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Basic Guidelines for Philosophy Papers
Here are some basic guidelines for writing a philosophy paper. 423-439-7111 123 Sherrod Library ...
A Brief Guide to Writing the Philosophy Paper - Harvard Philosophy
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How to Write an Evidence-Based Clinical Review Article. JAY SIWEK, M.D., and MARGARET L. Thesis? GOURLAY, M.D., Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington D.C. DAVID C. SLAWSON, M.D., University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia. ALLEN F. On Artificial Intelligence? SHAUGHNESSY, PHARM.D., Harrisburg Family Practice Residency, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Am Fam Physician. 2002 Jan 15;65(2):251-258.
Traditional clinical review articles, also known as updates, differ from systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Philosophy? Updates selectively review the medical literature while discussing a topic broadly. Nonquantitative systematic reviews comprehensively examine the medical literature, seeking to identify and literature management synthesize all relevant information to formulate the best approach to paper thesis, diagnosis or treatment. Classification Essay? Meta-analyses (quantitative systematic reviews) seek to answer a focused clinical question, using rigorous statistical analysis of philosophy thesis pooled research studies. This article presents guidelines for writing an evidence-based clinical review article for American Family Physician . First, the topic should be of sparknotes common interest and philosophy paper relevance to family practice. Include a table of the essay, continuing medical education objectives of the review. State how the paper thesis, literature search was done and include several sources of evidence-based reviews, such as the Cochrane Collaboration, BMJ's Clinical Evidence , or the InfoRetriever Web site. Where possible, use evidence based on classification essay, clinical outcomes relating to morbidity, mortality, or quality of life, and philosophy studies of primary care populations.
In articles submitted to American Family Physician , rate the level of evidence for key recommendations according to the following scale: level A (randomized controlled trial [RCT], meta-analysis); level B (other evidence); level C (consensus/expert opinion). Finally, provide a table of sparknotes sat writing essay key summary points. American Family Physician is particularly interested in philosophy thesis receiving clinical review articles that follow an evidence-based format. Clinical review articles, also known as updates, differ from systematic reviews and meta-analyses in important ways.1 Updates selectively review the medical literature while discussing a topic broadly. An example of such a topic is, #x201c;The diagnosis and treatment of on artificial myocardial ischemia.#x201d; Systematic reviews comprehensively examine the medical literature, seeking to identify and synthesize all relevant information to formulate the best approach to diagnosis or treatment. Examples are many of the paper, systematic reviews of the cat essay spm, Cochrane Collaboration or BMJ's Clinical Evidence compendium.
Meta-analyses are a special type of systematic review. They use quantitative methods to philosophy paper thesis, analyze the constitution, literature and seek to thesis, answer a focused clinical question, using rigorous statistical analysis of pooled research studies. An example is, #x201c;Do beta blockers reduce mortality following myocardial infarction?#x201d; The best clinical review articles base the discussion on existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and incorporate all relevant research findings about the management of a given disorder. Sparknotes Essay? Such evidence-based updates provide readers with powerful summaries and sound clinical guidance. In this article, we present guidelines for writing an philosophy, evidence-based clinical review article, especially one designed for continuing medical education (CME) and incorporating CME objectives into its format. This article may be read as a companion piece to a previous article and accompanying editorial about reading and evaluating clinical review articles.1 , 2 Some articles may not be appropriate for sat writing essay, an evidence-based format because of the philosophy thesis, nature of the topic, the essay, slant of the article, a lack of sufficient supporting evidence, or other factors. We encourage authors to review the philosophy thesis, literature and, wherever possible, rate key points of evidence.
This process will help emphasize the summary points of the sparknotes sat writing, article and strengthen its teaching value. Choose a common clinical problem and paper avoid topics that are rarities or unusual manifestations of disease or that have curiosity value only. Whenever possible, choose common problems for which there is sat writing, new information about diagnosis or treatment. Emphasize new information that, if valid, should prompt a change in clinical practice, such as the recent evidence that spironolactone therapy improves survival in patients who have severe congestive heart failure.3 Similarly, new evidence showing that a standard treatment is no longer helpful, but may be harmful, would also be important to philosophy thesis, report. Dissertation Intelligence? For example, patching most traumatic corneal abrasions may actually cause more symptoms and delay healing compared with no patching.4. When searching the literature on your topic, please consult several sources of evidence-based reviews (Table 1) . Look for philosophy paper thesis, pertinent guidelines on the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of the disorder being discussed. Incorporate all high-quality recommendations that are relevant to the topic. When reviewing the first draft, look for all key recommendations about diagnosis and, especially, treatment. Try to essay, ensure that all recommendations are based on the highest level of evidence available. If you are not sure about the source or strength of the paper, recommendation, return to the literature, seeking out the basis for the recommendation.
Some Sources of Evidence-Based Medicine. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), formerly known as the Agency for Health Care Policy and literature review on financial Research (AHCPR): Clinical Guidelines and Evidence Reports* The AHRQ Web site includes links to the National Guideline Clearinghouse, Evidence Reports from the AHRQ's 12 Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC), and Preventive Services. The AHCPR released 19 Clinical Practice Guidelines between 1992 and1996 that were not subsequently updated. American College of Physicians Journal Club (ACPJC) ACP Journal Club evaluates evidence in individual articles. Commentary by ACP author offers clinical recommendations. Access to the online version of philosophy paper ACPJC is a benefit for members of the ACP-ASIM, but will be open to sparknotes essay, all until at least the end of paper 2001. Features short evaluations/discussions of individual articles dealing with evidence-based clinical practice.
Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM) The University of Oxford/Oxford Radcliffe Hospital Clinical School Web site includes links to CEBM within the Faculty of Medicine, a CATbank (Critically Appraised Topics), links to evidence-based journals, and EBM-related teaching materials. Center for Research Support, TRIP Database. The AHRQ began the Translating Research into Practice (TRIP) initiative in 1990 to implement evidence-based tools and information. Of A Part-time? The TRIP Database features hyperlinks to the largest collection of EBM materials on philosophy, the internet, including NGC, POEM, DARE, Cochrane Library, CATbank, and individual articles. The Absolutely Of A Essay? A good starting place for an EBM literature search. Clinical Evidence , BMJ Publishing Group* Searches BMJ's Clinical Evidence compendium for up-to-date evidence regarding effective health care. Lists available topics and describes the philosophy, supporting body of evidence to date (e.g., number of essay relevant randomized controlled trials published to date).
Concludes with interventions #x201c;likely to be beneficial#x201d; versus those with #x201c;unknown effectiveness.#x201d; Individuals who have received a free copy of philosophy Clinical Evidence Issue 5 from the United Health Foundation are also entitled to free access to the full online content. Cochrane Database of review management Systematic Reviews* Systematic evidence reviews that are updated periodically by paper the Cochrane Group. Reviewers discuss whether adequate data are available for the development of EBM guidelines for diagnosis or management. Database of dissertation Abstracts of philosophy paper thesis Reviews of Effectiveness (DARE)*
Structured abstracts written by University of York CRD reviewers (see NHS CRD). Abstract summaries review articles on diagnostic or treatment interventions and discuss clinical implications. Effective Health Care* Bi-monthly, peer-reviewed bulletin for medical decision-makers. Based on systematic reviews and synthesis of research on essay, the clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of health service interventions. Bimonthly publication launched in 1995 by the BMJ Publishing Group. Article summaries include commentaries by paper clinical experts. Subscription is required.
Evidence-Based Practice Newsletter (including JFP Patient-Oriented Evidence that Matters [POEM])* This JFP newsletter features up-to-date POEM, Disease-Oriented Evidence (DOE), and tests approved for literature review management, Category 1 CME credit. Subscription required. Includes the paper thesis, InfoRetriever search system for the complete POEMs database and six additional evidence-based databases. Spm? Subscription is required. Institute for philosophy thesis, Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI)* ICSI is an independent, nonprofit collaboration of health care organizations, including the my pet spm, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
Web site includes the ICSI guidelines for preventive services and philosophy disease management. National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) Comprehensive database of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines from government agencies and health care organizations. Describes and compares guideline statements with respect to objectives, methods, outcomes, evidence rating scheme, and major recommendations. National Health Service (NHS) Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) Searches CRD Databases (includes DARE, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, Health Technology Assessment Database) for constitution, EBM reviews.
More limited than TRIP Database. Primary Care Clinical Practice Guidelines. University of California, San Francisco, Web site that includes links to NGC, CEBM, AHRQ, individual articles, and organizations. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)*
This Web site features updated recommendations for clinical preventive services based on systematic evidence reviews by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. EBM = evidence-based medicine . *#x2014; These Web sites are AAFP-approved sources of philosophy paper thesis systematic evidence reviews. When these sources are used to prepare continuing medical education clinical content according to sparknotes essay, guidelines issued by the AAFP Commission of Continuing Medical Education, the content will qualify for the special designation of paper thesis evidence-based CME. See the AAFP Web site for additional information about preparing evidence-based CME . Some Sources of Evidence-Based Medicine. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), formerly known as the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR): Clinical Guidelines and Evidence Reports* The AHRQ Web site includes links to the National Guideline Clearinghouse, Evidence Reports from the AHRQ's 12 Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC), and Preventive Services. The AHCPR released 19 Clinical Practice Guidelines between 1992 and1996 that were not subsequently updated.
American College of Physicians Journal Club (ACPJC) ACP Journal Club evaluates evidence in american essay individual articles. Commentary by ACP author offers clinical recommendations. Access to the online version of philosophy paper thesis ACPJC is a benefit for members of the ACP-ASIM, but will be open to all until at least the end of constitution essay 2001. Features short evaluations/discussions of individual articles dealing with evidence-based clinical practice. Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM) The University of Oxford/Oxford Radcliffe Hospital Clinical School Web site includes links to CEBM within the Faculty of philosophy paper Medicine, a CATbank (Critically Appraised Topics), links to evidence-based journals, and EBM-related teaching materials. Center for Research Support, TRIP Database.
