in English. The periodic style is not at home in present-day American English. Short, clear sentences pack more punch for us than syntactical and essay anorexia nervosa, rhetorical baroque. Too many connectives, too many subordinate clauses, too much suspension of sense makes one seem fussy, pedantic, orotund. But we should recall the importance of Latin and Greek periodic style as a model for modern prose from the Renaissance onward. Here are examples in sociology English of both styles.
First, the lexis eiromene which has enjoyed such a vogue in English through the twentieth century, in a paragraph from Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises : The bus climbed steadily up the road. The country was barren and rocks stuck up through the clay. There was no grass beside the road. Looking back we could see the country spread out below. Coursework? Far back the thesis pakistan, fields were squares of green and brown on the hillsides. Essay Gender? Making the horizon were the brown mountains. They were strangely shaped.
As we climbed higher the horizon kept changing. As the bus ground slowly up the road we could see other mountains coming up in the south. Then the road came over the crest, flattened out, and went into thesis, a forest. It was a forest of anorexia, cork oaks, and the sun came through the trees in patches, and there were cattle grazing back in the trees. We went through the forest and the road came out and turned along a rise of pakistan, land, and out ahead of us was a rolling green plain, with dark mountains beyond it.
These were not like the dissertation italics marks, brown, heat-baked mountains we had left behind. Sociology? These were wooded and there were clouds coming down from them. The green plain stretched off. It was cut by fences and the white of the road showed through the trunks of a double line of trees that crossed the plain toward the north. As we came to the edge of the rise we saw the red roofs and define explanatory essay, white houses of thesis pakistan, Burguete ahead strung out on the plain, and respiration coursework, away off on the shoulder of the first dark mountain was the gray metal-sheathed roof of the monastery of thesis sociology, Roncesvalles.
(Ernest Hemingway, The Sun Also Rises , New York 1926, repr. 1954, chapter 3, p. 108) As an example of periodic style here is Samuel Johnson in the Preface to his edition of essay about gender issues, Shakespeare: That praises are without reason lavished on the dead, and that the honours due only to excellence are paid to antiquity, is sociology pakistan a complaint likely to creative rubric be always continued by those who, being able to add nothing to truth, hope for eminence from the heresies of paradox, or those who, being forced by disappointment upon consolatory expedients, are willing to hope from posterity what the sociology pakistan, present age refuses, and respiration coursework, flatter themselves that the regard which is pakistan yet denied by exemplification essay, envy will be at last bestowed by time. . . . To works, however, of which the excellence is not absolute and definite, but gradual and comparative; to works not raised upon principles demonstrative and sociology pakistan, scientific, but appealing wholly to define essay observation and experience, no other test can be applied than length of duration and continuance of esteem. What mankind have long possessed they have often examined and compared, and if they persist to value the thesis pakistan, possession it is because frequent comparisons have confirmed opinion in its favour. As among the works of nature no man can properly call a river deep or a mountain high without the knowledge of many mountains and many rivers, so, in essay about gender issues the productions of genius, nothing can be styled excellent till it has been compared with other works of the same kind. . . . The reverence due to writings that have long subsisted arises, therefore, not from any credulous confidence in the superior wisdom of past ages, or gloomy persuasion of the degeneracy of mankind, but is the thesis, consequence of acknowledged and respiration of yeast, indubitable positions, that what has been longest known has been most considered, and what is most considered is best understood. (Samuel Johnson, Selected Writings , ed. R. T. Davies, Evanston 1965, pp. Sociology Pakistan? 262-263)
The elegant and varied architecture of about, these sentences, made clear by a fullness of expression where parallel phrases reinforce one another, will serve to remind us that English, too, is capable not only of “straight talk” but also of grandiloquence. We live in a Lysianic age, but our forbears were Ciceronians and Isokrateans. [For the difference between the two see Cicero‘s comments on Isokrates; E. Sociology? Laughton, “Cicero and respiration of yeast coursework, the Greek Orators”; G. Williamson, The Senecan Amble (on stylistic models in the Renaissance).] We should note, too, that in setting out to thesis compose in a classical language we are participating, however tenuously, in a tradition which goes back to the humanists of the Renaissance, and indeed to the Hellenistic age. [Lanham (s.v. About Issues? “period”, p. 113) quotes Michael Baxandall, Giotto and the Orators (Oxford 1971), pp. 20-21 and 131: “The pattern of the grand neo-classical sentence was the thesis sociology, period: that is, the sentence combining a number of thoughts and statements in a number of balanced clauses. Define Explanatory? . . . It is quite difficult to enjoy the humanists’ preoccupation with the periodic sentence. . . . But one cannot come to thesis pakistan historical terms with the humanists’ verbal performance without recognizing how supremely important it was for them, and in how many different ways. The periodic sentence is the nervosa, basic art form of the early humanists. It was a test of prowess, a focus for criticism, the full flower of the classical way with words and notions, the medium of most statements about relationships, and . Sociology Pakistan? . . it became at a critical moment a humanist model of artistic composition in general. Gender? . . Thesis Sociology Pakistan? . Compositio was a technical concept every schoolboy in patent a humanist school had been taught to apply to language. It did not mean what we mean by literary composition, but rather the putting together of the single evolved sentence or period, this being done within the framework of a four-level hierarchy of elements: words go to make up phrases, phrases to make clauses, clauses to make sentences.”] As we turn to Greek we shall be looking for examples of a loose style, where phrases and clauses come one after the other with no prior preparation, and a periodic style, where we are guided from a starting post, around a course, and back to a finish-line. As one would expect, the loose style developed before the more elaborate periodic style. Thesis Sociology? But only scraps of the earliest prose remain, and the greatest writer associated with this style, Herodotos, is far more sophisticated than some caricatures of him suggest and of yeast, writes just as elegantly and effortlessly in the periodic as in the loose style.
The longest surviving fragment of Herodotos’ predecessor Hekataios (FHG 1, F15) provides a rare sample of a loose, naive style: For a graphic image of the Greek text click here. Orestheus, son of thesis sociology, Deukalion, came to Aitolia for a kingdom and his dog gave birth to a log, and essay about gender, he ordered it to be buried, and from it grew a vine with many grapes. Thus he also named his own son Phytios. And from thesis this one, Oineus was born, named from the vines (for the Greeks of old called vines oinai). Dissertation Italics? And from Oineus was born Aitolos. Most striking is the sociology pakistan, almost complete lack of subordination or hypotaxis. Except for the participle kletheis modifying Oineus each idea is “strung” after the previous one with a coordinating conjunction, i.e. paratactically (with coordination or parataxis).
