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VB . Dissertation Theatre Et La. Net 4.0 WPF WCF Developer 04842 NY. Rensselaer , NY 12144. Close date: September 19, 2017. Start date: October 12, 2017. End date: October 11, 2019. Duration: 24 months. Hours per week: 40. Task order #HBITS-05-04842. This is a full-time position. Hours are: The preferred work schedule is 8am to 5pm M-F which includes 1-hr lunch break.
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This system includes the following components:br /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Child Protective Services (CPS) Intakebr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Child Protective Services (CPS) Investigationbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Resource Directory amp; Foster Adoptive Home Development (FAD)br /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Case Management / Family Services (FSS)brbrThis system is a complex and highly integrated application which consists of several development and representation end user supported environments. Persuasive Speech On Sex Education. 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This project will 1) construct the Placement function; and expansion essay 2) implement the interface between the Placement module and sur le theatre et la the child welfare system of a great record (CONNECTIONS).brbrThe following activities are indicative of the dissertation sur le, span class=long-wordassignments/outcomes/span expected of this individual:brbrbull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; assist the Application Development team in preparing technical designs and nucor corporation study perform construction activitiesbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; work with developers to theatre et la representation, design and write complex packages to a great adventure essay, support their needsbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; write complex functions and procedures for new packages and update existing packages in an established Oracle database using pre-defined business rulesbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; work with Database Administrators to implement design changes and new packagesbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Performance testing and rewriting of production code/SQL statements amp; procedures performing badly, identified by Database Administratorsbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; support the sur le, application through the the thesis, testing and implementation phases, including product test, stress/load test etc.br /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; facilitate the knowledge transfer between the Technical IT staff and the Program staff responsible for testing, training, and implementationbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; assist Implementations staff, when needed, reviewing system release notesbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Developing appropriate system documentationbr /nbsp;/ppnbsp;/ppnbsp;Programmer/pp- Analysis, design, coding, component and sur le assembly testing of all application code owned by the Application Team- Maintenance (including production support), enhancement and development work- Write application software, data analysis, data access, data structures, data manipulation, databases, design, programming, testing and implementation, technical and user documentation, software conversionsbr /Mid Levelbr /36 - 60 Months: Candidate is able to work without assistance/ppnbsp;/ppstrongRequired Qualifications/strong:/polliMinimum education - Bachelorrsquo;s degree/liliSixty (60) months experience developing applications using minimum version of VB.NET 4.0/liliForty-eight (48) months experience developing applications using WPF/liliForty-eight (48) months experience developing applications using WCF/liliForty-eight (48) months experience developing applications using the MVC, MVVM, or similar patterns/liliSixty (60) months experience using ODP.NET, SQL, PL/SQL, writing stored procedures, functions, packages using an Oracle 10g or higher database./liliTwenty-four (24) months experience performing regression and integration testing/liliTwelve (12) months experience writing unit tests using Rhino Mocks/li/olpnbsp;/ppnbsp;/ppnbsp;/ppDo you anticipate any absences during the engagement period? If so, please list the start and end date for each absence./ppnbsp;/ppWhat dates can you interview for this position that are at adventure, least 7 days after the due date (see due date above)?/ppnbsp;/ppDo you have a Skype ID? If so, please provide it. If not, please get one ASAP, it is free. Dissertation Et La. A Skype interview will be required as part of the persuasive, hiring process./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to sur le theatre et la, start the essay, job within 10 days./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to pass a background investigation (BGI)./p/divh3Company Description/h3divLogic House Ltd., was incorporated in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1990.
It is a small business which provides a comprehensive range of management and technical services for dissertation sur le theatre representation the development of made by martin information systems. Logic House has experienced continuous growth, due in large measure to our history of successful service engagements. Dissertation Sur Le Et La. Operating from Pennsylvania and California, Logic House has earned a reputation for providing quality professional services in a timely and cost effective manner./div Logic House Ltd Rensselaer NY. VB Net 40 WPF WCF MVC Developer 04918 NY. Logic House Ltd. Posted 21 hours ago. VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 h3Job Description/h3divpClose date: October 4, 2017/ppStart date: 10/31/2017/ppEnd date: 4/29/2019/ppDuration: 18 months/ppHours per expansion, week: 40/ppTask order #HBITS-05-04918/ppThis is a full-time position./ppHours are: 8:00 am ndash; 5:00 PM/ppJob location is sur le theatre et la representation, Rensselaer, NY/ppnbsp;/ppstrongJob Description:/strong./ppThe CONNECTIONS project is an ongoing effort to provide the development, maintenance, and support activities on the New York Statersquo;s Automated Child Welfare Information System for OCFS, LDSS, and Voluntary Agencies. This system includes the following components:br /bull; Child Protective Services (CPS) Intakebr /bull; Child Protective Services (CPS) Investigationbr /bull; Resource Directory amp; Foster Adoptive Home Development (FAD)br /bull; Case Management / Family Services (FSS)brbrThis system is a complex and highly integrated application which consists of several development and end user supported environments.
These environments interface/interact with legacy applications and other 3rd party software.br /nbsp;/ppThis individual will provide development support to persuasive on sex education outline, the CONNECTIONS project during development and maintenance activities to sur le theatre representation, maintain New York Statersquo;s Automated Child Welfare Information System for OCFS, LDSS, and Voluntary Agencies.brbrThe following activities are indicative of the span class=long-wordassignments/outcomes/span expected of essays honour this individual:brbrbull; participation in requirement and dissertation sur le theatre representation design sessionsbr /bull; participate in essay database design within an existing Oracle database structurebr /bull; assist the Application Development team in preparing technical designs and perform construction activitiesbr /bull; work with developers to et la representation, design and write complex packages to support their needsbr /bull; Perform team lead tasks when necessary.br /bull; write complex functions and procedures for new packages and update existing packages in american an established Oracle database using pre-defined business rulesbr /bull; work with Database Administrators to implement design changes and new packagesbr /bull; Performance testing and theatre et la representation rewriting of production code/SQL statements amp; procedures performing badly, identified by Database Administrators.br /bull; Provide database support to developers who write code using WCF, WPF and .Net.br /bull; support the expansion, application through the testing and implementation phases, including product test, stress/load test etc.br /bull; facilitate the theatre et la, knowledge transfer between the why was the thesis by martin luther, Technical IT staff and the Program staff responsible for testing, training, and implementationbr /bull; assist Implementations staff, when needed, reviewing system release notesbrbrnbsp;/ppnbsp;/ppstrongProgrammer/strong/ppstrong- Analysis, design, coding, component and dissertation representation assembly testing of outline all application code owned by the Application Team- Maintenance (including production support), enhancement and development work- Write application software, data analysis, data access, data structures, data manipulation, databases, design, programming, testing and dissertation theatre et la implementation, technical and persuasive speech on sex outline user documentation, software conversionsbr /Seniorbr /60 - 84 Months: Candidate is able to work without assistance and can provide leadership for others; may have advanced education/strong/ppnbsp;/ppstrongRequired Qualifications/strong:/polliMinimum education - Bachelorrsquo;s degree/liliSixty (60) months experience developing applications using minimum version of VB.NET 4.0/liliForty-eight (48) months experience developing applications using WPF/liliForty-eight (48) months experience developing applications using WCF/liliForty-eight (48) months experience developing applications using the MVC, MVVM, or similar patterns/liliSixty (60) months experience using ODP.NET, SQL, PL/SQL, writing stored procedures, functions, packages using an Oracle 10g or higher database./liliTwenty-four (24) months experience performing regression and dissertation sur le theatre integration testing/liliTwenty-four (24) months experience writing unit tests using Rhino Mocks/liliProof of Education (Bachelorrsquo;s degree or greater) is essays whittlesea, requested to be submitted with all responses/li/olpnbsp;/ppstrongspan class=long-word. /span/strong/ppnbsp;/ppDo you anticipate any absences during the engagement period? If so, please list the sur le theatre, start and end date for argumentive essay writing each absence./ppnbsp;/ppWhat dates can you interview for dissertation sur le theatre representation this position that are at least 7 days after the due date (see due date above)?/ppnbsp;/ppDo you have a Skype ID? If so, please provide it. If not, please get one ASAP, it is free. A Skype interview will be required as part of the hiring process./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to start the job within 10 days./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to pass a background investigation (BGI)./p/divh3Company Description/h3divLogic House Ltd., was incorporated in the Commonwealth of essay writing Pennsylvania in 1990. It is a small business which provides a comprehensive range of management and technical services for the development of dissertation sur le theatre et la representation information systems. Persuasive Speech Education In Schools Outline. Logic House has experienced continuous growth, due in dissertation theatre representation large measure to american essay, our history of successful service engagements.
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Additional hours over 40/week may be occasionally necessary based on software development and deployment schedules./ppJob location is Rensselaer, NY/ppnbsp;/ppstrongJob Description:/strong./ppThe CONNECTIONS project is an ongoing effort to dissertation, provide the writing, development, maintenance, and support activities on the New York Statersquo;s Automated Child Welfare Information System for OCFS, LDSS, and Voluntary Agencies. This system includes the following components:br /bull; Child Protective Services (CPS) Intakebr /bull; Child Protective Services (CPS) Investigationbr /bull; Resource Directory amp; Foster Adoptive Home Development (FAD)br /bull; Case Management / Family Services (FSS)brbrThis system is a complex and sur le theatre representation highly integrated application which consists of several development and a great adventure end user supported environments. These environments interface / interact with legacy applications and other 3rd party software./ppThis individual will provide development support to dissertation theatre et la representation, the CONNECTIONS project during development and maintenance activities to persuasive speech on sex in schools outline, maintain New York Statersquo;s Automated Child Welfare Information System for OCFS, LDSS, and Voluntary Agencies. The following activities are indicative of the sur le theatre et la, span class=long-wordassignments/outcomes/span expected of speech on sex this individual:brbrbull; participation in dissertation sur le representation requirement and design sessionsbr /bull; participate in database design within an bruce whittlesea existing Oracle database structurebr /bull; assist the dissertation et la representation, Application Development team in american expansion essay preparing technical designs and perform construction activitiesbr /bull; work with developers to design and write complex packages to support their needsbr /bull; perform team lead tasks when necessarybr /bull; write complex functions and dissertation theatre procedures for new packages and essay update existing packages in sur le theatre et la an established Oracle database using pre-defined business rulesbr /bull; work with Database Administrators to implement design changes and new packagesbr /bull; performance testing and rewriting of (b) case study production code/SQL statements amp; procedures performing badly, identified by Database Administratorsbr /bull; provide database support to developers who write code using WCF, WPF and .Netbr /bull; support the application through the dissertation sur le representation, testing and essay implementation phases, including product test, stress/load test, etc.br /bull; facilitate the knowledge transfer between the Technical IT staff and the Program staff responsible for testing, training, and dissertation et la implementationbr /bull; assist Implementations staff, when needed, reviewing system release notes/ppnbsp;/ppnbsp;Programmer/pp- Analysis, design, coding, component and assembly testing of all application code owned by the Application Team - Maintenance (including production support), enhancement and nucor development work - Write application software, data analysis, data access, data structures, data manipulation, databases, design, programming, testing and implementation, technical and et la user documentation, software conversionsbr /Seniorbr /60 - 84 Months: Candidate is american expansion essay, able to dissertation sur le theatre et la representation, work without assistance and can provide leadership for others; may have advanced education/ppnbsp;/ppstrongRequired Qualifications/strong:/polliBachelorrsquo;s degree/lili60 months experience developing applications using minimum version of corporation VB.NET 4.0/lili48 months experience developing applications using WPF/lili48 months experience developing applications using WCF/lili48 months experience developing applications using the dissertation et la, MVC, MVVM, or similar patterns/lili60 months experience using ODP.NET, SQL, PL/SQL, writing stored procedures, functions, packages using an Oracle 10g or higher database/lili24 months experience performing regression and integration testing/lili24 months experience writing unit tests using Rhino Mocks/li/olpnbsp;/ppnbsp;/ppnbsp;/ppDo you anticipate any absences during the engagement period? If so, please list the start and a great essay end date for each absence./ppnbsp;/ppWhat dates can you interview for dissertation sur le theatre this position that are at least 7 days after the speech on sex in schools, due date (see due date above)?/ppnbsp;/ppDo you have a Skype ID? If so, please provide it.
If not, please get one ASAP, it is free. Sur Le Et La. A Skype interview will be required as part of the hiring process./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to start the job within 10 days./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to pass a background investigation (BGI)./p/divh3Company Description/h3divLogic House Ltd., was incorporated in essays honour bruce whittlesea the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1990. It is a small business which provides a comprehensive range of dissertation sur le theatre representation management and technical services for the development of information systems. Essays Honour Whittlesea. Logic House has experienced continuous growth, due in large measure to our history of successful service engagements. Dissertation Sur Le Theatre Et La Representation. Operating from Pennsylvania and California, Logic House has earned a reputation for essay providing quality professional services in a timely and cost effective manner./div Logic House Ltd Rensselaer NY.
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02 Spring 2002 March 15, 2002 Cloning, and Stem Cell Research Technology has advanced a great deal within the . past few years. We have learned so much information about animal's genes and what can be done with them. However, with this new information brings new questions and arguments. So far, scientists have successfully cloned a sheep, a monkey, a bull, and are working on an endangered breed of ox, of dissertation sur le et la representation course cloning animals and conducting research on adventure essay, those animals does not concern many people. Biotechnology , Cell , Cellular differentiation 2054 Words | 6 Pages. Stem Cell Research Since their discovery, the ethics of human embryonic stem cells . have been debated. As the ongoing controversy over human embryonic stem cells persists, we continue to look for alternative means of acquiring similar task-performing cells . Margaret Goodell was one of the first to propose extracting stem cells from dissertation, other sources, most notably bone marrow. Without the persuasive on sex education in schools outline, ethics baggage, bone marrow derived cells seemed to put aborted fetuses out of the theatre, picture. Yet, according to. Blood , Bone marrow , Cellular differentiation 1510 Words | 4 Pages. Stem Cells Research Controversy Glenny L. Alawag, Jr.
August 8, 2011 Abstract This paper provides the argumentive, . Sur Le Representation? description of stem cells and the context of american stem cells research . Et La? It tries to provide information on the latest developments of persuasive speech on sex in schools outline using stem cells in dissertation curing medical conditions of argumentive essay human beings, as well as its potentials in dissertation sur le the medical and pharmaceutical fields. It also analyzes the controversy of the essays bruce whittlesea, research as it enumerates the dissertation, improvements and expansion essay, new proposals available. The pros and cons. Bone marrow , Cell , Cellular differentiation 2006 Words | 6 Pages. marriage, and abortion. Yet one of the most controversial has to be stem cell research . A Stem . Cell is sur le theatre et la a generic cell that can make exact copies of a great essay itself indefinitely.
It also has the ability to make specialized cells for various tissues in the body such as the heart muscle, brain and liver. But why exactly is stem cell research so controversial? Well mostly those who oppose embryonic stem cell research do so on sur le theatre et la, the grounds that the cells die in a great the process. Dissertation Sur Le Theatre? But what those people might not know is that. Adult stem cell , Biotechnology , Cellular differentiation 1022 Words | 3 Pages.
Ethics and Philosophies of Stem Cell Research Nader Zeidan Malek Fatte Mohamad Said Fouad Saba Marc Deeb Joy . Chamoun Ethics of Human Stem Cell Research Gene H. On Sex In Schools Outline? Outka Varying Views of Fetuses and Embryos • From the Left •From the Middle • From the sur le theatre representation, Right Preferred Philosophy • Kantian – Murder vs Killing – Choosing Life – Burden of argumentive essay Evil – “Nothing is Lost” Principle The Ethics of dissertation sur le et la Embryonic Stem Cell Research Howard J. Curzer Conservative Ethics of Embryos • Embryos. Cell , Developmental biology , Embryonic stem cell 365 Words | 4 Pages. On the hot topic of human embryonic stem cell research and its moral/ethical ground, which side is right? Each side . Persuasive Speech In Schools? has great and truth bearing arguments. Each party is convinced that their choice is the correct one. Untimely to theatre representation conclude with the most valid option, you must totally research and honour bruce whittlesea, exhaust all facts of each argument as well as be open minded to both sides. It? important to find your decision based on the facts and not let your personal beliefs cloud your decision. To recap both arguments. Cell , Cell biology , Developmental biology 625 Words | 3 Pages.
Stem cells are primitive cells found in embryos, fetuses, and recently adults that can grow into 210 types of . cells in the body. James A. Dissertation Sur Le? Thomson, an embryologist at the University of Wisconsin, and John D. Speech Education? Gearhart of the sur le theatre et la representation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine announced on Thursday, November 8 1998 that they and their colleagues had isolated the cell . Scientists have tried for years to find stem cells because of argumentive their great medical value. Diseases such as Diabetes, Bone Marrow Cancer, Chronic. Bone marrow , Cell , Cellular differentiation 769 Words | 3 Pages. head: STEM CELL RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT Stem Cell Research . Assignment Pauline Spathis Grand Canyon University: Daniel Brown PHI 305 June 10, 2012 Stem Cell Research Assignment The Update: Stem - Cell Research article discusses the controversial issue of whether or not the sur le theatre et la, government should provide federal funding to stem - cell research . Essays Honour Bruce? Stem - cells have the et la, extraordinary potential in developing into many different cell types in the body. In fact, stem - cells consist.
Bone marrow , Cell , Cell division 1327 Words | 4 Pages. The Importance of Stem Cell Research. The Importance of Stem Cell Research Over the american expansion essay, last decade the use of stem cells has . Sur Le Theatre Et La? been a controversial and heated topic. Debates have exploded over every aspect of stem cell research in american expansion essay nearly every region of the world. It has been speculated by scientists that stem cell research may have the power to dissertation sur le potentially cure incredibly harmful diseases or even regrown organs. However some find that the argumentive writing, health issues seen in earlier attempts to use stem cell transplants and ethical controversies involved. Cell , Cellular differentiation , Developmental biology 1806 Words | 5 Pages. Stem Cell Research : Course Project Law310, Professor Smith DeVry University April 10, 2010 Stem . Cell Research : Course Project Law310, Professor Smith DeVry University April 10, 2010 Introduction Stem cell research is an extremely controversial topic within the United States and other countries. Every so often, new stem cell guidelines will change base on sur le et la representation, new bills present for consideration. Stem cell research laws are derived from President views.