The AHRQ began the Translating Research into Practice (TRIP) initiative in 1990 to implement evidence-based tools and review on financial information. Thesis? The TRIP Database features hyperlinks to dissertation on artificial, the largest collection of paper EBM materials on the internet, including NGC, POEM, DARE, Cochrane Library, CATbank, and individual articles. A good starting place for an EBM literature search. Clinical Evidence , BMJ Publishing Group* Searches BMJ's Clinical Evidence compendium for up-to-date evidence regarding effective health care. Lists available topics and describes the american essay, supporting body of evidence to date (e.g., number of relevant randomized controlled trials published to date). Concludes with interventions #x201c;likely to be beneficial#x201d; versus those with #x201c;unknown effectiveness.#x201d; Individuals who have received a free copy of Clinical Evidence Issue 5 from the United Health Foundation are also entitled to free access to the full online content. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews*
Systematic evidence reviews that are updated periodically by the Cochrane Group. Reviewers discuss whether adequate data are available for the development of EBM guidelines for diagnosis or management. Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness (DARE)* Structured abstracts written by University of York CRD reviewers (see NHS CRD). Paper Thesis? Abstract summaries review articles on diagnostic or treatment interventions and literature review discuss clinical implications. Effective Health Care* Bi-monthly, peer-reviewed bulletin for medical decision-makers. Based on systematic reviews and synthesis of research on paper thesis, the clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of health service interventions.
Bimonthly publication launched in sparknotes sat writing essay 1995 by the BMJ Publishing Group. Article summaries include commentaries by clinical experts. Subscription is required. Evidence-Based Practice Newsletter (including JFP Patient-Oriented Evidence that Matters [POEM])* This JFP newsletter features up-to-date POEM, Disease-Oriented Evidence (DOE), and philosophy paper thesis tests approved for Category 1 CME credit.
Subscription required. Includes the InfoRetriever search system for the complete POEMs database and six additional evidence-based databases. Subscription is required. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI)* ICSI is an independent, nonprofit collaboration of cat essay health care organizations, including the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
Web site includes the philosophy, ICSI guidelines for preventive services and disease management. National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) Comprehensive database of sparknotes sat writing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines from government agencies and health care organizations. Describes and compares guideline statements with respect to philosophy, objectives, methods, outcomes, evidence rating scheme, and major recommendations. National Health Service (NHS) Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) Searches CRD Databases (includes DARE, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, Health Technology Assessment Database) for EBM reviews.
More limited than TRIP Database. Primary Care Clinical Practice Guidelines. University of California, San Francisco, Web site that includes links to NGC, CEBM, AHRQ, individual articles, and my pet cat essay organizations. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)* This Web site features updated recommendations for clinical preventive services based on systematic evidence reviews by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.
EBM = evidence-based medicine . *#x2014; These Web sites are AAFP-approved sources of systematic evidence reviews. When these sources are used to prepare continuing medical education clinical content according to guidelines issued by the AAFP Commission of Continuing Medical Education, the paper thesis, content will qualify for the special designation of evidence-based CME. See the AAFP Web site for additional information about literature management, preparing evidence-based CME . In particular, try to find the answer in an authoritative compendium of evidence-based reviews, or at least try to find a meta-analysis or well-designed randomized controlled trial (RCT) to support it. If none appears to be available, try to cite an thesis, authoritative consensus statement or clinical guideline, such as a National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference statement or a clinical guideline published by a major medical organization. If no strong evidence exists to literature review on financial, support the conventional approach to paper, managing a given clinical situation, point this out in the text, especially for the absolutely true part-time, key recommendations.
Keep in mind that much of traditional medical practice has not yet undergone rigorous scientific study, and high-quality evidence may not exist to paper, support conventional knowledge or practice. Patient-Oriented vs. Disease-Oriented Evidence. With regard to types of evidence, Shaughnessy and Slawson5 #x2013; 7 developed the concept of Patient-Oriented Evidence that Matters (POEM), in distinction to Disease-Oriented Evidence (DOE). POEM deals with outcomes of importance to patients, such as changes in morbidity, mortality, or quality of life. DOE deals with surrogate end points, such as changes in laboratory values or other measures of response. Although the american constitution, results of DOE sometimes parallel the results of philosophy thesis POEM, they do not always correspond (Table 2) .2 When possible, use POEM-type evidence rather than DOE. When DOE is the only guidance available, indicate that key clinical recommendations lack the support of outcomes evidence.
Here is an example of constitution essay how the paper thesis, latter situation might appear in the text: #x201c;Although prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing identifies prostate cancer at an early stage, it has not yet been proved that PSA screening improves patient survival.#x201d; (Note: PSA testing is an example of DOE, a surrogate marker for the true outcomes of importance#x2014;improved survival, decreased morbidity, and improved quality of life.) Antiarrhythmic drug X decreases the incidence of PVCs on ECGs. Antiarrhythmic drug X is associated with an increase in mortality. POEM results are contrary to DOE implications. Antihypertensive drug treatment lowers blood pressure. Antihypertensive drug treatment is associated with a decrease in mortality. POEM results are in concordance with DOE implications. Screening for prostate cancer.
PSA screening detects prostate cancer at an early stage. Whether PSA screening reduces mortality from prostate cancer is currently unknown. Although DOE exists, the cat essay, important POEM is currently unknown. DOE = disease-oriented evidence; POEM = patient-oriented evidence that matters; PVCs = premature ventricular contractions; ECGs = electrocardiograms; PSA = prostate-specific antigen . Adapted with permission from Shaughnessy AF, Slawson DC. Getting the philosophy paper thesis, most from review articles: a guide for the absolutely diary of a part-time theme essay, readers and philosophy paper thesis writers. Am Fam Physician 1997;55:2155#x2013;60 . Antiarrhythmic drug X decreases the incidence of PVCs on ECGs.
Antiarrhythmic drug X is associated with an increase in mortality. POEM results are contrary to DOE implications. Antihypertensive drug treatment lowers blood pressure. Antihypertensive drug treatment is associated with a decrease in mortality. POEM results are in concordance with DOE implications. Screening for classification humorous, prostate cancer. PSA screening detects prostate cancer at an early stage. Whether PSA screening reduces mortality from prostate cancer is currently unknown. Although DOE exists, the important POEM is currently unknown. DOE = disease-oriented evidence; POEM = patient-oriented evidence that matters; PVCs = premature ventricular contractions; ECGs = electrocardiograms; PSA = prostate-specific antigen . Adapted with permission from Shaughnessy AF, Slawson DC.
Getting the most from review articles: a guide for readers and philosophy paper writers. Am Fam Physician 1997;55:2155#x2013;60 . Evaluate the review management, strength and philosophy thesis validity of the literature that supports the sparknotes sat writing essay, discussion (see the following section, Levels of Evidence). Look for philosophy thesis, meta-analyses, high-quality, randomized clinical trials with important outcomes (POEM), or well-designed, nonrandomized clinical trials, clinical cohort studies, or case-controlled studies with consistent findings. In some cases, high-quality, historical, uncontrolled studies are appropriate (e.g., the evidence supporting the efficacy of Papanicolaou smear screening). Avoid anecdotal reports or repeating the hearsay of conventional wisdom, which may not stand up to the scrutiny of classification essay scientific study (e.g., prescribing prolonged bed rest for low back pain). Look for philosophy, studies that describe patient populations that are likely to be seen in primary care rather than subspecialty referral populations. Of A Part-time Essay? Shaughnessy and Slawson's guide for writers of clinical review articles includes a section on information and validity traps to avoid.2. Readers need to know the strength of the evidence supporting the key clinical recommendations on diagnosis and treatment. Many different rating systems of varying complexity and clinical relevance are described in the medical literature.
Recently, the third U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) emphasized the importance of philosophy paper rating not only the essay, study type (RCT, cohort study, case-control study, etc.), but also the study quality as measured by internal validity and the quality of the entire body of evidence on a topic.8. While it is important to philosophy paper thesis, appreciate these evolving concepts, we find that a simplified grading system is more useful in AFP . We have adopted the sparknotes sat writing, following convention, using an ABC rating scale. Criteria for high-quality studies are discussed in philosophy thesis several sources.8 , 9 See the literature review on financial management, AFP Web site (www.aafp.org/afp/authors) for additional information about levels of evidence and see the accompanying editorial in this issue discussing the potential pitfalls and limitations of any rating system. Level A (randomized controlled trial/meta-analysis): High-quality randomized controlled trial (RCT) that considers all important outcomes. High-quality meta-analysis (quantitative systematic review) using comprehensive search strategies. Level B (other evidence): A well-designed, nonrandomized clinical trial. A nonquantitative systematic review with appropriate search strategies and well-substantiated conclusions. Includes lower quality RCTs, clinical cohort studies, and case-controlled studies with non-biased selection of study participants and philosophy thesis consistent findings. Other evidence, such as high-quality, historical, uncontrolled studies, or well-designed epidemiologic studies with compelling findings, is also included. Level C (consensus/expert opinion): Consensus viewpoint or expert opinion.
Each rating is applied to essay, a single reference in the article, not to the entire body of evidence that exists on a topic. Each label should include the letter rating (A, B, C), followed by philosophy the specific type of study for true of a indian theme essay, that reference. For example, following a level B rating, include one of these descriptors: (1) nonrandomized clinical trial; (2) nonquantitative systematic review; (3) lower quality RCT; (4) clinical cohort study; (5) case-controlled study; (6) historical uncontrolled study; (7) epidemiologic study. Here are some examples of the way evidence ratings should appear in the text: #x201c;To improve morbidity and mortality, most patients in congestive heart failure should be treated with an philosophy paper, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. [Evidence level A, RCT]#x201d; #x201c;The USPSTF recommends that clinicians routinely screen asymptomatic pregnant women 25 years and younger for essay, chlamydial infection. [Evidence level B, non-randomized clinical trial]#x201d; #x201c;The American Diabetes Association recommends screening for philosophy paper, diabetes every three years in all patients at high risk of the american constitution essay, disease, including all adults 45 years and philosophy older. [Evidence level C, expert opinion]#x201d; When scientifically strong evidence does not exist to support a given clinical recommendation, you can point this out in the following way: #x201c;Physical therapy is american constitution essay, traditionally prescribed for the treatment of paper thesis adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder), although there are no randomized outcomes studies of this approach.#x201d; The introduction should define the topic and purpose of the review and describe its relevance to family practice. The traditional way of doing this is to discuss the epidemiology of the condition, stating how many people have it at one point in american time (prevalence) or what percentage of the population is expected to develop it over a given period of time (incidence). A more engaging way of paper thesis doing this is to indicate how often a typical family physician is likely to encounter this problem during a week, month, year, or career. Emphasize the key CME objectives of the literature review, review and paper summarize them in a separate table entitled #x201c;CME Objectives.#x201d; The methods section should briefly indicate how the literature search was conducted and what major sources of evidence were used. The Absolutely Essay? Ideally, indicate what predetermined criteria were used to thesis, include or exclude studies (e.g., studies had to classification essay humorous, be independently rated as being high quality by an established evaluation process, such as the Cochrane Collaboration).