The first three such links are made with kai; the repetition seems matter-of- fact, while in a more sophisticated writer such as Lysias it would have made an emphatic point. The remaining linkages are: dio (= dia ho, “on account of which, therefore”), de, the participle kletheis, gar, and again de. The Greek text above is uspto assignment given with Jacoby’s punctuation: two complete sentences, each with a concluding clause separated by a raised dot, the second containing also a parenthesis. There is nothing, however, in either the grammar or the thesis, sense to prevent putting a full stop at the end of essay gender, each clause, including the one set off by parentheses. (The phrase kletheis apo ton ampelon could not, of course, stand alone, but it too is “tagged on” at the end of a clause.) Note also the somewhat repetitive pronouns: autou, hos, auto, autou, autou, toutou. Different as this is from the Greek of thesis, Lysias or Isokrates, it shares with the styles of later authors a concern that every clause be clearly connected to what precedes and follows. Nor is the creative writing rubric, connection in sociology any way crude: in the first sentence the three kai’s lead to a conclusion introduced by dio.
The second sentence uses different connectives (de, the participle, gar, de) and the words oinas, ekaloun and essay, ampelous in the gar clause echo Oineus, kletheis, and ampelon in the preceding clause. Even in the two simple statements introduced by de (toutou d’ Oineus egeneto. . .Oineos d’ egeneto Aitolos) the thesis sociology, position of marks, egeneto changes, as does the position and case of thesis sociology, Oineus’ name. This is not to claim any great sophistication for exemplification Hekataios’ Greek, but only to remind us that naivete is a relative notion. This passage survives because it was cited as an example of the loose style and, as with other authors whom we know only by tiny fragments, we cannot be sure that it is typical of Hekataios. Thesis Pakistan? He may have assumed a more naive style when he was recounting a myth. Plato does this in a more sophisticated way, for example in a passage from the Protagoras , discussed below, which suggests a parody of a traditional style of naive storytelling. Hekataios’ successor Herodotos is vastly more sophisticated. Quotation? One should remember that he lived in Periclean Athens and was a friend of Sophocles; he wrote in Ionic dialect about the archaic age but was not himself “archaic”. He is a sophisticated storyteller (and historian!) who often employs, but is not limited to, lexis eiromene. Indeed, many a “loose” Herodotean sentence leads us step by thesis sociology, step to a dramatic climax–and has, in retrospect, the essential quality of a periodos. Define? Such sentences gain much of their effect from the very fact that they do not broadcast their intentions.
Here is Herodotos’ description of the arrival of Adrastos at Sardis (1.35): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. When Croesus’ child had in sociology pakistan hand his marriage, there arrived at Sardis a man bound up with misfortune and 6th grade creative, not clean in sociology hands, being a Phrygian by birth and of the royal house. This man, coming to define Croesus’ house according to sociology pakistan the local customs asked to receive cleansing, and Croesus cleansed him. Cleansing is similar for the Lydians and the Greeks. When Croesus had performed the accustomed rites, he inquired where the man was from and of yeast, who he was, saying as follows: “Man, who are you and thesis sociology, from where in Phrygia have you come to be at my hearth? Whom of men or women did you kill?” And he answered: “King, of Gordias son of essay about gender, Midas I am the child, and I am called Adrastos, and having killed my brother unwilling I am here, driven out by my father and deprived of everything.” And Croesus answered him as follows: “You are born of men who are friends, it turns out, and you have come among friends, where you will lack for nothing, remaining in thesis our land, and bearing this misfortune as lightly as possible you will profit most.” [This translation is as literal as possible consistent with giving a sense of the flow of Herodotos’ narrative. A useful exercise in coming to understand an author’s style is to note the things which even such a close translation cannot convey.] Herodotos’ sentences are longer and more complex than Hekataios’ and, like all later writers, he uses participles far more extensively. As each sentence unfolds, however, each phrase or clause is immediately clear: it advances the story without requiring us to hold several thoughts suspended at once.
Thus the first sentence consists of a genitive absolute, followed by the main verb apikneetai, followed by its subject (aner, still unnamed), followed by more about the man: his misfortune, his uncleanliness, his birth. At the end the phrases with men and de, both dependent on eon, lead up to the climactic word basileiou; the chiastic placement of the patent assignment, similar words geneei and geneos accentuates the sociology pakistan, final phrase. Each sentence that follows has a somewhat different structure and length. In the second sentence, for example, a participle leads off, then the main verb, then a second verb appended with de. Respiration Coursework? Especially notable is Adrastos’ reply to thesis pakistan Croesus, when he reveals who he is: the connectives are men. Creative Writing? . .de. . .de. He begins with his father’s and grandfather’s names, then his own; then, in a clause far longer than the first two clauses, he reveals his misfortune. The aorist participle phoneusas (what he did) and thesis, the perfect participles exelelamenos and esteremenos (his present circumstances) carry the weight of 6th grade creative, this clause, with an unemphatic main verb (pareimi) coming between them.
This sentence is a good example of an ascending trikolon , that is, a sentence in three parts with the longest element last. Further, this last element is itself divided into two parts, the thesis, second of which is again divided. One could thus call the sentence “periodic” in the sense that it forms a structured whole with (literally, in this case) a clear beginning, middle and end. Yet the effect, as we read it, is of one thought added to another in a linear, “strung together” sequence. Also imparting “flavor” to Herodotos’ style are the explanatory, repetitions and thesis sociology, “superfluous” words or phrases: in the first sentence, perhaps eon; in the second, houtos; in the fourth, legon tade. More generally, Croesus’ questions to Adrastos are stated first indirectly, then directly: epunthaneto hokothen te kai tis eie. . . .tis te eon kai kothen. Define? (Note the chiastic order, and note also that Adrastos replies chiastically, answering kothen before tis!) The effect is thesis sociology of an unhurried narrative–but not a flaccid one. Rather, Herodotos asks us to define pause over each question, each answer, each event in the tale of sociology, Croesus, Atys and 6th grade creative, Adrastos so that at the end, in the magnificent, fully periodic sentence which concludes the story (45.3), the whole weight slowly and relentlessly built up comes crashing down. [Cf. Denniston, Greek Prose Style , p. Thesis? 8.] For an analysis of the periodic sentence which begins Herodotos’ History , click here. Let us turn next to Lysias, who was noted for the simplicity and elegance of his style and the vividness and clarity of his narrations. Uspto Patent? In the speech Against Eratosthenes (8-10) he is describing his own arrest by the Thirty Tyrants:
For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Dividing up the houses, they went on their way. Me they found while I was entertaining guests; they sent them away and handed me over to Peison. The others went to the workshop and sociology, made a list of the slaves. I asked Peison if he wanted to take money and rescue me. He said he would, if it were a lot. I said then that I was ready to give him a talent of silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. About Gender Issues? Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or human beings, but nevertheless in the present circumstances it seemed to me to be imperative to thesis get some pledge from him.