Stem cell research is so controversial. Barack Obama , Bill Clinton , Democratic Party 1355 Words | 4 Pages. Biotechnology and Stem Cell Research. ?Running Head: UNDERSTANDING THE CONCEPTS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY Biotechnology and Stem Cell Research Gladys Masker . Argumentive Writing? Contemporary Applications of the Sciences SCI215 Argosy University Online UNDERSTANDING THE CONCEPTS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY Biotechnology is the dissertation sur le theatre representation, concept in which any living thing can be changed or altered such as plants, animals, agriculture, food, health, and has been used in the manufacturing of chemicals. These changes in biotechnology are supposed to benefit and provide better. Biotechnology , Bone marrow , Cancer 1273 Words | 6 Pages.
? Stem Cell Research Stem cell research has been happening for 30 or . more years through bone marrow transplants, but has only been a major debate for nucor corporation study, about the past ten years with the first isolation of embryonic stem cells (UMichigan). Theatre? According to a popular issues website the speech, definition of dissertation sur le et la representation stem cells is, … contrasted with differentiated cells . Essays Honour Whittlesea? They offer much hope for medical advancement because of their ability to grow into almost any kind of et la representation cell ” (Pros and Cons…). One of the main debates. Bone marrow , Cellular differentiation , Embryo 957 Words | 3 Pages. Stem Cell Research NAME American Military University Abstract This Paper explores the fine lines of . study regarding Stem Cell Research . Argumentive? We’ll discuss the Stem Cell basics to include the importance for dissertation sur le theatre representation, use, the effects of corporation repairing the body, and the possible benefits to curing diseases and illnesses. As well shed light on the Ethics regarding the sur le theatre et la representation, use of persuasive on sex education in schools Stem Cells . To include but not limited to the debate regarding the procedure is immorally wrong (ethically speaking), the death of. Cell , Cell division , Cell type 1287 Words | 4 Pages. ? Stem Cell Research Homework Fact Finding Worksheet Directions: Use your textbooks, the sur le et la, library and Internet . resources to learn as much as you can about stem cell research and current stem cell based therapies.
When answering the a great essay, questions, be sure to document your information sources like all good scientists do. Use additional paper if you run out of space for answering a specific question. Be prepared to share what you have learned with your classmates. All group members must complete their. Blood , Bone marrow , Cell 723 Words | 4 Pages. Issues Of Stem Cell Research When it comes to great controversial debates Stem . Cell Research is one of the first that comes to my mind. It involves concerning issues that many Americans today argue that have positive or destructive outcomes. It’s a touchy subject but one that must be addressed if it is to be accepted by all those around us. Just like abortion Stem Cell Research causes sides to be divided, but before we can begin to et la argue both sides of this difficult debate we must first realize. Cell , Cell division , Developmental biology 881 Words | 3 Pages.
?Running Head: EMBRYONIC STEM CELL RESEARCH Page 1 Carmelita Coto July 22, 2014 Embryonic . Stem Cell Research PHI310 Stevens-Henager College EMBRYONIC STEM CELL RESEARCH Page 2 Embryonic Stem Cell Research Embryonic stem cell reasearch has a longstanding debate history. The 70's focused on research that involved fetuses in utero. Persuasive On Sex Education Outline? The 80's shifted to research of transplantation of sur le theatre fetal tissue into adults with serious medical. Cell division , Cellular differentiation , Developmental biology 686 Words | 4 Pages. Stem cell research has the potential to affect the lives of millions of Americans. In my research . you will understand; the history of stem cell research , International stem cell control list, and the legislation.
Hopefully, after reading this you will be able to form a strong opinion on stem cell research . What is a great essay stem cell research ? According to dissertation et la Stem cell information, “An adult cell is american essay thought to be an theatre undifferentiated cell ( cell that is adventure essay not developed) which is found among developed cells in. Biotechnology , Cell , Cell biology 1450 Words | 4 Pages. Stem Cell Research - Biotechnology. STEM CELLS - BIOTECHNOLOGY The biotechnology being discussed is STEM CELL THERAPY. Using . cells from a young embryo and dissertation, implanting them in a patient's body, people can recover diseased or dead cells . Stem cell research has the potential to save millions of lives, but has sparked much controversy and debate around the persuasive speech on sex education in schools outline, world. There are many kinds of stem cells , including: EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS , which come from et la representation, a five to made luther six-day-old embryo. They are able to form virtually any type of cell found in. Biotechnology , Cell , Cellular differentiation 687 Words | 4 Pages. The Controversy of Stem Cell Research. Bob Jones The Controversy of Stem Cell Research Is there a way to dissertation sur le representation save the lives of millions who are dying . dreadfully due to many threatening diseases such as cancer? When this question is asked, the first thought that may be brought up is “Yes… but how?” How can these cureless diseases be cured and conquered for forever?
The solution to these problems lay further in nucor corporation (b) case the field of dissertation sur le representation science, in the further research of made stem cells . Stem cells are cells found in all multicellular organisms that can further. Cell , Cell biology , Cell division 1697 Words | 5 Pages. Stem Cells have the sur le, potential to make a large positive impact in the medical field. It is important to know the essays whittlesea, basics of . Dissertation Sur Le Et La? Stem Cells , the made luther, difference between the et la representation, types of Stem Cells , and persuasive in schools outline, the possible uses of dissertation sur le theatre representation Stem Cells . Knowing the basics of stem cells is a necessity to why was understanding how they might positively impact those with a medical condition. Like any part of medical science, stem cells are very complex and consist of a lot of dissertation sur le theatre representation information. Adventure? Stem cell research is still moderately new and has. Adult stem cell , Biotechnology , Bone marrow 1770 Words | 5 Pages.
Benefits of theatre et la Stem Cell Research Medical research has brought to nucor (b) case study the world many great improvements: . Dissertation Representation? cures for numerous types of illnesses, pain medications, and an infinite number of things that have changed the way people look at the scientific side of medical research . Why Was Made By Martin Luther? Along with the remarkable breakthroughs of medical research comes the cons that have derived from the practice. This includes nerve agents that have been used in chemical warfare. Medical research has the dissertation sur le theatre et la, potential to be one of. Cell , Cell biology , Cell division 1414 Words | 5 Pages. Against Stem Cell Research Research on stem cells is knowledge . constantly being explored about how an organism evolves from adventure essay, a single cell and dissertation sur le theatre, how cells in good condition are put in place of cells that no longer work. The outcome that is anticipated from writing, doing this research is that if scientist can fine tune stem cells into regular cells like blood or heart muscles and put it back into the body, then possibly they may find a cure for some of the widespread diseases that exist in our world. Adult stem cell , Cell , Cell type 1833 Words | 6 Pages. Stem Cell Research and Deontology. and Stem Cell Research Stem cell research is dissertation sur le theatre et la very controversial in . A Great Adventure Essay? today’s world. Sur Le Et La? Although stem cell research has the potential for argumentive writing, curing diseases and conditions, some people view stem cell research as unethical and immoral. People do not realize that there is hope for medical advancement today because medical specialists can use stem cell research to grow practically any cells needed for sick patients.
Today, I am going to tell you what deontology is, how the sur le theatre representation, school of thought views stem cell. Cell , Cell division , Embryonic stem cell 1060 Words | 3 Pages. Stem Cell Research One of the argumentive essay, numerous scientific topics that creates a great divide between Americans and dissertation sur le theatre et la, . political party platforms is the approval or disapproval of stem cell research . There is very firm support and opposition to this topic, and it can often provoke heated discussions amid the general public and those in a great adventure essay academia. The core of the debate specifically revolves around embryonic stem cell research and the ethical implications that come with experimentation on human embryos. Should. Adult stem cell , Biotechnology , Cellular differentiation 1068 Words | 3 Pages. Stem cell research represents a new opportunity for ethical thought and debate.
Stem . Dissertation Sur Le Theatre? cells are primitive cells which have yet to specialize. Through proper coaxing, stem cells can be made to differentiate into usable body cells and eventually used for medical treatment. Though stem cell technology has been in development since the 1960’s, it was not until August of 2001, when then-president George W. Bush announced that federal funds could be allotted to embryonic stem cell research , that the. Developmental biology , Embryonic stem cell , Ethics 2751 Words | 7 Pages. from funding “ research in why was by martin luther which a human emryo or embryos are destroyed, discarded, or knowingly subjected to risk of dissertation sur le theatre et la representation injury or death.” Despite . the induction of the honour bruce, amendment, in 1998 James Thompson of the University of Wisconsin released information showing that he had used cells from dissertation sur le theatre et la representation, human embryos, which were then discarded, to devise stem cells , cells that are the corporation, initial undeveloped form of all human cells and theatre et la, can therefore be used to replace any damaged, diseased or disabled cell . Persuasive Education In Schools Outline? Upon the sur le theatre et la, release. Adult stem cell , Barack Obama , Embryonic stem cell 1525 Words | 5 Pages. Stem Cell Research One of the numerous scientific topics that creates a great divide between Americans and . political party platforms is the approval or disapproval of stem cell research . There is very firm support and opposition to expansion this topic, and it can often provoke heated discussions amid the general public and dissertation theatre et la, those in the thesis made by martin academia. The core of the debate specifically revolves around embryonic stem cell research and the ethical implications that come with experimentation on et la representation, human embryos.
When. Adult stem cell , Bone marrow , Cancer stem cell 1572 Words | 4 Pages. Excellent Embryos Stem cell treatment is a controversial topic of discussion among scientists and researchers today. By . studying these cells , researchers have the potential opportunity to american essay develop a more complete understanding of cancer and dissertation theatre et la, birth defects—as they are due to abnormal cell division and differentiation (Frequently np). However, there is much debate over made the ethics of dissertation sur le theatre et la representation using embryonic stem cells in research . The embryonic stem cells used in research are “legally obtained abortants or. Adult stem cell , Cell , Cell division 1057 Words | 2 Pages. The Ethics of Stem Cell Research By Aly Beall English 102 F Professor Stott 11 December 2012 Aly Beall . ENG 102 F Professor Stott Due Date: December 11, 2012 The Ethics of Stem Cell Research Stem Cells are unspecified cells that have the capability to renew themselves through cell division. They can be made to become tissue or organ specified cells ; for example they can be turned into on sex education outline, muscle cells , red blood cells , or even brain cells . There is much disagreement on the ethics. Cell , Cell division , Cellular differentiation 1931 Words | 5 Pages. What are stem cells ? A stem cell is a cell that has the dissertation sur le theatre, potential to honour whittlesea develop into any . of the et la representation, different cell types that make up the tissues and organs of the body, depending on whether they are multipotent or pluripotent (see below).
Stem cells act as a repair system in essay the body; dividing endlessly and giving rise to (producing) specialized cells . There are two main types of stem cells : embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells . Embryonic stem cells are formed early in human development, when a. Blood , Bone marrow , Cellular differentiation 1670 Words | 5 Pages. Stem Cell Research Advancements Tara Cantwell English 215 Professor Amanda McClure 02/10/2013 . Stem Cell research could save the et la representation, lives of american many people suffering from diseases. Stem cells are organisms that are crucial in dissertation et la representation development. These non-specialized cells have a potential to create other cells such as; muscle cells , tissue, brain, and why was the thesis, blood cells . Stem cells can even repair and replace damaged cells . With all this wonderful technology in our reach Ethics holds back the sur le representation, development of. Cell , Cellular differentiation , Cloning 1330 Words | 4 Pages. Professor Derek J. Thiess Rhetoric 105 29th Nov, 2010 Embryonic Stem Cell Research Over the last decade the . use of persuasive in schools outline stem cells has been a controversial and heated topic. Debates have exploded over every aspect of sur le representation stem cell research in nearly every region of the world.
Every aspect of stem cell research has come under debate in american expansion essay nearly every region of the world. Sur Le? It has been speculated by scientists that stem cell research may have the argumentive writing, power to dissertation sur le theatre et la representation potentially cure incredibly harmful diseases or. Adult stem cell , Biotechnology , Bone marrow 2710 Words | 7 Pages. Stem Cell Research Speech Outline. Topic: Allowing Stem Cell Research Specific Purpose: To persuade people who are against adventure essay, stem . Et La Representation? cell research to see the good in it. Intended Audiences: People against stem cell research . Thesis Statement: Stem cell research may lead to the cure to american essay all sorts of dissertation sur le theatre et la diseases, including diabetes, cancer, and many others.
Introduction Attention/Grabber/Credibility Material: Are you someone who suffers from a life threatening disease like cancer? If not, do you know someone who had or still has it. Bone marrow , Cell division , Diabetes mellitus 556 Words | 3 Pages. The Stem Cell Research Controversy Stem cell research is defined . by eHow as “a developing technology that focuses on using undifferentiated cells therapeutically to treat human disease and injury. Stem cells are primitive or unspecialized cells that can assist in tissue repair and rejuvenation. Expansion Essay? When they divide, stem cells have the potential to become any type of cell needed, such as brain, blood or muscle cells .” Stem cells are important for theatre et la representation, many reasons but the a great adventure essay, most well-known is that they. Cell , Cellular differentiation , Developmental biology 2234 Words | 6 Pages. Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Should Not Be Banned According to John A. Theatre Et La Representation? Robertson, co-chair of the why was made, ethics . committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, “In November 1998, a team of researchers at et la, the University of a great Wisconsin and a team at dissertation sur le theatre et la, Jonhs Hopkins University published reports of the first successful isolation and culturing of human ES cells ”(qtd. in Ruse and Pynes, 121).
For over made a decade, many researchers have thought that human embryonic stem cells could be the “Holy. Cell , Cellular differentiation , Developmental biology 1070 Words | 3 Pages. ?David Oszakiewski Rhetoric Major Assignment#3 Stem Cells : A Life Long Debate Stem cell . Dissertation Et La? research and therapy has been one of the most acclaimed debates in history. This topic has many people separated with its capability to have diverse views on the subject. The various views on this can consist of the pro and con use of american stem cells , all the way to the pro life, pro-choice debates. Because of this, it has been very hard to get any legislation passed that will let scientists take a further. Adult stem cell , Cell , Cell division 2226 Words | 7 Pages. Stem Cell Research Stem cell research is no longer a future . unrealistic concept, it is here and having enormous impacts on the medical field.
Stem cells are the primary cells that can be trained to develop into any human cell tissue such as muscle, skin, and brain. However, in embryonic stem cell research , to retrieve stem cells from embryos requires a process called therapeutic cloning where a person’s DNA is put into an unfertilized human egg (effectively cloning a person), the embryo is then. Cell , Cell division , Cellular differentiation 973 Words | 3 Pages. Stem Cell Research Outline 1. Introduction to Stem Cells A) Stems . cells have are those that have 3 general properties: they are capable of dissertation sur le et la dividing and renewing themselves for persuasive on sex in schools outline, long periods, are unspecialized, and dissertation representation, can regenerate into other specialized cells B) Essentially cells that have not yet decided what type of why was the thesis by martin luther adult cell they will become C) One stem cell has the et la, ability to self-renew and make 2 new stem cells D) This characteristic allows scientists to manipulate the properties of the cells. Adult stem cell , Bone marrow , Cell 729 Words | 3 Pages. ?Human stem cell research is a novel technology that will benefit society as a whole. This bold statement . American Essay? represents a current debate high on dissertation sur le representation, the ethical and political agendas across the a great adventure essay, globe. Although the potential benefits of using human stem cells in the treatment of diseases are vast and clear, their use remains controversial due to the public perception of their source and methods of extraction. However, it is undeniable stem cell research is key in the treatment and sur le, reversal of speech on sex education in schools a range of.
Cell , Cellular differentiation , Developmental biology 2037 Words | 6 Pages. topic of stem cell research , I am reminded of Charlie Chaplin when he stated that “man is an animal with primary . instincts of survival. Consequently his ingenuity had developed fist and his soul afterwards. The progress of science is far ahead of man’s ethical behavior.” Stem cell research is currently one of the most widely debated topics in medical science. Since the 1980’s, when the first embryonic stem cell was extracted from mice, there has been a growing interest in dissertation stem cell research as well.
Adult stem cell , Biotechnology , Bone marrow 2109 Words | 5 Pages. Research Paper Stem Cell Research. Bringing a baby into this world is one of nucor corporation (b) case study God’s greatest creations. Babies should be born out of love from et la representation, their mother and father. That is why so many . people are against embryonic stem cell research , designer babies, and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis. Argumentive Essay Writing? These procedures go along with the concept of the novel and of how Anna was conceived by in vitro fertilization. They go against the catholic religion due to the fact that creating a baby in a petri dish defeats the dissertation sur le representation, whole purpose of natural conception. Blood , Bone marrow , Developmental biology 1478 Words | 4 Pages. Is Stem Cell Research Good or Bad? April 26, 2011 Is Stem Cell Research Good or Bad?
Stem cell research . is in schools outline a very complex subject. “ Stem cells hold great potential for developing therapies to treat a wide range of human diseases. Already in clinical use is blood stem cell transplant, known well as bone marrow transplant therapy for the treatment of patients with certain types of blood diseases and cancers. The discovery of stem cells in various adult tissues, stem cells plasticity, and human embryonic stem cells bring excitement. Bone marrow , Cellular differentiation , Cord blood 1280 Words | 4 Pages. Stem Cell Research Yay or Nay?
One of the biggest political debates of recent times is whether the dissertation et la, government . should not only allow, but appropriate funds for the research of the thesis made all types of stem cells mainly the embryonic stem cell . Sur Le? A stem cell is a primitive type of why was the thesis made luther cell that can be manipulated into developing into dissertation theatre representation, most of the cells present in the body. Expansion Essay? Scientists believe that the dissertation sur le theatre representation, stem cell is the persuasive speech, single most important element in the cure of many diseases, which include heart disease, diabetes. Biotechnology , Cell , Cellular differentiation 2512 Words | 7 Pages. Stem Cell Research Persuasive Speech. should continue to use stem cell research treat human disease and abnormalities. B. Claims: 1. Claim 1: To . begin, stem cells have the ability cure thousands of people. 2. Claim 2: I'll show you that the potential of dissertation sur le et la representation stem cells are endless and committing to research can only prove so much more. Persuasive Speech Education In Schools? 3. Claim 3: Finally, I'll also explain to you how the plasticity of stem cells can treat such a wide range of disease. II.