Be comprehensive in trying to identify all major relevant research. Critically evaluate the quality of philosophy paper thesis research reviewed. Sat Writing Essay? Avoid selective referencing of only information that supports your conclusions. If there is controversy on philosophy paper thesis, a topic, address the cat essay spm, full scope of the controversy. The discussion can then follow the philosophy, typical format of a clinical review article.
It should touch on on financial, one or more of the following subtopics: etiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation (signs and philosophy symptoms), diagnostic evaluation (history, physical examination, laboratory evaluation, and diagnostic imaging), differential diagnosis, treatment (goals, medical/surgical therapy, laboratory testing, patient education, and follow-up), prognosis, prevention, and future directions. The review will be comprehensive and dissertation balanced if it acknowledges controversies, unresolved questions, recent developments, other viewpoints, and any apparent conflicts of interest or instances of bias that might affect the philosophy paper, strength of the evidence presented. Emphasize an evidence-supported approach or, where little evidence exists, a consensus viewpoint. In the absence of a consensus viewpoint, you may describe generally accepted practices or discuss one or more reasoned approaches, but acknowledge that solid support for these recommendations is lacking. In some cases, cost-effectiveness analyses may be important in deciding how to implement health care services, especially preventive services.10 When relevant, mention high-quality cost-effectiveness analyses to help clarify the costs and health benefits associated with alternative interventions to achieve a given health outcome. The Absolutely Diary Of A Part-time Theme? Highlight key points about diagnosis and treatment in the discussion and include a summary table of the key take-home points. These points are not necessarily the same as the key recommendations, whose level of evidence is rated, although some of them will be. Use tables, figures, and illustrations to highlight key points, and present a step-wise, algorithmic approach to diagnosis or treatment when possible. Rate the evidence for key statements, especially treatment recommendations. We expect that most articles will have at paper most two to four key statements; some will have none. Rate only those statements that have corresponding references and base the rating on classification essay, the quality and level of philosophy paper thesis evidence presented in the supporting citations.
Use primary sources (original research, RCTs, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews) as the basis for determining the level of evidence. In other words, the supporting citation should be a primary research source of the information, not a secondary source (such as a nonsystematic review article or a textbook) that simply cites the original source. Systematic reviews that analyze multiple RCTs are good sources for determining ratings of evidence. The references should include the most current and my pet cat essay spm important sources of support for key statements (i.e., studies referred to, new information, controversial material, specific quantitative data, and information that would not usually be found in most general reference textbooks). Philosophy? Generally, these references will be key evidence-based recommendations, meta-analyses, or landmark articles. Although some journals publish exhaustive lists of american constitution reference citations, AFP prefers to include a succinct list of philosophy paper key references. (We will make more extensive reference lists available on our Web site or provide links to your personal reference list.)
You may use the following checklist to ensure the completeness of your evidence-based review article; use the source list of reviews to identify important sources of evidence-based medicine materials. Checklist for an Evidence-Based Clinical Review Article. The topic is common in family practice, especially topics in which there is new, important information about classification essay humorous, diagnosis or treatment. The introduction defines the topic and the purpose of the review, and describes its relevance to family practice. A table of CME objectives for the review is included. The review states how you did your literature search and indicates what sources you checked to ensure a comprehensive assessment of relevant studies (e.g., MEDLINE, the Cochrane Collaboration Database, the Center for Research Support, TRIP Database). Several sources of evidence-based reviews on the topic are evaluated (Table 1) . Where possible, POEM (dealing with changes in morbidity, mortality, or quality of life) rather than DOE (dealing with mechanistic explanations or surrogate end points, such as changes in laboratory tests) is thesis, used to support key clinical recommendations (Table 2) . Studies of dissertation intelligence patients likely to be representative of thesis those in primary care practices, rather than subspecialty referral centers, are emphasized. Studies that are not only statistically significant but also clinically significant are emphasized; e.g., interventions with meaningful changes in absolute risk reduction and low numbers needed to treat. (Seehttp://www.cebm.net/index.aspx?o=1116.)11. The level of the absolutely diary of a indian theme evidence for philosophy thesis, key clinical recommendations is labeled using the following rating scale: level A (RCT/meta-analysis), level B (other evidence), and level C (consensus/expert opinion). Acknowledge controversies, recent developments, other viewpoints, and any apparent conflicts of interest or instances of bias that might affect the dissertation intelligence, strength of the evidence presented. Highlight key points about diagnosis and treatment in the discussion and include a summary table of key take-home points.
Use tables, figures, and illustrations to highlight key points and present a step-wise, algorithmic approach to diagnosis or treatment when possible. Emphasize evidence-based guidelines and primary research studies, rather than other review articles, unless they are systematic reviews. The essential elements of paper this checklist are summarized in Table 3 . Essential Steps in Writing an essay, Evidence-Based Clinical Review Article. Choose a common, important topic in family practice. Provide a table with a list of continuing medical education (CME) objectives for the review. State how the philosophy paper, literature search and reference selection were done. Use several sources of evidence-based reviews on the topic. Rate the level of evidence for key recommendations in cat essay spm the text. Provide a table of key summary points (not necessarily the same as key recommendations that are rated). Essential Steps in Writing an Evidence-Based Clinical Review Article.
Choose a common, important topic in family practice. Provide a table with a list of continuing medical education (CME) objectives for the review. State how the thesis, literature search and reference selection were done. Use several sources of evidence-based reviews on literature on financial, the topic. Rate the level of evidence for key recommendations in the text. Provide a table of key summary points (not necessarily the same as key recommendations that are rated).
Read the full article. Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere. Choose a single article, issue, or full-access subscription. Earn up to 6 CME credits per issue. Already a member or subscriber? Log in. Get Full Access. Includes: Immediate, unlimited access to all AFP content More than 130 CME credits per paper year Access to my pet cat essay spm, the AFP app Print delivery option. Access This Issue. Includes: Immediate access to this issue CME credits in this issue. Access This Article.
JAY SIWEK, M.D., is professor and chair of the Department of Family Medicine at Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C. He is also editor of American Family Physician. A graduate of philosophy paper Georgetown University School of Medicine, Dr. Siwek completed his family practice residency at Middlesex Hospital in Middletown, Conn. . MARGARET L. GOURLAY, M.D., is currently the American Family Physician Medical Editing Fellow at Georgetown University Medical Center. A graduate of Rush Medical College, Chicago, she completed a residency in family medicine at the University of California, San Diego, Medical Center. DAVID C. SLAWSON, M.D., is the B. Lewis Barnett, Jr. Classification Essay Humorous? professor of family medicine at the University of Virginia Health System in Charlottesville, Va. He is director and founder of the Center for Information Mastery and philosophy serves as section editor for The Journal of Family Practice POEMs. Dr. Slawson is a graduate of the University of literature on financial management Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Mich., and he completed postdoctoral training in philosophy paper thesis family medicine at humorous the University of Virginia. ALLEN F. Philosophy Paper? SHAUGHNESSY, PHARM.D., is director of research and associate director of the Harrisburg Family Practice Residency, Harrisburg, Pa. Literature Review On Financial Management? He completed his doctorate and fellowship training at the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston.
Address correspondence to Jay Siwek, M.D., Department of philosophy thesis Family Medicine, Georgetown University Medical Center, 215 Kober-Cogan Hall, 3750 Reservoir Rd. Essay? NW, Washington DC 20007 (e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org). Reprints are not available from the philosophy paper thesis, authors . The authors thank Ted Ganiats, M.D. for true diary, a helpful review and conceptual contributions to philosophy paper thesis, the manuscript . The authors indicate that they do not have any conflicts of essay humorous interest. Sources of funding: none reported . 1. Siwek J. Philosophy Paper? Reading and evaluating clinical review articles. Am Fam Physician . 1997;55:2064,2069#x2013;70,2072. . 2. Shaughnessy AF, Slawson DC. Getting the most from review articles: a guide for readers and writers. Am Fam Physician . 1997;55:2155#x2013;60. 3. Pitt B, Zannad F, Remme WJ, Cody R, Castaigne A, Perez A, et al. for the Randomized Aldactone Evaluation Study Investigators.
The effect of spironolactone on morbidity and mortality in patients with severe heart failure. N Engl J Med . 1999;341:709#x2013;17. 4. Flynn CA, D'Amico F, Smith G. Intelligence? Should we patch corneal abrasions? A meta-analysis. J Fam Pract . 1998;47:264#x2013;70. 5. Slawson DC, Shaughnessy AF, Bennett JH.
Becoming a medical information master: feeling good about philosophy thesis, not knowing everything. J Fam Pract . 1994;38:505#x2013;13. 6. Shaughnessy AF, Slawson DC, Bennett JH. Becoming an information master: a guidebook to essay, the medical information jungle. J Fam Pract . 1994;39:489#x2013;99. 7. Slawson DC, Shaughnessy AF. Becoming an information master: using POEMs to change practice with confidence.
Patient-oriented evidence that matters. Paper Thesis? J Fam Pract . 2000;49:63#x2013;7. 8. Harris RP, Helfand M, Woolf SH, Lohr KN, Mulrow CD, Teutsch SM, et al. Methods Work Group, Third U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Current methods of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. A review of the process. Am J Prev Med . 2001;20(3 suppl):21#x2013;35. 9. CATbank topics: levels of evidence and grades of recommendations. Retrieved November 2001, from: http://www.cebm.net/.
10. Essay? Saha S, Hoerger TJ, Pignone MP, Teutsch SM, Helfand M, Mandelblatt JS. for the Cost Work Group of the Third U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. The art and thesis science of incorporating cost effectiveness into evidence-based recommendations for clinical preventive services. Am J Prev Med . True Diary Indian? 2001;20(3 suppl):36#x2013;43. 11. Evidence-based medicine glossary. Retrieved November 2001, from: http://www.cebm.net/index.aspx?o=1116. Copyright © 2002 by the American Academy of Family Physicians. This content is owned by philosophy thesis the AAFP. A person viewing it online may make one printout of the true diary of a, material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference.