After he swore an oath, calling down ruin on creative himself and his children, that he would accept the talent and save me, I went into the room and opened the sociology, chest. Peison noticed and came in, and when he saw the contents he called two of his servants and 6th grade, ordered them to take the things in the chest. This translation ignores most of the connectives and converts most of the participles to finite verbs but nonetheless retains the exact order in which Lysias’ narrative unfolds. Indeed, one sign of lexis eiromene is that one can translate it in order, phrase by phrase, without transposing anything. Such a translation, however, involves a considerable restructuring of Lysias’ Greek. To examine further the way Lysias has structured his narrative let us reproduce each element of the Greek on a separate line, with indentations to thesis sociology pakistan show the relationship among them; the excruciatingly literal translation which follows will show how complex the “loose” style of Lysias really is. To emphasize the careful connection and define, subordination of the thesis pakistan, Greek (even where ideas seem to follow straightforwardly one after the other), words which serve as signposts are in boldface and circumstantial participles, which express so many subordinated ideas so concisely, are underlined in the Greek graphic. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. And dividing up the dissertation italics quotation marks, houses they went on thesis pakistan their way.
And me, on of yeast the one hand, they found entertaining guests, whom driving out they handed me over to thesis sociology Peison; the rest, on the other hand, going to the workshop, made a list of the slaves. And I asked Peison, on the one hand, (5) if he wanted to rescue me, taking money. he, on creative writing the other hand, said he did, if it were a lot. I said then that I was prepared to pakistan give a talent of dissertation quotation, silver coin, and he agreed that he would do this. (10) Now I knew that he had no regard for either gods or men, but nonetheless in the present circumstances it seemed to me to be most necessary.
to take a pledge from him. And when he swore, calling down ruin on himself and his children, (15) that accepting the talent he would save me, going into the room I opened the box; But Peison, noticing, came in. and, seeing the contents, called two of thesis pakistan, his servants. and ordered them to take the essay about, things in the box. [As a tool for analyzing Greek style such an ultra-literal translation is far more useful than a smooth, fully Englished version, since the thesis sociology, goal is to understand the Greek, not to replace it. Students should develop the habit of translating Greek this way, in the order of the original.
To aim for a “polished” translation is to ignore what makes the Greek distinctive.] Before we analyze this passage, a general note about the line-division and explanatory essay, indentation of thesis, this and other passages below. It is intended only to suggest the units of meaning into which the sentence seems to exemplification fall. Each such unit was probably, but far from sociology pakistan certainly, followed by essay gender, a distinct pause when the Greek was spoken aloud; much depended on sociology pakistan a speaker’s (or reader’s) delivery. Assignment? No “scientific” accuracy is claimed or, indeed, is possible. Lines often, but not always, correspond to kola. (To be entirely consistent one would have to thesis sociology pakistan place eipon oun , for example, on uspto patent a separate line, but this would create a false impression of composition in thesis sociology pakistan very short units [kommata].)
We should remember, more fundamentally, that the very idea of a “sentence” is modern: ancient writers speak of a dianoia or sententia, “thought”, which may not coincide with our idea of uspto, a “sentence”. [For a modern definition of thesis, a sentence see, e.g., Rickert, New Methods for the Study of Literature , p. 111.] Likewise, while a “period” (periodos) often corresponds to what we would call a “sentence”, a portion of a sentence can constitute a complete period (as remarked by Aristotle and Demetrios). Modern punctuation represents the judgment of modern editors; in setting out texts I have generally followed the consensus of editors on the placement of full stops. [See, e.g., Johnson, Luxuriance and Economy , pp. 15-17 with references.] Nor does a kolon (“limb”, membrum) necessarily correspond to what we call a “clause”; E. Fraenkel has shown that even a short phrase can have the force of a kolon. [See also H. Dik, Word Order in Ancient Greek , chapter 3.] And there is no hard and exemplification, fast distinction between a kolon and the shorter unit called a komma (“cutting”, incisum). Thesis? As for the indentations, they do not follow any set system but are intended as guides to define explanatory the structure of the sentence. In particular they do not always correspond to levels of subordination. (I have always found complex systems of notation, based on subordination, baffling.) Readers can learn a great deal by (re)organizing the “layout” of these passages in their own way and analyzing other passages of their own choice. Now for Lysias.
In the sociology, passage quoted above there is almost nothing of overt rhetorical artifice, but its art becomes apparent when one observes, for example, the interweaving of participles and finite verbs. They tend to be paired, but not mechanically so. The last sentence (lines 18-20), which describes Peison’s actions, is set out in three parts linked by kai. Lysias could have achieved greater concision and creative, concentration, perhaps, by putting everything into a single clause with several participles and thesis sociology pakistan, one main verb, but this would spoil the simplicity of the about gender issues, narrative: Peison came into sociology pakistan, the room; he saw what was in assignment the chest; he issued a command. (Two historical presents, eiserkhetai and kalei [but not a third –note ekeleusen], add to the vividness.) The participles tell why (proximately) he did what he did, and it is worth analyzing each participle in this passage as to thesis sociology pakistan whether it is causal, temporal, conditional, or whatever. Patent Assignment? Note especially eparomenos in Peison’s oath (15): the phrase in which it appears is a longer element between two shorter ones, and we linger on thesis pakistan it before coming to respiration the oath itself, labon. . .sosein.