Body: A. Dissertation Sur Le Representation? Claim 1:… To begin, stem cells have the ability cure. Adult stem cell , Blood , Bone marrow 740 Words | 3 Pages. ? Stem cells are unique because they have the ability to generate new cells of corporation any kind during early life and . growth. There are about 200 different types of cells in the body; such as muscle, skin and brain cells . Most of these cells have to be repaired or replaced once in a while. For example our taste buds are replaced every 10 days, skin cells every couple of weeks and liver cells every 300-500 days. Stem cells serve as an internal repair system dividing essentially without limit to replenish. Blood , Bone marrow , Cellular differentiation 1185 Words | 4 Pages. Statement The purpose of this paper is to representation investigate stem cell research . This paper will also give you a better . understanding of the topic. The main issue that will be discussed is the fact of whether it is ethical or not. The two positions of the honour bruce whittlesea, debate on embryonic research are the sur le et la, side that believes that the writing, embryo is a human being and have rights and who are against it and the other side that believes that the early embryo is too simple in structure and sur le, development to have moral status or interests. Cell , Developmental biology , Embryo 853 Words | 3 Pages.
Opposing Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Opposing Embryonic Stem Cell Research Stem cell research has a lot to . Persuasive Speech Education In Schools? offer in the way of treatments, or even cures to some devastating diseases that humans face. Dissertation Et La Representation? However, research using human embryonic stem cells that can only corporation study, be obtained by dissertation sur le theatre et la killing a human embryo can not be condoned or paid for by the persuasive on sex in schools, United States Government. Et La Representation? Federal funding needs to focus on the adult stem cell research that has already been proven successful and can be obtained without destroying a human life. Ethics. Adult stem cell , Biotechnology , Cell 1763 Words | 5 Pages. Stem Cell Research: Medical Advantages. 2012 Stem Cell Research : Medical Advantages Greatly debated, stem cell . research is very controversial; especially embryonic stem cell research . Many debate over the ethics of the research versus the a great adventure essay, medical advantages. The medical advantages outweigh the ethical views. Sur Le Theatre Representation? The mass of embryonic stem cells that are used come for a great, in vitro fertilization (IVF) (Black). Those cells are disposed as medical waste—using them for research gives those cells a purpose and to be wasted (16).
Embryonic stem cells. Cell , Cell division , Cellular differentiation 1547 Words | 4 Pages. Abstract To define why adult stem cell research’s is more ethically sound and its track record is so far superior to claims made . for dissertation sur le theatre, embryonic stem cell possibilities to date and why this success will make better laws with more bipartisan agreement possible. In as much has been spoken of the possibilities of stem cells in the regeneration and therapeutic uses for the human condition it is argumentive becoming evidently apparent from dissertation sur le theatre et la representation, research advancement that stem cell research in all its forms can yield medical. Biotechnology , Cell biology , Cellular differentiation 2445 Words | 6 Pages. The Medical Breakthrough of Stem Cell Research. The Medical Breakthrough of Stem Cell Research English IV K- 4 27 January 2013 The Medical Breakthrough of . Argumentive Essay? Stem Cell Research Someone you care about is suffering from heart disease, juvenile diabetes, Alzheimer’s, or even forms of sur le representation cancer and the only essay, hope may be through stem cell research . Would, or should, you support this study?
You, like many researchers and scientists, should have great hope for dissertation sur le theatre et la representation, stem cells and persuasive, its ability to cure heart disease, cancer, and neurodegenerative diseases. Bone marrow , Cancer stem cell , Cell 1492 Words | 4 Pages. Stem Cell Research Stem cell research has always been a controversial . subject and will always be debated. Sur Le Representation? The idea of taking a stem cell out of a baby that has not been born yet, and honour, put in somebody else to save their life seems morally wrong to dissertation et la some people. Other people us playing god and altering his work to perfect our selves. But there are people that look at it and say is it both a miracle of science and see the future brighter than they did because of it. Stem cell research was started in. Adult stem cell , Biotechnology , Cell division 1318 Words | 3 Pages. Stem Cell Research Stem cells have the ability to the thesis made mold themselves into many different . types of cells with specific attributes.
Stem cells are basically cells that have not been placed into a specific categorized function. Stem cells have so far proved to provide treatment to dissertation sur le various illnesses, such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, arthritis, Lou Gehrig’s disease, etc. So why is essay it not in blatant medical use today? Well, mainly because stem cells are noted as an act against representation, God. Why Was The Thesis Luther? The US government.
Adult stem cell , Cellular differentiation , Developmental biology 880 Words | 3 Pages. Stem Cell Research From the Viewpoint of sur le Dr. Gamal Serour Anatomy Physiology 11 . September 2013 Anatomy Physiology 11 September 2013 I am Dr. Gamal Serour, I am of the a great essay, Muslim ethnicity. I am a Professor at Al-Azhar University and Consultant in dissertation sur le theatre et la Obstetrics and Gynecology, specializing in infertility treatment. Also the argumentive essay, director of the international Islamic Center for Population studies and Research . I believe the study of the stem cell research can. Bone marrow , Cell , Cord blood 976 Words | 3 Pages.
Stem Cell Research- Reaction Paper. HEAD: Stem Cell Research - Reaction Paper Reaction Paper: Stem Cell . Research Heather A. Lail Liberty University Stem cell research has bought about heated debate since the time it was reviled. Dissertation Sur Le Et La Representation? Many different debates have been raised to justify and unjustified the use of stem cells for research throughout the years. The two most enduring debates that have stood the test of time have been the legal and ethical issues. The has been documented in countless research studies. Biotechnology , Cell , Cellular differentiation 1549 Words | 6 Pages. Government Funding Stem Cell Research. Government Funding Stem Cell Research Stem cell research is a . relatively new science that is the source of much medical promise yet much controversy as well. The type of stem cells required, embryonic stem cells , are only speech on sex outline, obtainable one way: through the destruction of human embryos. In 1996, the theatre, Dickey-Wicker Amendment was passed, making the government unable to fund any research where human embryos are created or destroyed.
At first the amendment was a minor obstacle the persuasive education, government had to work. Adult stem cell , Cellular differentiation , Developmental biology 2176 Words | 6 Pages.
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Why it#8217;s hard to find Android developers. I#8217;m an Android developer (at Aviary) and dissertation et la a New Yorker since late 2010. I#8217;ve been also an actionscript and python developer for more than 10 years. I hear this every day. Argumentive Essay Writing. Your New York based company is dissertation sur le, desperately looking for an Android developer, and it’s damn hard to find one. And you know what? This is your fault . I mean you, tech startup. Why Was The Thesis Made By Martin. Yes, you.
Almost all the theatre startups I know here in NYC have launched their core product for iOS first (most of the PMs I’ve spoken with have said that was because of lack of people or time). And then, maybe, if there#8217;s time… they start to realize they need to the thesis made by martin, have an Android version of dissertation sur le theatre representation, their app. But by this point the job is not to #8220;create” something, it’s just a “porting” job. Which, for obvious reasons, is a much less attractive job for argumentive, developers, just as it would be for a PM or a designer. Continue reading → Android Create a Vignette effect.
Let#8217;s say you want to want to dynamically apply a #8220;vignette#8221; on sur le theatre representation an ImageView. Something like this: These are basically 4 steps we need in american expansion essay order to theatre, accomplish the task: I#8217;ve just created this simple Android library, inspired from the recent changes to expansion essay, the Google+ app, which introduced a floating action item to the bottom. Dissertation Sur Le. In G+ the why was the thesis made action item appears and disappears based on the page scrolling. In the same way I#8217;ve created this library, with some more customization options, like the sur le et la gravity and adventure direction of the floating menu items. Here#8217;s a video of a sample implementation: Source code and documentation can be find on the github project page: java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError workaround. If you ever worked with native shared libraries in Android you#8217;ve probably already faced the #8220;java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError#8221; java exception which randomly seems to sur le, happen on certain devices ( actually it#8217;s happening on xperia phones mostly, based on my reports ). The problem is that Google basically marked all of them as #8220;resolved#8221;, even if developers are still complaining about it. I recently added more changes to my forked version of the Picasso library. Persuasive Outline. Added withDelay(long ms) method in sur le theatre et la representation the RequestCreator class. Basically it will delay the load of the essays bruce passed resource by n milliseconds. In the original Picasso code all the #8220;complete#8221; events are dispatched using a batch operation, this means that you can have at the same time 3/4 #8220;complete#8221; events being triggered, which eventually can cause lags in theatre the UI. Essays Honour. In this fork the batch is disabled by default and can be re-enabled by using: Fork or download the source from GitHub: Link the library in your build.gradle: Recently I started using this nice library, Picasso, for my Android projects.
Basically it#8217;s a library which allows you to load any type of images (local or remote, assets or resources) asynchronously into your ImageView. It will load them in dissertation sur le background for you, this not blocking the UI. It has also an internal cache system and it also comes with some useful features like #8220;fade#8221; ( when an image is loaded into the view it will automatically create a fade in effect ), #8220;transform#8221; ( you want to post transform the loaded bitmap ), #8220;resize#8221;, #8220;fit#8221; and more. You can find a better explanation of the project here: http://square.github.io/picasso/ By the way, long story short, as often happens, when you start to use a 3rd party library you also find it#8217;s limitations and you want to make your own changes to fit your particular needs. In fact I made a fork of study, this library starting adding my changes.
Here#8217;s a first list of changes I made: Added the theatre et la representation possibility to use an external cache instance per request. Cache cache = new LruCache( 1024*1024*1 ); Picasso.with( this ).load( file ).withCache( myCache ).into( imageView ); Remember to clear the cache when you don#8217;t need that anymore ( using cache.clear() ) Generators can be used to load images which cannot be loaded using the common scheme convention. There are different situations when you need to generate a Bitmap which is not directly related to a file or url or even a real bitmap resource. A Great. In this case you can use the scheme #8220;custom.resource#8221; with a Generator. A Generator is a simple interface with only one method: Bitmap decode( String path ) throws IOException; So you can use a generator in dissertation theatre representation this way: .load( Uri.parse( custom.resource:// + file ) ) .withGenerator( new Generator() public Bitmap decode( String path ) throws IOException. Both the adventure original Picasso methods resize and resizeDimen have been modified in dissertation theatre et la representation the followings new methods: public RequestCreator resize(int targetWidth, int targetHeight, boolean onlyIfBigger); basically you can pass an option to skip the resize operation if the writing loaded bitmap is smaller than the passed `targetWidth` and `targetHeight` Picasso uses a default BitmapFactory.Options object, every time, to decode the theatre representation required Bitmap. On Sex In Schools Outline. I#8217;ve added a method `withOptions` in the RequestCreator which allow you to pass your own Options object which will be used to decode the image. Obtain styleable fields at dissertation sur le runtime. Ususally, when we want to get some “R” attributes at runtime, we use the Resources getIdentifier method, which is useful for getting strings, drawables and ids at runtime. Unfortunately this method cannot be used to get the american expansion essay styleable fields.
However, using java reflections, there’s another way to solve the problem. Sur Le Theatre Et La. With this snippet you can get styleable fields at runtime in persuasive on sex education in schools outline your code: // use reflection to access the resource class. Field field = Class.forName( context.getPackageName() + .R$styleable ).getField( name ); if ( null != field ) return (T) field.get( null ); catch ( Throwable t ) Which can be used in this way: array = context.obtainStyledAttributes( attrs, styleableArray, defStyle, 0 ); As you may have noticed I#8217;m not working with flash and actionscript anymore. However I still receive some requests regarding the purePDF library I published, well I don#8217;t remember when exactly #128578; By the sur le theatre representation way, I decided to move the writing code to github, thus it will be easier for anyone still interested in that library to fork and add modifications and dissertation theatre et la representation share to other people.
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Essay: ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’ and dissertation theatre et la the Victorian Era. Chapter 1. Essay. The Victorian Era 3 Chapter 2. Tess, the et la tragedy of an unfair existence 14 Chapter 3. Rape or seduction? 27 Chapter 4. Anna Karenina and Tess of the D’Urbervilles, a tragic destiny 41. Chapter 5. Argumentive Essay. Conclusions. The MA dissertation ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles, an unfair existence’ deals with the problematic of Victorian women, analyzed in Thomas Hardy’s novel, ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles. The project is an attempt to find some answers about the women’s roles in a patriarchal society ruled and dominated by men.
The analysis also focused on the Christian prejudices and the injustice of social law. The theoretical part is structured into three chapters. The first one is an introduction into the Victorian Epoch and analyses this period of great changes that brought England to sur le its highest point of development and also the dramatic inequities between men and women. The next chapter concentrates on Tess’s life and tries to determine why Hardy’s heroine”’ The third chapter tries to investigate if Tess of D’Urbervilles was raped or seduced, if she is an angel or, by contrary, a fallen woman. In the practical part I made a comparison between Tess’ destiny and Anna Karenina’s fall highlighting the fact that the illusion of true love and the social rejection determined the two heroines’ destiny.
The last chapter reports the conclusions that resulted from the analysis made on Hardy’s novel, ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles’. The Victorian era. What was the Victorian Era? What changes brought the Victorian Age in England society and literature? How was Thomas Hardy influenced by the Victorian Era?
The Victorian era of British history was the period of Queen Victoria’s reign from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. It was a very long period with significant changes in almost every aspect of nucor, politics, law, economics and society. The Victorian age it was first and dissertation et la foremost a period of evolution. The archaic and agricultural society was transformed into education a modern society with the reign of democracy and industrialism. In 1837, when Queen Victoria acceded to the throne, the majority of et la representation, England’s people had houses in the countryside; few of them could read and write, children of essays honour bruce, five year old worked long days underground in mines or ran deadly machinery in factories. The political and legal power was in the hands of a few people- men who held land. ‘By the time Queen Victoria died in 1901, the modern world had taken shape. Most of England’s people were town or city dwellers. London, the dissertation sur le theatre capital of an empire that covered one-fourth of the globe, had subway trains and electric streetlights; telegraph messages speed around the world in minutes; luxurious steamships plied a busy transatlantic trade. Education was compulsory; public hanging of criminals had been abolished; a man’s religion or (lack of it) no longer barred him from attending a university or serving in Parliament.’ The Victorian England was dominated by the effects of the honour Industrial Revolution: the population grew quickly, more and more cities appeared, a broad system of railway was built.
England became the glory of the nineteenth century. But the Industrial Revolution had also lots of negative aspects: insalubrious shelters for the workers, the employ of young children in the workforce, unsatisfying work conditions, small wages and lots of hours of sur le et la representation, hard work. There were few laws to improve hours, earnings, safety, job security or working conditions. People worked six day a week. ‘In the early years of the industrial revolution, the birth rate was high and many people died before middle age. More than half the population was children and many were without parents.’ The new technologies of the nineteenth century radically changed people’s lives and essay perceptions. It was a century of dissertation sur le theatre et la, technical innovations, industrial success and economic prosperity. All this opportunities changed the way people thought about the world. It wasn’t any more a dark world; it was a bright one, which could be improved through initiative and hard work.
In what concerns the political aspects of the Victorian age it can be said that England was dealing with significant changes: the persuasive speech on sex outline Parliament became preoccupied with the regularization of the economic conditions, public health, education, and other aspects of social life. ‘By the end of the century, there were public hospitals for the chronically ill; asylums for the mentally handicapped; schools for blind, deaf, and disabled children; homes for dissertation sur le theatre representation the elderly; and other appropriate public institutions for people incapable of self-support.’ The society was divided into three categories: working class- men and women who performed physical labor being paid daily or weekly- middle class, men performed mental work, being paid monthly or annually and outline the upper class who didn’t work but had an income came from the inherited property and investments. Sur Le Et La Representation. This class hierarchy was accepted and understood by the entire population. Class had distinctive signs in manners, speech, clothing, education and values. The classes lived in specific areas and thought of themselves as distinct categories with well defined standards and people were expected to conform to the rules for their class. It wasn’t appropriate to have the same behavior like someone for a class above- or below- your own. What is important to mention is the fact that the speech on sex in schools outline middle class grew in size and importance during the Victorian period. Dissertation Theatre Et La Representation. This class was formed of successful industrialists and extremely rich bankers or poor clerks. ‘Within the middle class, those with the highest social standing were the professionals (sometimes referred to argumentive essay as the old middle class or upper middle class). Dissertation. They included Church of England clergymen, military and naval officers, men in the higher-status branches of law and medicine, those at the upper levels of governmental service, university professors, and the headmasters of prestigious schools.” Victorian England was a very religious country, the Victorian people being regular churchgoers. The Bible was frequently and widely read by argumentive writing the people of every class and its dogmas were adapted to the everyday life: the individual should live a life filled with energy, tumult and struggles against doubt. Yet, towards the end of dissertation et la, Queen Victoria’s reign, the Bible wasn’t accepted any more as literally true and free from errors. New ways of thinking developed and the people confronted with a crisis of faith.
In the Victorian age, women were seen through men’s eyes. Made By Martin Luther. They were the most important characters in the domestic sphere, the family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. Theatre. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of business and politics, a place similar with the haven, in which men found love from their wives and a great adventure children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. Sur Le Et La. They were ‘angels in the house’, wives and mothers dedicated to their families and children. They had to obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society. The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. ‘Every man had the right to force his wife into a great adventure sex and childbirth. He could take her children without reason and send them to be raised elsewhere. He could spend his wife’s inheritance on dissertation sur le theatre representation a mistress or on prostitutes.[..] If a woman was unhappy with her situation there was, without exception, nothing she could do about it.’ Women lived in an unfair society which tolerated and essay encouraged men’s dominance, a society in dissertation, which women had no chances for emancipation.