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The Step-by-Step Guide to Successful Cold Emails. This is the guide I wish I had as a Freshman. Paper? It teaches you how to find leads using LinkedIn, find anyone’s email address, write email scripts, track your emails, and more! This is part 2 of 2 of essay humorous my cold emailing series. If you have not read part 1, check out Why Cold Emailing Will Dramatically Change Your Life. In this post I will walk you through my process of finding professionals and philosophy cold emailing them. This is broken down into 4 key topics: Where do I find professionals to dissertation intelligence, cold email?
How do I write a strong cold email? What are the 3 key drivers for successful cold emails? How do I keep track of all my emails and philosophy thesis get the most out of each one? One of the most important parts to cold emailing successfully is the ability to find many great leads. A lead is a professional who you want to chat with. So how do you find a good lead?
The short answer is LinkedIn. LinkedIn provides many advanced search filters so that you can basically “Google” everyone in the professional world who fits the criteria you are looking for. All you have to literature on financial management, do is run a search on LinkedIn, filter down the results, and guess their email. Let’s do an paper example: say you are interested in humorous, private equity (a sub-industry in finance) and philosophy paper want to compile a list of private equity professionals with varying levels of seniority. Step 1: Use search operators to find the sparknotes sat writing, right people on LinkedIn. Search operators are little things you can add to a normal Google or LinkedIn search to narrow down your selection. One of the thesis, most important operators is to use quotes around the phrase you want to search on LinkedIn. In our example, go to LinkedIn and humorous type in exactly this: “private equity” This tells the search engine to only include profiles who have the phrase “private equity” in them. Philosophy Thesis? If you do not use the quotes, the search will include profiles with the word “private” or profiles with the word “equity”.
The words “private” and “equity” individually do not mean the literature, same thing as the paper, phrase “private equity.” Anytime you are searching for a function or job with a specific title/phrase, make sure to use quotes. There are many more operators you can use to specify your search. Here’s an my pet cat essay spm article detailing the philosophy paper thesis, common ones. Instantly you now have a list of professionals who have “private equity” on american constitution essay their LinkedIn profiles. I got 180,000 hits.
We should narrow that list down. Step 2: Implement relevant filters using the “Filter People By:” feature. LinkedIn lets you filter your search results by many different criteria. My favorites are: Location: If you’re looking for philosophy paper thesis, an internship during the essay, school year or to philosophy paper thesis, meet for the absolutely true indian theme essay, coffee, look for philosophy, professionals in the nearest major city. Industries: This ensures the only people who show up are those that indicated they are in the absolutely diary part-time indian essay, the Venture Capital Private Equity industry. This helps weed out philosophy people who may have worked in Private Equity in the past, but now work somewhere else. Schools: Try filtering for your university to find alumni (remember alumni are more likely respond to your cold emails)
There are many other very powerful filters. You can see people’s profiles who have worked in Private Equity in the past with the Past Companies filter. You can see people who work for specific companies you may want to reach out to using the my pet cat essay spm, Current Companies filter. Once you have tailored search results, try to choose important people who are likely to talk with you. In the paper, example of trying to find an internship, look for people who can make the decision to hire you. It usually won’t help much to true diary theme, email an entry-level person unless they have influence over the hiring process. Running specific searches on LinkedIn is crucial to learning about thesis, a variety of industries and building your network — spend the time to do it well. After all, you can’t reach out to a professional if you don’t know their name. Step 3: Use email verification tools to guess the lead’s email address. Most of the time you have to guess the lead’s email.
The great part about professionals working at large companies or startups is that their email follows a pattern 90% of the time. That pattern is literature usually one of the following (using my name as an example and “company” as a placeholder for paper, the real company name): Rohan.Punamia@company.com Rpunamia@company.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org (only for small companies where duplicate first names are unlikely) One you found the person who you want to reach out to on LinkedIn, use one of the 3 methods to find their emails: Email verification tool (like this): type in random email permutations like the ones above until one of the absolutely theme them works Chrome plugin (like this): these find the person’s email for you — I’m not sure how accurate they are but it’s worth trying Brute force email: Just send 7 identical emails to paper, each of the formats above. In theory, 6 emails should bounce back as invalid and 1 will go through to the right person. The point is there are many methods to find emails — look online for intelligence, one that you like the most . Also keep in mind with any of philosophy paper these methods there is dissertation a chance that you won’t be able to figure out the lead’s email. This happens to me 10% of the time.
When this happens, try sending an inmail via LinkedIn or just throw that lead out and move onto the next. Remember, it’s a numbers game. Don’t get too caught up on 1 lead. Drivers for successful cold emails. Before diving into how to write the cold emails, you need to know some of the philosophy, behind-the-email mechanics that will greatly influence your probability of success. First, let’s define what a successful cold email entails. Typically a successful cold email is one which gets you on a call or a coffee chat with the classification, professional you are targeting.
If you are trying to get an internship in an industry without prior connections, use cold emails to set up calls and coffee chats with multiple industry professionals and focus on paper thesis learning about sat writing essay, their jobs . Eventually, this can lead to a referral for an interview during your first chat or in the future. There are 3 key drivers to maximize the number of industry professional calls and philosophy chats you get: How well you can establish a connection to the person you are targeting How many people you reach out to via cold email What time and day you send your emails. Establishing a connection with the person you are emailing can greatly increase the sparknotes sat writing essay, chances they reply back. Consider the following probabilities of receiving a reply from different people:
If I email my family asking for a favor: 100% Reply Rate If I email a friend asking for a favor: 80% Reply Rate If I email an alumni of one of my student organizations: 60% Reply Rate If I email an alumni of my university: 30% Reply Rate If I email a stranger with no connection to myself: 10% Reply Rate. The stronger the connection to the person you are emailing, the higher the philosophy, likelihood of the absolutely of a indian essay a reply. Obviously emailing your family doesn’t count as a cold email and these reply rates are a ballpark estimate based off my experiences, but the point is to try to find any common ground possible with your lead. Did they go to the same university or high school as you? Are you a part of the same organizations or nonprofits? Did you grow up in the same area? Do you like the same things? (Hint: Research their LinkedIn profile)
Find any common ground possible and your chances of a reply increase dramatically. As you can see, even emailing a university alumni will probably only result in a 30% reply rate. This means that you need to send out many cold emails to successfully execute on your goals. My general rule of thumb is to email 10 people for philosophy, each reply you want. That’s on the conservative side, but it forces you to find many people to classification humorous, send emails to thus increasing the thesis, likelihood of dissertation intelligence getting multiple replies. To find these people, use LinkedIn and your university’s alumni database. At the end of the day, cold emails are a numbers game . The more you send, the philosophy paper, higher your odds of success. American Essay? I really do believe you can have a shot at any job you want if you send enough cold emails.
The last driver of sending successful cold emails is knowing how to time them. Sending a cold email on Sunday is usually a bad idea. Professionals will ignore work emails over philosophy paper thesis the weekend then catch up on monday morning. Because cold emails are low priority, they will often open your email and forget about it or miss your email altogether because it’s buried by other emails. I’ve found the essay humorous, best time to send cold emails is between Monday afternoon and Thursday night. Philosophy Paper? This ensures that your lead has ample time to american constitution, check your email before heading out for the weekend, while minimizing the chance that your email gets buried by other work emails. Sending out well-timed emails will increase your success rate significantly — don’t miss out by sending over the weekend! Now that you know how to find leads and understand the drivers of successful cold emails, let’s talk about what exactly you should write in each email. A strong cold email should be customized to the person you are targeting, brief, have a clear ask/call to philosophy, action, and a catchy subject line. My Pet? Here is an example of one I sent years ago, which ended up helping me land my dream internship with Disney. Now, keep in mind I sent this email 2+ years ago.
While there’s a lot that can be improved, this email worked because it has the following basics: Customized to the recipient: This email is paper semi-customized to the recipient. True Indian Theme? A good way to test whether an email is customized is to philosophy paper thesis, ask yourself “could I have sent this exact email to other people?” It’s obvious that I could not send this email to someone who was not working in this specific team at Disney. Yet I did not reference anything personal about review on financial, this individual and therefore could have established a stronger personal connection. Philosophy? Brief body: This email is very straight forward. It follows the following format: introduction, why I’m reaching out to you, why you should talk to the absolutely diary of a indian essay, me, call to action, and attached resume. Also notice the philosophy thesis, use of line breaks to sparknotes, make the paper thesis, email easy to read. Most professionals will look at your email for less than 30 seconds. Constitution? Strive to make it as easy to digest as possible. Call to philosophy paper, action: It is literature management obvious that I am asking to schedule a call to philosophy paper thesis, learn more about this person’s job. I made the call to action its own line to emphasize the importance.
There’s no point sending an american constitution essay email without a call to action. Catchy subject line: I would give this subject line a B-. It gets the philosophy, job done of informing the professional why I’m reaching out but is not very compelling. It also doesn’t help that the professional was not a UC Berkeley alumni, although a prestigious school in the absolutely true diary of a part-time theme, the subject line can push people to take you more seriously. I sent out philosophy paper many emails that look like this and my hit rate was around 10%.
This person was the 1 in part-time theme, 10 who responded to me and philosophy paper it ended up helping me land the internship. Some things I would improve about this email to literature review management, increase the hit rate: Customized to the recipient: Mention something specific about this person’s career path (from LinkedIn) that I found interesting and philosophy how I found his/her profile. Brief body: I think my “why you should talk to me” sentence is pretty weak and doesn’t quite show that I did my research. I would give a more compelling, yet still brief, explanation for why I think I’m a good fit for this team at Disney. Call to action: I would bold this sentence to make it stand out. Also, rather than asking to cat essay, schedule a call and forcing this person to check his/her calendar for availability, I would try the following: “Do you have time this week to schedule a call? I’m available Monday after 6pm, Tuesday before 3pm, and Friday between 11am and thesis 4pm.” I love it when people do this when sending emails.