Of course, even without such analysis the reader responds directly to what Lysias writes–but for this very reason it is easy to miss how much he is sociology telling us, simply and elegantly. Notice also the variety. Shorter elements are interspersed among longer ones; constructions are varied. An indirect question leads to patent assignment indirect statements: Peisona men eroton ei. Thesis Sociology? . Explanatory Essay? . , ho d’ ephasken ei. . . ., eipon oun hoti . . . Thesis Pakistan? ., ho d’ homologese. . . ., epistamen men oun hoti. . ., homos d’. . .edokei. . . ., epeide de omosen. . . . Note, too, the placement of creative, sosai. . Pakistan? .labon (6), labein (13), labon. . Uspto Assignment? .sosein (16), labein (20). The repetition is sociology “subliminal” rather than rhetorically insistent and includes a nice chiasmus (6, 16). In short, this is rhetorical art which succeeds by concealing itself.
As with Herodotos, lexis eiromene is anything but naive. If one wants to appreciate Lysias fully, one need only attempt to translate a similar narrative from English to Greek! For an 6th grade creative writing, analysis of sociology, periodic sentences by Lysias, click here. Sophisticated in a different way is the storytelling style which Plato adopts from time to time, for explanatory essay example in the fable about the origin of justice told by Protagoras in the dialogue of that name. Pakistan? Here is an excerpt (320c8-e4): For a graphic image of the patent, Greek text, click here. Once there was a time.
when gods existed. but mortal kinds did not. And when for these too there came the appointed time of sociology, birth, gods molded them within the earth (5) from earth and fire mixing them. and from the things which blend with fire and earth. And when they were ready to lead them to the light, they bade Prometheus and Epimetheus. adorn them and assign powers to each as was fitting. (10)
And Epimetheus asked Prometheus if he could assign them himself. “And when I’ve assigned them,” he said, “you inspect them.” And so persuading, he assigned. And in his assigning, to some he attached strength without speed; the weaker with speed he adorned; (15) some he weaponed; to some awarding a weaponless nature, another power he devised for writing rubric their safety: to the ones he wrapped in smallness. winged flight or underground home he assigned; (20) the ones he increased in greatness, by this very thing he made them safe. And so he assigned the rest, maintaining a balance.
On its surface the style of this passage is thesis sociology naive: Plato imparts a “flavor” of archaism to his story with short clauses, simple declarative statements, and repeated words. The first sentence (1-3) has three brief clauses with the verb eimi; the of yeast, second and thesis sociology pakistan, third clauses are exactly parallel, and the whole sentence begins and ends with the same word (the figure of kyklos). The variation theoi/thneta gene avoids a too-exact symmetry. The next two sentences (4-7, 8-10) are structured like each other, but there is 6th grade creative writing rubric variety within that structure: an epeide-clause, then the thesis pakistan, main verb, then a subordinate verb form (participle/infinitives), then a subordinate clause (hosa. . .hos. About Issues? . .). [The subordinate clause hos prepei is virtually an adverb and thus does not have a line to thesis itself.] The first of these sentences could have been ended after lines 5 or 6; the addition of line 7 is elegant, with its chiasmus (ges kai puros, 6; puri kai gei, 7) and the variation meixantes/kerannutai. Three short statements follow (11-13), with a fivefold repetition of explanatory, forms of nemo carrying over from the preceding sentence (10) and into the next (14). Sociology? In particular, the repetition of the last word of a sentence at the beginning of the next one (neimai/neimantos, nemei/nemon) is in the manner of Herodotos. Each of coursework, these three statements could stand as a separate sentence; each is thesis shorter than the define explanatory, one before.
One can see the art of this by glancing at the next sentence, which runs through line 18 (in thought, all the way to 23): exactly the sort of variety that Plato always seeks, and a sure sign that he is creating the illusion of sociology pakistan, a naive style, not the real thing. This sentence catalogs the attributes which Epimetheus assigned to various creatures. After the link-word nemon these are set forth with a men and three des; note the chiastic variation tois/tous/tous/tois and the varied length of the clauses. Respiration Of Yeast Coursework? The fourth clause (17) begins with a participle instead of a finite verb and introduces the thesis sociology, whole category of animals without natural weapons; the longer kolon in 18, with the verb emekhanato at its center, sets the stage for the second catalog of attributes in assignment 19-23. Here each category of animals is introduced by a relative clause, followed by a main clause detailing how these creatures were protected. Sociology? The description of small animals, of course, is much longer than that of large ones! Finally, again very much in the manner of Plato, the enumeration is concisely cut short by the final summary in 23. Particularly elegant is the define explanatory, repetition nemon (14), enemen (20), enemen (23): a kyklos with an extra form in the middle. A playful and sophisticated Platonic fable, then, where the thesis, narrative progresses straightforwardly even when sentence-structure becomes complex. Nowhere is anything essential to grammatical sense or meaning suspended for more than one line, so that the dominant impression is of someone speaking in the loose, “strung-together” style.
Periodic Style: Demosthenes and creative writing rubric, Isokrates. Turning to lexis katestrammene (lexis he en periodois), let us begin with a sentence of Demosthenes which Demetrios quotes as an example of a period whose form is determined precisely by sociology pakistan, its content, and which Demetrios then re-arranges into italics, non-periodic style (Demosthenes 20.1; Demetrios 10-11). Here, and in the examples which follow, the periodic effect is gained by thesis sociology, suspending until the end of the exemplification essay, sentence an element essential for pakistan the grammar and of yeast coursework, the sense. For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Men of the thesis sociology pakistan, jury, most of all because I think it benefits the city for the law to be annulled, second for uspto the sake of thesis sociology pakistan, Chabrias’ child, I have agreed that I shall, as best I am able, speak for these men.
Demetrios says that this period, which consists of three kola [apart from the opening vocative], has a certain “bending” or “turning” (kampe) and nervosa, “concentration” or “coiling together” (sustrophe) at the end. What gives it this quality? Unlike the thesis sociology pakistan, examples of lexis eiromene quoted above, this sentence begins with two kola subordinate to patent the final kolon not only grammatically but also in sociology sense: malista men heineka. . . ./eita kai. . .heineka. Essay? . . . Thesis Sociology? The main verb homologesa comes at the beginning of the last kolon but requires an infinitive in indirect statement to complete its meaning. Demosthenes holds this infinitive until the end by dividing toutois from sunerein with a subordinate clause. The whole sentence is aimed at an end, which sunerein provides. Note, incidentally, that Demosthenes avoids a too-exact corresponsion of the first two kola by varying their length, changing the position of heineka, having heineka govern first an articular infinitive then a noun, and by answering men not with de but with eita kai. Demetrios’ re-arrangement of essay issues, this into a non-period is instructive.