This situation was supported by church, law, tradition, history, and the thesis by martin seemed to have no solution for retrieval. Signals of dissent were controlled by husbands, fathers and even brothers. The nineteenth century woman had to enter into dissertation sur le theatre et la a marriage because this step was necessary for her survival. She was somehow forced to depend on man, to beg for existence and for love. ‘Barred by law and custom from essays honour bruce whittlesea, entering trades and professions by which they could support themselves, and sur le representation restricted in the possession of property, woman had only one means of livelihood, that of marriage.’ In order to be accepted as wife, a woman had to be virgin, pure, and free from any desire of love and sexual thought before the argumentive writing wedding. An indecent behavior was accepted in men’s case: they could have sexual relationships before and after the marriage without any moral or legal consequences. Marriage was seen as a duty of women, the et la representation complete fulfillment of their personalities, the most important step in their lives, an occasion for entering the society, a way of answering the community’s requests. Giving birth to adventure children was the biggest realization in a couple’s life, the ‘crowning achievement of a woman’s life’ . Unfortunately, this crucial event didn’t raise a woman’s social and dissertation sur le et la representation familial status, she remained a household manager, a body for his husband, and a protective human being for the child. Wives were supposed to see the sexual act as a necessity for giving birth to argumentive essay writing the descendants and not as a source of pleasure. Sex for another reason than for procreation was seen as dirty and outrageous and changed the husband’s image over his wife: she was seen like a perverted person without any religious values ‘a mother who lacked religious faith could not instill sexual propriety in her daughter, and thus was unfit to be a mother at all.’ Women weren’t allowed to have any personal opinions: they had to strive with the same goals as their husbands, to stay far away from the social life and to dissertation et la representation be preoccupied with the house and essay the children’s raise. The Victorian woman sacrifices herself every day for the husband and children. ‘The pure woman’s life was supposed to be entirely centered on the home.
She preserved the sur le et la higher moral values, guarded her husband’s conscience, guided her children’s training, and helped regenerate society through her daily display of essay writing, Christianity in action.’ The Victorian woman had no power over her life or her children’s: when she was accused of adultery, she was viewed as ‘fallen’ or ‘ruined’ and her husband could kidnap and dissertation theatre incarcerate her having the backing of the essay law. The children remained in the man’s custody. ‘A husband could divorce his wife if she committed adultery, but the woman who wanted a divorce had to prove her husband guilty not only of adultery, but also of incest, bigamy, bestiality, cruelty or desertion. If a man did not commit adultery, he could treat his wife as badly as he liked: cruelty alone was not sufficient for dissertation sur le theatre representation divorce.’ For many, the word ‘Victorian’ is associated with pictures of over-dresses woman and arrogant men gathered in salons and reading-rooms. In this epoch, the rules of essays, personal conduct were inflexible and not respected. Victorians won a bed reputation o saying one thing and doing another.
This feebleness will be a major writing theme for the next generations who will criticize it. Dissertation Theatre Representation. In the essays bruce whittlesea Victorian era the society was transforming fast and lots of people could not understand the society’s mechanism. The nobility, in the past at the top of the social pyramid, lost his position and representation became preoccupied with the american agriculture. The middle class was now in the top of theatre representation, England society and used the poor to nucor (b) case study achieve his goals. Children were working in et la, the mines lots of hours and were a viable force for the society’s- capitalistic middle class- prosperity. In what concerns the Victorian literature it can be noticed significant changes.
It’s the beginning of a new way of writing prose, the lyric prose, a writing that expresses not only speech on sex education outline, ideas but ideas wrote in a beautiful form. The Victorians need in this period of great disquiet guides to better understand the theatre et la economical, social and religious changes. Essays Bruce Whittlesea. Writers as Thomas Carlyle, John Henry Newman, Matthew Arnold helped England people to better understand the society they lived in. Dissertation Theatre. ‘Up the still, glistening beaches, Up the essays bruce creeks we will hie, Over banks of bright seaweed. The ebb-tide leaves dry. We will gaze, from the sand-hills, At the white, sleeping town;
At the theatre representation church on why was luther the hill-side’ And then come back down. Singing: “There dwells a loved one, But cruel is dissertation et la representation she! She left lonely for ever. The kings of the persuasive speech education sea. ‘ Thomas Carlyle was the dominant figure of the Victorian Age. He succeeded to influence every category of Victorian life. He could not accept any spiritual weakness or social destruction.
Carlyle hated the social inequalities, conventions and mendacity. Sur Le. He was skeptic about the role of democracy benefactions and believed that the american essay population can be governed by a ‘hero’ who can lead the masses to glory. The spiritual freedom was a value important for Carlyle and he succeeded through his writings to highlight human cost and diseases of manufacturing. Carlyle thought that his role, the dissertation theatre et la representation role of a writer and a thinker is to denounce the abuse that is prepared by nucor corporation the society. It was the writer’s duty to speak out against the abuses and inequality of this new and dissertation et la representation scary world. He saw industrialization and the Industrial Revolution as responsible for extermination and also the essays bruce whittlesea root for dissertation sur le et la representation the lost of human characteristics. Writers could not escape any more into fantasy or imagine great worlds with a perfect life knowing that the essay writing society they live in is ill and is a threat for the humanity. Elizabeth Barrett-Browning’s poem ‘The Cry of the Children’ is a criticism against the jobs in mines offered to the young children. He describes the conditions in the England mines and wrote about the dissertation representation hard life children had to endure in the depth of the argumentive mines.
In Victorian Age poetry was considered superior than prose and also than novel theatre. The predominant figure of this period was Alfred, Lord Tennyson. He wrote about sur le social changes and he raised questions about the veracity of religion. His poetry is nucor study romantic in subject but has lots of representation, personal reflections. Essays Honour Whittlesea. Robert Browning and his wife Elizabeth Barret Browning were also popular in the Victorian period. Robert Browning is famous for his dramatic monologues but both succeeded to capture the beauty of life and the wind of changes. Et La Representation. Francis Thompson, Alice Meynell, Christina Rossetti, Rudyard Kipling and Lionel Johnson are also famous poetry writers in the Victorian epoch. In the middle of a great, 19th Century, the Pre-Raphaelites guided by theatre et la the poet and made painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti tried to bring to light the values and the principles of the culture and life. William Morris- designer, inventor, poetry writer, philosopher was the group leader helped by sur le theatre et la representation Christina Rossetti and Coventry Patmore. During the 1890s the decadents are the most important figures in the English literature. American. The group’s leaders are Arthur Symons, Ernest Dowson the most talented and controversial figure being Oscar Wilde.
The decadents rejected what they considered banal progress. They argued that art should be judged on the basis of theatre, form rather than values and this idea is perfectly sustained by the motto ‘art for art’s sake’. They also rejected the idea that literature and art have to play important ethical roles and literature can offer the reader models of excellence and argumentive honor. The Victorian epoch is a great moment for the English novel- pastoral, realistic with a complicated action, with complex characters and long. It was the preferred form of writing to describe and analyze the contemporary life and to captivate the middle class. Charles Dickens writings are full of melodrama, amusement, complex heroes and complicated life situations.
Dickens is regarded as the greatest novelist of the Victorian period and one of the creators of the most well-known fictional characters. His oeuvre was extremely popular and by the twentieth century has been considered a literary genius by his critics. William Makepeace Thackeray is famous for his novel ‘Vanity Fair’ (1848) a satire upon hypocrisy and avarice. Sur Le Theatre. The novels of George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans) described ethical conflicts and social concerns. Jane Eyre (1847) and Villette (1853), Charlotte Bront’??s novels respect the conventions but dare in their own way. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson writes under the pseudonym Lewis Caroll and is the author of Alice’s adventures in Wonderland (1865) a complex and american expansion sophisticated children’s book. Sur Le Theatre Et La Representation. At some point in the Victorian Age the nucor novel has replaced the poetry as the most efficient and realistic transmission of art and literature. This change was a valid change accepted by the people and even preferred nowadays. Serial publication in magazines and journals became more and more favored and in a short period of time these writings were published and sold in their complete form.
Thomas Hardy was born on June 2, 1840, in a Dorset’s village of Higher Bockhampton. Hardy was a very sick child and his parents Thomas and Jemima Hardy thought that he won’t survive. He was kept mostly at home being a sick young. After his completely recovery he started to explore the countryside he lived in observing rural families with their traditions, unwritten laws, believes. He adored the church rituals and he was member of Stinsford church musicians, playing the violin and performing traditional dances, described later in ‘Under the Greenwood Tree.’ In the ‘Life’, Hardy describes faithfully the complex routine that shaped his knowledge at this period: ‘To these externals may be added the peculiarities of his inner life, which might almost have been called academic ‘ a triple existence unusual for a young man ‘ what he used to call, in theatre et la representation, looking back, a life twisted of three strands ‘ the professional life, the scholar’s life, and the rustic life, combined in the twenty-four hours of one day, as it was with him through these years. He would be reading the Iliad, the Aeneid, or the made Greek Testament from six to eight in dissertation sur le et la representation, the morning, would work at american, Gothic architecture all day, and dissertation representation then in the evening rush off with his fiddle under his arm ‘ sometimes in the company of his father as first violin and uncle as ‘celloist ‘ to speech on sex play country-dances, reels, and hornpipes at an agriculturalist’s wedding, christening, or Christmas party in a remote dwelling among the theatre et la fallow fields, not returning sometimes until nearly dawn.’ At the age of eight Thomas Hardy joined the Anglican school recently opened in his village and later was sent to the school of Dorchester. After the age of teen he become more healthy and strong and he could participate to the Greek and Latin classes helped by american expansion his mother with money who believed in Thomas ‘dream to attend Cambridge in order to become a bishop. When Hardy was 22 he moved to London and sur le theatre et la representation worked as apprentice architect for Arthur Blomfield, visiting in the same time theatres, museums and galleries, enjoying every journey and observing attentively all the attractions London could offer. ‘In spite of the opportunities for dissipation in corporation study, the capital, Hardy’s life seems to have remained disciplined and devoted to self-improvement. He visited the International Exhibition at South Kensington (later the Victoria and sur le et la representation Albert Museum) for its architectural artefacts and paintings, studied the great masters at the National Gallery during his lunch period, and enrolled for French classes at King’s College. American Essay. Finding that architecture did not challenge him intellectually, he began reading the work of dissertation representation, John Ruskin, who wrote about the cultural significance of art, and who championed Turner as pre-eminent among European painters.’ In 1863 he starts writing a notebook about ‘Schools of paintings’ because he imagines himself as an art critic. He thought also at a journalistic career as a way of earning money in order to bruce whittlesea allow him to attend the University and enter the church. ‘However, this aim receded as under Moule’s mentorship Hardy was introduced to the writings of dissertation sur le theatre representation, a wide range of contemporary thinkers, including the work of John Henry Newman, the leader of the Oxford Movement, who left the Anglican Church for Roman Catholicism, and whose Apologia pro Vita Sua was published in expansion essay, 1864, on which Hardy made quite extensive notes.
But Hardy also read John Stuart Mill [85, 121], a seminal philosopher and sur le theatre et la economist, who formed the Utilitarian Society, wrote On Liberty (1859), a comprehensive defense of individual freedom, and writing Utilitarianism (1861) and who, in contrast to Newman, regarded the dissertation representation ideal of Christianity as negative and passive.’ Hardy considered Mill as ‘one of the profoundest thinkers of the last century’ and he was influenced by his writings. A Great Essay. By 1865 Hardy had begun to see himself as a future writer. He published the humorous prose ‘How I Built Myself a House’, anonymously in Chambers’ Journal and he won his first earnings from sur le representation, writing but Hardy returned to why was the thesis made by martin luther poetry and studied intensively multiple poetry volumes. ‘Determined and dissertation et la representation methodical, he began keeping a notebook headed ‘Studies, Specimens etc.’, in persuasive speech in schools outline, which he listed quotations, attempted to develop a vocabulary of his own, and recorded observations of people and scenes for possible poems.’ Hardy’s earliest poems were written in 1865 and 1866 and remained unpublished many years. Dissertation Et La. The critics could not tell exactly why Thomas Hardy wasn’t willing to a great essay publish his poetry because any testimony couldn’t be found. Sur Le Theatre Et La. In this time the young writer was involved in a relationship with Eliza Bright Nicholls, relationship described by american expansion essay his biographer, Michael Millgate as a weak relation and Hardy was ‘more or less formally engaged from about 1863 until 1867’. ‘ His relationship with Eliza gave rise to the ‘She, to Him’ series of poems, and in the Wessex Poems volume in which they appear, on theatre et la representation the opposite page is printed Hardy’s drawing of two figures climbing the path that runs up to Clavel Tower overlooking Kimmeridge Bay. The end of the relationship is recorded in the poem, ‘Neutral Tones’.’ Bibliography Chapter One. 1. Harvey, G., ‘The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy’, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 2. Why Was By Martin. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ‘Maternal Instincts: Visions of motherhood and sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925’, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. 3. Jennings, A., ‘Stranger than Fiction. Life and Literature in the Late Victorian Age’, Black Cat Publishing, 2001.
4. Dissertation Sur Le Et La. Kent, Susan.’Sex and Suffrage in Britain 1860-1914?. American. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 5. Matthew, A., ‘The Forsaken Merman’ in et la representation, Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 6. Millgate, M., Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist, London: Macmillan, 1994. 7. Mitchell, S.,’Daily Life in Victorian England’, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 8. Wojtczak, H., ‘Women of essays honour whittlesea, Victorian Sussex’, Hastings Press, 2003. Tess, the tragedy of an unfair existence. Is Tess a victim or a blemished woman? Is Tess’s tragedy inevitable’?Tess of the D’Urbervilles is the product of Hardy’s fascination with women of beauty, energy and intelligence who find themselves trapped between these gifts, the aspirations such gifts justify, and dissertation theatre representation their society’s assumption that respectable women must be either submissive or obtrusively and harmlessly aspiring. With few exceptions, Hardy’s most interesting characters are his unconventional women including Tess who, so unconventional both before and after, is, predictably both the outline conventional ruined maid of fiction and a ruined maid like no other that has existed in dissertation representation, British fiction.’ Tess of d’Urbervilles appears regularly in the literary magazine ‘The Graphic’ thorough the 1891.
This was an essay writing original method of Hardy. First, the author published his novels, serialized, in a magazine, and then, the novel is representation published in the book form. The book’s subtitle, ‘A Pure Woman Faithfully Presented ‘is the first evidence that Hardy’s novel will shock his readers. The heroine will definitely reject the Victorian rules and will act independently and adventure essay not in a predictable way as a Victorian heroine. The novel’s readers were certainly impressed by the Hardy’s creation: the author reveled in a candid manner the dissertation sur le theatre Tess’s suffering and he is full of empathy and argumentive essay sympathy for dissertation theatre et la the young girl’s history. It was not easy for Thomas Hardy to find a publisher.
The novel’s plot and argumentive writing also the heroine were full of sexiness. Episodes full of passion were described, Tess was too sexy and in spite the rape willingness presented, Thomas Hardy insists that his heroine remains pure. Dissertation Sur Le Et La Representation. All these elements made the novel a controversial work difficult to put in print. In 1890, Hardy succeeded to a great find a magazine willing to publish his novel but he had to censor the most debatable episodes. ‘Tess of the Durbervilles’ was first published in a censored edition and after a few years in its original form. The author also revised later editions of his novel and was somehow forced to modify or even erase some problematic scenes due to dissertation contemporary reviews. Modern critics admit that the 1891 edition is the closest to the original version of Hardy’s novel. Probably the persuasive on sex education readers are asking themselves why this novel was so important to print for Thomas Hardy and what changes brought this writing in the Victorian age. After a carefully reading and a harshly analysis the answer can be easily found- Hardy is trying to demonstrate that not all the ‘falling woman’ are prostitutes or ended up having sex outside of marriage.
His heroine, Tess, is a victim of an archaic society which does not accept the dissertation sur le theatre representation woman’s mistakes. This society is entirely dominated by men and accepts only the men’s actions full on injustice, immorality and decadence. Thomas Hardy is trying to raise some questions about the values of the society he lives in. He is a modern writer because has the ability to attest the validity of the Victorian age values. It’s a significant discrepancy between the standards applied to men and american expansion essay the rules the women had to respect in order to avoid the public humiliation and the lack of respect. Sur Le Theatre. The rape was a sensitive subject in the epoch and argumentive essay always considered as determined by the woman’s conduct. No presumption of innocence was given to the poor women who were not involved in a sexual relationship with a man, who was not protected by any legal or natural law. Thomas Hardy has structured his book in seven phases (novel division) which present the short and sur le theatre et la tragic life of his heroine, from argumentive essay writing, her childhood to womanhood. Dissertation Sur Le Theatre Et La. ”Phase’ is an interesting demarcation in itself. Unlike the customary ‘book’ or ‘part’ or ‘section”each a spatial marker, none temporal”phase’ signi’es a stage of change or development as well as unobtrusively linking Tess’s growth to womanhood with the rhythms of the lunar cycle. Adventure. ‘Seven’ is, in turn, redolent of universal meanings: it is given as the Age of Reason, the dissertation sur le et la Seven Ages of honour, Man (Shakespeare), and sur le the Seven Pillars of Wisdom. And, of essay, course, the seventh day is the Christian Sabbath’the sacred day of dissertation theatre et la representation, fulfillment in the Genesis story of Creation; the persuasive education outline day of rest from labor and of thanksgiving.’ The seven phases are also divided cyclically and thematically.
The novel begins with ‘The Maiden’ which presents the young Tess in dissertation et la, a difficult situation, he feels very culpable and also responsible for the death of Prince. In ‘The Chase’, when she is sexually abused she realizes that she her virginity is lost and she is essay writing damned to live a sadly life, with no respect or understanding from the community she lives in. She knows she is now ‘another girl than the one she had been at home’ A new stage of Tess’s life starts with The Second Phase, ‘Maiden No More’. Now she is dissertation sur le theatre representation expectant a baby and decides that she can’t stay any more in Trantridge. Tess has tried to help his parents to resolve the financial problems they had at home and struggled to make Alec understand that she is american expansion not in love with him but she has lost his innocence trying to defend it. The heroine does not want a life full of lies and a marriage without love and he decides to leave Alec and sur le theatre the life he can offer her. ‘Of all things, a lie on this thing would do the most good for me now; but I have honour enough left, little as ’tis, not to tell that lie. If I did love you I may have the best o’causes for letting you know it. But I don’t.’ Tess does not accept the a great adventure marriage with Alec because she cannot be with someone she is not in love with.
She cannot accept this marriage even though it can be the theatre et la representation solution for a misery life, it can be the ‘social salvation’. Analyzing the decision Tess makes it can be concluded that Hardy wants to sacrifice Tess and to offer to persuasive on sex in schools outline his British readers an example of morality, integrity and honor. Hardy transforms his heroine into a model of perfection knowing that greatness can be achieved but not perfection. ‘Yet, in breaking the popular stereotype, Hardy was accused by some contemporary critics of misrepresenting womankind. The ideal was preferable to the real if only to set a good example for the young British person, but Hardy refused to employ his art to such an end. ‘ On the Phase the Third, ‘The Rally’ readers can meet a new Tess who is dissertation representation willing to forget his past and to start a new life. In this phase Tess is enthusiastic and even though her past is still alive in education, her soul and sur le representation her mind she can start over full of confidence and hope for the future. The heroine is prepared to embrace the american essay new and unknown and involves in a relationship with Angel Clare.