It makes it very easy to choose an option and dissertation intelligence move on. Catchy subject line: This subject line gets the job done, but I would always try to make it more catchy if possible. Paper Thesis? For example, I once sent an email with the subject line “Berkeley undergrad interested in your career jump from consulting to startups.” This was a strong subject line because it compels the recipient to sat writing, open the email to learn about why I am interested in his/her career. Philosophy Paper? The goal of american constitution essay a catchy subject line is to get them to open the email. One last note: you may have noticed I attached my resume with this email. In general, it is probably best to refrain from attaching your resume if you are just looking to philosophy paper, learn more about an industry and have interesting conversations.
Attaching your resume can be helpful in 2 scenarios: You need to add credibility for the other person to take you seriously You need an internship ASAP and are willing to spm, be more up front. In this instance, I felt the need to prove my credibility as a serious candidate for the internship in order for this person to spend time talking to me. Keeping track of your emails and following up. Once you have your leads and are ready to send cold emails, it’s important to organize this information. If you are serious about getting an internship or building your network, you should run a structured outreach process . Philosophy? This entails building an Excel spreadsheet with all the people you want to reach out to and track your progress in sending them emails. Here is an example of a spreadsheet tracker: You will be able to find most of this information on people’s LinkedIn profiles. The Absolutely Diary Of A Theme Essay? If you get lucky, you will also find their email on their profile.
Otherwise just guess and verify using the patterns described earlier. After you have a list of a bunch of leads in philosophy thesis, your industry of classification interest ( aim for paper, 50+ ), you need to cold email them. American Constitution? It is important to track everything you send because you will be dealing with many cold emails. First it is important to realize that most people will not reply to paper thesis, your first email. Sparknotes Sat Writing Essay? Do not take this personally! Many professionals will open your email with the intention to respond later and will forget because they got caught up in their work. Philosophy Paper Thesis? I recommend following up 2–3 times with each lead before throwing in the towel on that specific lead. To manage all these emails, I use a basic color coding system.
When you send the cold email, change the “First Email” box to essay humorous, yellow. If the professional emails back agreeing to thesis, your ask, then I turn the “First Email” box green and that row is sparknotes sat writing now done. Paper? Similarly, if the professional emails back saying he/she is too busy to talk or just flat-out rejects your ask — turn the box red. If the professional does not email back after roughly 1 week (7–10 days), it’s time to follow-up. This is how I follow-up if the american constitution essay, professional does not respond: By sending this email, your original email will now float to the top of the professional’s inbox. Once you send this, turn the “Second Email” box yellow and follow the same protocol as before. If another week passes by and the professional still has not responded, try sending a 3rd follow-up. You would be surprised by the number of times I finally got a positive response on the 3rd follow-up. Thesis? In fact, one of on artificial my previous leads hired me on the call because my consistent follow ups demonstrated my persistence and desire to learn more about his company.
For my 3rd follow-up email I usually send a variation of the last follow-up with slightly different word choice. Lastly, you may have noticed the green eye icon on some of my emails near the date. Thesis? This is a gmail plug-in called Yesware. Essay? It tracks every email you send and notifies you when your lead opened your email. This is helpful to understand the behavior of your leads.
For example: 70% of the time the lead opens the email once then doesn’t respond. I will follow-up after a week. 20% of the time the lead does not open the email . Now I know to send multiple follow-up emails until they at least open it. 10% of the philosophy, time the lead opens the american constitution, email 3+ times . Philosophy Paper? Now I think this professional is actually interested in my email and may be very open to chatting with me. As you can see, this information is essay nice to thesis, have but not crucial. Essay? However, these email plug-ins are free so you may as well download them to get the philosophy paper, extra information for guiding your follow ups. My 2 favorite plug-ins are Yesware and Streak . There are many out there so use whichever you like most — right now I use Streak and I love it. Seriously, cold emailing can change your life! Cold email is a fantastic tool to complement the american, hypothesis-driven career mindset.
These are the 2 most important concepts to understand, and will allow you to take control of your career. You should now understand: The 3 steps to finding leads: run a search on LinkedIn, filter down the results, and guess their email The 3 drivers of philosophy paper successful cold emails: establish a connection with your lead, send 10 emails for each response you want, and time your emails Each email should be customized to the recipient, have a brief body, a catchy subject line, and classification a call to philosophy paper, action Use Excel to keep track of your emails and always follow-up 2–3 times. The earlier you start the better, but it’s never too late . Just remember, don’t expect your first email to get you an internship.With each of my emails that led to one of these successes, there were many other leads that never replied back or didn’t end up being helpful. Therein lies the dissertation, magic with cold emailing. The failures don’t matter.
Don’t worry about philosophy paper, what your leads might think of dissertation you because you cold emailed them. They are people you don’t know, and I promise they won’t care. If they don’t reply after a few polite follow ups, just move on. It only takes 1 lucky email to go through to someone willing to help you — and this can change your life. But you have to start now.
Pick up the darts and start throwing. Subscribe below to land your dream job! And here's the paper thesis, thing: going to a college - even a great one - is on artificial not enough to break into the 2%. Throughout my 4 years at UC Berkeley, I noticed 2 counterintuitive trends:
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15 Quick Tips for a Winning Resume. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. As part of the celebration of Quintessential Careers#8217;s 15th anniversary, we#8217;re presenting lists of 15 tips on some of the most essential topics in college, job search, and career. Yikes! You find yourself in philosophy, a position to craft a resume or update an existing resume. So much resume advice floats around out there, making you wonder about the classification essay humorous, best approach. The tips we offer here capture the philosophy thesis, most important aspects of an dissertation intelligence, effective resume. You can scarcely go wrong if you incorporate these nuggets into your next resume. Philosophy Paper Thesis! Here#8217;s our list of the 15 best tips for job-seekers in american constitution essay, crafting a winning resume.
Your resume must be sharply focused and paper thesis target your desired career goal with precision. Job-seekers tend to forget that employers review resumes extremely quickly #8212; often in just a few seconds. An employer taking such a quick glance should be able to immediately grasp what you want to do and gain a sense of the value you can contribute to the organization. The resume must focus on my pet, key strengths that position the candidate to meet a specific need and thesis target specific jobs/employers. In other words, employers don#8217;t consider resumes that aren#8217;t focused on a job#8217;s specific requirements to be competitive. Sparknotes Essay! Employers and recruiters expect your resume to be precisely tailored to the position you#8217;re applying for. The reader should be able to tell at paper a glance exactly what job you#8217;re targeting and essay humorous what need you will fill. The reader should never have to guess or wade through copious text to determine what job you want and what you#8217;d be good at.
An unfocused resume is philosophy paper, a time-waster for american constitution essay, the employer. Ways you can sharpen your focus include a headline atop your resume stating the type of job you seek, a branding statement that positions you for a specific job or type of job (headlines and branding statements are often used in philosophy paper, combination), a Qualifications Summary or Professional Profile section, a section listing your Core Competencies/Proficiencies/Areas of Expertise, strategic organization of review on financial your resume to position you for the job you seek, and bullet points describing your experience in a way that is specifically tailored to the position you seek. To ensure a sharp focus, you will likely need to create multiple versions of philosophy thesis your resume, building a boilerplate version that you then customize to each specific positions. Today#8217;s resume must be keyword-rich. Literature Review On Financial! The majority of paper thesis resumes submitted to employers today are handled by Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS), which Wikipedia defines as software applications #8220;that enable the electronic handling of corporate recruitment needs.#8221; The systems store #8220;candidate data inside a database to allow effective searching, filtering, and routing of applications.#8221; Because applicant tracking software and keyword-searchable databases dominate today#8217;s hiring process, successful resumes must feature cutting-edge industry jargon in the form of keywords. To read more about using keywords in resumes, see our article Tapping the Power of Keywords to Enhance Your Resume#8217;s Effectiveness. When your resume is seen by the human eye, it needs to true part-time indian essay catch attention and be simultaneously reader-friendly.
The print version of an effective resume must be sleek, distinctive, and clean yet eye-catching. Your resume should feature conservative, easy-to-read fonts, plenty of white space, a layout/design that goes beyond ordinary yet is paper thesis, not so far out as to literature review turn employers off, and philosophy paper thesis graphic elements that add interest, such as rule lines, boxes, shaded areas, and constitution essay tables (for print version only, as these graphic elements will likely not hold up when entered into employers#8217; Applicant Tracking Systems.) Avoid instantly recognizable Microsoft Word resume templates. Employers have seen a million of them, so they don#8217;t stand out. Resumes, especially for career changers, need to philosophy thesis portray skills as applicable and transferable to the position the job-seeker is targeting. You need to show the my pet cat essay spm, employer that the thesis, skills you#8217;ve polished will contribute to the bottom line, even if you seek a job different from what you#8217;ve done in the past. Literature Review! For more about transferable skills, read our article, Strategic Portrayal of Transferable Job Skills is a Vital Job-Search Technique. Focus on paper, accomplishments #8212; not duties and responsibilities #8212; that set you apart from other job candidates. On Artificial! In each job, what special things did you do to set yourself apart?
How did you do the job better than anyone else or than anyone else could have done? What did you do to paper thesis make it your own? What special things did you do to impress your boss so that you might be promoted? What were the problems or challenges that you or the organization faced? What did you do to overcome the problems? What were the results of your efforts?
How did the on financial management, organization benefit from your performance? How did you leave your employers better off than before you worked for them? For more about how to identify your accomplishments, see our article For Job-Hunting Success: Track and Leverage Your Accomplishments and our Accomplishments Worksheet to help you brainstorm your accomplishments. Spotlight your best selling points up front. #8220;The Resume Ingredients Rule,#8221; set forth by Donald Asher, author of paper numerous resume books (see our QA with him), notes that information on a resume should be listed in order of importance to the reader. Therefore, in listing your jobs, what#8217;s generally most important is your title/position.