For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. I shall speak for these men, citizens of Athens. For Chabrias’ son is sociology pakistan a friend of mine, and much more than him the city, for which it is essay right for me to speak. As Demetrios remarks, the period has disappeared. Pakistan? Each kolon is independent in sense; a full stop could be placed at the end of any of the first three kola. Essay About Issues? Nothing forces us to look ahead for a conclusion to come. (Indeed, Demosthenes’ final word has become Demetrios’ first.) We are not on a circular course, with a turning point and a finish line in sight, but on a straight path of uncertain length. Each kolon is appended to the preceding one rather than fulfilling an expectation set up earlier. For excerpts from thesis sociology Demetrios’ essay, click here. A longer periodic sentence of Demosthenes is analyzed below. To return to the table of contents, click here. Here is writing a period from Isokrates’ Panegyrikos (186), cited by Aristotle in pakistan the Rhetoric (1410a):
For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Fame and memory and glory. how much ought one to think. those will either possess while alive. or leave behind when they die. who in deeds of this sort excel?
Only a tortured English translation, as above, can reflect the define, way Isokrates has directed this sentence toward its “finish-line”, aristeusantas. Each element of the sentence requires something later to complete its meaning: first come three accusatives; then they are made part of a question governed by the verbs khre and thesis sociology pakistan, nomizein, the first of which requires an accusative subject, the second an infinitive; then come two parallel accusatives and about, infinitives, but since the accusative words are participles we still don’t know who the sentence is about; finally, the phrase tous. . .aristeusantas, with a prepositional phrase enclosed, tells us. Notice also how Isokrates emphasizes the structure of the sentence with repeated sounds and thesis sociology, words: phemen, mnemen, posen; nomizein, ekhein, kataleipsein; e, e; zontas, teleutesantas, aristeusantas. Each of uspto patent, these repetitions spans two or three kola and leads us forward to the conclusion. A longer periodic sentence of Isokrates is analyzed below.
Short and Long Kola: Xenophon and Thucydides. As is usual in Greek, each kolon in the examples just discussed is short and easily comprehended. Were this not so, it would be very difficult to suspend the sense until the very end. Two examples cited by Demetrios, each a description of a river, show the strikingly different effect of very short kola (kommata) and unusually long ones. Sociology? First, Xenophon’s description of the river Teleboas ( Anabasis 4.4.3, Demetrios 6): houtos d’ en kalos men, megas d’ ou. This (river) was beautiful, but not large. Then Thucydides’ description of the Acheloos (2.102.2, Demetrios 45): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. For the dissertation marks, river Acheloos, flowing down from Mount Pindos through Dolopia and thesis sociology, the Agraioi and Amphilochoi, and through the Akarnanian plain, skirting the city Stratos upland. and discharging into italics, the sea by Oiniadai and creating a marsh around their city, makes it impossible, because of the water, in winter to mount a campaign.
The sentence, like the river, flows and twists and thesis pakistan, turns to its conclusion. Only in the last kolon do we get the main verb, and the adjective aporon preceding it forces us to wait for the final word, strateuein, which explains the strategic reason for define explanatory essay the entire excursus introduced by gar. Sociology? An appropriately serpentine periodos! As a final example of a periodos where sense is suspended until the end, here is a sentence of Lysias, who was just as much at home in the periodic as in the loose style (25.18): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. But if you think it necessary. the men whom those ones omitted to harm. yourselves to dissertation italics quotation ruin, none of the citizens will be left. In the protasis of this conditional sentence Lysias gains extra force first by using ei plus the thesis, indicative rather than the more usual ean plus subjunctive (making the whole sentence in effect a future most vivid or minatory conditional sentence), then by bringing the relative clause forward to precede the exemplification essay, infinitive apolesai on which it depends. The sentence concludes both logically and dramatically with the main verb hupoleiphthesetai.
Not every periodic sentence postpones an sociology, essential element until the very end. Such sentences are indeed the most neatly “rounded” and “directed toward a finish-line”, but a longer period expressing complex ideas would be difficult for define essay an audience to follow if they had to keep track of multiple suspensions of meaning and multiple subordinations until the final kolon. Often the main verb comes at the beginning or in the middle, and the effect of a structured whole is achieved by thesis pakistan, carefully arranging parallel or antithetical kola whose sense is complete before the sentence moves on. Here is essay issues Isokrates’ description of Xerxes’ march through northern Greece ( Panegyrikos 89, cited in part by thesis sociology, Aristotle, Rhetoric 1410a): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Who came to so great a point of arrogance. that, thinking it was a small task to subjugate Greece. and wanting to leave a monument so great. that it is not a thing of human birth, he did not earlier stop (5) until he discovered and compelled. the thing which all men talk about: how with his army. to sail through the mainland.
and march through the sea, (10) yoking the Hellespont. and digging through Athos. This is a splendid example of a long and nervosa, carefully crafted period where the main verb comes in the first kolon and sociology, everything else unfolds in later subordinations. The layers of subordination, rather than creating a tangled suspension of sense, unfold clearly and in sequence. Note how small the elements are which make up most of this sentence. The longest kola, the second and third, describe Xerxes’ grandiose thoughts; as his plan progresses, things seem to of yeast coursework get easier until, in two short phrases, he yokes the sea and digs the land. And note the careful and varied connections: relative clauses, result clauses, a temporal clause, pairs of participles and a pair of infinitives set off by men and de. Note, finally, how similar sounds reinforce parallel structures: pleusai, pezeusai (9,10); zeuxas, dioruxas (11,12). End-rhyme links the paired verb forms, the first syllable of sociology pakistan, zeuxas picking up sounds from the preceding pair. Another period of Isokrates is analyzed above.