Is for the first time when Tess feels the true love, loves and dissertation sur le theatre et la is loved. Sometimes she does not know how to react when Angel shows her that he is in love. When Angel tried for the first time to take Tess in his arms to kiss her, the argumentive girl is very scared and does not know how to react. She starts crying. Dissertation Sur Le Theatre. ‘Why do you cry, my darling’? he said. ‘O’I don’t know!’ she murmured regretfully. Angel misunderstands his reaction and strongly thinks that he determined this powerful emotion being ‘too quick and writing unre’ecting’ . Instinctively Tess puts a barrier between her and the man she loves still being traumatized after the experience she had with Alec. She is not used to be in et la representation, the arms of a man she has feelings for, the heroine being forced in a great adventure essay, the past to sur le theatre et la reject every unwanted embrace offered by nucor corporation (b) case her ‘cousin’. Sur Le Theatre Et La Representation. After a few minutes of distance and defense she realizes that in Angel’s arms she is safe, she does not have to be afraid anymore because Angel will protect her. Definitely she has to confess Angel the sin that changed her and isolated from the community she lives in essay writing, but the girl knows that isn’t the right moment. Tess does not know how Angel will react, she knows that is a sensitive subject and she can obtain forgiveness only if Angel has true and strong feeling for sur le theatre et la her. ‘The Consequence’ is the argumentive essay writing title for the Phase the et la Fourth. Tess is living a beautiful love story with Angel but her happiness is alloyed because the girl knows that she will have to tell Angel the ugly truth about her past. Bruce Whittlesea. ‘She makes several attempts but either she is dissertation sur le et la representation sidetracked or she sidetracks herself’again, psychologically plausible self-protective behavior. Why Was The Thesis By Martin Luther. And when she ‘nally writes him an explanatory note, it accidentally slips under the carpet as she pushes it under his door.
The cycle of intention undermined by theatre et la accident seems unbreakable. Essays Bruce Whittlesea. Tess’s resolve is challenged; she feels quite overwhelmed.’ The things are easy neither for Angel nor for theatre et la Tess. Angel has to essays bruce face his parents’ attitude, disapproval and to sur le et la convince them that Tess is the essay writing best choice for him and not the sur le theatre et la representation young lady who he is expansion supposed to marry with. Even though Angel does not admit directly that he has his own prejudices in what concern the Tess’s situation her soul struggles with his own doubt and his parent’s opposition. ‘Indeed, his idealization of Tess is partly the cause of dissertation theatre et la representation, her failure to confess. The more he elevates her (she is a goddess, she is a pure daughter of Nature), the more she freezes at having to tell him that she’s none of these things. On the contrary, she is what his Evangelical family at why was the thesis made by martin, the parsonage might call a fallen woman (and there are even uglier phrases than that).’ Phase the fifth, ‘The woman pays’ presents another chapter in Tess’s life, an episode full of theatre, sorrow and pain. Tess revealed Angel all the nucor (b) case truth about dissertation theatre et la her situation, she told the man she loved the truth about the sexual assault, the child she gave birth to, his short live, the baptize and the burial. The truth freed her but from Angel she did not receive understanding or unconditional love, only misery and pain. In Angel’s eyes Tess is another woman, a woman with Tess’s body but with a different story, with different values, a human being that he cannot forgive for his past and argumentive essay have a happy marriage with. Dissertation Theatre Representation. Phase the sixth, ‘The convert’, represents the story of Alec who is now a ‘preacher’ and is religious converted. The meeting between Alec and Tess is unwanted by the girl but is seen by the man as a cure for his soul.
Alec sees Tess, runs after her and tries to persuade her that he is changed, he succeeded to communicate with the whittlesea divinity and is now aware of the pain he caused her. He makes Tess promise that she will never tempt him again. In Phase the sur le et la representation seventh, ‘Fulfillment’ Alec becomes the by martin man that took Tess’s virginity replacing the sur le theatre et la representation love for God with a sick love for adventure Tess. Theatre. The sexually desire is stronger than ever and succeeds to transform the man into a sexual exploiter. Angel can now see the truth about the Tess’s personality, he can now distinguish the essences and appearances but is too late. ‘In accordance with the fulfillment of the seventh day of persuasive speech on sex education in schools outline, creation, Tess will now rest. Representation. Turning her life around for the very last time, she stands to face her prosecutors with that readiness of will and pure, undaunted spirit from persuasive speech on sex, which heroes, not victims, are made. Where Christ’s words were ‘it is representation done,’ Tess’s words are ‘I am ready’.’ Was Tess the victim of the inevitable fate? Could the heroine change her destiny or was she damned to self-destruction by the society in which she lived?
Since the beginning of the novel, Thomas Hardy, the author, describes Tess as a beautiful and innocent girl, cheery, energy with a big smile on her face: ‘She was a fine and handsome girl- not handsomer than some others, possibly- but her mobile peony mouth and large innocent eyes added eloquence to color and shape. She wore a red ribbon in her hair, and essays was the only one of the white company who could boast of such a pronounced adornment.’ Using the adjectives ‘fine’ and ‘handsome’ the sur le representation author suggests that Tess is not just a peasant girl who can pass unnoticed, on the contrary, she is a charming girl having all the necessary physique resources for nucor corporation making a man, a rich man maybe, falling in dissertation sur le, love with her and saving her poor existence. She also seems to be ‘the one’ because is the corporation study only one wearing a red ribbon. Tess is the most beautiful heroine Hardy has created. It is the first novel in which the dissertation sur le et la representation author describes so deeply the feminine beauty, he is entirely focused on all the femininities the young girl was blessed with and revels all these features step by step. ‘Failures to see Tess rightly are everywhere in the novel, however, for corporation study the opportunity to look at her is offered again and again to one pair of eyes after another, as if it were a test, a measure of value. Angel’s two brothers, for example, are both short sighted thought they wear the latest fashion in spectacles (XXV, 134). Blindly, they pass right by Tess, on the day she walked fifteen miles to Emminster Vicarage to et la ask for help from her father in law. To them, she is invisible.’ ‘Tess herself is almost less a personality than a beautiful portion of nature violated by human selfishness and over intellectualizing.
She is the least flawed of Hardy’s protagonists, but also the speech education least human.’ The mixture between red and white (Tess is wearing a red ribbon and a white dress) used by Thomas Hardy isn’t an accidental choice-it has a deep signification and seems to be the author’s way of saying that this girl won’t have a common destiny, she will have a different existence, a scintillating life. Dissertation Et La Representation. The contrast between white-purity- and red-sexual experience- shows that Tess is not like the argumentive other girls, is the author’s warning signal and his modality of saying that his heroine will break down the Victorian society rules. At the sur le theatre et la representation May Day festivities Tess first meets Angel. He stops to dance with the women in the village garden although his brothers want to keep traveling but he doesn’t choose Tess to nucor (b) case be his dance partner observing her too late. This initial event isn’t just an artifice of writing is dissertation sur le theatre et la representation also the author’s first sign that Tess and Angel aren’t meant to be together. Angel doesn’t observe Tess even though she’s the persuasive education prettiest girl from the green garden because he can’t notice the essences, only the appearances. And this is probably the reason for which he cannot forgive Tess after he discovers her big secret and condemn her to dissertation et la self-destruction. Tess’s fate is decided by the men in her life.
The first male who has a great word to say about her destiny is Tess’s father. After he discovers that is the descendant of an ancient and noble family he sends his eldest daughter to claim kin. And this is the beginning of nucor corporation, a terrible life for Hardy’s heroine who doesn’t manage in meeting Mrs. D’Urbervilles but chances to meet her debauched son, Alec. ‘Hardy keeps the ‘man against nature’ conflict as central in his novels, yet, he deals with the Victorian theme of social stratification through ‘man against man’ conflict. With the importance attached to class in the late nineteenth century society, Hardy shows why human altruism cannot be achieved in the Victorian world. In a society in which the dissertation theatre et la concept of class has already been established to why was the thesis made by martin luther form the individual relations of conflict and contract, John Durbeyfield is under the illusion that his ‘aristocratic background’ is significant since this background connects him to the rich d’Urbervilles. It is the dissertation et la illusion, the anticipation that causes him to essay commit the fatal mistake of sending her daughter to dissertation sur le et la the d’Urbervilles.’ About the speech on sex education outline first meeting between Alec and Tess, Hardy says: ‘She had an dissertation sur le theatre et la attribute which amounted to a disadvantage just now; and it was this that caused Alec D’Urbervilles eyes to rivet themselves upon her. It was a luxuriance of aspect, a fullness of growth, which made her appear more of a woman than she really was. She had inherited the nucor corporation study feature from dissertation sur le theatre representation, her mother without the quality it denoted.
It had troubled her mind occasionally, till her companions had said that it was a fault which time would cure.’ Later, when Alec runs into Tess again he observes her beautiful mouth and describes it with lot of passion: ‘Surely there never was such a maddening mouth since Eve’s!’ Hardy describes all this physiques details because he wants to demonstrate that Alec’s fascination with Tess is writing only physical. Alec is fascinated by her ravishing beauty and ‘As the text progresses, Tess is once again described more than once, by sur le her looks. Argumentive Essay Writing. This shows that Tess is being objectified by the author who seems very fascinated by her. He talks about her mouth and her lips as though he wants to kiss her.’ Angel is also fascinated by Tess’ physical features: ‘How very lovable her face was to him. Yet there was nothing ethereal about it; all was real vitality, real warmth, real incarnation. And it was in her mouth that this culminated. Eyes almost as deep and speaking he had seen before, and sur le theatre cheeks perhaps as fair; brows as arched, a chin and study throat almost as shapely; her mouth he had seen nothing to equal on the face of the earth. To a young man with the least fire in theatre et la, him that little upward life in writing, the middle of her red top lip was distracting, infatuating, maddening.’ For Angel Clare Tess is a very beautiful girl, with angelic features, lovable in spite of her beauty and not because of it. The character sees, in general, the metaphysical aspect of the things and values the ideal aspect of every action, event, and person.
His name, ‘Angel Clare’ is a significant clue of his personality: His last name ‘Clare’ is the English translation for sur le the French word ‘Clair’ and defines a person with a real capability of understanding the world, a person who lives in mind and is preoccupied with the mystical face of the humanity. The adjective ‘clare’ is opposed to ‘heat’ and this opposition is shown in narrator’s confession of Angel’s love for the heroine: “Though not cold-natured, he was rather bright than hot ‘ less Byronic than Shelleyan; could love desperately, but his love more especially inclined to a great the imaginative and ethereal”. Sur Le Et La. Angel loves Tess, whom he idealizes as a ‘fresh and why was the thesis made luther virginal daughter of Nature’ so deeply that he finally marries Tess without caring about his family’s strong opposition. He particularly appreciates her words: ‘I do know that our souls can be made to go outside our bodies when we are alive’ . When he discusses his marriage with his family, he mentions Tess as ‘ a woman who possessed every qualification to be the sur le theatre et la helpmate of an agriculture’ , ‘she was a regular church-goer, of nucor, simple faith, honest-hearted, receptive, intelligent, graceful to a degree, chaste as a vestal and in personal appearance exceptionally beautiful’ . Hardy indicates: ‘It was for her that he loved Tess, her soul, her heart, her substance-not for her skill in the dairy, her aptness as his scholar, and certainly not for her simple, formal faith-professions’. Theatre Et La. Although Angel has liberal visions and speech in schools is more open minded than his father and dissertation sur le his brothers, he is categorical and intransigent. When Tess confesses her sin, Angel is essays honour bruce inflexible and can’t forgive the heroine for her only failing: ‘In the sur le theatre representation name of our love, forgive me! I have forgiven you for the same! Forgive me as you are forgiven!’ But Angel answered cruelly: ‘Tess, forgiveness does not apply to essays bruce whittlesea the case! You were one person; now you are another.’ ‘I will obey you, like your wretched slave, even if it is to et la representation lie down and die.’ ‘You are very good. But it strikes me that there is a want of honour bruce whittlesea, harmony between your present mood of sur le theatre, self-preservation.’ At the beginning of the novel Thomas Hardy presents a Tess Durbeyfield who is adventure not aware of sur le theatre representation, her beauty. She is just a country girl, with little education, living in the domestic sphere with her parents and brothers.
Tess lives happily on why was the thesis made her native heath and suffers a real shock when is forced to abandon her house. When Tess goes to the D’Urbervilles mansion she meets with young Alec who is fascinated by her beauty. And this is, probably, the moment which makes Tess aware of her charm perceived by the heroine as a curse and not as a gift from God. Men in Tess’ life have the wrong impression that they own Tess and dissertation representation can change her entirely. Alec reveals his feeling of superiority since the very beginning when he proclaims: ‘what am I, to be repulsed so by a mere chit like you!’ Alec is the perfect image of the Victorian oppressor dominated by expansion the ordinary custom and the bourgeois view of morals. He is dissertation sur le theatre et la representation a sexual predator without an inner life, having a superficial existence and any moral values. The character is narcissistic, individualistic and heartless. Because Thomas Hardy doesn’t mention anything about his childhood, the nucor reader cannot say that Alec’s personality is the result of a sad infancy. The reader is, somehow, forced to internalize the dissertation sur le et la idea that society perverts humankind and human beings pervert any society. ‘Alec, the persuasive speech in schools outline archetypal seducer in dissertation sur le et la representation, Victorian melodrama, after his violation of Tess’s virginity, does not realize his sin; what’s more, he blames Tess for tempting him with her beauty.
He does the persuasive on sex education wrong and dissertation sur le et la representation shifts it onto the victim. The social consensus does not condemn or punish Alec. Instead it disdains and hunts Tess wherever she goes. The innocent pays for the guilty; the sinned suffers for the sinner.’ Tess’s badluck is related to male dominance and the idea of male supriority. The heroine is just an innocent girl who is traped in a male-centered society. She doesn’t now anything about the world she lives in. Nucor Corporation (b) Case. She has the pure belief that human beings are kind and can’t hurt honest people. She knows little about love because she has never been in love. For her love is: ‘patient, love is kind.
It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud.’ Tess has a real respect for her family and respects his father’s will and not her own senses when leaves to claim kin. She accepts any job Alec offers to her because knows very well that her family needs a new horse to survive. It can be said that the dissertation sur le heroine is like an angel for her family, a spotless soul which is damned to live among monsters with human faces. Alec is the study first master of dissertation, disguises Tess meets. Since the study very beginning Tess dislikes Alec but endures his permanent undesirable attention because the girl has a clear purpose: to sur le et la representation earn money. Alec calls Tess ‘coz’ (cousin), wanting to honour bruce worm girl’s confidence but there’s nothing real in this appellative because the libertine young man has dark plans for Hardy’s heroine. Sur Le Et La. Tess is barely answerable for her actions: even though he does not like Alec and does not want a relation with him the obsession the man gets for the young girl will destroy her life. Her ‘dumb and expansion vacant fidelity’ to Angel would rather characterize a poor animal than a thoughtful human being. Tess’s sensitivity is dissertation theatre et la obviously the result of emotions and not of judging.
Hardy reveals that the adoration the girl has for Angel is intense maybe extreme, but the argumentive writing author sees in her feelings something pure, emotions that translate generosity, self-sacrifice, forgiveness. The Hardy’s protagonist has a great capacity of loving and understanding the human beings. With Alec she discovers that physical beauty can be a weight and not a blessing gave by God. She is a beautiful ‘object’ that Alec wants to add to his collection. He is not in love with the poor girl, he is dissertation sur le theatre attracted by persuasive on sex education her appearance and is the object of his powerful sexually desire. ‘The wicked inhabitant of the d’Urbervilles hall, the permanently smoking Alec, offers Tess the red roses and the fresh strawberries. He does this, actually, in a very bizarre way; he puts the strawberries directly into the Tess’s mouth and theatre et la presses the speech education roses onto her breasts.
The reader recognises that Alec is haunting Tess physically as well as mentally, he acts as her persecutor, who is gifted by the supreme power of reducing her not only into tears, but, more importantly, into the unconscious state.’ Alec personifies the unjust moralities on women and is the reflexion of a society which encourages injustice toward marriage and sexuality. Tess is a pure woman but becomes ‘fallen’ because the Victorian age has a certain opinion about chastity and virginity. The girl becomes Alec’s obliged mistress and THE murderess who has to die. Theatre Et La Representation. Even though she was moral oppressed and psysical assaulted, the heroine is the only culpable and has to on sex education in schools pay for her mistakes. She can’t live any more in a patriarchal society which only accepts man’s mistakes and condamns women to have a pure conduct and a martyr life. Tess is doomed to dissertation sur le theatre representation tragedy. She is trapped in a strange society where social prejudice meets male-dominance. ‘Tess’s story, to some extent, reflects the rigidity of convention, the harshness of social law and the prejudice of morality in maledominated patriarchal society. Persuasive On Sex Education Outline. Tess deserves the reputation of representation, ‘the best tragedy’ the highest tragedy’, which is defined by the author. In the worldly view, Tess is a ‘fallen’ woman; however, she is essentially pure and american naturally unstained. Tess is a pure woman as Hardy’s subtitle describes. Tess is dissertation et la tragic but pure.’ ‘You ask why Tess should have gone with Clare and ‘live happily ever after.’ Do you not see under any circumstance that they were doomed to unhappiness?
A sensitive man like Angel Clare could never have been happy with her. After the first few months he would inevitably have thrown her failings in her face. He did not recoil from her after the murder is true. He was in love with her failings then I suppose; he had not seen her for expansion a long time; with the dissertation sur le theatre inconsistency of human nature he forgave the greater sin when he could not pardon the lesser.’ Tess had a tragic fate. All she ever wanted was little happiness, to love and to be loved. Thomas Hardy describes her as a romantic character, with no social aspirations but with a great desire of spiritual fulfillment. She is to a great extent an ignorant human being who will learn that life means injustice, sufferance, male dominance centered on the ‘double moral standard’ of sexuality applied to man and woman in the Victorian age.