So list in dissertation on artificial, this preferred order: Title/position, name of employer, city/state of employer, dates of employment. Also consider whether your education or your experience is your best selling point and which should therefore be listed first. Generally, brand-new graduates list education first, while job-seekers with a few years of experience list experience first. Don#8217;t bury relevant skills, such as technical and foreign-language skills, at the bottom of your resume. If computer skills are relevant to philosophy your field, list them in a Summary or Profile section atop your resume. Sat Writing! That way, they#8217;ll catch the reader#8217;s eye in the first third of the document. Philosophy! Similarly if language and international-business skills are important in the type of job you seek, list them prominently, not at classification humorous the end of your resume. Communicate your personal brand in philosophy paper, your resume. The branding expressed in classification humorous, your resume captures your career identity, authenticity, passion, essence, and paper thesis image, as well as the promise of the value you bring to dissertation on artificial the employer. Philosophy Paper! For a branded resume, integrate a distinctive appearance, a consistent branding message woven throughout the document supporting the branded message you intend to convey, as well as a branding statement that defines who you are, your promise of my pet cat essay value, and why you should be sought out. Learn more with our Personal Branding Career Self-Marketing Tools for Job-Seekers and Career Activists.
Make your resume a sales pitch that conveys your distinctiveness, passion, and unique understanding of the business environment. It must answer the employer#8217;s question: Why you over any other candidate? Clearly, uniqueness is philosophy, closely related to both branding and focus. On Artificial! If your resume conveys a sharp focus, the philosophy thesis, reader can instantly visualize you in the position you seek. If your resume is branded, it immediately communicates your promise of value. Sparknotes! The uniqueness factor takes your resume to the next level by portraying you as not only in the position but the best person for the position, even the only logical choice for the position. When you imbue your resume with your uniqueness, you show the paper thesis, employer that you completely comprehend the challenges the organization faces and that you are overwhelmingly qualified to meet those challenges. Sparknotes Sat Writing Essay! If you have adequately sold your uniqueness, the reader reviewing your resume should say, #8220;This person gets it.#8221; Eliminate clutter from your resume. Among the elements can clutter up your resume and impede readability are unnecessary dates (such as dates of involvement in paper thesis, professional or civic organizations); parentheses (no need to set off dates of employment with parentheses; just use commas), articles #8212; those little words, #8220;a,#8221; #8220;an,#8221; and #8220;the,#8221; most of which aren#8217;t needed; and the line #8220;References available upon request#8221; (unnecessary because it is a given that you will provide references upon request.) Structure your accomplishments as stories #8212; but tell them in reverse order. You#8217;ve probably heard of a story structure commonly suggested for job-interview responses: Situation Action Result, sometimes expressed as Challenge Action Result or Problem Action Result.
Since a hiring decision-maker reads your resume so quickly, you need to tell the story backwards. Grab the reader#8217;s attention by cat essay giving away the ending first. Philosophy Thesis! So, instead of Situation Action Result, resume bullet points should be told as Result Action Situation. Quantify wherever possible. Employers love to see numbers #8212; metrics that provide tangible evidence of results you#8217;ve achieved. Use metrics such as percentage by which you#8217;ve increased sales or cut costs. Sparknotes Sat Writing Essay! Take steps to ensure your resume is free of misspellings, grammar flaws, and typos.
Proofread it. Set it aside overnight, and then proof it again. Then have a friend, family member, or colleague who is well-versed in proper language use proof it for you. Errors can kill your chances with many employers, so keep your resume error free. Keep your resume fresh and updated. Your resume should not be a static, stagnant document; change it as needed. If it#8217;s not working for you, have it critiqued by a professional to see what you can improve. Update it the minute you start a new job. Track your accomplishments so you can add those to the document. Final Thoughts on Creating a Successful Job-Search Resume. Resume-writing isn#8217;t easy, but it#8217;s not as overwhelming as it may seem.
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Chelsea vs PSG, Champions League last 16 second leg: as it happened. 10:57PM GMT 11 Mar 2015. Are PSG a dirty team? What is your favourite Zlatan saying? Email your thoughts to email@example.com.
22.55 Thanks for your company and correspondence tonight. Chelsea, Premier League champions elect, were defeated by a vibrant, tough PSG in a victory that Jose Mourinho conceded was thoroughly deserved. Chelsea are out philosophy paper - jinxed by diary of a essay, Clarkson. Who'd have thought it? Good night. 22.47 The worst dirty tricks we saw were from thesis Chelsea surrounding the referee, says Jamie Carragher. Sat Writing Essay. They'll be very successful, very respected but his teams will never be loved. I would like to toast PSG in their determination and moreover the plastic cockneys who gave me so much stick over City losing against Barca at home and philosophy thesis, losing to cat essay spm Liverpool. Paper Thesis. The word I think is called karma! I want to discuss that [why they folded] with the players tomorrow.
I want to know their feelings, what they felt on sparknotes the pitch. Our performance was not good enough we need to paper find conclusions. The opponent was stronger than us, they coped better with the pressure of the game. Because they were with 10 men we felt more the essay, pressure, they had nothing to lose. We felt the extra pressure and couldn't cope with that. we concede two goals at set pieces.
The organisation is the same. We try to go for the game, we felt too much when they went to 10 men the pressre. Collectively they were better than us, I don't have much to paper say apart from to tell them [PSG] they deserved to win and they have reason to part-time celebrate. They were aggressive, they were clever - they closed out the game which we couldn't do when we were 1-0 up with five minutes to go. They did simulation, preparing a change. The game was gone.
I wouldn't call it dirty I would call it clever. Pleased for Laurent Blanc who has been under pressure from the PSG owners and paper, yet shows the same class as a coach as he did as a player. Literature Review. The anti-Mourinho. Jamie Carragher I've seen Mourinho teams outfootballed at times. I've never seen them outmuscled. PSG are a men's team.
We did a great game. Thesis. When we lost Ibra, one of the best playres, we say keep simple, play with the ball at the feet, because we need to score. We say let's believe until the end. On Artificial Intelligence. It's amazing for everyon,ne we played a great game. We have a long way to thesis go in the Champions League we have to keep our feet on the floor. My circle finished in Chelsea and I had a great opportunity at PSG. I was very happy at Cjhlsea. I respevct everyone.
I said before I didn't celebrate but I was so emotional I could not stop. Thank you to the Chelsea fans. 22.27 Whatever he says - PSG deserve huge praise. Verratti, Matuidi and Thiago Motta were terrific. 22.24 It'll be interesting to intelligence see if Mourinho goes for philosophy paper thesis, his post-Bradford withering rage at humorous, his team or whether he'll turn back to his old distraction tricks. PSG go through. Philosophy Thesis. There is classification essay humorous, a God! Jamie Carragher gives an excoriating state of the philosophy paper, nation assessment:
Where it leaves our league? Chelsea are the best team in our league. Literature Review On Financial. We are miles away. Think of the TV deal and the money the clubs have got. Verratti - we'd love him in our league. Philosophy. Motta. Thiago Silva apart from his handball was outstanding. We are supposed to be the richest league in the world.We are being kidded with the the absolutely of a part-time essay, players we are bringing in. Peep!
Peep! Peep! Chelsea have been knocked out of the Champions League by philosophy paper, 10-man PSG on the away goals rule. 120+1 min Rabiot goes down under a challenge from Fabregas and review on financial management, surely there's no coming back now. They'll tale a minute to get this ball back. 120 min Mourinho smiles as PSG take it into the corner. 119 min PSG are expertly running down the clock.
Wasting time, buying fouls. Philosophy. Turning up toes to treat cramp. There'll be two minutes' added on. 118 min When Courtois saved Thiago Silva's first header from the corner, Gary Neville pointed out that Chelsea don't deploy players on the posts. I wonder if one could have reached that second,scoring header? 117 min Ivanovic joins the forward line as Van der Wiel replaces Pastore. 116 min Chelsea have been a shadow of themselves. I can't put my finger on what's wrong. I've never seen them this hesitant under Mourinho.
GOAL!! Chelsea 2-2 PSG (Thiago Silva) Wow! From the essay, second corner Thiago SIlva meets it from 12 yards and loops it superbly into the top left corner, beating John Terry to it. Oh dear. No English clubs in the last eight? 113 min Nervy defending gives PSG a corner that Thiago Silva meets brilliantly flush on the forehead and Courtois dives to his left to palm superbly away for another corner . 111 min Pastore tracks through the philosophy paper, middle from the left on a surging diagonal run before releasing a pass for Cavani on te right of the box which he prods straight into of a part-time indian, Azpilicueta's shins. 109 min Willian concedes a free kick by straddling Pastore from behind as he scarpered clear but PSG waste it by not clearing the first man.
108 min Cahill resorts to the 'Row Z' clearance after some dainty footwork from Pastore ends with a misplaced pass to Cavani. 106 min The crowd have begun to philosophy find their voices. PSG carry on my pet where they left off, patiently probing. Half time They have improved in extra time. But they are in a precarious position. 104 min Brilliant turn on the left from philosophy thesis Diego Costa when he rolls his man is deemed a foul by the referee, an absurd decsion to match some others tonight. 102 min Costa darts into the box from the left as Hazard dances through the middle. He threads the apss from the edge of the area but Marquinhos matched him and just whipped it away as Costa slid in to shoot. 100 min PSG free kick 30 yards out and David Luiz tries one of his specials, the spm, Cristiano Ronaldo strike down on the ball that sends it up over the wall but with enough dip to squeeze under the crossbar.
Courtois scampers to his left to palm it over for a corner which comes to naught. 98 min They've been much better since they scored and now work a quick triangle between Hazard, Drogba and Azpilicueta that frees Hazard on paper a run into the box from the dissertation on artificial, left. Philosophy Paper Thesis. he goes flying when Sirigu comes out to on financial management clear the ball behind for a corner, not the penalty he was hoping for. GOAL!! Chelsea 2-1 PSG (Hazard, pen) He gave him the eyes and stroked it cutely straight down the middle as Sirigu toppled over as he tried to correct his inclination to buy the dummy. Penalty to Chelsea! Zouma went up for a steepling header in a challenge with Thiago Silva whose hand shot up above his opponent's head and brushed the ball with his fingers. 94 min Chelsea corner off a shot from Willian 20 yards out that is blocked away. 93 min Great footwork from Fabregas in a very tight space at paper thesis, the edge of the dissertation on artificial intelligence, box and philosophy paper thesis, he prods it to sat writing Willian, hoping for the return as he peeled off to the right. Willian goes for goal though and the ball is whipped away off his toe.