Many periodoi are based neither on suspension of sense nor on grammatical subordination but consist of a series of parallel or antithetical kola. Here are two examples from Lysias cited by gender issues, C. D. Adams in his insightful discussion of the differences between loose and periodic style (Lysias, Selected Speeches , pp. 345-352): For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. The killing of men they thought of no importance; the taking of money they considered of great importance. (12.7) For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. many of the sociology pakistan, citizens to our enemies they banished; many they wrongly killed and left unburied; many with civic rights they disenfranchised; of many the daughters about to about be married they balked. (12.21)
Strictly speaking, the first of these sentences presents an antithesis, the second a series of parallels. In each, however, as commonly, the thesis pakistan, kola are closely parallel in form: in the first, each kolon consists of infinitive + direct object + phrase with peri + main verb; at the end the rhyme hegounto/epoiounto (homoioteleuton) reinforces the parallel and gender, brings closure. The kola are nearly equal in length: 18 and 16 syllables (the figure of isokolon or, more strictly, parisosis). The conjunctions men and de produce a suspension not of immediate meaning but of thesis, general thought: while the first kolon gives a complete thought, we know that more is to come. In the second sentence four parallel kola portray the nefarious character of the Thirty Tyrants. Not only are the kola nearly identical in length (17, 17, 15, and essay, 18 syllables) but their similarity is strengthened by the repetitions pollous/pollous/pollous/pollon at thesis pakistan the beginning and patent assignment, exelasan/epoiesan/katestesan/ekolusan at the end. The detail added by the fourth kolon–the confiscations of property even prevented some families from giving their daughters dowries–provides a vivid and dramatic climax and brings a sense of periodic closure. For excerpts from Demetrios’ essay, click here. For a graphic of Lysias 12.99-100 laid out in thesis sociology kola and kommata, click here. Even a single kolon can be periodic. Demetrios cites (17) the opening of Herodotos’ History : Herodotou Halikarnasseos histories apodexis hede. . . . Of Herodotos of creative rubric, Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this.
A neat suspension of sense, where longer words lead to a shorter “capstone”, hede. Since this period is part of a longer sentence, it is worth quoting the thesis sociology pakistan, whole thing: For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. Of Herodotos of Halikarnassos’ inquiry the result is this, that neither may the things done by men with time become extinct. nor may great and wondrous deeds, some by foreigners shown forth, both the other events and through what cause they warred with each other. Thus, in a masterful period, does Herodotos reveal the goal and scope of his History . Essay About Gender? Note the sociology, careful connections and the alternation of long and short kola. Note the double purpose clause (hos mete. . Define Explanatory? .genetai, mete. Pakistan? . .genetai), where the second clause makes us wait while the uspto patent, meaning of erga is amplified by sociology pakistan, ta men. . . Respiration Coursework? ta de. Pakistan? . . in apposition. Note, especially, how the Persian Wars appear, understated, in a kolon appended at the very end, in 6th grade creative writing apposition to and amplifying what went before. Isokrates could have done no better. Rhetorical, Historical, and Philosophical Periods. Thus periodic sentences can have various structures and sociology pakistan, can achieve “rounding” or “concentration toward an end” or “completeness” in various ways and to define explanatory various degrees.
In addition to Adams‘ distinction between periods involving suspension of sense, antithesis, and thesis pakistan, parallelism one should take note of the italics quotation, more fundamental distinction which Demetrios draws between three types of period, according to how tightly they are constructed: the rhetorical period, the sociology, historical period, and anorexia, the philosophical period or period of dialogue. The rhetorical period is the most rounded, with a “turning” and “concentration” at the end (Demetrios 10). Examples are the thesis pakistan, passages from Demosthenes (20.1), Thucydides (2.102.2), and Isokrates (Panegyrikos 186) discussed above, where a crucial element is withheld until the of yeast coursework, conclusion. To return to the table of contents, click here. A Short Historical Period of Xenophon. As an thesis pakistan, example of a historical period Demetrios cites the opening of 6th grade creative, Xenophon’s Anabasis : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.
Of Dareios and Parysatis were born two children, the older Artaxerxes, the younger Kyros. (Anabasis 1.1; Demetrios 3) According to Demetrios this sentence consists of two kola, each of which, while an integral part of the sentence, completes its own thought. Pakistan? [One could also treat the phrases with men and de as separate kola (or kommata).] That is, the first kolon is complete in itself, but the second adds details which, once we have them, we perceive as part of an essay, organized whole. Many sentences, both shorter and longer, are organized in pakistan this way, not only by historians but by every kind of writer. The construction is looser than that of issues, a rhetorical period but still produces the impression of thesis pakistan, a rounded whole. To return to patent the table of contents, click here.
The philosophical period or period of dialogue is looser still and barely gives the impression of being a period at all. Demetrios cites the opening of Plato’s Republic : For a graphic image of the thesis sociology, Greek text, click here. I went down yesterday to Peiraios. with Glaukon, Ariston’s son, to pray to the goddess. and also wanting to see the festival, how they would perform it, since now they’re holding it for the first time. (Plato, Republic 327a1-3; Demetrios 21) Demetrios notes that kolon is piled on kolon in apparent artlessness–yet, as critics have long remarked, this is one of the most studied and artful of Greek sentences. [See, for example, Denniston’s remarks ( Greek Prose Style , p. 41).] Plato is essay anorexia said to have puzzled long over sociology the order of the essay gender, opening words. The very first word is the main verb; a full stop could be placed at the end of each kolon (except for the third, where te looks ahead to kai hama); the thesis sociology pakistan, indirect question tina tropon poiesousin comes as a seeming afterthought, picking up the accusative heorten of the anorexia nervosa, previous kolon (the fairly common figure of prolepsis). Yet by the end we have run a full course, a periodos. The sentence is more than what it seems to be: formally (grammatically) one could regard it as lexis eiromene, but it is really periodic.
There is no one formula, then, for a periodic sentence nor, as we are reading an author, should we expect to be able to sociology say with certainty whether this or that sentence or passage is coursework “loose” or “periodic”, much less classify each sentence as rhetorical, historical, or philosophical. Rather, we should observe how Greek writers ring changes on sentence-patterns and how they use connectives and rhetorical figures as “signposts” for the listener and reader. Pakistan? Labels, where we can assign them, are means, not ends. For Demetrios’ remarks on assignment the three types of period, click here. In order to place in perspective the use of rhetorical figures as guides to the architecture of thesis sociology, a sentence, let us look at about gender issues the most exuberant rhetorician of them all, Gorgias of thesis sociology, Leontinoi, who amazed the Athenians with a style in which repeated sounds and plays on words were part of the very texture of the Greek.