The heroine’s indecisiveness, her frequent failures to mantain her resolve, condemn her to death. For example, when Tess is watching the peasants of Tantridge dance, she is offered a walk home from Alec but refuses, a decision she will review later. Because she is raped by Alec, Tess swears she may never marry, confessing the dairymaids she won’t accept Angel’s proposal ‘as I should refuse any man’ , but she marries Angel. A Great. When Alec offers to make her his wife she refuse the proposal, before consenting to become his mistress. Tess’ final uncertain decision is related to Angel Clare: when he comes to take her home with him the girl immediately refuse and sur le theatre advice him to the thesis luther ‘keep away’ because is ‘Too late! Too late!’ but, in the end, she murders Alec and runs to embrace her husband. Tess can’t keep her promises and every time she does not truly mean what she says. Bibliography Chapter Two.
1. Blathway, Taymond, A Chat with the Author of Tess, Black and dissertation theatre et la White, IV. Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Casagrande, P., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles unorthodox beauty’, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in adventure, Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 4. Ertu??rul, Ko. ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles, the tragedy of a Godless human existence’, Journals of dissertation sur le theatre representation, Arts and persuasive on sex in schools Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya. 5. Freeman, J., Studies in Philology, 1982 University of North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 6. Hardy, T., Tess of the D’Urbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 7. Dissertation Sur Le. Holmberg, Mona, ‘Tess, a victim of her society’, in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Lulea University of Technology, Department of Language and Culture, 2003. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 9. Rogers, Katharine, The Centennial Review, Vol 19, No.
4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 10. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and bruce male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’, societyhttp://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/cg/lt/rb/600/600PDF/chen.PDF. RAPE OR SEDUCTION? Was Tess raped or lied and seduced? Is Angel an ‘angel”?Hardy’s odyssey with Tess had involved five different namings: Love, Cis, Sue, Rose-Mary, and Tess. The various overwritings and textual layerings in the manuscript testify to the indecision and lack of single-minded vision in the author. Dissertation Theatre Representation. Equally, the a great overlaid bowdlerizations testify to media or editorial censorship not only of Tess’s sexuality but also of the controversial issues of illegitimacy and private baptism.’ Tess is a complex character who has an evolutional destiny from her growth to womanhood. She develops over time and theatre representation according to chance, events, fate, intelligence, risk taking and essay becomes an dissertation theatre example of adaptation.
Tess is the object of Alec d’Uberville’s shameful purposes. He uses all the methods to persuasive speech on sex seduce the innocent and naive girl: he compliments her excessively, he helps her family in order to win her appreciation, and the man is annoyed when Tess nonetheless continues to reject him. And because Alec knows very well how to manipulate people around him he succeds to make the poor and theatre et la ignorant Tess feel unsure about what’s wrong and what’s right. The heroine has deep rooted moral precepts in her poor education. Essays Bruce Whittlesea. Even though she has little school instruction, she knows that is very important to remain poor and chaste in order to sur le et la representation be accepted in a society ruled by adventure essay males. And the girl succeeds to dissertation et la achieve this objective until one fatal night when, through Alec’s stratagem, they are lost together in a forest and the man rapes Tess changing her life forever. Essays Honour Bruce. About this episode of a significant meaning for the entire novel Hardy does not go into detail but rather, he reflects: ‘why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to sur le theatre representation receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousand years of persuasive outline, analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of order.’ Tess becomes pregnant by Alec in dissertation sur le et la representation, that fatal night and her life will be different from now on. ‘Eventually, since Hardy is not one for halfway measures, sorrow turns to violence, and the loss of argumentive writing, her virginity leads to Alec’s murder and Tess’s death on the gallows.
Even without knowledge of the dire consequences Alec’s pursuit of Tess had, however, we can judge Alex’s character to be frivolous, insensitive, and selfish. The question here, however, is whether he is dissertation sur le et la also a rapist.’ We do not know what exactly happened under the tree. It is very probably that Alec, while Tess slept, took the opportunity to abuse her. And the fragile girl was unable to defend herself because a girl can’t measure her force with a man’s force. Nucor Corporation (b) Case Study. But is also possible that, given Tess’ tiredness and disorientation, he could persuade the poor girl to agree to have sex with him. Alec, possibly, used once more his tricky words he had been using for sur le theatre the past months and succeded to expansion convince Tess that she loved him and the scene under the tree was just the expression of sur le, that love. ‘This is a question of fact’ insofar as fictional narratives have facts’to which we cannot know the answer. The issue here, however, is whether it makes any difference. […] If physical force or the threat of physical force is used to get a woman to agree to have sex, that is rape. Essays Honour Bruce Whittlesea. If psychological force is used, can that also be rape”?We define verbal sexual coercion as a woman’s consenting to unwanted sexual activity because of a man’s verbal arguments, not including verbal threats of physical force. Men use many types of verbal coercion to obtain sex: threatening to end the dissertation et la representation relationship or to find someone else to the thesis by martin satisfy their sexual needs; telling a woman that her refusal to have sex was changing the dissertation sur le et la representation way they felt about persuasive on sex in schools her; asserting that ‘everybody does it’ or questioning the woman’s sexuality . . . making the woman feel guilty; . Dissertation Theatre Et La. . . calling a woman a name angrily and pushing her away when she would not have sex; and threatening to do bodily self-harm.’ Although the nucor corporation (b) case study young Tess is dependent economically on dissertation sur le representation Alec and has another social position- she is a country girl without money and argumentive essay writing with little education- she has resisted his flirting. The girl was honest with Alec telling him she disliked his way of watching her, his advances, the dissertation representation gifts offered to her family, the attention she didn’t require.
She has real moral values and cannot be bought with words or with money. She wants to fall in love with a real gentleman who is able to be patient, to speech on sex in schools outline conquer her, in time, with nice gestures and to appreciate and value her. Dissertation Theatre Et La. But sometimes she is indecisive in giving an answer to why was the thesis made luther his proposal to treat her as a lover. She says: ‘ I don’t know- I wish-how can I say yes or no when-” . Is that a flirt, an unconsciously encouraging? It tranlates fear caused by dissertation theatre representation his economic and social power or young Tess has feeling for Alec but she is not aware of them? The writer gives few clues about this situation causing the reader a great confusion. He doesn’t know what to believe about the poor girl, he can’t find her guily for the situation but has doubt about her moral integrity. Is she an angel or a seductive and indecisive woman? Is she in love with the ‘bastardly’ womanizer, the man with his crude, full lips, his bold eye and his dark moustache?
The weather conditions work against a great essay, Tess. The fatal night is a foggy one. Alec loses his way in dissertation theatre et la, such circumstances and the moonlights appear only nucor, when he returns to Tess who is sleeping, there, in the wood. Is Tess less rational because she is sleepy and she cannot defend her physical integrity? The reader knows very well Alec’s personality and can drop the sad conclusion that the man took sexual advantage of her. ‘Hardy takes for granted that Tess becomes the target of the victimization simply because she is ‘still alive’ and ‘of the female sex.’ Alec puts himself into the position of the wild hunter, who waits till everybody stops dancing to dissertation catch Tess and seize his power over her. The following atmosphere resembles the tranquillize state caused by taking some sleeping pills. Alec with Tess on the same horse passes through the Chase. Tess, feeling tired after the argumentive essay writing day’s work, quickly disappears in sur le representation, the state of the unconsciousness in the moment when she falls asleep.’ Rather than describe the sexual scene, Thomas Hardy talks about speech on sex outline its inevitability, brutality and sur le theatre et la irrationality : ‘Why it was that upon essay this beautiful feminine tissues, sensitive as gossamer and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the woman, the wrong woman the man, many thousands years of analytical philosophy have failed to explain to our sense of dissertation, order.’ The meaning of this paragraph is crystal clear: sometimes people cannot control the fate.
Some people are born to suffer, the expansion universe has strange plans for them. They can fight against the destiny but that is a short battle, with no victory. Hardy uses a fatalistic expression to state the way destiny functions: ‘ It was to dissertation sur le theatre be!’ but he rejects the idea that children are punished for the mistakes of american, their ancestors ‘ is scorned by average human nature’. When Tess’s mother presents her daughter the idea about getting Alec to marry her, the sur le theatre et la heroine is offended: ‘She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by his ardent manners, had been stirred to persuasive speech education confused surrender awhile, had suddenly despised and dissertation theatre disliked him, and had run away. That was all.’ The Victorian society is cruel with the girl who can’t do nothing to change her fate and has to face the social rejection. She is nucor study seen now as an immoral woman, a sinner who must be punished. She seems to dissertation theatre be culpable for breaking society’s rules and a great adventure essay religion’s conventions. But Hardy doesn’t agree and says: ‘ It was they that were out of dissertation, harmony with the actual world, not she. Walking among the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the corporation (b) case skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. But all the dissertation et la while, she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in american, antagonism, she was quite in accord.
She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an dissertation theatre anomaly.’ Throughout the entire book Hardy speaks about the two types of law: natural versus social/religious. Natural laws are known as ‘a system of right or justice held to be common to all humans and derived from nature rather than from the rules of society, or positive law.’ ‘Walking among the sleeping birds in the hedges, watching the skipping rabbits on a moonlit warren, or standing under a pheasant-laden bough, she looked upon herself as a figure of Guilt intruding into the haunts of Innocence. But all the while she was making a distinction where there was no difference. Feeling herself in antagonism she was quite in persuasive on sex education, accord. She had been made to break an accepted social law, but no law known to the environment in which she fancied herself such an anomaly.’ According to the natural laws, what happened to Tess is ‘natural’, in synchronism with the representation nature and corporation (b) case shouldn’t be regarded as a mistake which leads to the total social rejection. Hardy associates the social law with convention and focuses on the riguros Victorian sexual convention which he describes as unnatural and oppressive.
According to the natural laws, Tess is a pure woman. She remain pure because although her body is sur le representation blotched, her soul continues to corporation study be pure. Dissertation Sur Le Theatre Et La. But, is Hardy’s claim valid? If his argument is valid then Alec cannot be accused of rape because, according to these natural laws, the man, as an persuasive speech on sex education in schools outline alpha male, made everything possible to theatre et la preserve his species. In conclusion, Hardy’s argument can’t be valid. Besides the social rejection, Tess’ loss of virginity ‘changed her from nucor, simple girl to complex woman. Symbols of reflectiveness passed into her face and dissertation theatre et la a note of tragedy at times into her voice. Her eyes grew larger and more eloquent. She became what would have been called a fine creature; her aspect was fair and arresting; her souls that of a woman whom the turbulent experiences of the american expansion last year or two had quite failed to sur le theatre demoralize.
But for the world’s opinion those experiences would have been simply a liberal education.’ The inevitable meeting between Tess and Alec is predicted from the earliest chapters of Phase the First. Hardy gives clues about the the thesis made by martin imminent encounter using symbols and symbolic events: the colors red and white, the dissertation theatre virgins’dance, Alec’s giving Tess strawberries and the death of nucor (b) case study, Prince. This is the author’s way of preparing the reader for the terrible event which will change Tess’ life forver. Hardy describes the moment very carrefully: ‘Tess!’ said d’Urberville. There was no answer.
The obscurity was now so great that he could see absolutely nothing but a pale nebulousness at his feet, which represented the white muslin figure he had left upon theatre et la the dead leaves. Everything else was blackness alike. D’Urberville stooped; and heard a gentle regular breathing. On Sex Education In Schools Outline. He knelt, and bent lower, till her breath warmed his face, and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers. She was sleeping soundly, and upon her eyelashes there lingered tears.’ Analysing the description, William A. Davis, Jr. observes that the dissertation theatre representation agression upon persuasive speech on sex education in schools outline Tess begins without any verbal communication between Alec and Tess.
The heroine is asleep and dissertation sur le representation doesn’t give an answer to Alec’s accost. Why Was Made By Martin. ‘The silence ruled everywhere around’ says Hardy. The physical contact is at dissertation theatre et la, first kind and caressing ‘her breath warmed his face , and in a moment his cheek was in contact with hers’ and this affirmation is followed with the statement that the heroine ‘was sleeping soundly’ . American Expansion. ‘Subsequent descriptive details- the narrator mentions Tess’ absent ‘guardian angel’ , the ‘coarse pattern’ about to be traced upon Tess, ‘the possibility of dissertation sur le et la, a retribution lurking in the present catastrophe’ , and the certainty that Tess’ ‘mailed ancestors rollicking home from a fray had dealt the same measure even more ruthlessly towards peasant girls of her time’ – all suggest the violent nature of Alec assault. To an alert Victorian reader, however, these details would have confirmed rather than introduced the idea of rape. The rape of Tess actually begins with the passage that describe Tess’ sleep and made her lack of verbal response- the passage, in short, that establishes her lack of consent to Alec’s advances.’ ‘Rape is the offence of having unlawful and carnal knowledge of a woman by sur le force, and against her will.’ Mews’ Digest of English Case Law further explains that: ‘to constitute rape, it is not necessary that the connection with the woman should be had against her will; it is sufficient if it is argumentive without her consent.’ And also the law specifies that: ‘If the woman is asleep, when the connection takes place, she is incapable of consent, and although no violence is used, the pisoner may be convicted of rape, if he knew that she was asleep.’ Because Alec does not receive any answer to his address, the reader can say that Tess is not a conscious woman in that crucial moment under the dissertation sur le representation tree. She doesn’t communicate with Alec because she is asleep and the reader can assume that Alec knows that the heroine is sleeping because he hears her breathing and receives no answer to his accost. Hardy intentionally introduces that episode full of signification at the beginning of the why was the thesis by martin woods scene: he tries, in a subtle manner, to inoculate to his readers the idea that Tess is dissertation sur le theatre et la representation raped and not seduced. The girl isn’t awake, her consciousness is completely or partially lost.
This sleep is argumentive crucial for the poor girl because does not allow her to et la representation return to her former condition and brings her to a new stage- the girl is obliged to start a new chapter in her poor existence. With the beginning of Phase the expansion Second Hardy gives another signification to dissertation sur le theatre et la representation the scene under the tree: he seems to replace the idea of rape with the idea of seduction: Tess isn’t any more a victim of Alec’s desire, she is an accomplice in a romantic relationship of several months’ duration. Bruce. ‘In his personal comments on the novel, Hardy tended to emphasize the seduction rather than the sexual assault that prededes it. For example, in a letter written in 1891 to thank Thomas Macquoid for his praise of the serial Tess, Hardy refers to the seduction (but not the rape) of Tess in the forthcoming volume edition: ?? Clare’s character [in the serial] suffers owing to a mock mariage having been substituted for the seduction pure #038; simple of the original MS.- which I did for the sake of the sur le Young Girl. The true reading will be restored in the volumes. Thus, Hardy saw seduction as a major part of the true reading of Tess.’ Why does Thomas Hardy offer few details about the scene under the tree? The reader cannot tell for sure the reason why , but he can draw the conclusion that this is an artifice of writing used by the author to maintain his readers’ curiosity about Tess’ sexuality and purity. In his readers’ mind will be a fight between two thoughts: Tess is an the thesis made innocent young girl raped by a beast; Tess is not a pure girl, she fell in love with Alec, had a sexual relationship with the man and dissertation sur le et la deserves everything that happened to her. ‘As I have suggested, Hardy’s writing (and rewriting) of the first of these events- the assault upon Tess in Phase the First- grew out of his knowledge of English rape law. Essays Whittlesea. The legal premise that a sleeping woman is dissertation sur le incapable of consenting to sexual intercourse was routinely upheld in Victorian courts. A sleeping woman’s purity- purity in persuasive speech on sex outline, the sense that she cannot consent to theatre a sexual relationship and her will cannot be known- is beyond question in the eyes of the law; therefore Hardy turns his attention from honour bruce whittlesea, rape to seduction and to the more complicated question of Tess’ purity as an apparently consenting woman.’ Alec is a dishonest character, he knows how to manipulate Tess, to play with her mind. When the sur le theatre representation girl discover that they are lost in the forest she says: ‘ How can you be so treacherous?….just when I’ve been putting such trust in you’ . Before Alec goes to try to find a way of leaving the wood, he makes ‘a sort of luther, couch or nest for her’ with dead leaves, checking that they are dry.
He also tells the girl that he has bought a new horse for her father and her siblings have now toys to play with. Dissertation Theatre Et La. Alec covers her ‘tenderly’ with his coat and made luther goes to find the way. What can the reader notice now is the fact that the entire forest is wrapped in fog. The fog has a deep signification in this episode and translate the fact that Tess is absorbed into the natural environment. Dissertation. Fog symbolizes confusion, danger, and the unseen. But here, in the phase two, Maiden no more, the reader can find important clues about the seduction and persuasive speech education not the rape of Tess. The heroine admits that ‘her eyes were a little dazed’ by Alec and that the sur le et la representation tragic event was a moment of vulnerability. And this is the first sign that Tess agreed to be involved in a sexual relationship. She accuses Alec for seducing her and not for an sexual assault. Essays Honour Bruce Whittlesea. Writing about Tess’s drama, Ellen Rooney says that if the reader has no declaration about truth from Tess herself, he cannot precisely say whether or not she is sexual assaulted or seduced. Sur Le Representation. But even though Tess never tells her story entirely, the reader has her thoughts on essay what she lived with Alec: ‘She had never wholly cared for him, she did not care for him now.
She had dreaded him, winced before him, succumbed to adroit advantages he took of her helplessness; then, temporarily blinded by his ardent manners, had been stirred to confused surrender awhile: had suddenly despised and theatre et la representation disliked him, and had run away. A Great. That was all. Hate him she did not quite; but he was dust and ashes to her, and dissertation theatre representation even for her name’s sake she scarcely wished to marry him.’ ‘Temporarily blinded by his ardent manners’ the heroine’had been stirred to confused surrender awhile.’ From Tess’ declaration the reader can draw the conclusion that for essays honour bruce a little period of time the girl was superficially attracted to Alec and sexually stirred by him. She never ‘wholly’ loved the man and this is sur le et la a strong reason to believe that the heroine could not have consented to have sexual relations with him. When leaving Alec’s house Tess confesses that she now ‘loathe (s) and hate (s) herself for (her) weakness’. But why the girl hates herself and blames her for her weakness if she was raped and not seduced? Why doesn’t she hate Alec for his cruelty? When Tess says that she ‘succumbed to adroit advantages Alec took of her helplessness’ , William Davis argues that she refers to the sexual assault of her while she slept. Because a sleeping woman cannot consent to sexual relation, under the Victorian Law this was rape. And surely Thomas Hardy knew about this law and honour bruce wrote this scene under the influence of dissertation theatre representation, such law. To conform Hardy’s intentions to Victorian law on rape, Davis argues that what the author calls ‘seduction pure #038; simple’ was rape followed by seduction.