92 min Long ball up the right from Cahill bounces into the area, ramps over philosophy paper thesis Drogba and Sirigu catches but not before taking out Thiago Silva. 91 min Didier Drogba celebrates his 37th birthday by coming on to replace Ramires. Bryan Craker answers the rather provocative question posed by one of dissertation intelligence my colleagues who set up this blog. Are PSG a dirty team? Well, not as dirty as Chelsea. Costa's tackle on Silva was a clear red, Zlatan's was a 50 50 challenge with Oscar whose studs were up too. Full time It ends all square. We'll have thirty more minutes. 90+3 min Chelsea corner punched by Sirigu and then cleared by Lavezzi.
90+1 min Diego Costa is philosophy thesis, blocked at the edge of the area, doesn't get the foul he should have don, lashes out with a kick then shoves Marquinhos over. The referee had negligently turned his back. 90 min There'll be three minutes more of the first 90 mins. 89 min Hazard earns a free-kick with a scurrying run that ends with him on the floor when bodychecked by Cavani. Free-kick on the left, 22 yards out. Fabregas takes and essay, Silva heads it over after intercepting its path to Diego Costa. GOAL!! Chelsea 1-1 PSG (David Luiz) Beat Ivanovic at the near post from paper a viciously whipped corner and bulleted a header past Courtois.
Objectively that is a thoroughly deserved equaliser. 83 min Zouma comes on classification humorous for Matic for Chelsea moments after Courtois saves from the substitute Lavezzi who steered a powerful header across goal from a right-wing cross. GOAL!! Chelsea 1-0 PSG (Cahill) It looked like Ramires had spurned a good opportunity and tried to force something from paper thesis a far more difficult angle but it won a corner that may prove decisive. A poor header from Thiago Silva, some penalty box head tennis ends with the ball floating towards the left of the penalty spot where Cahill thunders an unstoppable volley past Sirigu. Quality finish after an ugly hour from Chelsea. 79 min Shoot! Shout the crowd as Ramires is played in 25 yards from goal when god work from Hazard brought him a chance to fire a shot in. Instead he takes an extra touch and goes wide, playing a one-two then shooting from a difficult angle and essay, winning a corner.
79 min I'm surprised that Mourinho hasn't brought Zouma or Cuadrado on yet. They need a spark. Cavani is flagged offisde after Diego Costa sloppily loses possession when he had taken too long to trot back out of the Chelsea box. 77 min Willian captures the spirit of paper thesis Chelsea's performance by wasting the sparknotes essay, free-kick by popping it too close to Sirigu. 75 min Verratti is the next in the book for a clumsy foul on Hazard and thesis, Terry comes over to remonstrate with him and gets a shove in cat essay the chest for paper thesis, his troubles. Classification. Mind your own business, etc. 74 min It's all gone pantomime after Diego Costa makes a reckless challenge on philosophy thesis Thiago SIlva and the absolutely true part-time indian, David Luiz ran over to front him up, puuting his face in Costa's. He gets booked too.
73 min They've gone Chelsea. Totally flat, says Gary Neville. 71 min Another half chance when Pastore gets free on the left of the philosophy, box and smashes a low shot that Courtois blocks out. Dissertation On Artificial. Cavani retrieves it, back to goal, but can't get his foot around the paper, ball and sparknotes essay, eventually can only get it back to philosophy paper Pastore who balloons his cross-shot over. That picture of the tackle says it all - Oscar is the diary theme, dangerous one! 69 min Long curving chip by thesis, Thiago SIlva from outside right to left is humorous, trapped by Matuidi and paper, then tapped to Pastore who thinks he wins a corner off Willian but apparently the ball ricocheted back into him befor eit went out. 67 min Verratti and Thiago Motta - Andrea Pirlo's leg men for literature, the Italy side - are running this show. 65 min Ramires makes another mistake, conceding possession with a sloppy pass in philosophy paper thesis front of his own area that allows Maxwell to run behind Ivanovic who can't get back to defend.
They look oddly out of sorts everywhere. Mourinho is still waving his arms around. He needs to american make some changes. 63 min The crowd is paper, getting restless at the amount of PSG pressure and possession. Wake up! is literature on financial management, Gary Neville's advice. Mourinho is waving his defenders forward to philosophy thesis stop PSG's midfield colonising the space infront of them. Matic wins the ball in midfield, rolls it to the absolutely diary theme Ramires who advances as Diego Costa makes a diagonal run behind Marquinhos.
That's great movement but Ramires sends his pass straight into the right-back's shins. 60 min Chelsea are dicing with disaster here, strolling around ad PSG apply the press. 58 min And they pile forward, taking advantage of Ramires's poor positioning and a sumptuous threaded pass from philosophy paper Motta to Cavani who had held his run on the left. He takes three strides into classification essay humorous, the box, seems to have gone too wide, forced there by Courtois closing down rapidly, then crashes a shot against philosophy paper the inside of the near post whence it bounces across the my pet spm, goal-line and away. 56 min Chelsea corner fizzed towards the penalty spot by Fabregas but headed clear and then behind by Cavani. Paper. Another Fabregas corner is constitution, more loopy and PSG break quickly. 54 min Right, back to old school MBMing.
This is a good spell of philosophy thesis possession from PSG who are shifting the ball rapidly to make up for the absolutely diary indian theme, their inferior numbers. The ball is curled into the box from deep on philosophy thesis the left for Cavani's runs but he had strayed offside. My Pet Spm. Jose Mourinho signals his disapproval for paper thesis, Chelsea's loss of american constitution essay momentum by waving his arms and thesis, shouting. 51 min I've been sent Zlatan's heat map by sparknotes sat writing, Opta - thanks for coming and all that. Poor Zlatan. Justice for Zlatan! 49 min My colleague Roy Hayes has news of the referee's previous: Kuipers failed to spot one of the philosophy paper thesis, most controversial incidents in dissertation on artificial intelligence Dutch football history in November 2010 when he was in charge of the Eredivisie clash between Ajax and philosophy thesis, PSV. After a brawl on classification essay humorous the pitch, Luis Suarez bit opponent Otman Bakkal in his shoulder right in front of the man in charge, but Kuipers missed the philosophy paper, flashpoint, much to the dismay of the PSV players. 47 min Gary Neville takes an opposing view to Jamie Carragher who 'likes the dissertation intelligence, idea that an English side are shrewd'. Chelsea free-kick taken by Willian who came on for the booked Oscar at half-time. He trie dto curl it around the wall low and in at Sirigu's left post but the keeper gets down and paper, pushes it away rather hamfistedly for a corner which he then flaps at.
46 min We're off again after some joking in the tunnel from David Luiz. 20.41 The replays suggest that if anyone should have been sent off for that 'tackle' (and they shouldn't have been) then Oscar's foot was higher and cat essay, his were the paper, studs that were implanted into an opponent. Jamie Carragher says of the Chelsea players' reaction that provoked the red card - that's why Jose Mourinho and this Chelsea team will always be respected but they'll never be loved. They push it to a level that other teams would not. Graeme Souness and Thierry Henry blame the dissertation on artificial intelligence, referee, sayying he has ruined the game. Philosophy Paper. It should have been a penalty, by the way, but none of the pundits seem to give a hoot about on financial management, that right now, such is there exasperation. You be the philosophy thesis, judge: That red card tackle (Rex)
Poor Zlatan, no World Cup this year and, by the looks of it, no more Champions League. In another time he would have ate the essay, ref and scored a bicycle kick at philosophy, the same time. Shane O'Leary makes me smile. I am a man and a Chelsea supporter and dissertation, I would prefer to watch our lot leaving the thesis, ball and kicking Clarkson. 45+2 min That's it. Half-time after a stroppy first 45 minutes. 45 min Chelsea free-kick 22 yards out at the angle of the box on the right after Verratti went hand-to-hand combat with Ramires.
Oscar crosses to the back post where Azpilicueta heads it back across the box but PSG slash it away. Sparknotes Essay. Two minutes have been added. 44 min Big penalty shout from Chelsea after Cavani cuts across Diego Costa's meandering run into the box. It should have been one - his legs were clipped but the referee, who doesn't appear to be wholly in control, weither didn't see it or made another error. 42 min Now Oscar ends the free-kick move from halfway with a tame shot arced into the arms of Sirigu butfocus quickly turns to the niddle where Diego Costa is lying on the floor after a 'coming together' with David Luiz which was the result of both players trying to philosophy paper thesis manhandle the other. 40 min As Chelsea break from another squandered dead ball opportunity, wasted by Thiago Motta's terrible delivery, Matuidi sticks a leg out to my pet cat essay spm boot Hazard square on the shin to paper thesis stop him storming past. Another yellow card. 39 min Oscar and intelligence, Hazard trade flicks that opens a run down the left touchline for the former. Verratti tracks back and interjects himself infront of the ball with his back to Oscar who shoves him over. He was booked barely two minutes ago and thesis, could have been again there.
36 min Gary Neville believes that the red card was a little to severe a punishment. It's added more spice. Oscar is now booked for failing to retreat at management, a free-kick. Too quick on the draw, for me, says The Telegraph's Saturday columnist. 33 min PSG's remaining 10 are protesting that Chelsea's vociferous appeals for a red card provoked the sending off that was undeserved. Handbags all round that ends with Cavani yellow carded for haranguing the ref. 32 min Red card for Zlatan!
That looks harsh, both slid into paper thesis, a tackle, (Oscar and him). Both had studs raised. Constitution Essay. I'm not sure one was more culpable than the other there. 30 min Good chance for Hazard having made a clever run but the ball sticks under his feet. 27 min Now Thiago Silva foils a shooting opportunity for Diego Costa. They read the game so well, Italian Thiago and philosophy thesis, Brazilian Thiago. 26 min Laurent Blanc, known to his friends, no kidding, as 'Lulu', looks pretty satisfied so far.
Matuidi is doing a decent job as are Thiago Motta and Verratti. Classification. Zlatan has been quiet, Pastore dropping too deep. 24 min Chelsea used to philosophy paper thesis get Raquel Welch watching them. Now they get someone as equally knowledgeable about the american constitution, game (below). Philosophy Thesis. Every promising Chelsea move so far has foundered on a heavy touch - this time Ramires goes up a blind alley. Fabregas looks off the pace. 20 min Shot from cat essay Pastore canons off Cahill and out for a corner that sparks a Chelsea attack wasted when Oscar takes a touch too many.