Our Gorgianic exemplar is chapter 6 of the uspto, Encomium of Helen . For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here. For either by sociology pakistan, Fortune’s volitions. and the gods’ counsels. and Necessity’s decrees. she did what she did, or by force seized (5) or by words persuaded. If, then, because of the first, worthy to be accused is the one accusing: for god’s zealousness by human forethought it is impossible to hinder. (10) For it is natural not for the stronger thing by the weaker to be hindered, but for the weaker by the stronger to be ruled and guided, and for the stronger to lead.
and the weaker to follow. But god than man is a stronger thing (15) both in force and in wisdom and in all else. If, then, to about gender issues Fortune and the god the blame one must assign, verily Helen from her ill fame one must absolve. Not only sociology, is the passage composed for the most part of very short elements (kommata rather than kola) but many of these are the same or nearly the uspto patent, same in length (isokolon or parisosis): Tukhes boulemasi, theon bouleumasi, and Anagkes psephismasin (lines 1-3) are 6, 6, and 7 syllables; to men kreisson hegeisthai and to de hesson hepesthai (13-14) are each 7 syllables. End-rhyme (homoioteleuton) is everywhere: boulemasi, bouleumasi, psephismasin; harpastheisa, peistheisa, (5-7) [ is a medieval conjecture based on Gorgias’ development of the argument in chapter 15]; anatheteon, apoluteon (17-18). Parallel phrases follow one another in sociology pakistan staccato succession: genitive noun + dative noun (1-3); substantive + phrase with hupo + infinitive(s) (11-12); substantive + infinitive (13-14). Parallelism of sound and respiration, structure comes from plays on thesis sound (parechesis) and meaning (paronomasia) within and between phrases, with similar words and even forms of the creative writing, same word juggled kaleidoscopically: boulemasi/bouleumasi (1-2); aitiasthai/aitiomenos (9), where the first form is passive, the second middle; kreisson. . .hessonos. . .hesson. Thesis Sociology Pakistan? . .kreissonos. Writing Rubric? . .kreisson. . .hesson (11-14), a double chiasmus. Thesis? Note also the end-rhymes in dissertation quotation marks -sthai and the alliteration of h- in 13-14: hegeisthai/hesson/hepesthai. Especially bizarre is theou prothumian/anthropinoi promethiai in 10: what appears to be a longer kolon is thesis sociology pakistan broken up (or is it simply tangled, like vain human intentions?) by these nearly impenetrable phrases. Before dismissing these devices as puerilities, we should remember two things: first, the Greeks did not regard words merely as arbitrary collections of phonemes randomly assigned meanings; sound was connected to sense. Second, the argument from which this passage is excerpted is patent meticulously logical and entirely typical of fifth-century “sophistic” argumentation as exemplified in Euripides, Thucydides, and Aristophanes. [See the works of John Finley cited in the bibliography.]
The layout of this passage in the graphic attempts to isolate its smallest constituent elements. Sociology? Gorgias encourages this with his insistent repetitions and isokola. But if we step back and look at overall sentence-structure, Gorgias’ sophistication is evident. The first sentence (1-7) pivots around epraxen ha epraxen; the possible reasons for Helen’s elopement are presented on either side of uspto patent, this main clause. Preceding it is one possibility (Fortune, gods, Necessity) divided into three; following it are others (probably three in sociology pakistan number with one phrase each). Although we cannot know, as we read, exactly where the series will end (and indeed we do not know, since line 7 is a conjecture!), Gorgias suspends the sense nicely near the center of the assignment, sentence.
The second sentence (8- 9), a straightforward protasis + apodosis, is inherently periodic. In the thesis pakistan, next (10) the predicate adjective adunaton, which reveals the grammatical construction, comes next to last, and the direct object prothumian receives its infinitive (the subject of the sentence) only at the end. By contrast, in exemplification anorexia the longer sentence which follows (11- 14) everything depends on the first word, pephuke: the first kolon, introduced by ou, leads to the second, which answers ou with alla and where koluesthai is answered by two infinitives, arkhesthai and agesthai; at the end (13-14) two further articular infinitives amplify the idea expressed in line 12. Since the phrases with men and de form a single thought, they could just as easily be placed on a single line. They would then complete an ascending trikolon.
The next-to-last sentence (15-16) is a straightforward nominal sentence, with kreisson amplified by three datives each introduced by kai. The final sentence consists of thesis sociology, protasis + apodosis, each concluded by a verbal adjective. [In line 18 the first word is MacDowell’s conjecture (CQ [n.s.] 11  p. Define Explanatory Essay? 121).] Thus if we go beneath the dazzling surface of Gorgias’ rhetoric the confident construction of the sentences which convey his argument is apparent. Gorgias’ prose, with its successive kommata and insistent jingles, seems at thesis pakistan first anything but “periodic”. Demetrios, however, describes Gorgias as writing entirely in periods (15). Explanatory Essay? Critics have puzzled over how his audience could have been so impressed by sociology pakistan, Gorgias’ speaking, but in the courts as well as in the ekklesia the goal, after all, was effective argumentation, and the present epideixis is a tour de force of exactly that.
If we look to the overall length and structure of each successive argument in writing Gorgias’ logos, a different Gorgias emerges, an expert packager of pakistan, solid, familiar arguments in novel form. Often cited in this context is exemplification Kleon’s condemnation of the Athenians’ obsession with rhetoric (Thucydides 3.38). The Athenians, says Kleon, want to anticipate a speaker’s words and be seen doing so. Later, for an audience to do this was a sign of an unoriginal speaker whose words followed an sociology pakistan, all-too-predictable course (cf. Demetrios 15). This is the audience that, only months later, Gorgias astounded with his speaking. Such a seasoned, even jaded audience was ready for something new. Gomme‘s notes ad loc., citing several passages from essay nervosa Aristophanes, evoke well the intellectual atmosphere attending Gorgias’ arrival. To conclude this section here is an appropriately rhetorical translation of this passage by thesis pakistan, Larue Van Hook: For either by the disposition of fortune and the ratification of the gods and the determination of essay, necessity she did what she did, or by violence confounded, or by persuasion dumbfounded, or to Love surrendered. If, however, it was against her will, the culpable should not be exculpated.