Thomas Hardy does not offer much information about the tragic event from that night but he argues that his heroine was very tired that night: ‘She was inexpressibly weary. Argumentive. She had risen at five o’clock every morning of that week, had been on foot the dissertation whole of each day, and on a great essay this evening had, in addition, walked the dissertation sur le et la representation three miles to Chaseborough, waited three hours for her neighbours without eating or drinking, her impatience to start them preventing either; she had then walked a mile of the way home, and had undergone the excitement of the quarrel, till, with the slow progress of their steed, it was now nearly one o’clock. Only once, however, was she overcome by actual drowsiness. In that moment of oblivion her head sank gently against him.’ Tess of D’Urberville felt offended when Alec tried to take her in his arms. Essays Bruce Whittlesea. The girl knows that she is not safe, alone, with this man in the woods but she can do nothing to change this situation: ‘D’Urberville stopped the horse, withdrew his feet from the stirrups, turned sideways on sur le theatre et la representation the saddle, and enclosed her waist with his arm to support her. This immediately put her on the defensive, and with one of those sudden impulses of essays bruce whittlesea, reprisal to which she was liable she gave him a little push from her. Theatre Et La Representation. In his ticklish position he nearly lost his balance and only just avoided rolling over into the road, the horse, though a powerful one, being fortunately the quietest he rode.’ Alec D’Urbervilles, the master of argumentive essay writing, tricks, embraces Tess although he knows very well that the girl has no feeling for him.
He isn’t dissapointed that Tess doesn’t love him because Alec doesn’t look for love, he wants to take Tess’ virginity. ‘He settled the dissertation theatre matter by clasping his arm round her as he desired’ and Tess expressed no further negative. Thus they sidled slowly onward till it struck her they had been advancing for an unconscionable time’ far longer than was usually occupied by the short journey from Chaseborough, even at this walking pace, and that they were no longer on hard road, but in a mere trackway.’ After Tess’s fall Hardy asks himself: ‘But, might some say, where was Tess’s guardian angel? where was the Providence of her simple faith? Perhaps, like that other god of whom the ironical Tishbite spoke, he was talking, or he was pursuing, or he was in a journey, or he was sleeping and not to made by martin be awaked. Dissertation Sur Le Theatre Representation. Why it was that upon this beautiful feminine tissue, sensitive as gossamer, and practically blank as snow as yet, there should have been traced such a coarse pattern as it was doomed to receive; why so often the coarse appropriates the finer thus, the wrong man the corporation (b) case woman, the wrong woman the man […]’ Due to Tess’s first fall, her sexual experience with Alec, the girl is sur le theatre seen as a fallen woman who must be despised and discredited wherever she goes. When she comes back to Marlott she is gossiped and indirect attacked. In the church ‘the people who had turned their heads turned them again as the service proceeded; and at last observing her they whispered to nucor corporation (b) case each other.’ She knows what the people were talking about and feels so hurt that she takes the decision she won’t go to church anymore. Dissertation Sur Le Theatre Et La Representation. Working in her village, on nucor a field, to dissertation theatre earn her living Tess still cannot escape from the rumor about her sexual relation with Alec and her child is the real proof of that sin.
She is really unhappy in expansion essay, her village and thinks ‘she might be happy in some nook which had no memories. To escape the past and all that appertained thereto was to theatre et la annihilate it; and to do that she would have to get away.’ Under the great social pressure Tess is forced to leave her house and to argumentive essay try to dissertation et la start a new life somewhere else. She resembles with the rabbits, hares, rats, mice and snakes ‘retreating inwards as into american expansion essay a fastness, unaware of the ephemeral nature of their refuge and of the doom that awaited them later.’ ‘She cannot escape the censure and condemnation, which company her like her own shadow. She is dissertation theatre representation hunted everywhere. Hardy’s poem, Tess’s Lament vividly portrays the dilemma Tess is plunged in. I would that folk forgot me quite, Forgot me quite!
I would that I could shrink from sight, And no more see the sun. Would it were time to say farewell, To claim my nook, to argumentive need my knell, Time for them all to stand and tell.
When Tess meets Angel Clare the heroine has a certain sexual experience. The love story lived with Angel, the love confessions they make to sur le theatre each other, the essay writing certainty in Angel’s confessions, all these good things in her life determine Tess to sur le representation accept Angel’s proposal without a better prudence and understanding of the facts. The heroine proved that she is expansion capable of sustaining herself, she is dissertation sur le theatre representation fearless and essays honour bruce whittlesea self-determined. She can live without being married, she can feed herself just with love and he can live respectiong only the natural laws. ‘Culture alone insists on marriage just as society insists on sur le representation virginity and why was the thesis made by martin luther the church insists on theatre et la representation the subordination of the woman in nucor corporation study, matrimony.’ In the bridal night, when Angel confesses his sins Tess has an innocent belief that she will be forgiven. She also has a dishonorable past but she is willing to forgive the man she loves and to dissertation sur le theatre et la live free in a happily marriage. Her mother does not agree with her decision of confessing Angel his past because she is a woman with experience and a great essay knows that in a society dominated by men, in sur le et la representation, a patriarchal society she will be found guilty. ‘Despite her obsessive fear of Angel’s learning her history, Tess is nucor corporation (b) case unrealistically unable to dissertation sur le et la predict his response when he does’improbably na??ve in her jubilation that her transgression is ‘just the same’ as his’. She will not use sex to win Angel over during their honeymoon, although the narrator tells us that it might have worked.’ Garson tries to determine if Tess is characterized by lack of competence or honesty taken to extreme. Expansion. She decides that Tess could act completely different this action having another end but Hardy does not want a happy end for his heroine, he wants to prove that Tess acts having in mind her own moral values and not the society’s. Angel confesses to Tess his sin, his ‘dissipation with a stranger’ and after listening with great attention the girl concludes that her fall is sur le theatre et la representation not bigger than Angel’s mistake and he can obtain forgiveness. ‘It can hardly be more serious, dearest,’ says Angel, condescendingly, smilingly. ‘It cannot’O no, it cannot!’ She jumped up joyfully at the hope. Argumentive. ‘No, it cannot be more serious, certainly,’ she cried. ‘I will tell you now.’ She sat down again.
Their hands were still joined. The ashes under the grate were lit by the ‘ re vertically, like a torrid waste. Her imagination beheld a Last Day luridness in this red- coaled glow, which fell on sur le his face and hand, and on essay hers, peering into the loose hair about dissertation theatre et la representation her brow, and ‘ ring the delicate skin underneath. According to Rosemarie Morgan (Student Companion to essay writing Thomas Hardy, p.93) in a later version for the 1912 Wessex Edition Hardy writes out Tess’s words. After the statement ‘No, it cannot be more serious,’ he adds, ‘because ’tis just the same!’ Saying these words she tries to convince herself and the man she is in love with that she ‘cannot’, ‘cannot’, ‘cannot’ be condemned by him because their situation is ‘just the same’. The repetitions prove that Tess is making a considerable effort to convince Angel and to convince herself that her mistake is not bigger than his. Tess’ belief that Angel will love her and will forgive her sin is expressed in some words of a great innocence: ‘I thought, Angel, that you loved me’me, my very self!
If it is I you do love, O how can it be that you look and speak so? It frightens me! Having begun to theatre et la love you, I love you forever’in all changes, in all disgraces, because you are yourself. I ask no more. Then how can you, O my own husband, stop loving me’? Angel has annihilated the image of woman he was in love with- ”the woman I have been loving is not you’ . Tess is scared and terrified; ‘Terror was upon her white face’ and her full and beautiful mouth that once charmed Angel and reminded him of ‘roses filled with snow’ is cursed ‘a round little hole’ ‘Angel, to a far greater extent than Tess, is formed and shaped by his past. She, with her rebounding spirits, vibrant sexuality and self-determination, had created herself anew, had risen above her past where Angel is still victim of expansion essay, his. Significantly, the fallen woman is rendered dumb, mute, and sur le et la representation prone, not by the seducer but by the lawful husband.’ Thomas Hardy’s heroine is not killed by her past but by the man she is essays bruce whittlesea married to. Even though her sin is still alive in her soul, Tess succeeded to forgive herself and to start a new life far away from the sur le et la man who raped her and american essay away from the family that did not succeed to sur le theatre understand her sorrow and to persuasive education in schools cure her wounds.
In a men’s world, Tess is just a victim who cannot live in a lie and theatre et la decides to tell all the truth to the man who convinced her to marry him and why was by martin luther who will kill her soul slowly and gently. The heroine is punished because she is a woman in a men’s society and is married to a man caught in dissertation sur le theatre et la, Victorian conventions. Why Was The Thesis Made By Martin Luther. How can she be a real human being if the dissertation representation men’s world decides to reduce her to an object”?Thus humanity is male and man defines woman not in why was made luther, herself but as relative to him; she is sur le not regarded as an autonomous being’.she is simply what man decrees’.she is defined and differentiated with reference to man and not he with reference to her. She is the incidental, the unessential as opposed to the essential. He is the bruce whittlesea Subject, he is the representation Absolute- she is the Other.’ Bibliography Chapter Three.
1. Conly, Sarah, ‘Seduction, rape and coercition’, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of Chicago Press. 2. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 3. Davis, W., Thomas Hardy and the law, Legal Presences in Hardy’s Life and Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 4. Garson, M., Hardy’s Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text, Oxford University Press, 1991. 5. Hardy, T., Tess of the expansion essay D’Urbervilles, edited by Juliet Grindle and dissertation sur le theatre representation Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 6. Hardy, T., ‘Letter to nucor (b) case study Thomas Macquoid ‘, 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed.
Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 7. Morgan, R., Women and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy, Routledge London and New York, 2006. 8. Morgan, R., Student companion to Thomas Hardy, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2007. 9. Dissertation Sur Le Theatre Et La. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ‘Nonviolent sexual coercition’, in essay, Acquaintance rape, the hidden crime’, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 10. Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, trans.
H. N. Parshley, New York, 1953, p. xiv. 11. Sur Le. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and a great male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’. Anna Karenina and Tess of dissertation sur le, D’Urberville- a tragic destiny. Anna Karenina is expansion essay a novel wrote by the russian writer Lev Tolstoy, published in serial installments from 1873 to 1877. Since the novel’s publication, Anna Karenina has been seen as ‘every man’s tragedy’ or considered as a Bovarian banality by any masculinist critical view. Iuri Lotman, said: ‘ The plot of Anna Karenina reflects, on theatre et la representation the one hand a certain narrow object- the life of the heroine…..We can regard the life of the heroine as a reflection of the life of any woman belonging to a certain epoch and a certain social milieu, any woman, any person. Otherwise, the tragic vicissitudes of her life would only be of local interest.’ Lotman’s affirmation translates once again the (b) case idea that men’s problems are more important than the women’s problems. It’s not quite important that a woman is not happy in her marriage, that she does not feel love and affection for the men she lives with, because the dissertation sur le theatre representation most important problems in any society are men’s problems: war, government, etc Once again, also in Anna Karenina as in expansion, Tess of D’Urbervilles it can be seen the preoccupation for dissertation sur le theatre a society which is essays honour whittlesea dominated by sur le representation men, is a patriarchal epoch concerned exclusively with men’s situations.
The question regarding the women’s position in society was initially formulated in the Victorian England and later this preoccupation could be also found among the speech on sex education in schools Russian elite after the translation of Mill’s oeuvre, ‘The subjection of women’ in 1869. The beginning of the nineteenth century did not come with major ideas about women’s condition and dissertation sur le et la representation life, but it can be seen as a start of persuasive speech in schools, reconsidering the role of women in a society governed by men and dissertation which needs a change. Russian woman’s emancipation had been initially treated in literature- the novels of Ivan Turgenev, the oeuvres of honour bruce, Alexander Druzhinin’s ‘Polinka Saks’ (1847), or the Nikolai Nekrasov’s play, ‘Sasha’. Early Russian writings concerning the idea of sur le, oppressed women were influenced by why was the thesis made by martin luther the novels of George Sand, whose feminine characters suffer because cannot be free in choosing the man they want to love and to be happy with. Anna Karenina is a very beautiful, noble, married woman from St. Petersburg who lives a life full of bitterness because she is married with a man she does not love and she is in love with a young officer. This passion, these strong feelings will be the reason for his exile from the society she belongs to and will bring her death.
Even though Tess of dissertation, D’Urbervilles is not a rich woman, on the contrary, is a very poor girl with a family that will sign her death conviction- she is corporation study sent to claim kin and she is not advised that out there is a big world and she has to be very careful because men might want to harm her and to take advantages of her- the both heroines are guided by dissertation sur le the same noble feeling and have the genuine belief that a woman can be happy only speech on sex in schools outline, through love, loving and be loved. Theatre Et La. The both characters are very beautiful women- Tess is poor but beautiful, she does not have an essay elitist education but she cannot be seen as a simple peasant girl; Anna Arkadyevna Karenina is a model of dissertation sur le representation, beauty and perfection. He has a selective education, she is very intelligent, a big reader of English novels and she also writes books for children. Anna is whittlesea very elegant and is considered a perfect woman who can make any man fall in love with her. Her life with a cold and dissertation sur le passionless government official taught her to play the role of cultivated, noble, perfect wife. She is also a good hostess and plays all these roles with style and refinement. The tragedy of american expansion essay, beautiful women comes from the fact that they are considered as a trophy every respectable man must obtain.
And if the woman is married then the battle will be more powerful: the competitor will try to conquer someone’s ‘good’ in dissertation theatre et la representation, order to prove to himself that he has the real qualities to a great adventure essay win, he is better than the husband and he can really understand the heroine’s needs for love and dissertation sur le theatre representation support. The Thesis Made. Anna is not a simple aristocratic woman who plays the role of the perfect and happy wife who is still in dissertation theatre representation, love with her husband, is why was the thesis made only preoccupied with the raise of her children and obeys entirely her husband because he is sur le theatre et la representation always right. Anna has an ardent spirit and a great is determinate to live her life on dissertation sur le theatre et la her own terms. ‘All the girls in the world were divided into two classes: one class included all the girls in the world except her, and they had all the usual human feelings and were very ordinary girls; while the other class ‘ herself alone- had no weaknesses and why was made was superior to all humanity.’ Tolstoy writes ‘Anna Karenina’ in dissertation sur le theatre representation, order to explain the great changes occurring in the Russian society during the late nineteenth century. The novel presents a battle between the corporation study old patriarchal values which characterize the old society, the dissertation theatre aristocracy and the new, modern values, the West values. Nucor Corporation (b) Case Study. The landowning aristocracy believe in traditions like servitude, and autocratic government, while the West brings values like technology, democracy, rationalism. This major theme can be seen in the difficulty Levin has with his workers when he tries to theatre representation introduce a new way of farming. His peasants refuse to implement the new technology having the strong belief that the honour bruce whittlesea traditional Russian way of farming should not be changed. ‘Tess of dissertation sur le theatre et la, D’Urbervilles’ presents the changes brought in the nineteenth century in essay, the Victorian Age, also the importance of social class in England and in the same time the complication of defining class in the Victorian England.
A proof for this affirmation is sur le theatre offered by the fact that Durbeyfields are no longer considered in the Victorian Age as a dominant symbol as it would have been in the Middle Ages. Alec’s father, Simon Stokes was able to use his money and to a great adventure essay buy a very important, aristocratic name, being another proof that in the Victorian period money are more important than the origin and family history. In the both novels, ‘Anna Karenina’ and ‘Tess of D’Urbervilles the sur le theatre representation changes brought in the society are presented by the main heroines. Why Was The Thesis Made By Martin. Alexei Karenin, the government official with a weak personality is playing the dissertation theatre et la role of an educated and sophisticated man who is capable to forgive his wife for her infidelity and to offer her the chance at a respectful life despite her adventure with the young officer. What Karenin does not understand is the power of love that can make people to choose the complicated way and not the simple and known path. Anna Karenina, like Tess, is not just a simple woman, who can leave in conventionalism, she has another perception of live and she wants to love, to be appreciated as a special woman and not just as wife and mother.
She craves for a life of adventure, ardent emotion and noble passions. Karenin’s entire life is characterized by formalism, he knows which his duties are and he respects the professional obligations of his function. Alexei is a very good government official because this role defines him and in fact is the ratio of his life- a life without grand passion and excitement. Anna and Karenin have a marriage of convenience. There’s a big age gap between the two characters and also different ways of living and seeing the life and life’s values. Anna craves for sentimental devotion and sincerity while Alexei is happy with the dissertation monotonous work and family life. Essay. ‘All happy families are alike; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way’ is the first line of the dissertation sur le theatre et la Tolstoy’s novel and essay reveals the fact that the novel is concerned with the happiness, is a declaration for the need of sur le representation, happiness. Is it Anna Karenina happy? Why did the heroine immediately fall in love with Vronsky and renounced to her comfortable and respectful life? Why is a mother ready to sacrifice her child for essay a man? These are the questions Tolstoy tries to sur le et la answer and his explanation is that women are capable of great and expansion powerful feelings. They can live in misery but a domestic one, not a sentimental failure; they can have a conventional marriage but will always crave for the real love and for fervent feelings and when they will meet the love they will be capable of leaving everything for that noble feeling.
Anna Karenina has an unhappy marriage, her husband does not appreciate her as a woman, he can only see the mother Anna and the wife Anna but not the woman Anna who needs love, appreciation, adventure and emotion. Anna is ready to defend her love for Vronsky, she can accept the social rejection, the fact that she will never be respected and she will be seen as a sinful women. But that’s the essence: a woman, who has the courage to love and to openly live with a man that is not her husband, is not captive in dissertation theatre et la, a formal arrangement that could have offered her protection and could have been the institutionalization of a lie is what defines a heroine. Tess of D’Urberville is not an unfaithful married woman, she is just an innocent peasant girl who is convinced that two people that are meant to be together will meet and will live a beautiful love story like in essay writing, the novels she used to read. She is not a sinful woman because is dissertation representation not her choice to be raped but is considered by corporation (b) case the Victorian society as a decadent human being and convicted to the social rejection. ‘Anna, Eustacia, [Vye], Tess [Durbeyfield] or Sue [Bridehead] – what was there in their position that was necessarily tragic? Necessarily painful it was, but they were not at war with God, only with Society. Yet they were all cowed by the mere judgement of man upon them and all the while by their own souls they were right. And the judgement of men killed them, not the theatre representation judgement of their own souls or the judgement of Ethernal God. Lev Tolstoy chose to analyze the “woman question” enclosed in a comparison: He puts in essays bruce whittlesea, opposition Anna’s search for sense in life with that of Levin, the dissertation sur le Tolstoy’s other main character. And Tolstoy chose to do something scandalous for his epoch: He converted Anna in an unfaithful woman- a sensitive character. Anna wasn’t miserable because she disobeyed her unbearable, suffocating husband and had to be punished; she was unhappy because she didn’t find, in Tolstoy’s opinion, meaningful love and the life’s signification.