17 min Chelsea break quickly after PSG had again attempted to philosophy paper thesis unlock the sparknotes sat writing essay, right side of paper their defence but Ivanovic was barring entry as per. The ball is sent towards Hazard who anticipated the pass and scrambled forward but his centre from 30 yards hit Matuidi and the counter breaks down. 15 min Verratti has a good roll around the box, beseeching the referee for cat essay, a penalty - but it was a dive. Angel Di-esque that as he backed into Ramires. Thomas offers his favourite Zlatan quote: On being marked by then Liverpool defender Stephane Henchoz. Zlatan #x2013; #x201c;First I went left, he did too.
Then I went right, and he did too. Then I went left again, and philosophy, he went to buy a hot dog.#x201d; 12 min Play is stopped with David Luiz on sparknotes sat writing the floor having fallen off the ball. Philosophy Paper Thesis. A 'coming together' with Diego Costa says Gary Neville, suggesting a strong forearm. David Luiz gets up but snubs the proffered handshake and the two harangue each other, presumably in Portuguese. 10 min Chelsea overload on constitution essay the left, trying to work an opening for Hazard to philosophy thesis get in behind Marquinhos but PSG defend it well, knocking Hazard over in sparknotes essay the process but with some justification this time. 8 min A more measured spell replaces that harum scarum first six minutes, PSG taking the sting out of it momentarily by spreading the ball from one side to paper thesis the other. My Pet. Fabrefas intercepts and is then brought down cynically by Thiago Motta blocking his run which again goes unpunished bar the philosophy paper, free-kick.
Jose Mourinho is unhappy. 5 min But Hazard quickly shows his quality with a scuttling run up the PSG left haring in from the touchline when Pastore dives in essay and misses, opening space for a horizontal run. He shuttles a pass towards Fabregas's run through the D but Thiago Motta stalks him step for step and philosophy, cuts out the cross. Essay Humorous. During the build-up to that Diego Costa was floored by a blow to the solar plexus that went unseen and unpunished. 4 min Another quick passing move from PSG almost catches Chelsea, this time up the right from Marquinhos who catches Hazard on his heels and paper thesis, Chelsea need Azpilicueta to help them out. 2 min Neat move from PSG, exploiting some uncertainty between Cahill and Terry over whether to literature review on financial management to play offside or not. Thesis. Cahill comes out allowing Pastore to slide a lovely pass behind him for Cavani's run. Terry , who has stayed in, manages to eat up the humorous, ground and philosophy thesis, block Cavani's snap shot out for a corner which is floated into Courtois' hands.
1 min Chelsea start quickly, pushing forward, snapping at PSG as they go backwards to David Luiz at the edge of dissertation on artificial his own area to clear. 19.41 Here come the players. To the non-mowing, non-celery soundtrack below. 19.33 How would you characterise Geoff Shreeves' line of thesis pre-match questioning? It's Alcibiades isn't it? Find a flattering fact, lay it on spm with a trowel, bask in paper the glow of his subject's radiant pleasure. Or Lord Melchett to the Virgin Queen. 19.28 'We try to dissertation on artificial intelligence win,' says Jose Mourinho. Thank goodness for that. 19.26 Chelsea send a message about the etiquette of being human to their fans as well as how to paper thesis behave on public transport in Paris and London.
19.15 Graeme Souness and Thierry Henry think he's great and Jamie Carragher thinks he's 'fantastic but the level just below the elite'. Ach. American Constitution Essay. Really. He makes the people happy. That's the best judgment. 19.11 Sky are doing this 'Is Zlatan really any good' thing again 'especially against English clubs'. he's great. Celebrate him. It's like asking Paul McCartney if the White Album would be better as a single long player. It's the Beatles' White Album, he said. Come off it.
He's Zlatan for heaven's sake. He's outstanding. 19.05 Coverage has begun on Sky Sports with Thierry Henry dressed as Roderick Spode at Totleigh Towers. Jamie Carragher and Graeme Souness sit alongside Jeff Stelling who is paper, paying his own homage to the late Leonard Nimoy with his eyebrows. Class act, Jeff.
18.52 So, in the traditional style. Your teams: Chelsea Courtois; Ivanovic, Cahill, Terry (c), Azpilicueta; Fabregas, Matic; Ramires, Oscar, Hazard; Diego Costa. Subs Cech, Zouma, Filipe Luis, Willian, Cuadrado, Remy, Drogba. PSG Sirigu; Marquinhos, Thiago SIlva, David Luiz, Maxwell; Verratti, Thiago Motta; Matuidi; Cavani, Ibrahimovic, Pastore. Subs Douchez, Camara, Bahebeck, Digne, Lavezzi, Van der Wiel, Rabiot. Referee/scapegoat Bjorn Kuipers. Is that Leeds United legend Zoumana Camara on the bench? It is, you know. 18.44 Willian on the bench and Ramires on the right, presumably.
Mourinho muts be concerned by the physical threat - and reckon that Willian's quick feet are best deployed against sat writing tiring players. 18.30 Somwhere over the rainbow. Weigh a pie. 18.20 Gather round everyone as we prepare for tonight's second leg of the philosophy thesis, round of 16 Champions League tie between Chelsea and literature review on financial, Paris Saint-Germain or oil v oil as other more impertinent commentators have described it. The match, as I'm sure you all know, stands poised at philosophy, 1-1 after Edinson Cavani's equaliser at the Parc des Princes. Chelsea are aiming for their second European Cup - taking them from on financial management parity with Aston Villa to equality with Nottingham Forest - and Jose Mourinho his third. Chelsea have never lost at home to philosophy a French side, PSG have never won a competitive match in England and Mourinho has lost only once at classification essay, home in four full seasons plus this one and the start of 2007-08. I'm looking forward to it - always a treat to philosophy thesis watch Marco Verratti and Chelsea in full flow are a compelling sight. Cesc Fabregas wants Chelsea to be ruthless in tonight's Champions League last-16 second leg with Paris Saint-Germain . A 1-1 draw in cat essay Paris and Branislav Ivanovic's away goal gives the Blues a slender advantage entering the philosophy paper, Stamford Bridge clash. If we can kill, we have to kill, Fabregas said. Branislav Ivanovic scored for Chelsea in Paris.
AP. When we get one goal, we have to go for diary essay, the second and paper thesis, after the second the third. That's the only thing we can really improve. Hopefully we will have that killer instinct. Chelsea won the Capital One Cup on sparknotes sat writing essay March 1 and philosophy paper thesis, have two remaining chances for silverware this term, in the Premier League and Champions League. Spain international Fabregas feels the League Cup win - the first trophy of Jose Mourinho's second spell in charge of the Blues - could provide the belief for essay, further success.
Reflecting on thesis his experience with Spain, the World Cup and European Championship-winning playmaker said: When we unlocked, mentally, that fear of quarter-finals or getting onto a really big stage, that's when we felt we could become champions. Once we were champions we were unstoppable. That's what we have to do. Dissertation On Artificial Intelligence. We have to believe we are the best, be mentally dominant and ready to paper cope with every situation. Fabregas is yet to win the Champions League, but hopes to do so with Chelsea following his move from my pet spm Barcelona last summer. He is looking only at the immediate task, though. I want to philosophy paper thesis win for Chelsea, I want to give my best and hopefully we will go through into the next round, Fabregas said.
We'll go game by essay, game. Sometimes the best team doesn't win. You have to be fortunate with the draw or your performance on the day. We have to take it to the next level. We want to paper go through. American Constitution Essay. We have to make it happen. Mourinho accused expensively-assembled PSG of being the most aggressive side Chelsea have played this season, more so than League Two Shrewsbury and philosophy paper thesis, League One Bradford.
Eden Hazard was fouled nine times during the first leg. GETTY IMAGES. With players of american constitution such quality I was expecting more football and less aggression, he said. I thought an English team would never be surprised by aggression. Philosophy. In that game I was surprised, because a team with fantastic players was a team with the record of fouls, was the team that was making foul after foul, was the team that stopped (Eden) Hazard with fouls all the time.
PSG, eliminated on away goals by Chelsea last term, were on top for much of the first leg at Parc des Princes. But Mourinho bristled when asked about on artificial, PSG's dominance. He said: What is dominate? If dominate is the number of chances, yes, Paris had more chances than us. If dominate is to stop the opponent to philosophy play, making foul after foul, yes they also dominate. If dominate is to have the ball and to move the ball without progression, yes, they also dominate. I think they dominate in everything except in the result. The Blues boss will hope the result goes in his side's favour again on dissertation on artificial Wednesday night and has no intention of playing conservatively. He added: We are going to try to win.
Join Rob Bagchi from 6.30pm for all the thesis, latest build-up plus live commentary. Top Football Galleries. In pics: Stunning aerial shots of London's football stadia by photographer Jason Hawkes. Who could be the next Newcastle manager? The runners and riders to succeed Steve McClaren if - or when - Mike Ashley loses patience. The 20 fiercest rivalries in dissertation on artificial intelligence England. As Blackburn meet Burnley and Spurs host Arsenal, Jonathan Liew passes judgement on English football's most ferocious derby games. The best ever north London derby XI. Seaman or Jennings?
Brady or Gascoigne? Bergkamp or Klinsmann? Former Arsenal striker Alan Smith picks his greatest north London XI. The worst ever north London derby XI. Ahead of tomorrow's showdown at White Hart Lane, we remember 11 players north London would rather forget. Premier League: 10 questions for the weekend. and our predictions. Adam Hurrey: Is the North London derby now the showpiece fixture? Have Leicester finally run out of steam? And how ready is philosophy paper, Pato? Tottenham vs Arsenal: who do we rate better? Ahead of a north London derby which could decisively shape the sat writing essay, title race, whose starting XI does Alan Smith rate stronger?
Revealed: the clubs with the hardest (and easiest) run-ins. The battles for the title and philosophy paper thesis, survival are really hotting up, but who has the toughest task? Thanks to some (very) simple maths, we can count down the easiest to the hardest. Manchester United have reaped the intelligence, rewards of giving Marcus Rashford a run in the team - but which club can claim to have fielded the most local talent? 10 footballers who became jailbirds. After Adam Johnson was told he faces a custodial sentence for having sexual activity with a 15-year-old, what other footballers faced spells inside? Scores, fixtures, results and paper, tables. Tottenham vs Arsenal - key match stats. Fans in american essay violent clashes outside White Hart Lane. Arsenal v Swansea City - key match stats. Liverpool v Man City - key match stats.
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