For it is impossible to forestall divine disposals by human proposals. Thesis Sociology? It is a law of nature that the stronger is not subordinated to exemplification essay nervosa the weaker, but the weaker is sociology subjugated and dominated by the stronger; the stronger is the leader, while the weaker is the entreater. Divinity surpasses humanity in might, in sight, and in all else. 6th Grade Writing Rubric? Therefore, if on fortune and sociology, the deity we must visit condemnation, the infamy of Helen should find no confirmation. [Published in his introduction to Isokrates’ Helen , in vol. Creative? 3 of the Loeb edition of Isokrates, pp. Thesis Sociology? 55-57.] Here, lastly, is an example of the finest periodic style in Greek, the mature style of Demosthenes. Italics Quotation? Over the course of his career, Demosthenes developed a style unrivaled for its variety, intensity, and concentration, a style not wholly periodic like that of Isokrates but mixing long and complex periods with shorter, simpler statements, questions, exclamations. A good Demosthenic periodos, often cited, is the opening of the speech On the Crown : For a graphic image of the Greek text, click here.
First, Athenian men, I pray to all the gods and goddesses, as much good will as I continually have to the city and all of thesis sociology pakistan, you, that so much be accorded me from essay gender you for this contest; second, a thing which especially concerns you and your piety and thesis, reputation, this for the gods to grant you: (5) not to make my opponent your advisor. about how you ought to listen to me. (that would be outrageous) but the laws and the oath, in which, in addition to the other just things, this too is written: (10) to listen to both in the same way. At the outset of his speech Demosthenes gives original form to a commonplace idea: both sides deserve a hearing, and each speaker should be allowed to develop his arguments in his own way. At each stage of the define explanatory essay, sentence grammatical “signposts” and sociology, other key words create a suspension of meaning which is only resolved in a later kolon. Demosthenes casts the entire sentence as a prayer (as he does the conclusion of the speech , which repays comparison). The prayer has two main parts, introduced by proton men (1) and exemplification essay, epeith’ (4).
The unremarkable words tois theois eukhomai are made memorable by three more words, bracketing the verb: tois theois eukhomai pasi kai pasais, which gives a striking rhythm: three cretics and a spondee. As for the content of the prayer, it will be given by the infinitives huparxai (3) and sociology pakistan, parastesai (5). Preceding the first is a relative clause introduced by hosen, which looks ahead to the correlative tosauten for the completion of its meaning: in return for his efforts on behalf of the city and its citizens, Demosthenes asks an equal recompense (a point reinforced by humin. . Define? .par’ humon). Sociology Pakistan? The second infinitive, parastesai, is again preceded by a relative clause, this time introduced by hoper, which looks ahead to its antecedent touto (and note, in 6th grade creative 4 and 5, huper humon and humin, forming an thesis pakistan, elegant chiasmus with the earlier pronouns humin  and humon ). But the second part of the prayer is not complete. Unlike toiauten huparxai the phrase touto parastesai forces us to look ahead to complete the meaning of touto, which is italics marks supplied by the infinitive me. . .poiesasthai, in apposition to touto. But we are not through yet. The word sumboulon requires an explanation, provided (7) by a concise prepositional phrase with an articular indirect question (!). Demosthenes then pauses for a parenthetical remark (8).
Then he picks up and continues the construction which he had interrupted: me ton antidikon sumboulon poiesasthai. Sociology? . .alla tous nomous kai ton horkon. His delivery would have made it clear that me was here not a simple negative but required alla to complete its meaning. The period concludes with a relative clause explaining the jurors’ oath–a clause whose culmination is prepared for by a prepositional phrase with pros and by the pronoun touto, in apposition to which comes the final articular infinitive–the point of the whole sentence, an equal hearing for assignment both sides, invested now with the authority of the gods and thesis sociology, the solemnity of the define, oath. A complex period, with many suspensions of sense. With a subtle art Demosthenes resolves one suspension even as he introduces another. The main verb leads off; the climax of the sentence comes in a “mere” relative clause. Thesis Sociology? There are clear signposts, but they are varied and not pedantically regular. The same variety is apparent in essay the two parts of the sociology, prayer (2-3, 5-11).
Even proton men and epeith’, the linchpins of the sentence, are not placed strictly logically: epeith’ should introduce a parallel prayer, with another verb answering eukhomai or with the same verb understood, but it does not. It introduces the second prayer dependent on eukhomai. Define Essay? Line 4 above should logically be indented in the Greek graphic, but this is where logical strictness yields to art. To put it another way, proton men should really be placed after the thesis, first kolon–but how banal that would be! A shorter period of Demosthenes is gender analyzed here. More Periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Demosthenes. Here are some graphic representations of periods of Gorgias, Isokrates, and Demosthenes not discussed above. Click here to see Gorgianic periods. Click here to see Isokratean periods.
Click here to see Demosthenic periods. The distinction between the periodic structures favored by sociology pakistan, Isokrates and those of Demosthenes is brought out nervosa well by Eric Laughton in his comparison of these orators with Cicero, who is Demosthenic rather than Isokratean (“Cicero and sociology, the Greek Orators”, AJP 82  27-49; see especially pp. 41-49). Cf. 6th Grade Creative Rubric? H. C. Thesis Sociology? Gotoff, “Thrasymachus of Chalcedon and Ciceronian Style.” But when one looks back at the elegant repetitions and subordinations, at the effortless variety of of yeast coursework, Plato’s expression, and especially at the elaborate edifice of sociology pakistan, 14-23 (nemon . . . enemen), one has, in retrospect, a sense of rounding, a sense that one has been led on explanatory a planned path with a clear beginning, middle, and end.
It should be no surprise, in a writer so artful as Plato, that even a “loose” narrative has, beneath its surface, more than a hint of periodic style. [For a detailed analysis of Protagoras’ story as an example of a traditional fable, and a discussion of thesis pakistan, lexis eiromene in general, see E. Norden, Agnostos Theos, Anhang VII, pp. 366-379. On Greek and Roman fables see Ben Perry’s introduction to the Loeb edition of Babrius and assignment, Phaedrus (Cambridge, Mass./London 1965), pp. xi-xxxiv.]