Tolstoy’s belief that true love and happiness could be accomplished only through a love marriage means represents the heroine’s drama. Anna finds for a short period of time happiness outside marriage, in Vronsky’s arms but her lack of autonomy and social rejection brought by a forbidden relationship causes her sorrow. Tolstoy puts in opposition Anna’s story with the story of why was the thesis luther, Levin, an open-minded man who succeeded in his search for meaning in life by choosing a marriage partner he considered his equal rather than his inferior. Tolstoy also presents the hypocrisy that characterizes the nineteenth society, the fact that men could cheat his partners without punishment whereas women could not. He also highlights the sur le representation idea that lots of writing, woman had relationships outside the marriage including discreet women who blames Anna for her actions similar to their own.
The Victorian controversy of grand importance in ‘Tess of D’Urberville’ is also ‘the Woman question’ or how woman should be seen and what roles they should play in society. Sur Le Representation. Many writers thought that woman should stay at home and work in the house, being unable to learn and to work for the society. The Victorian women were meant to speech on sex outline be ‘an angel in the house’ and also for et la their husbands and nothing more. If the woman lost her virginity and essays bruce honour, before marriage, she was convicted to live a life full of shame and sorrow. If the husband was unfaithful, the society won’t blame him for the sexual behaviour. Dissertation Representation. R.G. Christian says: ‘It was people not God who threw Anna under the train’ highlighting the power of the society which can determine the destiny of a human being. Vladimir Nabokov, in his work on Russian literature, characterized Anna as ‘a young, handsome, and american fundamentally good woman, and a fundamentally doomed woman.’ Nabokov also protects her role as a foreigner of the society she lives in: ‘[Anna] is a woman with a full, compact, important moral nature: everything about et la representation her character is significant and striking, and this applied as well to her love.
She cannot limit herself as another character in the book, Princess Betsy, does, to an undercover affair. Her truthful and passionate nature makes disguise and secrecy impossible.’ Tolstoy makes Anna almost completely a human being of passion and argumentive essay writing then allows that passion to kill her. After the heroine meets Vronsky, all of her actions are concerned with keeping a loving relationship with him. Anna is also ready to renounce to sur le theatre representation her existence in order to feel and to enjoy the full love. Her passion for Vronsky causes a separation between herself and Kitty and also between herself and nucor the domestic sphere.
After the social rejection also the position of mother is soon denied her, and later she is not enough concerned in developing a relationship with her daughter and make this relationship essential part of her life. Even her outfits limit the character. She wears only black clothing expressing the fact that she is in representation, a profound grief and essays bruce whittlesea she seems convicted to die for the fact that she was capable to renounce to her family for living the love story of her life. Dissertation Theatre Representation. Tess of D’Urberville is not a rich, aristocratic girl, on education in schools outline the contrary, she is put under immense pressure by her family to dissertation sur le improve their economic position and reputation. She grows in the thesis luther, a small village being protected from the dissertation sur le influence of an aristocratic society with decadent values. She is a genuine young girl who wants to have a happy marriage, to love and to be loved. The Thesis Made. She is not interested in having a certain social position because she believes in love as a way of dissertation theatre representation, being happy. But the essay society is theatre et la cruel with the Thomas Hardy’s heroine and signs her conviction to education outline dead. Theatre Representation. Even though she cannot be found guilty because she did not consciously commit a mistake she is blamed by a superficial society which cannot see under the appearances. Anna Karenina is (b) case study found guilty because she had the courage to admit that her marriage is dissertation a formal one and she is not happy.
She discovers another Anna when she is with Vronsky and she is very happy. Her guilty is that she refuses to live a love story outside her marriage in a society in which the essays honour bruce relationships outside a marriage are accepted and formal alliances are protected. Tess of et la, D’Urberville was found guilty because her family couldn’t protect and speech in schools outline defend herself against a world dominated by men and she had the courage to tell Angel that she was raped and he had a little baby. She did not want to theatre et la representation marry with Alec, to have a formal marriage because the hypocrisy dominated in a great adventure, the Victorian society did not affect her perception about does a marriage mean. Vronsky is a good looking character, rich, and dissertation sur le also a charming man who is as willing as Anna is to renounce to luther his social status and professional position for finding the sur le theatre real love.
His involvement in his hospital-building project shows a carrying person who wants to protect the argumentive essay writing weak people. But the dissertation theatre representation Tolstoy’s work also shows a Vronsky with defects and essays bruce blames. His strange hair, his mistake in calculating the horse race, his ambitions of military fame these entire characteristics make a Vronsky human and not a romantic character. Anna finds Alexei an exceptional man who could make her very happy and could offer her a completely rescue and a burial into a seductive passion. Dissertation Sur Le Theatre Et La Representation. The heroine is very disappointed when she discovers that Vronsky’s passion is argumentive essay writing limited and he is just another man and not THE man. The Tolstoy’s choice to give Vronsky the same name as his husband’s suggests that Anna is doomed to repeat the failure of her first relationship. ‘Anna had been preparing herself for this meeting, had thought what she would say to him, but she did not succeed in et la, saying anything of it; his passion mastered her. American Essay. She tried to calm him, to calm herself, but it was too late. His feeling infected her. Her lips trembled so that for a long while she could say nothing.’ Vronsky’s commitment to Anna seems to decrease in sur le, later chapters of Tolstoy’s novel but the reader cannot be convinced that this is the true situation because he finds out about this wane of devotion from Anna’s confessions which betrays the fear that the man she loves and for whom she has sacrificed her marriage and her social position, becoming a mistress, is not any more in love with the heroine. Adventure Essay. The events related to this episode seem to indicate that Vronsky’s love hasn’t faded: he takes Anna to his country home which is luxurious, elegant, he stays with the heroine and refuses to visit his old friends and theatre even mother, he is essays honour whittlesea still fascinated by her beauty and personality. He occasionally misses the old fame and military glory especially when he meets his old comrades but he does not blame Anna for this situation.
Vronsky accepts Anna’s paranoia and dissertation sur le theatre representation her whims but for argumentive essay writing Tolstoy’s main character these proves are not enough, are just signs of duty and dissertation theatre not actions indicating true love. The reader cannot decide is right in this situation because Vronsky’s thoughts are not exposed. Angel Clare is Tess’ Vronsky, the man full of passion who can kidnap the american heroine’s present and can project a whole new world outside the mediocrity of an irrational and hypocritical society. When Tess first meets Angel she realizes that she definitely has seen him before, at the May-dance and he did not choose Tess to be his dance partner. But because the destiny wants to bring together Tess and Angel and dissertation sur le et la representation also to determine, Tess’ dead conviction, they meet again at the dairy.
The love the both characters feel for each other is genuine, pure, without being jealous or proud. ‘It was then, as has been said, that she impressed him most deeply. She was no longer the milkmaid, but a visionary essence of woman- a whole sex condensed into one physical form. He called her Artemis, Demeter, and other fanciful names half teasingly, which she did not like because she did not understand them. ‘Call me Tess’, she would say askance; and he did. In this quote from the novel the reader can clearly see that Angel is in love with the image of a perfect woman and study not exclusively with Tess herself. She is compared with the Greek goddesses and that means that she has to be the theatre representation ideal of feminine beauty and perfection in order to be loved by Angel. And Tess is argumentive essay writing not a goddess, she’s a simply peasant young girl who just wants to love and to be loved. In the dissertation sur le representation critical essay ‘Why women are oppressed’ Anna Jonasdottir says: ‘Man is willing to accept woman as an american equal, as a man in skirt, as an dissertation sur le theatre angel, a devil, a baby-face, a machine, an instrument, a bosom, a womb, a pair of legs, a servant, an encyclopaedia, an ideal or an obscenity; the only thing he won’t accept her as is a human being, a real human being of the real sex.’ Angel seems to be a character that wants to be surrounded by angels and the thesis by martin can’t accept that human beings have a past, made mistakes, he cannot forgive and forget even though he asks for theatre representation forgiveness. He is an example of a fallen angel who couldn’t remain pure and a great also failed in being a good Christian by sur le theatre representation confessing Tess his sin.
His mistake is also Tess’s mistake but the influence of the Victorian society does not allow him to see clearly and to only after the longue journey he realizes that ‘the beauty or ugliness of a character lay not only in its achievements, but in its aims and impulses; its true story lay, not among things done, but among thinks willed.’ Tess of D’Urbervilles and Anna share also another pattern-fog, haziness, mystery. When Tess of D’Urbervilles is raped, the scene is american surrounded by mist and the reader does not exactly knows what to think about this situation: ‘She was silent, and the horse ambled along for a consider- able distance, till a faint luminous fog, which had hung in the hollows all the evening, became general and enveloped them. It seemed to hold the theatre representation moonlight in suspension, rendering it more pervasive than in clear air. Whether on this account, or from absent-mindedness, or from sleepiness, she did not perceive that they had long ago passed the point at which the lane to essays bruce Trantridge branched from the highway, and dissertation et la that her conductor had not taken the Trantridge track.’ Anna herself speaks of corporation (b) case study, a certain haze which in associating it with the purity of first love: “I remember that blue haze, like the haze on the mountains in theatre, Switzerland. That haze which envelops everything at that blissful time when childhood is adventure just coming to an end and its huge merry circle narrows to a path which one treads gaily yet with dread into life’s corridor” . . . Dissertation Sur Le Et La. Kitty smiled … “How did she go through it? How I should like to know the whole romance of her life!” she thought, recalling the unromantic exterior of Anna’s husband.’ The patter appears again when Kitty realizes the visible sympathy between Anna and Vronsky at a great, the ball and “a mist spread(s) over her soul” Anna and Tess are two heroines who have lots o resemblances but also dissimilarities.
Tess of D’Urbervilles is an innocent peasant girl who takes care of her family being fascinated with the novels she reads. She is not selfish, she does not to marry with an aristocratic men and to be part of the dissertation sur le representation aristocratic society. Corporation (b) Case Study. Anna is also intelligent, cultivated, simple, honest, and a devoted mother. But the relationship with Vronsky changes her completely. Tess’s downfall is caused by her lack of education in what concern such a complicated subject for the society she lives in- sexual relationships and it can be said that her trust in men is determined by reading romantic novels and identifying with their heroines in dissertation sur le theatre et la, a specifically sensual and innocent way. Nucor. Anna, on contrary, is unable to read her novel on her train ride home after flirting with Vronsky. “She was too eager to live herself.
If she read how the heroine of the novel nursed a sick man, she wanted to be moving about et la a sickroom with noiseless tread herself”. When she discovers, it is to american expansion make an instinctual moral perception: ‘The hero of the novel had nearly attained his Englishman’s idea of sur le theatre et la, happiness … and Anna was wishing she could go to the estate with him, when she suddenly felt that he must be feeling ashamed and that she was ashamed for the same reason.’ Anna Karenina and Tess D’Urbervilles are honorable women. Even though Anna has a sexual relationship outside her marriage she does not accept Karenin’s proposal when he decides that they can stay into a formal marriage and forget Anna’s infidelity. Expansion. The heroine is not ashamed that she has a relationship with Vronsky because this relationship represents her entire life-love, fantasy, eternity, nobles. ‘Alexey Alexandrovitch! What is it you want of me”?I want you not to meet that man here, and to conduct yourself so that neither the world nor the servants can reproach you…not to see him. That’s not much, I think. And in dissertation sur le, return you will enjoy all the privileges of a faithful wife without fulfilling her duties. That’s all I have to say to you. Argumentive Essay Writing. Now it’s time for me to go. I’m not dining at home.’ He got up and moved towards the door. Anna got up too.
Bowing in silence, he let her pass before him.’ Tess of D’Urbervilles also refuses Alec’s proposal to sur le theatre be his mistress because she cannot have a relationship with a man she is not in love with, a man who harmed her. ‘Very well,’ he said, laughing; ‘I am sorry to wound you. Persuasive In Schools Outline. I did wrong’I admit it.’ He dropped into some little bitterness as he continued: ‘Only you needn’t be so everlastingly flinging it in dissertation sur le theatre et la, my face. I am ready to pay to the uttermost farthing. You know you need not work in the fields or the dairies again. You know you may clothe yourself with the best, instead of in the bald plain way you have lately affected, as if you couldn’t get a ribbon more than you earn.’ ‘I have said I will not take anything more from you, and honour bruce I will not’I cannot! I SHOULD be your creature to go on dissertation sur le doing that, and I won’t.’
Bibliography Chapter four. 1. Hardy, T., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by nucor (b) case Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 2. Jonasdotti, A., ‘Why women are oppressed’, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994. 3. Lotman, Iuri, ‘The structure of the sur le et la artistic text’, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 4. Mandelker, A., ‘Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question, and the Victorian novel’, The theory and interpretation of why was made by martin, narrative series, Ohio State University Press, 1993. 5. Nabocov, V. ‘Lectures on Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981.
6. R.G. Christian, ‘Tolstoy: An Introduction’, Cambridge 1969. 7. Tolstoy, L. ‘Anna Karenina’, translated by Louise Shanks #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. In the Victorian age, women were seen through men’s eyes. They were the most important characters in the domestic sphere, the family life being more than sufficient for their emotional achievement. The home was seen as a paradise, a refuge from the chaotic world of dissertation sur le representation, business and american politics, a place similar with the haven, in which men found love from dissertation sur le, their wives and children. The Victorian women were seen as being pure and perfect. They were ‘angels in the house’, wives and mothers dedicated to their families and children. They had to obey their husbands because men were the main characters in the society. The marriage was a light form of slavery: after the wedding everything a woman inherited and had unquestionably belonged to the husband. 1. Blathway, Taymond, ‘A Chat with the Author of american expansion, Tess, Black and sur le White, IV’.
Macmillan, 1892, London. 2. Casagrande, P., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles unorthodox beauty’, New York: Twaye, 1992. 3. Conly, Sarah, ‘Seduction, rape and coercition’, Ethics 115: 96-121, October 2004, University of Chicago Press. 4. Danielova, M., ‘The concept of purity in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the by martin D’Urbervilles’, Faculty of Education, Brno, December 2010. 5. Davis, W., ‘Thomas Hardy and the law’, Legal Presences in Hardy’s Life and Fiction, Rosemont publishing and and printing corp, 2003. 6. Ertu??rul, Ko. Representation. ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles, the tragedy of a Godless human existence’, Journals of Arts and Sciences, 12 decembrie 2009, Universitatea Cankaya.
7. Freeman, J., ‘Studies in Philology’, 1982 University of North Carolina Press, Vol 79, No.3. 8. Garson, M., Hardy’s Fables of Integrity: Woman, Body, Text’, Oxford University Press, 1991. 9. Hardy, T., ‘Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, edited by Juliet Grindle and Simon Gatrell, with a new introduction by Penny Boumelha, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983. 10. Corporation Study. Hardy, T., ‘Letter to dissertation Thomas Macquoid ‘, 29 Oct 1981, in The collected letters of Thomas Hardy, ed. Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate, 7 vols., (Oxford Clarendon Press, 1978-88, 245-246). 11. Nucor Corporation (b) Case. Harvey, G., ‘The complete critical guide to Thomas Hardy’, Taylor #038; Francis e- Library, 2003. 12. Holmes, S., #038; Nelson, C., ‘Maternal Instincts: Visions of et la representation, motherhood and sexuality in Britain, 1875-1925’, London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997.
13. Holmberg, Mona, ‘Tess, a victim of her society’, in Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles’, Lulea University of Technology, Department of Language and Culture, 2003. 14. Jennings, A., ‘Stranger than Fiction. Life and writing Literature in the Late Victorian Age’, Black Cat Publishing, 2001. 15. Jonasdotti, A., ‘Why women are oppressed’, Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1994.
16. Kent, Susan.’Sex and Suffrage in Britain 1860-1914?. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990. 17. Lotman, I. ‘The structure of the artistic text’, translation by Ronald Vroon, University of Michigan, 1977. 18.
Mandelker, A., ‘Framing Anna Karenina: Tolstoy, The woman question and the Victorian novel’The theory and interpretation of narrative series, Ohio, State University Press, 1993. 19. Dissertation Representation. Matthew, A., ‘The Forsaken Merman’ in Selected Poems, 1822-1888, An electronic classics series publication, 2000. 20. Millgate, M., ‘Thomas, Hardy, His Career as a novelist’, London: Macmillan, 1994.
21. Mitchell, S.,’Daily Life in Victorian England’, Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2009. 22. Morgan, R., ‘Women and Sexuality in the novels of Thomas Hardy,’ Routledge London and New York, 2006. 23. Morgan, R., ‘Student companion to Thomas Hardy’, Greenwood Press, London, 2007. 24. Muelenhard, C., #038; Shrag, J., ‘Nonviolent sexual coercition’, in persuasive education outline, Acquaintance rape, the hidden crime’, Wiley #038; Sons, New York, 1991. 25. Nabokov, V. Sur Le Theatre Representation. ‘Lectures on expansion essay Russian Literature, Harcourt, 1981. 26.
R. G. Christian, ‘Tolstoy: An Introduction’, Cambridge, 1969. 27. Rogers, Katharine, ‘The Centennial Review’, Vol 19, No. 4, 1975 Michigan State University Press. 28. Simone de Beauvoir, ‘The Second Sex,’ trans.
H. N. Dissertation. Parshley, New York, 1953. 29. Tolstoy, L. ‘Anna Karenina’, translation by Louise Shanks Maude #038; Aylmer Maude, Vintage Classics, London, 2010. 30. Honour Whittlesea. Zhen, C., ‘Tess in dissertation theatre representation, Thomas Hardy’s Tess of the D’Urbervilles- victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society’, societyhttp://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/cg/lt/rb/600/600PDF/chen.PDf. 31. Wojtczak, H., ‘Women of Victorian Sussex’, Hastings Press, 2003. Search our thousands of essays:
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